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Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of February 24, 2022, by and among SmartStop Self Storage REIT, Inc., Strategic Storage Growth Trust II, Inc., and SSGT II Merger Sub, LLC

Contract Categories: Mergers & Acquisitions - Merger Agreements
EX-2.1 2 d829163dex21.htm EX-2.1 EX-2.1

Exhibit 2.1

AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER

BY AND AMONG

SMARTSTOP SELF STORAGE REIT, INC.,

SSGT II MERGER SUB, LLC,

AND

STRATEGIC STORAGE GROWTH TRUST II, INC.

DATED AS OF FEBRUARY 24, 2022


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

         Page  

ARTICLE 1 DEFINITIONS

     2  

Section 1.1

  Definitions      2  

Section 1.2

  Interpretation and Rules of Construction      13  

ARTICLE 2 THE MERGER

     14  

Section 2.1

  The Merger; Other Transactions      14  

Section 2.2

  Closing      14  

Section 2.3

  Effective Time      14  

Section 2.4

  Organizational Documents of the Surviving Entity      15  

Section 2.5

  Tax Treatment of Merger      15  

Section 2.6

  Management of the Surviving Entity      15  

Section 2.7

  Subsequent Actions      15  

ARTICLE 3 EFFECTS OF THE MERGER

     15  

Section 3.1

  Effects of the Merger      15  

Section 3.2

  Exchange Procedures      17  

Section 3.3

  Withholding Rights      17  

Section 3.4

  Dissenters Rights      17  

Section 3.5

  General Effects of the Merger      17  

ARTICLE 4 REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF SSGT II

     18  

Section 4.1

  Organization and Qualification; Subsidiaries      18  

Section 4.2

  Authority; Approval Required      19  

Section 4.3

  No Conflict; Required Filings and Consents      20  

Section 4.4

  Capital Structure      21  

Section 4.5

  Financial Statements      22  

Section 4.6

  Absence of Certain Changes or Events      23  

Section 4.7

  No Undisclosed Liabilities      23  

Section 4.8

  Permits; Compliance with Law      23  

Section 4.9

  Litigation      24  

Section 4.10

  Properties      24  

Section 4.11

  Environmental Matters      25  

Section 4.12

  Material Contracts      25  

Section 4.13

  Taxes      27  

Section 4.14

  Intellectual Property      30  

Section 4.15

  Insurance      30  

Section 4.16

  Benefit Plans      31  

Section 4.17

  Related Party Transactions      31  

Section 4.18

  Brokers      31  

Section 4.19

  Opinion of Financial Advisor      31  

Section 4.20

  Takeover Statutes; Appraisal Rights      32  

 

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Section 4.21

  No Other Representations and Warranties; Non-Reliance      32  

ARTICLE 5 REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SMARTSTOP PARTIES

     33  

Section 5.1

  Organization and Qualification; Subsidiaries      33  

Section 5.2

  Authority      34  

Section 5.3

  No Conflict; Required Filings and Consents      35  

Section 5.4

  Capital Structure      36  

Section 5.5

  SEC Documents and Financial Statements      37  

Section 5.6

  Absence of Certain Changes or Event      39  

Section 5.7

  No Undisclosed Liabilities      40  

Section 5.8

  Permits; Compliance with Law      40  

Section 5.9

  Litigation      41  

Section 5.10

  Properties      41  

Section 5.11

  Environmental Matter      41  

Section 5.12

  Material Contracts      42  

Section 5.13

  Taxes      44  

Section 5.14

  Intellectual Property      47  

Section 5.15

  Insurance      47  

Section 5.16

  Benefit Plans      47  

Section 5.17

  Employee and Labor Matters      48  

Section 5.18

  Related Party Transactions      48  

Section 5.19

  Brokers      48  

Section 5.20

  Opinion of Financial Advisor      48  

Section 5.21

  Takeover Statutes; Appraisal Rights      49  

Section 5.22

  Ownership of Merger Sub; No Prior Activities      49  

Section 5.23

  No Other Representations and Warranties; Non-Reliance      49  

ARTICLE 6 COVENANTS RELATING TO CONDUCT OF BUSINESS PENDING THE MERGER

     50  

Section 6.1

  Conduct of Business by SSGT II      50  

Section 6.2

  Conduct of Business by SmartStop      55  

Section 6.3

  No Control of Other Parties’ Business      58  

ARTICLE 7 ADDITIONAL COVENANTS

     59  

Section 7.1

  Preparation of the Form S-4; Stockholder Approval      59  

Section 7.2

  Access to Information; Confidentiality      61  

Section 7.3

  Go Shop Period; Superior Proposals      62  

Section 7.4

  Public Announcements      68  

Section 7.5

  Appropriate Action; Consents; Filings      68  

Section 7.6

  Notification of Certain Matters; Transaction Litigation      70  

Section 7.7

  Indemnification; Directors’ and Officers’ Insurance      71  

Section 7.8

  Dividends      73  

Section 7.9

  Takeover Statutes      74  

Section 7.10

  Obligations of SmartStop with respect to Merger Sub      74  

Section 7.11

  Tax Matters      74  

 

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Section 7.12

  Section 16 Matters      76  

ARTICLE 8 CONDITIONS

     76  

Section 8.1

  Conditions to Each Party’s Obligation to Effect the Merger      76  

Section 8.2

  Conditions to Obligations of the SmartStop Parties      76  

Section 8.3

  Conditions to Obligations of SSGT II      78  

ARTICLE 9 TERMINATION, FEES AND EXPENSES

     79  

Section 9.1

  Termination      79  

Section 9.2

  Effect of Termination      82  

Section 9.3

  Fees and Expenses      82  

ARTICLE 10 GENERAL PROVISIONS

     85  

Section 10.1

  Nonsurvival of Representations and Warranties and Certain Covenants      85  

Section 10.2

  Notices      85  

Section 10.3

  Severability      86  

Section 10.4

  Counterparts      86  

Section 10.5

  Entire Agreement; No Third-Party Beneficiaries      86  

Section 10.6

  Amendment; Extension; Waiver      87  

Section 10.7

  Governing Law; Venue      87  

Section 10.8

  Assignment      88  

Section 10.9

  Specific Performance      88  

Section 10.10

  Waiver of Jury Trial      88  

Section 10.11

  Authorship      89  

DISCLOSURE LETTERS

SSGT II Disclosure Letter

SmartStop Disclosure Letter

 

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AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER

This AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER, dated as of February 24, 2022 (this “Agreement”), is entered into by and among SmartStop Self Storage REIT, Inc., a Maryland corporation (“SmartStop”), SSGT II Merger Sub, LLC, a Maryland limited liability company and a wholly owned subsidiary of SmartStop (“Merger Sub”), and Strategic Storage Growth Trust II, Inc., a Maryland corporation (“SSGT II”). Each of SmartStop, Merger Sub, and SSGT II is sometimes referred to herein as a “Party” and collectively as the “Parties.” Capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined herein have the meanings ascribed to them in Article 1.

WHEREAS, SSGT II (i) is a Maryland corporation operating as a real estate investment trust for U.S. federal income tax purposes, (ii) holds interests in properties through SSGT II Operating Partnership and (iii) is the sole general partner of SSGT II Operating Partnership;

WHEREAS, SmartStop (i) is a Maryland corporation operating as a real estate investment trust for U.S. federal income tax purposes, (ii) holds interests in properties through SmartStop Operating Partnership and (iii) is the sole general partner of SmartStop Operating Partnership;

WHEREAS, the Parties wish to effect a business combination transaction in which SSGT II will be merged with and into Merger Sub, with Merger Sub being the surviving company (the “Merger”), and each Eligible Share (as defined herein) issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Merger Effective Time (as defined herein) will be converted into the right to receive the Merger Consideration (as defined herein), upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement and in accordance with the Maryland General Corporation Law (the “MGCL”) and the Maryland Limited Liability Company Act (the “MLLCA”);

WHEREAS, the board of directors of SSGT II (the “SSGT II Board”) has (a) determined that this Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement are advisable and in the best interests of, and with respect to this Agreement and the Merger, are fair and reasonable to, SSGT II, (b) authorized and approved this Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, (c) directed that the Merger be submitted for consideration at the Stockholders Meeting, and (d) recommended the approval of the Merger by the SSGT II stockholders;

WHEREAS, on the recommendation of the special committee (the “SmartStop Special Committee”) of the board of directors of SmartStop (the “SmartStop Board”), the SmartStop Board has (a) determined that this Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement are advisable and in the best interests of SmartStop, and (b) authorized and approved this Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

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WHEREAS, SmartStop, in its capacity as the sole member of Merger Sub, has taken all actions required for the execution of this Agreement by Merger Sub and to approve this Agreement and the consummation by Merger Sub of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

WHEREAS, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, it is intended that the Merger shall qualify as a “reorganization” under, and within the meaning of, Section 368(a) of the Code, and this Agreement is intended to be and is adopted as a “plan of reorganization” for the Merger for purposes of Sections 354 and 361 of the Code;

WHEREAS, concurrently with the execution and delivery of this Agreement, SSGT II, SSGT II Operating Partnership and SSGT II Advisor have entered into a Termination Agreement, which sets forth the terms on which the SSGT II Advisory Agreement shall terminate effective as of the Merger Effective Time without any payment to SSGT II Advisor; and

WHEREAS, each of the Parties desires to make certain representations, warranties, covenants and agreements in connection with the Merger, and to prescribe various conditions to the Merger.

NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing and the mutual representations, warranties, covenants and agreements contained in this Agreement, and other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the Parties, intending to be legally bound, agree as follows:

ARTICLE 1

DEFINITIONS

Section 1.1 Definitions.

(a) For purposes of this Agreement:

Acceptable NDA” means a confidentiality agreement with a term of at least one year and terms (including a standstill provision) that are not materially less favorable in the aggregate to SSGT II than the confidentiality provisions in the Exclusivity Agreement; provided, that any such confidentiality agreement shall permit compliance with Section 7.3 of this Agreement and shall exclude from any standstill or similar provision the ability to make an Acquisition Proposal.

Action” means any claim, action, cause of action, demand, suit, litigation, investigation, audit, proceeding, arbitration, mediation, interference, assessment, hearing, or other legal proceeding (whether sounding in contract, tort or otherwise, whether civil or criminal and whether brought, conducted, tried or heard by or before any Governmental Authority).

Affiliate” of a specified Person means a Person that directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such specified Person.

Alternative Acquisition Agreement” means any letter of intent, memorandum of understanding, agreement in principle, acquisition agreement, merger agreement, option agreement, joint venture agreement, partnership agreement or other similar agreement (other than an Acceptable NDA) relating to any Acquisition Proposal.

 

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Anti-Corruption Laws” means (i) the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 and (ii) any applicable anti-bribery, anti-money laundering, anti-corruption or similar Law of any other jurisdiction.

Benefit Plan” means, with respect to a Person, any benefit or compensation plan, program, policy, practice, Contract or other obligation, whether or not funded, that is sponsored or maintained by, or required to be contributed to, or with respect to which any potential liability is borne by such Person or any of its subsidiaries including, but not limited to, “employee benefit plans” (within the meaning of Section 3(3) of ERISA), and any employment, consulting, termination, severance, change in control, separation, retention equity option, equity appreciation rights, restricted equity, phantom equity, equity-based compensation, profits interest unit, outperformance, equity purchase, deferred compensation, bonus, incentive compensation, fringe benefit, health, medical, dental, disability, accident, life insurance, welfare benefit, cafeteria, vacation, paid time off, perquisite, retirement, pension, or savings or any other compensation or employee benefit plan, agreement, program, policy, practice, understanding or other arrangement, whether or not written and whether or not subject to ERISA.

Business Day” means any day ending at 11:59 p.m., California local time, other than a Saturday, a Sunday or any day on which banks located in New York, New York are authorized or required by Law to be closed.

CARES Act” means the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act.

Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Contract” means any written or oral contract, agreement, indenture, note, bond, instrument, lease, conditional sales contract, mortgage, license, guaranty, binding commitment or other obligation.

COVID-19 Measure” means any quarantine, “shelter in place,” “stay at home,” workforce reduction, social distancing, shut down, closure, sequester or any other Law, Order, directive, policy, guideline or recommendation by any Governmental Authority or industry group in connection with or in response to the novel coronavirus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”).

Eligible Shares” means each share of SSGT II Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to the Merger Effective Time, other than Excluded Shares.

Environmental Law” means any Law relating to the investigation, pollution (or cleanup or other remediation thereof), restoration or protection of the natural resources, endangered or threatened species, or environment (including ambient air, soil, surface water, groundwater, land surface or subsurface land), or human health or safety (as such matters relate to Hazardous Substances), including Laws relating to (i) the use, handling, presence, transportation, treatment, generation, processing, recycling, remediation, storage, disposal, release or discharge of Hazardous Substances and (ii) any noise, odor, indoor air, employee exposure, wetlands, pollution, contamination or any injury or threat of injury to persons or property relating to any Hazardous Substance.

 

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Environmental Permit” means any permit, approval, license, exemption, action, consent or other authorization issued, granted, given, authorized by or required under any applicable Environmental Law.

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended.

ERISA Affiliate” means, with respect to an entity (the “Referenced Entity”), any other entity, which, together with the Referenced Entity, would be treated as a single employer under Code Section 414 or ERISA Section 4001.

Exchange Act” means the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

Exchange Ratio” means 0.9118, as such ratio may be adjusted in accordance with Section 3.1(b).

Excluded Shares” means all shares of SSGT II Common Stock held, as of immediately prior to the Merger Effective Time, by any SSGT II Subsidiary, SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary.

Exclusivity Agreement” means the Exclusivity and Non-Disclosure Agreement dated January 21, 2022 by and between SmartStop and SSGT II.

Expense Reimbursement Payment” means payment in an amount equal to the documented Expenses of the Party that is entitled to receive such payment pursuant to Section 9.3 of this Agreement; provided, that such payment shall not exceed $1,000,000.

Expenses” means all costs, fees and expenses (including all fees and expenses of counsel, accountants, investment bankers, experts and consultants to a Party and its Affiliates) incurred by a Party or on its behalf in connection with or related to the authorization, preparation, negotiation, execution and performance of this Agreement and the other agreements and documents contemplated hereby, the preparation, printing, and mailing of the Proxy Statement, the preparation, printing and filing of the Form S-4 and all SEC and other regulatory filing fees incurred in connection with the Form S-4, the solicitation of stockholder approval, obtaining any third party consents, making any other filings with the SEC and all other matters related to the closing of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

Fundamental Representations” means the representations and warranties contained in Section 4.1 (Organization and Qualification; Subsidiaries); Section 4.2 (Authority; Approval Required); Section 4.4 (Capital Structure); Section 4.13(b) (Taxes); Section 5.1 (Organization and Qualification; Subsidiaries); Section 5.2 (Authority); Section 5.4 (Capital Structure); Section 5.5(f) (SEC Documents and Financial Statements); and Section 5.13(b) (Taxes).

 

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Full Termination Payment” means $5,200,000.00.

GAAP” means the United States generally accepted accounting principles.

Go Shop Termination Payment” means $2,600,000.00.

Governmental Authority” means the United States (federal, state or local) government or any foreign government, or any other governmental or quasi-governmental regulatory, judicial or administrative authority, instrumentality, board, bureau, agency, commission, body, department, self-regulatory organization, arbitration panel or similar entity or subdivision thereof.

Hazardous Substances” means (i) those materials, substances, chemicals, wastes, products, compounds, solid, liquid, gas, minerals in each case, whether naturally occurred or man-made, that is listed, designated, classified or regulated as hazardous or toxic under any Environmental Law; (ii) petroleum and petroleum-derived products, including crude oil and any fractions thereof, and lead-containing paint or plumbing; and (iii) polychlorinated biphenyls, urea formaldehyde foam insulation, mold, methane, asbestos in any form, radioactive materials or wastes and radon.

Indebtedness” means, with respect to any Person and without duplication, (i) the principal of and premium (if any) of all indebtedness, notes payable, accrued interest payable or other obligations for borrowed money, whether secured or unsecured, (ii) all obligations under conditional sale or other title retention agreements, or incurred as financing, in either case with respect to property acquired by such Person, (iii) all obligations issued, undertaken or assumed as the deferred purchase price for any property or assets, (iv) all obligations under capital leases, (v) all obligations in respect of bankers acceptances or letters of credit, (vi) net cash payment obligations under interest rate cap, swap, collar or similar transaction or currency hedging transactions (valued at the termination value thereof), (vii) any guarantee of any of the foregoing, whether or not evidenced by a note, mortgage, bond, indenture or similar instrument and (viii) any agreement to provide any of the foregoing.

Intellectual Property” means all United States and foreign (i) patents, patent applications and all related continuations, continuations-in-part, divisionals, reissues, re-examinations, substitutions and extensions thereof, (ii) trademarks, service marks, trade dress, logos, trade names, corporate names, Internet domain names, design rights and other source identifiers, together with the goodwill symbolized by any of the foregoing, (iii) registered and unregistered copyrights and rights in copyrightable works, (iv) rights in confidential and proprietary information, including trade secrets, know-how, ideas, formulae, invention disclosure, models, algorithms and methodologies, (v) all rights in the foregoing and in other similar intangible assets, and (vi) all applications and registrations for the foregoing.

Investment Company Act” means the Investment Company Act of 1940.

IRS” means the United States Internal Revenue Service or any successor agency.

 

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Knowledge” means (i) with respect to SSGT II, the actual knowledge of the persons named in Section 1.1(a) of the SSGT II Disclosure Letter and (ii) with respect to the SmartStop Parties, the actual knowledge of the persons named in Section 1.1(a) of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter.

Law” means any and all domestic (federal, state or local) or foreign laws, statutes, common laws, rules, ordinances, codes, regulations and Orders promulgated by any Governmental Authority.

Lien” means with respect to any asset (including any security), any mortgage, deed of trust, claim, condition, covenant, lien, pledge, hypothecation, charge, security interest, preferential arrangement, option or other third party right (including right of first refusal or first offer), restriction, right of way, easement, or title defect or encumbrance of any kind in respect of such asset, including any restriction on the use, voting, transfer, receipt of income or other exercise of any attributes of ownership; other than transfer restrictions arising under applicable securities Laws.

Non-Tax Contract” means any Contract entered into in the ordinary course of business not dealing principally with the sharing, allocation or indemnification of Taxes and in which the provisions dealing with Taxes are of a type typically included in such Contracts (such as acquisition agreements, employment agreements, leases and loan agreements).

Order” means a judgment, writ, stipulation, injunction, order or decree of any Governmental Authority.

Permitted Liens” means any of the following: (i) Liens for current Taxes or governmental assessments, charges or claims of payment not yet delinquent or that are being contested in good faith and for which there are adequate accruals or reserves on the financial statements (if such accruals or reserves are required pursuant to GAAP); (ii) Liens that are carriers’, suppliers’, warehousemen’s, mechanics’, materialmen’s, repairmen’s, construction or other similar Liens arising in the ordinary course of business if the underlying obligations are not yet delinquent, or are being contested in good faith; (iii) with respect to any real property, Liens that are zoning, building or other regulations, requirements, entitlements or other land use or environmental regulations by any Governmental Authority that do not materially impact the use of the real property as currently conducted; (iv) with respect to SSGT II, Liens that are disclosed on Section 4.10 of the SSGT II Disclosure Letter, and with respect to SmartStop, Liens that are disclosed on Section 5.10 of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter; (v) with respect to SSGT II, Liens that are disclosed in the most recent audited financial statements of SSGT II, and with respect to SmartStop, Liens that are disclosed in the most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K or Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed by SmartStop; (vi) with respect to SSGT II, Liens arising pursuant to any SSGT II Material Contract or, with respect to SmartStop, Liens arising pursuant to any SmartStop Material Contract; (vii) with respect to any real property of SSGT II or SmartStop, as applicable, Liens that are recorded in a public record or disclosed on existing title policies made available to the other Party prior to the date hereof and any unrecorded easements (including reciprocal easement agreements), rights of way and other similar restrictions, or any ground leases; and (viii) with respect to SSGT II or SmartStop, as applicable, Liens that do not materially interfere with the use, operation or transfer of, or any of the benefits of ownership of, the property of such Party and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

 

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Person” or “person” means an individual, corporation, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company, group (including a “person” as defined in Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act), trust, association or other entity or organization (including any Governmental Authority or a political subdivision, agency or instrumentality of a Governmental Authority).

Proxy Statement” means the proxy statement relating to the Stockholders Meeting together with any amendment or supplements thereto.

REIT” means a “real estate investment trust” within the meaning of Section 856 of the Code.

Representatives” means, with respect to any Person, such Person’s directors, officers, employees, advisors (including attorneys, accountants, consultants, investment bankers, and financial advisors), agents and other representatives.

SEC” means the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (including the staff thereof).

Securities Act” means the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

SmartStop Benefit Plan” means any Benefit Plan of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary.

SmartStop Bylaws” means the Amended and Restated Bylaws of SmartStop, dated September 17, 2019.

SmartStop Charter” means the charter of SmartStop.

SmartStop Equity Incentive Plan” means the Employee and Director Long-Term Incentive Plan of SmartStop Self Storage REIT, Inc., effective December 20, 2013, as amended, or any successor plan thereto.

SmartStop Governing Documents” means (i) the SmartStop Charter, (ii) the SmartStop Bylaws, (iii) the certificate of limited partnership of SmartStop Operating Partnership, (iv) the SmartStop Operating Partnership Agreement, (v) the articles of organization of Merger Sub, and (vi) the operating agreement of Merger Sub.

SmartStop Management Agreement” means each property management agreement entered into by SS Growth Property Management II, LLC or Strategic Storage Property Management VI, LLC and any subsidiary of any REIT managed by a SmartStop Subsidiary.

 

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SmartStop Material Adverse Effect” means any event, circumstance, change, effect, development, condition or occurrence that, individually or in the aggregate, (i) would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on the business, properties, assets, liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise) or results of operations of SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or (ii) would reasonably be expected to prevent or materially impair the ability of the SmartStop Parties to consummate the Merger before the Outside Date; provided, however, that the following shall not be deemed to constitute, or be taken into account in determining, whether a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect has occurred: (A) any failure of SmartStop to meet any projections or forecasts or any estimates of earnings, revenues or other metrics for any period (provided, that any event, circumstance, change, effect, development, condition or occurrence giving rise to such failure may be taken into account in determining whether there has been a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect), (B) any changes that affect the self storage REIT industry generally, (C) any changes in the United States or global economy or capital, financial or securities markets generally, including changes in interest or exchange rates, (D) any changes in the legal or regulatory conditions in the geographic regions in which SmartStop operates or owns or leases properties, (E) the commencement, escalation or worsening of a war or armed hostilities or the occurrence of acts of terrorism or sabotage occurring after the date hereof, (F) the taking of any action expressly required by this Agreement, (G) earthquakes, hurricanes, floods or other natural disasters, (H) any damage or destruction of real property or improvements owned or leased by SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary that is substantially covered by insurance, (I) any epidemic, pandemic or disease outbreak (including COVID-19 or any COVID-19 Measures), and any material worsening of any epidemic, pandemic or disease outbreak threatened or existing as of the date hereof, or any shutdown or material limiting of certain United States or foreign federal, state or local government services, declaration of martial law, quarantine or similar directive, guidance, policy or other similar action by any Governmental Authority in connection with any epidemic, pandemic or disease outbreak, or (J) changes or prospective changes in GAAP or in any Law of general applicability unrelated to the Merger (or the interpretation or enforcement of the foregoing), which in the case of each of clauses (B), (C), (D), (E), (G), (H), (I) and (J) do not disproportionately affect SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, relative to other similarly situated participants in the self storage REIT industry in the United States.

SmartStop Operating Partnership” means SmartStop OP, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership and the operating partnership of SmartStop.

SmartStop Operating Partnership Agreement” means the Third Amended and Restated Limited Partnership Agreement of SmartStop Operating Partnership, dated June 28, 2019, as amended.

SmartStop Operating Partnership Units” means the Class A Units set forth in the SmartStop Operating Partnership Agreement.

SmartStop Parties” means SmartStop and Merger Sub.

SmartStop Properties” means each real property, or interest therein, owned, or leased (including ground leased) as lessee or sublessee, by SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary as of the date of this Agreement (including all of SmartStop’s or any SmartStop Subsidiary’s right, title and interest in and to buildings, structures and other improvements and fixtures located on or under such real property and all easements, rights and other appurtenances to such real property).

 

8


SmartStop Subsidiary” means (i) any corporation (or entity treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes) of which at least fifty percent (50%) (or for purposes of the representations and warranties set forth in Section 5.13, ten (10%)) of the outstanding voting securities (by vote or value) is, directly or indirectly, owned by SmartStop and (ii) any partnership, limited liability company, joint venture or other entity of which at least fifty percent (50%) of the total equity interest is directly or indirectly owned by SmartStop or of which SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is a general partner, manager, managing member or the equivalent, including the SmartStop Operating Partnership.

SSGT II Advisor” means SS Growth Advisor II, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and the external investment advisor to SSGT II.

SSGT II Advisory Agreement” means the Advisory Agreement, dated as of October 26, 2018, by and between SSGT II, SSGT II Operating Partnership and SSGT II Advisor, as amended.

SSGT II Bylaws” means the Bylaws of SSGT II, dated as of July 18, 2018, as amended from time to time.

SSGT II Charter” means the charter of SSGT II.

SSGT II Common Stock” means the common stock of SSGT II.

SSGT II Governing Documents” means (i) the SSGT II Bylaws, (ii) the SSGT II Charter, (iii) the certificate of limited partnership of SSGT II Operating Partnership, and (iv) the SSGT II Partnership Agreement.

SSGT II Management Agreements” means (i) the SSGT II Advisory Agreement and (ii) each property management agreement entered into between SS Growth Property Management II, LLC and any SSGT II Subsidiary.

SSGT II Manager” means any Person, other than SSGT II or a SSGT II Subsidiary, who advises or manages SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary, or any of the SSGT II Properties, pursuant to the SSGT II Management Agreements.

SSGT II Material Adverse Effect” means any event, circumstance, change, effect, development, condition or occurrence that, individually or in the aggregate, (i) would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on the business, properties, assets, liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise) or results of operations of SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or (ii) would reasonably be expected to prevent or materially impair the ability of SSGT II to consummate the Merger before the Outside Date; provided, however, that the following shall not be deemed to constitute, or be taken into account in determining, whether a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect has occurred: (A) any failure of SSGT II to meet any projections or forecasts or any estimates of earnings, revenues or other metrics for any period (provided, that

 

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any event, circumstance, change, effect, development, condition or occurrence giving rise to such failure may be taken into account in determining whether there has been a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect), (B) any changes that affect the self storage REIT industry generally, (C) any changes in the United States or global economy or capital, financial or securities markets generally, including changes in interest or exchange rates, (D) any changes in the legal or regulatory conditions in the geographic regions in which SSGT II operates or owns or leases properties, (E) the commencement, escalation or worsening of a war or armed hostilities or the occurrence of acts of terrorism or sabotage occurring after the date hereof, (F) the taking of any action expressly required by this Agreement, (G) earthquakes, hurricanes, floods or other natural disasters, (H) any damage or destruction of real property or improvements owned or leased by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary that is substantially covered by insurance, (I) any epidemic, pandemic or disease outbreak (including COVID-19 or any COVID-19 Measures) and any material worsening of any epidemic, pandemic or disease outbreak threatened or existing as of the date hereof or any shutdown or material limiting of certain United States or foreign federal, state or local government services, declaration of martial law, quarantine or similar directive, guidance, policy or other similar action by any Governmental Authority in connection with any epidemic, pandemic or disease outbreak, or (J) changes or prospective changes in GAAP or in any Law of general applicability unrelated to the Merger (or the interpretation or enforcement of the foregoing), which in the case of each of clauses (B), (C), (D), (E), (G), (H), (I) and (J) do not disproportionately affect SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, relative to other similarly situated participants in the self storage REIT industry in the United States.

SSGT II Operating Partnership” means SS Growth Operating Partnership II, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership and the operating partnership of SSGT II.

SSGT II Operating Partnership Units” means the common units set forth in the SSGT II Partnership Agreement.

SSGT II Partnership Agreement” means the First Amended and Restated Limited Partnership Agreement of SSGT II Operating Partnership, dated as of October 26, 2018.

SSGT II Properties” means each real property, or interest therein, owned, or leased (including ground leased) as lessee or sublessee, by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary as of the date of this Agreement (including all of SSGT II’s or any SSGT II Subsidiary’s right, title and interest in and to buildings, structures and other improvements and fixtures located on or under such real property and all easements, rights and other appurtenances to such real property).

SSGT II Special Limited Partner Interest” means the special limited partner interest in the SSGT II Operating Partnership held by SmartStop Storage Advisors, LLC.

SSGT II Subsidiary” means (i) any corporation (or entity treated as a corporation for federal income tax purposes) of which at least fifty percent (50%) (or for purposes of the representations and warranties set forth in Section 4.13, ten (10%)) of the outstanding voting securities (by vote or value) is, directly or indirectly, owned by SSGT II, and (ii) any partnership, limited liability company, joint venture or other entity of which at least fifty percent (50%) of the total equity interest is, directly or indirectly, owned by SSGT II or of which SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary is a general partner, manager, managing member or the equivalent, including the SSGT II Operating Partnership.

 

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Stockholder Approval” means the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of SSGT II Common Stock entitled to vote at the Stockholders Meeting on the Merger, other than the votes of shares of SSGT II Common Stock owned of record or beneficially by SmartStop, any SmartStop Subsidiary, H. Michael Schwartz or James Barry.

Stockholders Meeting” means the meeting of the holders of shares of SSGT II Common Stock exclusively for the purpose of seeking the Stockholder Approval, including any postponement or adjournment thereof.

Tax” or “Taxes” means any federal, state, local and foreign income, gross receipts, capital gains, withholding, property, recording, stamp, transfer, sales, use, abandoned property, escheat, franchise, employment, payroll, excise, environmental and any other taxes and any duties, assessments or similar governmental charges in the nature of taxes, together with penalties, interest or additions imposed with respect to such amounts by the U.S. or any Governmental Authority, whether computed on a separate, consolidated, unitary, combined or any other basis.

Tax Return” means any return, declaration, report, claim for refund, or information return or statement relating to Taxes filed or required to be filed with a Governmental Authority, including any schedule or attachment thereto, and including any amendment thereof.

Termination Payment” means either the Full Termination Payment or the Go Shop Termination Payment, as applicable.

(b) In addition to the terms defined in Section 1.1(a), the following terms have the respective meanings set forth in the sections set forth below opposite such term:

 

Defined Term    Location of Definition
Acquisition Proposal    Section 7.3(i)(i)
Adverse Recommendation Change    Section 7.3(b)
Adverse Recommendation Change Notice    Section 7.3(d)(iii)

Additional Indemnification Agreements

Agreement

   Section 7.7(a)

Preamble

Articles of Merger    Section 2.3
Closing    Section 2.2
Closing Date    Section 2.2
Escrow Agreement    Section 9.3(f)
Form S-4    Section 7.1(a)
Go Shop Bidder    Section 7.3(a)
Go Shop Period End Time    Section 7.3(a)
Indemnified Parties    Section 7.7(a)(i)
Interim Period    Section 6.1(a)
Intervening Event    Section 7.3(i)(ii)
Merger    Recitals

 

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Defined Term    Location of Definition
Merger Consideration    Section 3.1(a)(i)
Merger Effective Time    Section 2.3
Merger Sub    Preamble
MGCL    Recitals
MLLCA    Recitals
Outside Date    Section 9.1(b)(i)
Party(ies)    Preamble
Payor    Section 9.3(d)
Permits    Section 4.8(a)
Qualified REIT Subsidiary    Section 4.1(c)
Qualifying REIT Income    Section 9.3(f)(i)
Recipient    Section 9.3(c)
Registered Securities    Section 7.1(a)
Sarbanes-Oxley Act    Section 5.5(a)
SDAT    Section 2.3
SmartStop    Preamble
SmartStop Board    Recitals
SmartStop Class A Common Stock    Section 5.4(a)
SmartStop Class T Common Stock    Section 5.4(a)
SmartStop Common Stock    Section 5.4(a)
SmartStop Disclosure Letter    Article 5
SmartStop Financial Advisor    Section 5.20
SmartStop Insurance Policies    Section 5.15
SmartStop Material Contract    Section 5.12(b)
SmartStop Permits    Section 5.8(a)
SmartStop Preferred Stock    Section 5.4(a)
SmartStop Restricted Share Awards    Section 5.4(a)
SmartStop SEC Documents    Section 5.5(a)
SmartStop Special Committee    Recitals
SmartStop Subsidiary Partnership    Section 5.13(h)
SmartStop Tax Protection Agreement    Section 5.13(h)
SmartStop Terminating Breach    Section 9.1(c)(i)
SmartStop Voting Debt    Section 5.4(d)
SSGT II    Preamble
SSGT II Audited Financial Statements    Section 4.5(a)
SSGT II Board    Recitals
SSGT II Board Recommendation    Section 4.2(c)
SSGT II Common Stock    Section 4.4(a)
SSGT II Disclosure Letter    Article 4
SSGT II Financial Advisor    Section 4.19
SSGT II Insurance Policies    Section 4.15
SSGT II Material Contracts    Section 4.12(b)
SSGT II Notice of Intention    Section 7.3(c)(i)
SSGT II Permits    Section 4.8(a)

 

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Defined Term    Location of Definition
SSGT II Preferred Stock    Section 4.4(a)
SSGT II Subsidiary Partnership    Section 4.13(h)
SSGT II Tax Protection Agreements    Section 4.13(h)
SSGT II Terminating Breach    Section 9.1(d)(i)
SSGT II Unaudited Financial Statements    Section 4.5(a)
SSGT II Voting Debt    Section 4.4(d)
Superior Proposal    Section 7.3(i)(iii)
Surviving Entity    Section 2.1
Takeover Statutes    Section 4.20
Taxable REIT Subsidiary    Section 4.1(c)
Transfer Agent    Section 3.2(a)
Transfer Taxes    Section 7.11(d)
Walnut Grove Purchase Agreement    Section 6.1(b)(xxiii)

Section 1.2 Interpretation and Rules of Construction. In this Agreement, except to the extent otherwise provided or that the context otherwise requires:

(a) when a reference is made in this Agreement to an Article, Section, Exhibit or Schedule, such reference is to an Article or Section of, or Exhibit or Schedule to, this Agreement unless otherwise indicated;

(b) the table of contents and headings in this Agreement are for reference purposes only and do not affect in any way the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement;

(c) whenever the words “include,” “includes” or “including” are used in this Agreement, they are deemed to be followed by the words “without limiting the generality of the foregoing” unless expressly provided otherwise;

(d) “or” shall be construed in the inclusive sense of “and/or”;

(e) the words “hereof,” “herein” and “hereunder” and words of similar import, when used in this Agreement, refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular provision of this Agreement, except to the extent otherwise specified;

(f) all references herein to “$” or dollars shall refer to United States dollars;

(g) no specific provision, representation or warranty shall limit the applicability of a more general provision, representation or warranty;

(h) it is the intent of the Parties that each representation, warranty, covenant, condition and agreement contained in this Agreement shall be given full, separate, and independent effect and that such provisions are cumulative;

 

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(i) the phrase “ordinary course of business” shall be deemed to be followed by the words “consistent with past practice” and shall refer to business similar in nature and magnitude to actions customarily taken without any authorization by the board of directors in the course of normal day-to-day operations, subject to any commercially reasonable modifications to past practice made in good faith to respond to the actual or anticipated effects of COVID-19 or any COVID-19 Measures;

(j) references to a Person are also to its successors and permitted assigns;

(k) except as otherwise expressly provided herein, all references in this Agreement to any statute include the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, in each case as amended, re-enacted, consolidated or replaced from time to time and shall also include, unless the context otherwise requires, all applicable guidelines, bulletins or policies made in connection therewith; and

(l) the definitions contained in this Agreement are applicable to the singular as well as the plural forms of such terms.

ARTICLE 2

THE MERGER

Section 2.1 The Merger; Other Transactions. Upon the terms and subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions set forth in this Agreement, and in accordance with the MGCL and MLLCA, at the Merger Effective Time, SSGT II shall be merged with and into Merger Sub, whereupon the separate existence of SSGT II will cease, with Merger Sub surviving the Merger (Merger Sub, as the surviving entity upon consummation of the Merger, the “Surviving Entity”), such that following the Merger, the Surviving Entity will be a wholly owned subsidiary of SmartStop. The Merger shall have the effects set forth in the applicable provisions of the MGCL, the MLLCA and this Agreement.

Section 2.2 Closing. The closing of the Merger (the “Closing”) will take place (a) by electronic exchange of documents and signatures at 10:00 a.m., California local time, no later than the third (3rd) Business Day after all the conditions set forth in Article 8 (other than those conditions that by their nature are to be satisfied or waived at the Closing (so long as those conditions are reasonably capable of being satisfied), but subject to the satisfaction or valid waiver of such conditions) shall have been satisfied or validly waived by the Party entitled to the benefit of such condition (subject to applicable Law), or (b) such other place or date as may be agreed in writing by SSGT II and SmartStop. The date on which the Closing actually takes place is referred to herein as the “Closing Date.”

Section 2.3 Effective Time. On the Closing Date, SSGT II, SmartStop and Merger Sub shall (a) cause articles of merger with respect to the Merger to be duly executed and filed with the State Department of Assessments and Taxation of Maryland (the “SDAT”) in accordance with the MGCL and the MLLCA (the “Articles of Merger”) and (b) make any other filings, recordings or publications required to be made by SSGT II, SmartStop or the Surviving Entity under the MGCL or MLLCA in connection with the Merger. The Merger shall become effective at such time as the Articles of Merger are accepted for record by the SDAT or on such other date and time (not to exceed thirty (30) days after the Articles of Merger are accepted for record by the SDAT) as specified in the Articles of Merger (such date and time, the “Merger Effective Time”), it being understood and agreed that the Parties shall cause the Merger Effective Time to occur on the Closing Date.

 

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Section 2.4 Organizational Documents of the Surviving Entity. At the Merger Effective Time and by virtue of the Merger, (i) the articles of organization of Merger Sub, as in effect immediately prior to the Merger Effective Time shall be the articles of organization of the Surviving Entity, until thereafter amended in accordance with applicable Law and the applicable provisions of such articles of organization, and (ii) the operating agreement of Merger Sub as in effect immediately prior to the Merger Effective Time shall be the operating agreement of the Surviving Entity, until thereafter amended in accordance with applicable Law and the applicable provisions of the Surviving Entity’s articles of organization and operating agreement.

Section 2.5 Tax Treatment of Merger. The Parties intend that, for United States federal income tax purposes (and, where applicable, state and local income tax purposes), the Merger shall qualify as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code, and this Agreement shall be, and is hereby adopted as, a “plan of reorganization” for purposes of Section 354 and 361 of the Code. Unless otherwise required by a final determination within the meaning of Section 1313(a) of the Code (or a similar determination under applicable state of local Law), all Parties shall file all United States federal, state and local Tax Returns in a manner consistent with the intended tax treatment of the Merger described in this Section 2.5, and no Party shall take a position inconsistent with such treatment.

Section 2.6 Management of the Surviving Entity.(a) By virtue of the Merger, the manager of Merger Sub shall serve as the manager of the Surviving Entity.

Section 2.7 Subsequent Actions. If at any time after the Merger Effective Time the Surviving Entity shall determine, in its sole and absolute discretion, that any actions are necessary or desirable to vest, perfect or confirm of record or otherwise in the Surviving Entity its right, title or interest in, to or under any of the rights or properties of SSGT II acquired or to be acquired by the Surviving Entity as a result of, or in connection with, the Merger or otherwise to carry out the intent of this Agreement, then the members, managers and officers of the Surviving Entity shall be authorized to take all such actions as may be necessary or desirable to vest all right, title or interest in, to or under such rights or properties in the Surviving Entity or otherwise to carry out this Agreement.

ARTICLE 3

EFFECTS OF THE MERGER

Section 3.1 Effects of the Merger.

(a) The Merger. At the Merger Effective Time and by virtue of the Merger and without any further action on the part of SSGT II, SmartStop or Merger Sub or the holders of any securities of SSGT II, SmartStop or Merger Sub:

 

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(i) Subject to Section 3.1(b) and Section 3.3, each Eligible Share will be converted into the right to receive from SmartStop the number of shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock equal to the Exchange Ratio, subject to the treatment of fractional shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock in accordance with Section 3.1(d) (the “Merger Consideration”);

(ii) All Eligible Shares shall no longer be outstanding and shall automatically be cancelled and shall cease to exist, and each holder thereof shall cease to have any rights with respect thereto, except for the right to receive the Merger Consideration therefor in accordance with this Agreement;

(iii) All Excluded Shares shall automatically be cancelled and shall cease to exist, and no Merger Consideration shall be paid, nor shall any other payment or right inure or be made with respect thereto, in connection with or as a consequence of the Merger; and

(iv) Each membership interest of Merger Sub issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Merger Effective Time shall remain outstanding and, collectively, shall constitute the only issued and outstanding membership interests of the Surviving Entity.

(b) Adjustment of the Merger Consideration. Between the date of this Agreement and the Merger Effective Time, if the issued and outstanding shares of SSGT II Common Stock, securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for shares of SSGT II Common Stock, shares of SmartStop Common Stock, or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for shares of SmartStop Common Stock shall have been changed into a different number of shares or other securities or a different class by reason of any stock split (whether forward or reverse), combination, reclassification, reorganization, recapitalization, distribution, merger or exchange or other similar transaction, or a stock dividend having a record date within such period shall have been declared, then (without limiting any other rights of the Parties hereunder), the Exchange Ratio shall be ratably adjusted to reflect fully the effect of any such change, and thereafter all references to the Exchange Ratio shall be deemed to be the Exchange Ratio as so adjusted. For the avoidance of doubt, (i) no adjustment shall be made pursuant to this Section 3.1(b) for any shares issued pursuant to SSGT II’s or SmartStop’s distribution reinvestment plan or redeemed pursuant to SSGT II’s or SmartStop’s share redemption program and (ii) nothing in this Section 3.1(b) shall be construed to permit the Parties to take any action except to the extent consistent with, and not otherwise prohibited by, the terms of this Agreement.

(c) Transfer Books. From and after the Merger Effective Time, the share transfer books of SSGT II shall be closed, and thereafter there shall be no further registration of transfers of SSGT II Common Stock. From and after the Merger Effective Time, Persons who held outstanding shares of SSGT II Common Stock immediately prior to the Merger Effective Time shall cease to have rights with respect to such shares, except as otherwise provided for in this Agreement or by applicable Law.

(d) Fractional Shares. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, no fractional shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock less than 1/1,000th of a share shall be issued pursuant to this Agreement and, in lieu thereof, such fractional shares a Person would otherwise be entitled to receive pursuant to this Agreement, but for this Section 3.1(d), shall be aggregated and rounded up to the nearest 1/1,000th of a share.

 

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Section 3.2 Exchange Procedures.

(a) As soon as reasonably practicable after the Merger Effective Time, SmartStop shall cause Strategic Transfer Agent Services, LLC, or any successor transfer agent of SmartStop (in either case, the “Transfer Agent”), to record on the stock records of SmartStop the issuance of shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock (including any fractional shares thereof) equal to the Merger Consideration that is issuable to each holder of Eligible Shares pursuant to Section 3.1. For the avoidance of doubt, payment of the Merger Consideration shall only be made to the Person in whose name the relevant Eligible Shares are registered in the stock transfer books of SSGT II as of the Merger Effective Time.

(b) None of SmartStop, SSGT II, the Surviving Entity, the Transfer Agent, or any employee, officer, director, agent or Affiliate of such entities, shall be liable to any Person in respect of any Merger Consideration (or the appropriate portion thereof) that has been delivered to a public official pursuant to any applicable abandoned property, escheat or similar Law. Any amounts so delivered that remain unclaimed by holders of Eligible Shares immediately prior to the time at which such amounts would otherwise escheat to, or become property of, any Governmental Authority shall, to the extent permitted by applicable Law, become the property of SmartStop free and clear of any claims or interest of such holders or their successors, assigns or personal representatives previously entitled thereto.

(c) No interest shall be paid or accrued on the Merger Consideration (or any amounts in respect thereof, including any dividends payable on shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock) for the benefit of holders of Eligible Shares.

Section 3.3 Withholding Rights. Each and any of SmartStop, SSGT II, the Surviving Entity or the Transfer Agent, or any of their agents, as applicable, shall be entitled to deduct and withhold from the Merger Consideration and any other amounts otherwise payable pursuant to this Agreement to any holder of SSGT II Common Stock such amounts as it is required to deduct and withhold with respect to such payments under the Code or any other provision of state, local or foreign Tax Law. Any such amounts so deducted and withheld shall be timely paid to the applicable Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable Law and shall be treated for all purposes of this Agreement as having been paid to the Person in respect of which such deduction and withholding was made.

Section 3.4 Dissenters Rights. No dissenters’ or appraisal rights shall be available with respect to the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

Section 3.5 General Effects of the Merger. At the Merger Effective Time, the effect of the Merger shall be as set forth in this Agreement and the Articles of Merger and as provided in the applicable provisions of the MGCL and the MLLCA. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, and subject thereto, at the Merger Effective Time, all of the property, rights, privileges, powers and franchises of SSGT II and Merger Sub shall vest in the Surviving Entity, and all debts, liabilities and duties of SSGT II and Merger Sub shall become the debts, liabilities and duties of the Surviving Entity.

 

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ARTICLE 4

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF SSGT II

Except as set forth in (a) the disclosure letter prepared by SSGT II and delivered by SSGT II to the SmartStop Parties prior to the execution and delivery of this Agreement (the “SSGT II Disclosure Letter”), it being acknowledged and agreed that disclosure of any item in any section or subsection of the SSGT II Disclosure Letter shall be deemed disclosed with respect to the section or subsection of this Agreement to which it corresponds and any other section or subsection of this Agreement to the extent the applicability of such disclosure is reasonably apparent on its face, (b) the SSGT II Audited Financial Statements, or (c) or to the Knowledge of the SmartStop Parties in their capacity as the SSGT II Advisor, SSGT II hereby represents and warrants as of the date hereof (except to the extent that such representations and warranties expressly relate to another date, in which case as of such other date) to the SmartStop Parties that:

Section 4.1 Organization and Qualification; Subsidiaries.

(a) SSGT II is a corporation duly incorporated, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the State of Maryland and has the requisite corporate power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to carry on its business as it is now being conducted. SSGT II is duly qualified or licensed to do business, and is in good standing, in each jurisdiction where the character of the properties owned, operated or leased by it or the nature of its business makes such qualification, licensing or good standing necessary, except for such failures to be so qualified, licensed or in good standing that, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect.

(b) Each SSGT II Subsidiary (i) is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or organization, as the case may be, and (ii) has the requisite organizational power and authority to own, lease and, to the extent applicable, operate its properties and to carry on its business as it is now being conducted. Each SSGT II Subsidiary is duly qualified or licensed to do business, and is in good standing, in each jurisdiction where the character of the properties owned, operated or leased by it or the nature of its business makes such qualification, licensing or good standing necessary, except for such failures to be so qualified, licensed or in good standing that, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect.

(c) Section 4.1(c) of the SSGT II Disclosure Letter sets forth a true and complete list of the SSGT II Subsidiaries and their respective jurisdictions of incorporation or organization, as the case may be, the jurisdictions in which SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries are qualified or licensed to do business, and the percentage of interest held, directly or indirectly, by SSGT II in each SSGT II Subsidiary, including a list of each SSGT II Subsidiary that is (i) a “qualified REIT subsidiary” within the meaning of Section 856(i)(2) of the Code (each a “Qualified REIT Subsidiary”), (ii) a “taxable REIT subsidiary” within the meaning of Section 856(l) of the Code (each a “Taxable REIT Subsidiary”) and (iii) an entity taxable as a corporation under the Code that is neither a Qualified REIT Subsidiary nor a Taxable REIT Subsidiary.

 

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(d) SSGT II has made available to SmartStop complete and correct copies of the SSGT II Governing Documents, which are in full force and effect as of the date of this Agreement. Each of SSGT II and the SSGT II Operating Partnership is in compliance with the terms of its applicable SSGT II Governing Documents. True and complete copies of SSGT II’s and the SSGT II Operating Partnership’s minute books, as applicable, since January 1, 2018 have been made available by SSGT II to SmartStop.

(e) SSGT II has not exempted any “Person” from the “Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit” or established or increased an “Excepted Holder Limit,” as such terms are defined in the SSGT II Charter, which exemption or Excepted Holder Limit is currently in effect.

Section 4.2 Authority; Approval Required.

(a) SSGT II has the requisite corporate or limited partnership power and authority, as applicable, to execute and deliver this Agreement, to perform its obligations hereunder and, subject to receipt of the Stockholder Approval, to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including the Merger. The execution and delivery of this Agreement by SSGT II and the consummation by SSGT II of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement have been duly and validly authorized by all necessary corporate action, and no other corporate proceedings on the part of SSGT II is necessary to authorize this Agreement or the Merger or to consummate the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, subject with respect to the Merger, to receipt of the Stockholder Approval and to the filing of the Articles of Merger with, and acceptance for record of the Articles of Merger by, the SDAT in accordance with the MGCL and the MLLCA.

(b) This Agreement has been duly executed and delivered by SSGT II and, assuming due authorization, execution and delivery by the SmartStop Parties, constitutes a legally valid and binding obligation of SSGT II, enforceable against SSGT II in accordance with its terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar Laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).

(c) The SSGT II Board has (i) determined that the terms of this Agreement, the Merger, the Merger Consideration and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement are advisable and in the best interests of, and with respect to the Agreement and the Merger, are fair and reasonable to, SSGT II, (ii) approved, authorized, adopted and declared advisable this Agreement and the consummation of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, (iii) directed that the Merger be submitted to a vote of the holders of SSGT II Common Stock and (iv) recommended that holders of SSGT II Common Stock vote in favor of approval of the Merger (such recommendation, the “SSGT II Board Recommendation”), which resolutions remain in full force and effect and have not been subsequently rescinded, modified or withdrawn in any way, except as may be permitted after the date hereof by Section 7.3.

 

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(d) The Stockholder Approval is the only vote of the holders of securities of SSGT II required to approve the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

Section 4.3 No Conflict; Required Filings and Consents.

(a) The execution and delivery of this Agreement by SSGT II does not, and the performance of this Agreement and its obligations hereunder will not, (i) assuming receipt of the Stockholder Approval, conflict with or violate any provision of (A) the SSGT II Governing Documents or (B) any equivalent organizational or governing documents of any other SSGT II Subsidiary, (ii) assuming (solely with respect to performance of this Agreement) compliance with the matters referred to in Section 4.3(b), conflict with or violate any Law or Environmental Permit applicable to SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary or by which any property or asset of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary is bound, or (iii) with or without notice, lapse of time or both, constitute or result in a breach or violation of, or a default under, or give rise to any Lien, acceleration of remedies, right of termination, purchase, first offer or forced sale under, any Contract of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary or related to any of their respective properties, except, as to clauses (ii) and (iii) above, for any such conflicts, violations, breaches, defaults or other occurrences which, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect.

(b) No filings, notices, reports, consents, registrations, approvals, permits or authorizations are required to be made by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary with, nor are any required to be made or obtained by, SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary with or from any Governmental Authority in connection with the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries and the consummation of the Merger or the other transactions contemplated hereby, or in connection with the continuing operation of the business of SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries following the Merger Effective Time, except (i) the filing of the Form S-4 and the declaration of effectiveness of the Form S-4 and such other reports under or compliance with the Securities Act as may be required in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, (ii) the filing of the Articles of Merger with, and the acceptance for record of such Articles of Merger by, the SDAT pursuant to the MGCL and the MLLCA, (iii) such filings and approvals as may be required by any applicable state securities or “blue sky” Laws and (iv) where failure to obtain such consents, approvals, authorizations or permits, or to make such filings, notifications or reports, which, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect. As of the date hereof, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, there is no reason why the necessary approvals referenced in clause (iv) of the preceding sentence will not be received in order to permit consummation of the Merger on a timely basis.

 

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Section 4.4 Capital Structure.

(a) The authorized capital stock of SSGT II consists of 110,000,000 shares of capital stock, of which (i) 100,000,000 shares are designated as common stock, $0.001 par value per share (“SSGT II Common Stock”), and (ii) 10,000,000 shares are designated as preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share (“SSGT II Preferred Stock”). At the close of business on February 18, 2022, (i) 12,658,903 shares of SSGT II Common Stock were issued and outstanding, and (ii) no shares of SSGT II Preferred Stock were issued and outstanding. All of the outstanding shares of capital stock of SSGT II are duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable and were issued in compliance with applicable securities Laws. Except as set forth in this Section 4.4(a), there is no other outstanding capital stock of SSGT II.

(b) All of the SSGT II Operating Partnership Units held by SSGT II are directly owned by SSGT II, free and clear of all Liens other than Permitted Liens and free of preemptive rights. All of the SSGT II Operating Partnership Units are duly authorized and validly issued and were issued in compliance with applicable securities Laws. The SSGT II Special Limited Partner Interest, which is held by a SmartStop Subsidiary, constitutes the only special limited partner interest in SSGT II Operating Partnership.

(c) All of the outstanding shares of capital stock of each of the SSGT II Subsidiaries that is a corporation are duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable. All equity interests in each of the SSGT II Subsidiaries that is a partnership or limited liability company are duly authorized and validly issued and holders thereof have no obligation to make any further payments solely by reason of their ownership thereof. All shares of capital stock of (or other ownership interests in) each of the SSGT II Subsidiaries which may be issued upon exercise of outstanding options or exchange rights are duly authorized and, upon issuance will be validly issued, fully paid and, to the extent applicable, nonassessable. SSGT II or the SSGT II Operating Partnership owns, directly or indirectly, all of the issued and outstanding capital stock and other ownership interests of each of the SSGT II Subsidiaries free and clear of all Liens, other than Permitted Liens, and free of preemptive rights.

(d) There are no bonds, debentures, notes or other Indebtedness having general voting rights (or convertible into securities having such rights) of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary issued and outstanding (“SSGT II Voting Debt”). There are no outstanding subscriptions, securities options, warrants, calls, rights, profits interests, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, convertible securities, preemptive rights, anti-dilutive rights, rights of first refusal or other similar rights, agreements, arrangements, undertakings or commitments of any kind to which SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries is a party or by which any of them is bound obligating SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries to (i) issue, transfer or sell or create, or cause to be issued, transferred or sold or created any additional shares of capital stock or other equity interests or phantom stock or other contractual rights the value of which is determined in whole or in part by the value of any equity security of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary or securities convertible into or exchangeable for such shares or other equity interests, (ii) issue, grant, extend or enter into any such subscriptions, options, warrants, calls, rights, profits interests, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, convertible securities or other similar rights, agreements, arrangements, undertakings or commitments or (iii) redeem, repurchase or otherwise acquire any such shares of capital stock, SSGT II Voting Debt or other equity interests.

(e) Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary is a party to or bound by any Contracts concerning the voting (including voting trusts and proxies) of any capital stock of SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries. Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has granted any registration rights on any of its capital stock. No SSGT II Common Stock is owned by any SSGT II Subsidiary.

 

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(f) SSGT II does not have a “poison pill” or similar stockholder rights plan.

(g) All dividends or other distributions on the shares of SSGT II Common Stock or SSGT II Operating Partnership Units and any material dividends or other distributions on any securities of any SSGT II Subsidiary, which have been authorized or declared prior to the date hereof have been paid in full (except to the extent such dividends or other distributions have been publicly announced and are not yet due and payable).

Section 4.5 Financial Statements.

(a) SSGT II has delivered to SmartStop: (i) consolidated audited financial statements of SSGT II and all SSGT II Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 (the “SSGT II Audited Financial Statements”), and (ii) an unaudited consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2021 and an unaudited consolidated income statement of SSGT II and all SSGT II Subsidiaries the Company for the twelve month period from January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2021 (the “SSGT II Unaudited Financial Statements”).

(b) The SSGT II Audited Financial Statements and the SSGT II Unaudited Financial Statements (i) have been prepared from the books and records of SSGT II and SSGT II Subsidiaries in all material respects, (ii) have been prepared in accordance with GAAP applied on a consistent basis during the periods involved (except (x) as may be indicated in the notes thereto or (y) in the case of the SSGT II Unaudited Financial Statements, for the absence of notes) and (iii) fairly present in all material respects the consolidated financial position of SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, as of their respective dates and, as applicable, the consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity and cash flows of SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries for the periods presented therein.

(c) SSGT II maintains a system of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurances regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP, including that: (i) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations, (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements and to maintain asset accountability, (iii) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations, (iv) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences, and (v) accounts, notes and other receivables and inventory are recorded accurately, and proper and adequate procedures are implemented to effect the collection thereof on a current and timely basis.

 

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(d) SSGT II is not, and none of the SSGT II Subsidiaries is, a party to, and neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has any commitment to become a party to, any joint venture, off-balance sheet partnership or any similar Contract or arrangement, including any Contract relating to any transaction or relationship between or among SSGT II and any SSGT II Subsidiary, on the one hand, and any unconsolidated Affiliate of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary, including any structured finance, special purpose or limited purpose entity or Person, on the other hand, or any “off-balance sheet arrangements” (as defined in Item 303(a) of Regulation S-K of the SEC), where the result, purpose or effect of such Contract is to avoid disclosure of any material transaction involving, or material liabilities of, SSGT II, any SSGT II Subsidiary or SSGT II’s or such SSGT II Subsidiary’s audited financial statements.

(e) Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary is required to be registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act.

Section 4.6 Absence of Certain Changes or Events. Since December 31, 2020 through the date of this Agreement, except as contemplated by this Agreement, (a) SSGT II and each SSGT II Subsidiary have conducted their respective business in all material respects in the ordinary course of business, (b) neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has taken any action that would have been prohibited by Section 6.1(b) (Conduct of the Business of SSGT II) if taken from and after the date of this Agreement and (c) there has not been any SSGT II Material Adverse Effect or any event, circumstance, change, effect, development, condition or occurrence that, individually or in the aggregate, with all other events, circumstances, changes, effects, developments, conditions or occurrences, would reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect.

Section 4.7 No Undisclosed Liabilities. Except (a) as disclosed, reflected or reserved against on the consolidated balance sheet of SSGT II dated as of December 31, 2020 (including the notes thereto), (b) for liabilities or obligations incurred in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and (c) for liabilities or obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business since December 31, 2020, neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has any liability or obligation (whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise) that either alone or when combined with all other liabilities of a type not described in clauses (a), (b) or (c) above, has had, or would reasonably be expected to have, a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect.

Section 4.8 Permits; Compliance with Law.

(a) Except for the authorizations, licenses, permits, certificates, approvals, variances, exemptions, orders, franchises, certifications and clearances that are the subject of Section 4.10 and Section 4.11, which are addressed solely in those Sections, SSGT II and each SSGT II Subsidiary is in possession of all authorizations, licenses, permits, certificates, approvals, variances, exemptions, orders, franchises, certifications and clearances of any Governmental Authority (“Permits”) necessary for SSGT II and each SSGT II Subsidiary to own, lease and, to the extent applicable, operate its properties or to carry on its respective business substantially as they are being conducted as of the date hereof (the “SSGT II Permits”), and all such SSGT II Permits are valid and in full force and effect, except where the failure to be in possession of, or the failure to be valid or in full force and effect of, any of the SSGT II Permits, individually, or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect. SSGT II has paid all fees and assessments due and payable, in each case, in connection with all such Permits, except where failure to pay, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect. No event has occurred with respect to any of

 

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the SSGT II Permits which permits, or after notice or lapse of time or both would permit, revocation or termination thereof or would result in any other material impairment of the rights of the holder of any such SSGT II Permits. Neither SSGT II nor any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries has received any notice indicating, nor to the Knowledge of SSGT II, is there any pending applicable petition, objection or other pleading with any Governmental Authority having jurisdiction or authority over the operations of SSGT II or the SSGT II Subsidiaries or the SSGT II Properties that impairs the validity of any SSGT II Permit or which would reasonably be expected, if accepted or granted, to result in the revocation of any SSGT II Permit, except where the impairment or revocation of any such SSGT II Permits, individually, or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect.

(b) Since January 1, 2019, neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has been in conflict with, or in default or violation of, (i) any Law applicable to SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary or by which any property or asset of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary is bound (except for compliance with Laws addressed in Section 4.10, Section 4.11, Section 4.13 and Section 4.16 which are solely addressed in those Sections) or (ii) any SSGT II Permits (except for the SSGT II Permits addressed in Section 4.11, which are solely addressed in that Section), except, in each case, for any such conflicts, defaults or violations that, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect.

Section 4.9 Litigation. There is no material Action to which SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary is a party (either as plaintiff or defendant) pending or, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, threatened before any Governmental Authority and, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, there is no basis for any such Action. Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has been permanently or temporarily enjoined by any Order from engaging in or continuing to conduct the business of SSGT II or the SSGT II Subsidiaries. No Order has been issued in any proceeding to which SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries is or was a party, or, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, in any other proceeding, that enjoins or requires SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries to take action of any kind with respect to its businesses, assets or properties. Since December 31, 2018, none of SSGT II, any SSGT II Subsidiary or any Representative of the foregoing has received or made any settlement offer for any material Action to which SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary is a party or potentially could be a party (in each case, either as plaintiff or defendant), other than settlement offers that do not exceed $500,000 individually.

Section 4.10 Properties.

(a) Except as disclosed in title insurance policies and reports (and the documents or surveys referenced in such policies and reports): (i) SSGT II or a SSGT II Subsidiary owns fee simple title to each of the SSGT II Properties, free and clear of Liens, except for Permitted Liens; (ii) except as has not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect, neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has received written notice of any uncured violation of any Law (including zoning, building or similar Laws) affecting any portion of any of the SSGT II Properties issued by any Governmental Authority; and (iii) except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect, neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has received written notice to the effect that there are condemnation or rezoning proceedings that are currently pending or, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, threatened with respect to any of the SSGT II Properties.

 

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(b) Except as disclosed in property condition assessments and similar structural engineering reports relating to the SSGT II Properties, SSGT II has not received written notice of, nor does SSGT II have any Knowledge of, any latent defects or adverse physical conditions affecting any of the SSGT II Properties or the improvements thereon that have not been corrected or cured prior to the date of this Agreement, except as has not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect.

(c) SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries have good title to, or a valid and enforceable leasehold interest in, all material personal property assets owned, used or held for use by them. Neither SSGT II’s, nor the SSGT II Subsidiaries’, ownership of any such personal property is subject to any Liens, other than Permitted Liens.

Section 4.11 Environmental Matters. Except as, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect: (i) no written notification, demand, request for information, citation, summons or order has been received, no complaint has been filed, no penalty has been assessed and no investigation, action, suit or proceeding is pending or, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, is threatened relating to SSGT II, any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries or any of their respective properties, and relating to or arising out of any Environmental Law or Hazardous Substance; (ii) SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries are and, for the past three (3) years, have been, in compliance with all Environmental Laws and all applicable Environmental Permits; (iii) SSGT II and each SSGT II Subsidiary is in possession of all Environmental Permits necessary for SSGT II and each SSGT II Subsidiary to own, lease and, to the extent applicable, operate its properties or to carry on its respective business substantially as they are being conducted as of the date hereof, and all such Environmental Permits are valid and in full force and effect; and (iv) there are no liabilities or obligations of SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries of any kind whatsoever, whether accrued, contingent, absolute, determined, determinable or otherwise arising under or relating to any Environmental Law or any Hazardous Substance and there is no condition, situation or set of circumstances that would reasonably be expected to result in any such liability or obligation.

Section 4.12 Material Contracts.

(a) Section 4.12(a) of the SSGT II Disclosure Letter sets forth a list of each Contract (other than a Benefit Plan) in effect as of the date hereof to which SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary is a party to or bound by that:

(i) obligates SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary to make non-contingent aggregate annual expenditures (other than principal and/or interest payments or the deposit of other reserves with respect to debt obligations) in excess of $500,000 and is not cancelable within ninety (90) days without material penalty to SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary;

 

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(ii) constitutes (A) an Indebtedness obligation of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary with a principal amount as of the date hereof greater than $500,000 or (B) a Contract (including any so called take-or-pay or keepwell agreements) under which (1) any Person including SSGT II or a SSGT II Subsidiary, has directly or indirectly guaranteed Indebtedness, liabilities or obligations of SSGT II or a SSGT II Subsidiary or (2) SSGT II or a SSGT II Subsidiary has directly or indirectly guaranteed Indebtedness, liabilities or obligations of any Person, including SSGT II or another SSGT II Subsidiary (in each case other than endorsements for the purpose of collection in the ordinary course of business);

(iii) requires SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary to dispose of or acquire assets or properties that (together with all of the assets and properties subject to such requirement in such Contract) have a fair market value in excess of $500,000, or involves any pending or contemplated merger, consolidation or similar business combination transaction;

(iv) constitutes an interest rate cap, interest rate collar, interest rate swap or other Contract relating to a swap or other hedging transaction of any type;

(v) sets forth the operational terms of a joint venture, partnership, limited liability company or strategic alliance of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary with a third party;

(vi) prohibits the pledging of the capital stock of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary or prohibits the issuance of guarantees by any SSGT II Subsidiary;

(vii) is with a Governmental Authority;

(viii) has continuing “earn-out” or other similar contingent purchase price payment obligations, in each case that could result in payments, individually or in the aggregate, in excess of $500,000;

(ix) is an employment Contract or material consulting Contract;

(x) is a collective bargaining agreement or other Contract with any labor organization, union or association;

(xi) is a SSGT II Management Agreement;

(xii) is a ground lease under which SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary holds a leasehold interest in the SSGT II Properties or any portion thereof; or

(xiii) is both (A) not made in the ordinary course of business and (B) material to SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

(b) Each Contract in any of the categories set forth in Section 4.12(a)Section 4.12(a) Section 4.12(a) Section 4.12(a) to which SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary is a party or by which it is bound as of the date hereof is referred to herein as a “SSGT II Material Contract.”

 

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(c) Each SSGT II Material Contract is legal, valid, binding and enforceable on SSGT II and/or the SSGT II Subsidiary that is a party thereto and, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, each other party thereto, and is in full force and effect, except as may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar Laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at Law). SSGT II and each SSGT II Subsidiary has performed all obligations required to be performed by it prior to the date hereof under each SSGT II Material Contract and, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, each other party thereto has performed all obligations required to be performed by it under such SSGT II Material Contract prior to the date hereof, except where in each case the failure to perform, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect. Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary, nor, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, any other party thereto, is in breach or violation of, or default under, any SSGT II Material Contract, and no event has occurred that, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute a violation, breach or default under any SSGT II Material Contract, except where in each case such breach, violation or default, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect. Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has received written notice of any violation or default under, or owes any termination, cancellation or other similar fees or any liquidated damages with respect to, any SSGT II Material Contract, except for violations or defaults, or fees or damages, that, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect. Since December 31, 2020 and as of the date hereof, neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has received any written notice of the intention of any party to cancel, terminate, materially change the scope of rights under or fail to renew any SSGT II Material Contract.

Section 4.13 Taxes.

(a) SSGT II and each SSGT II Subsidiary has timely filed with the appropriate Governmental Authority all United States federal income Tax Returns and all other material Tax Returns required to be filed, taking into account any extensions of time within which to file such Tax Returns, and all such Tax Returns were complete and correct in all material respects. SSGT II and each SSGT II Subsidiary has duly paid (or there has been paid on their behalf), or made adequate provisions in accordance with GAAP for, all material Taxes required to be paid by them, whether or not shown on any Tax Return. No written claim has been proposed by any Governmental Authority in any jurisdiction where SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary do not file Tax Returns that SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary is or may be subject to Tax by such jurisdiction

(b) SSGT II (i) for all taxable years commencing with SSGT II’s year ending December 31, 2018 and through December 31, 2021, has been subject to taxation as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Code and has satisfied all requirements to qualify as a REIT for such years; (ii) has operated since January 1, 2022 to the date hereof, in a manner consistent with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT; (iii) intends to continue to operate in such a manner as to qualify as a REIT for its taxable year that will include the day of the Merger; and (iv) has not taken or omitted to take any action that could reasonably be expected to result in a challenge by the IRS or any other Governmental Authority to its status as a REIT, and no such challenge is pending or, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, threatened. SSGT II does not own a direct

 

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or indirect ownership interest in an entity that is a corporation for United States federal income tax purposes, other than a corporation that qualifies as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or as a Taxable REIT Subsidiary of SSGT II. SSGT II’s dividends paid deduction, within the meaning of Section 561 of the Code, for all taxable years commencing with SSGT II’s year ended December 31, 2019, taking into account any dividends subject to Sections 857(b)(9) or 858 of the Code, has not been less than the sum of (A) SSGT II’s REIT taxable income, as defined in Section 857(b)(2) of the Code, determined without regard to any dividends paid deduction for such year and (B) SSGT II’s net capital gain for such year.

(c) (i) There are no audits, investigations by any Governmental Authority or other proceedings pending or, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, threatened with regard to any material Taxes or material Tax Returns of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary; (ii) no material deficiency for Taxes of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary, has been claimed, proposed or assessed in writing or, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, threatened, by any Governmental Authority, which deficiency has not yet been settled except for such deficiencies which are being contested in good faith or with respect to which the failure to pay, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect; (iii) neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has waived any statute of limitations with respect to the assessment of material Taxes or agreed to any extension of time (other than pursuant to an automatic extension to file a Tax Return requested in the ordinary course of business) with respect to any material Tax assessment or deficiency for any tax year that is not closed under the applicable statute of limitations; (iv) neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary is currently the beneficiary of any extension of time within which to file any material Tax Return (other than pursuant to an automatic extension to file a Tax Return requested in the ordinary course of business); and (v) neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has entered into any “closing agreement” as described in Section 7121 of the Code (or any corresponding or similar provision of state, local or foreign income Tax Law).

(d) Each SSGT II Subsidiary that is a partnership, joint venture or limited liability company and that has not elected to be a Taxable REIT Subsidiary has been since its formation treated for United States federal income tax purposes as a partnership, disregarded entity, or Qualified REIT Subsidiary, as the case may be, and not as a corporation (or other entity taxable as a corporation) whose separate existence is respected for United States federal income tax purposes, or a “publicly traded partnership” within the meaning of Section 7704(b) of the Code that is treated as a corporation for United States federal income tax purposes under Section 7704(a) of the Code.

(e) Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary holds any asset the disposition of which would be subject to Treasury Regulation Section 1.337(d)-7, nor have they disposed of any such asset during its current taxable year.

(f) Since its inception, SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries have not incurred (i) any material liability for Taxes under Sections 857(b)(1), 857(b)(4), 857(b)(6)(A), 860(c) or 4981 of the Code, (ii) any liability for Taxes under Sections 857(b)(5) (for income test violations), 856(c)(7)(C) (for asset test violations), or 856(g)(5)(C) (for violations of other qualification requirements applicable to REITs) and (iii) any material liability for Tax other than (A) in the ordinary course of business, or (B) transfer or similar Taxes arising in connection with sales of

 

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property. No event has occurred, and to the Knowledge of SSGT II no condition or circumstances exists, which presents a material risk that any material liability for Taxes described clause (i) or (iii) of the preceding sentence or any liability for Taxes described in clause (ii) of the preceding sentence will be imposed upon SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary for any taxable period (or portion thereof) preceding the Merger.

(g) SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries have complied, in all material respects, with all applicable Laws relating to the payment and withholding of Taxes (including withholding of Taxes pursuant to Sections 1441, 1442, 1445, 1446 and 3402 of the Code or similar provisions under any state and foreign Laws) and have duly and timely withheld and, in each case, have paid over to the appropriate taxing authorities all material amounts required to be so withheld and paid over on or prior to the due date thereof under all applicable Laws.

(h) There are no SSGT II Tax Protection Agreements (as hereinafter defined) in force at the date of this Agreement, and, as of the date of this Agreement, no Person has raised in writing, or to the Knowledge of SSGT II threatened to raise, a material claim against SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary for any breach of any SSGT II Tax Protection Agreements. As used herein, “SSGT II Tax Protection Agreements” means any written agreement to which SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary is a party pursuant to which: (i) any liability of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary to holders of limited partnership interests in a SSGT II Subsidiary Partnership (as hereinafter defined) relating to Taxes may arise, whether or not as a result of the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement; and/or (ii) in connection with the deferral of income Taxes of a holder of limited partnership interests or limited liability company interests in a SSGT II Subsidiary Partnership, SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary has agreed to (A) maintain a minimum level of debt, continue a particular debt or provide rights to guarantee debt, (B) retain or not dispose of assets, (C) make or refrain from making Tax elections, and/or (D) only dispose of assets in a particular manner. As used herein, “SSGT II Subsidiary Partnership” means a SSGT II Subsidiary that is treated as a partnership for United States federal income tax purposes.

(i) There are no Liens for Taxes upon any property or assets of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary except for Permitted Liens.

(j) There are no Tax allocation or sharing agreements or similar arrangements (other than Non-Tax Contracts) with respect to or involving SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary, and after the Closing Date, neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary shall be bound by any such Tax allocation or sharing agreements or similar arrangements or have any liability thereunder for amounts due in respect of periods prior to the Closing Date.

(k) Except for property Tax appeals made in the ordinary course of business, neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has requested or received any written ruling of a Governmental Authority or entered into any written agreement with a Governmental Authority with respect to any Taxes, and neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary is subject to written ruling of a Governmental Authority.

 

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(l) Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary (i) has been a member of an affiliated group filing a consolidated United States federal income Tax Return or (ii) has any liability for the Taxes of any Person (other than any SSGT II Subsidiary) under Treasury Regulation Section 1.1502-6 (or any similar provision of state, local or foreign law), as a transferee or successor, by Contract, or otherwise (other than pursuant to a Non-Tax Contract).

(m) Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has participated in any “reportable transaction” within the meaning of Treasury Regulation Section 1.6011-4(b).

(n) Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has constituted either a “distributing corporation” or a “controlled corporation” (within the meaning of Section 355(a)(1)(A) of the Code) in a distribution of stock qualifying for tax-free treatment under Section 355 of the Code (i) in the two (2) years prior to the date of this Agreement or (ii) in a distribution which could otherwise constitute part of a “plan” or “series of related transactions” (within the meaning of Section 355(e) of the Code) in conjunction with transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(o) No written power of attorney that has been granted by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary (other than to SSGT II or a SSGT II Subsidiary) currently is in force with respect to any matter relating to Taxes, other than any power of attorney that will terminate on or before the Closing.

(p) To the Knowledge of SSGT II, SSGT II is a “domestically controlled qualified investment entity” within the meaning of Section 897(h)(4)(B) of the Code.

Section 4.14 Intellectual Property. Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary: (a) owns any patents, registered trademarks, or registered copyrights; (b) has any pending applications or registrations for any trademarks, patents or copyrights; or (c) is a party to any Contracts with respect to an exclusive license by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary of any trademarks or patents. Except as, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect, (i) no Intellectual Property used by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary infringes or is alleged to infringe any Intellectual Property rights of any third party, (ii) to the Knowledge of SSGT II, no Person is misappropriating, infringing or otherwise violating any Intellectual Property of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary, and (iii) SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries own or are licensed to use, or otherwise possess valid rights to use, all Intellectual Property necessary to conduct the business of SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries as it is currently conducted. Since January 1, 2019, neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has received any written or, to the Knowledge of SSGT II, verbal complaint, claim or notice alleging misappropriation, infringement or violation of any Intellectual Property rights of any third party.

Section 4.15 Insurance. Except as, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect, all premiums due and payable under all material insurance policies and all material fidelity bonds or other material insurance Contracts providing coverage for SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries (the “SSGT II Insurance Policies”) have been paid, and SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries have otherwise complied in all material respects with the terms and conditions of all SSGT II Insurance Policies. No written notice of cancellation or termination has been received by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary with respect to any such policy which has not been replaced on substantially similar terms prior to the date of such cancellation.

 

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Section 4.16 Benefit Plans.

(a) SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries do not and are not required to, and have not and have never been required to, maintain, sponsor or contribute to any Benefit Plans. Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has any contract, plan or commitment, whether or not legally binding, to create any Benefit Plan.

(b) None of SSGT II, any SSGT II Subsidiaries or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates has ever maintained, contributed to, or participated in, or otherwise has any obligation or liability in connection with: (i) a “pension plan” under Section 3(2) of ERISA that is subject to Title IV or Section 302 of ERISA or Section 412 or 4971 of the Code; (ii) a “multiemployer plan” (as defined in Section 3(37) of ERISA); (iii) a “multiple employer welfare arrangement” (as defined in Section 3(40) of ERISA); or (iv) a “multiple employer plan” (as defined in Section 413(c) of the Code).

(c) Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary has, or has ever had, any employees on its payroll.

Section 4.17 Related Party Transactions. Except (i) for the SSGT II Partnership Agreement or (ii) as described in the SSGT II Audited Financial Statements (the “SSGT II Related Party Agreements”), there are no agreements, arrangements or understandings between SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary (or binding on any of their respective properties or assets), on the one hand, and any Affiliate, on the other hand (other than those exclusively among SSGT II and SSGT II Subsidiaries).

Section 4.18 Brokers. No broker, investment banker or other Person (other than the Persons listed in Section 4.18 of the SSGT II Disclosure Letter, pursuant to the terms of the engagement letter between SSGT II and such Person, true, correct and complete copies of which have been provided to SmartStop prior to the date hereof) is entitled to any broker’s, finder’s or other similar fee or commission in connection with the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement based upon arrangements made by or on behalf of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary.

Section 4.19 Opinion of Financial Advisor. The SSGT II Board has received the oral opinion (which opinion has been or will be confirmed in writing) of KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. (the “SSGT II Financial Advisor”), to the effect that, as of the date of such opinion and based on and subject to the assumptions, limitations, qualifications and conditions set forth in its written opinion, the Exchange Ratio is fair, from a financial point of view, to the “unaffiliated holders” (as defined therein) of shares of the SSGT II Common Stock. SSGT II will deliver to SmartStop a complete and correct copy of such opinion of the SSGT II Financial Advisor promptly after receipt thereof by the SSGT II Board solely for informational purposes (though such delivery need not be prior to entering into this Agreement). SSGT II acknowledges and agrees that the opinion of the SmartStop Financial Advisor, to be delivered as provided in Section 5.20 hereof, is for the benefit of the SmartStop Special Committee and that SSGT II shall not be entitled to rely on that opinion for any purpose.

 

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Section 4.20 Takeover Statutes; Appraisal Rights. Neither SSGT II nor any SSGT II Subsidiary is, nor at any time during the last two (2) years was, an “interested stockholder” of SmartStop as defined in Section 3-601 of the MGCL. The SSGT II Board has taken all action necessary to render inapplicable to the Merger the restrictions on business combinations contained in Subtitle 6 of Title 3 of the MGCL. The restrictions on control share acquisitions contained in Subtitle 7 of Title 3 of the MGCL are not applicable to the Merger and no other “business combination,” “control share acquisition,” “fair price,” “moratorium” or other takeover or anti-takeover statute or similar federal or state Law (collectively, “Takeover Statutes”) are applicable to this Agreement, the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement. Pursuant to the SSGT II Charter, no dissenters’, appraisal or similar rights are available to the holders of SSGT II Common Stock with respect to the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

Section 4.21 No Other Representations and Warranties; Non-Reliance.

(a) Except for the representations and warranties expressly set forth in this Article 4, or any document, agreement, certificate or other instrument contemplated by this Agreement, neither SSGT II nor any Person on behalf of SSGT II has made any representation or warranty, express or implied, with respect to SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary, including their respective businesses, operations, assets (including the SSGT II Properties), liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise), results of operations, future operating or financial results, estimates, projections, forecasts, plans or prospects (including the reasonableness of the assumptions underlying such estimates, projections, forecasts, plans or prospects), or the accuracy or completeness of any information regarding SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary. In particular, without limiting the foregoing disclaimer, except for the representations and warranties expressly made by SSGT II in this Article 4, none of SSGT II or any other Person makes any representation or warranty to any SmartStop Party or any of their respective Affiliates or Representatives with respect to any written or oral information presented to the SmartStop Parties or any of their respective Affiliates or Representatives in the course of their due diligence of SSGT II, the negotiation of this Agreement or in the course of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(b) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Agreement to the contrary, SSGT II acknowledges and agrees with the representation of SmartStop and Merger Sub in Section 5.23(a), and hereby acknowledges and confirms that, other than the representations and warranties expressly set forth in Article 5, or any document, agreement, certificate or other instrument contemplated by this Agreement, (i) none of SmartStop, Merger Sub or any other Person has made or is making, and (ii) SSGT II and its Representatives are not relying on, any representations or warranties relating to the SmartStop or Merger Sub whatsoever, express or implied, by operation of law or otherwise, including any implied representation or warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of any information furnished or made available to SSGT II or any of its Representatives by SmartStop, Merger Sub or their Representatives.

 

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ARTICLE 5

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SMARTSTOP PARTIES

Except as set forth in (a) the disclosure letter prepared by the SmartStop Parties and delivered by the SmartStop Parties to SSGT II prior to the execution and delivery of this Agreement (the “SmartStop Disclosure Letter”), it being acknowledged and agreed that disclosure of any item in any section or subsection of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter shall be deemed disclosed with respect to the section or subsection of this Agreement to which it corresponds and any other section or subsection of this Agreement to the extent the applicability of such disclosure is reasonably apparent on its face, or (b) the SmartStop SEC Documents publicly filed with, or publicly furnished to, as applicable, the SEC on or after December 31, 2020 and prior to the date of this Agreement, excluding any information or documents incorporated by reference therein or filed as exhibits thereto and any disclosures set forth or referenced in any risk factor section, forward-looking statements section or in any other section therein to the extent they are forward-looking statements or cautionary, non-specific, predictive or forward-looking in nature (and then only to the extent that the relevance of any disclosed event, item or occurrence in such SmartStop SEC Documents to a matter covered by a representation or warranty set forth in this Article 5 is reasonably apparent on its face), the SmartStop Parties hereby jointly and severally represent and warrant as of the date hereof (except to the extent that such representations and warranties expressly relate to another date, in which case as of such other date) to SSGT II that:

Section 5.1 Organization and Qualification; Subsidiaries.

(a) SmartStop is a corporation duly incorporated, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the State of Maryland and has the requisite corporate power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to carry on its business as it is now being conducted. Merger Sub is a limited liability company duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the State of Maryland and has the requisite limited liability company power and authority to own, lease and, to the extent applicable, operate its properties and to carry on its business as it is now being conducted. Each of SmartStop and Merger Sub is duly qualified or licensed to do business, and is in good standing, in each jurisdiction where the character of the properties owned, operated or leased by it or the nature of its business makes such qualification, licensing or good standing necessary, except for such failures to be so qualified, licensed or in good standing that, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect.

(b) Each SmartStop Subsidiary (i) is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or organization, as the case may be, and (ii) has the requisite organizational power and authority to own, lease and, to the extent applicable, operate its properties and to carry on its business as it is now being conducted. Each SmartStop Subsidiary is duly qualified or licensed to do business, and is in good standing, in each jurisdiction where the character of the properties owned, operated or leased by it or the nature of its business makes such qualification, licensing or good standing necessary, except for such failures to be so qualified, licensed or in good standing that, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect.

 

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(c) Section 5.1(c) of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter sets forth a true and complete list of the SmartStop Subsidiaries and their respective jurisdictions of incorporation or organization, as the case may be, the jurisdictions in which SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries are qualified or licensed to do business, and the percentage of interest held, directly or indirectly, by SmartStop in each SmartStop Subsidiary, including a list of each SmartStop Subsidiary that is (i) a Qualified REIT Subsidiary, (ii) a Taxable REIT Subsidiary and (iii) an entity taxable as a corporation under the Code that is neither a Qualified REIT Subsidiary nor a Taxable REIT Subsidiary.

(d) The SmartStop Parties have made available to SSGT II complete and correct copies of the SmartStop Governing Documents, which are in full force and effect as of the date of this Agreement. Each of the SmartStop Parties is in compliance with the terms of its applicable SmartStop Governing Documents. True and complete copies of SmartStop’s and the SmartStop Operating Partnership’s minute books, as applicable, since January 1, 2018 have been made available by SmartStop to SSGT II.

(e) Except as set forth in Section 5.1(e) of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter, SmartStop has not exempted any “Person” from the “Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit” or the “Common Stock Ownership Limit” or established or increased an “Excepted Holder Limit,” as such terms are defined in the SmartStop Charter, which exemption or Excepted Holder Limit is currently in effect.

Section 5.2 Authority.

(a) Each of the SmartStop Parties has the requisite corporate, limited partnership or limited liability company power and authority, as applicable, to execute and deliver this Agreement, to perform its obligations hereunder and to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including the Merger. The execution and delivery of this Agreement by each of the SmartStop Parties and the consummation by the SmartStop Parties of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement have been duly and validly authorized by all necessary corporate, limited partnership or limited liability company action, as applicable, and no other corporate, limited partnership or limited liability company proceedings on the part of the SmartStop Parties are necessary to authorize this Agreement or the Merger or to consummate the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, subject, with respect to the Merger, to the filing of the Articles of Merger with, and acceptance for record of the Articles of Merger by, the SDAT in accordance with the MGCL and the MLLCA.

(b) This Agreement has been duly executed and delivered by the SmartStop Parties and, assuming due authorization, execution and delivery by SSGT II, constitutes a legally valid and binding obligation of the SmartStop Parties enforceable against the SmartStop Parties in accordance with its terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar Laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).

 

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(c) On the recommendation of the SmartStop Special Committee, the SmartStop Board has (i) determined that the terms of this Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement are advisable and in the best interest of SmartStop, and (ii) approved and authorized this Agreement, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, which resolutions remain in full force and effect and have not been subsequently rescinded, modified or withdrawn in any way, except as may be permitted after the date hereof by Section 7.3.

(d) No vote of any holders of securities of SmartStop or the SmartStop Operating Partnership is required to approve the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(e) SmartStop, as the sole member of Merger Sub, has approved this Agreement and the Merger.

Section 5.3 No Conflict; Required Filings and Consents.

(a) The execution and delivery of this Agreement by each of the SmartStop Parties do not, and the performance of this Agreement and its obligations hereunder will not, (i) conflict with or violate any provision of (A) the SmartStop Governing Documents or (B) any equivalent organizational or governing documents of any other SmartStop Subsidiary, (ii) assuming (solely with respect to performance of this Agreement) compliance with the matters referred to in Section 5.3(b), conflict with or violate any Law or Environmental Permit applicable to SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary or by which any property or asset of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is bound, or (iii) with or without notice, lapse of time or both, constitute or result in a breach or violation of, or a default under, or give rise to any Lien, acceleration of remedies, right of termination, purchase, first offer or forced sale under, any Contract of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary or related to any of their respective properties, except, as to clauses (ii) and (iii) above, for any such conflicts, violations, breaches, defaults or other occurrences which, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect.

(b) No filings, notices, reports, consents, registrations, approvals, permits or authorizations are required to be made by SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary with, nor are any required to be made or obtained by SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary with or from any Governmental Authority, in connection with the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries and the consummation of the Merger or the other transactions contemplated hereby, or in connection with the continuing operation of the business of SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries following the Merger Effective Time, except (i) the filing of the Form S-4 and the declaration of effectiveness of the Form S-4 and such other reports under or compliance with the Exchange Act and the Securities Act as may be required in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, (ii) the filing of the Articles of Merger with, and the acceptance for record of such Articles of Merger by, the SDAT pursuant to the MGCL and the MLLCA, (iii) such filings and approvals as may be required by any applicable state securities or “blue sky” Laws and (iv) where failure to obtain such consents, approvals, authorizations or permits, or to make such filings, notifications or reports,

 

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which, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect. As of the date hereof, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, there is no reason why the necessary approvals referenced in clause (iv) of the preceding sentence will not be received in order to permit consummation of the Merger on a timely basis.

Section 5.4 Capital Structure.

(a) The authorized capital stock of SmartStop consists of 900,000,000 shares of capital stock, of which (i) 700,000,000 shares are designated as common stock, $0.001 par value per share (“SmartStop Common Stock ”), of which 350,000,000 shares are designated as Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share (“SmartStop Class A Common Stock”), and 350,000,000 shares are designated as Class T Common Stock $0.001 par value per share (“SmartStop Class T Common Stock”), and (ii) 200,000,000 shares are designated as preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share, of which 200,000 shares are designated as Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value per share (“SmartStop Preferred Stock”). At the close of business on February 18, 2022, (i) 77,199,632 shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock (inclusive of 239,159 unvested restricted shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock granted under the SmartStop Equity Incentive Plan (“SmartStop Restricted Share Awards”)) were issued and outstanding, (ii) 8,074,930 shares of SmartStop Class T Common Stock were issued and outstanding, (iii) 200,000 shares of SmartStop Preferred Stock were issued and outstanding, (iv) a number of shares up to ten percent (10%) of SmartStop outstanding stock were reserved for issuance under the SmartStop Equity Incentive Plan and (v) 7,029,835 shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock remained available for grant under the SmartStop Equity Incentive Plan. Additionally, as of the date of this Agreement, 98,668,038 units of limited partnership interests in SmartStop Operating Partnership were issued and outstanding, of which 10,216,824 units of limited partnership interest were designated as Class A or Class A-1 Units, 2,188,868 units of limited partnership interest were designated as Class A-2 Units and 987,783 units of limited partnership interests in SmartStop Operating Partnership were designated as LTIP Units, all of which were exchangeable on a one-for-one basis for shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock, except for 878,507 of unvested LTIP Units and the 2,188,868 units of limited partnership interest designated as Class A-2 Units. All of the outstanding shares of capital stock of SmartStop are duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable and were issued in compliance with applicable securities Laws. Except as set forth in this Section 5.4(a), there is no other outstanding capital stock of SmartStop. All shares to be issued by SmartStop as Merger Consideration, when issued in accordance with this Agreement, will be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

(b) All of the SmartStop Operating Partnership Units held by SmartStop are directly owned by SmartStop, free and clear of all Liens other than Permitted Liens and free of preemptive rights. All of the SmartStop Operating Partnership Units are duly authorized and validly issued and were issued in compliance with applicable securities Laws.

(c) All of the outstanding shares of capital stock of each of the SmartStop Subsidiaries that is a corporation are duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable. All equity interests in each of the SmartStop Subsidiaries that is a partnership or limited liability company are duly authorized and validly issued and holders thereof have no obligation to make

 

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any further payments solely by reason of their ownership thereof. All shares of capital stock of (or other ownership interests in) each of the SmartStop Subsidiaries which may be issued upon exercise of outstanding options or exchange rights are duly authorized and, upon issuance will be validly issued, fully paid and, to the extent applicable, nonassessable. SmartStop or SmartStop Operating Partnership owns, directly or indirectly, all of the issued and outstanding capital stock and other ownership interests of each of the SmartStop Subsidiaries free and clear of all Liens, other than Permitted Liens, and free of preemptive rights.

(d) There are no bonds, debentures, notes or other Indebtedness having general voting rights (or convertible into securities having such rights) of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary issued and outstanding (“SmartStop Voting Debt”). Except as set forth in Section 5.4(d) of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter, there are no outstanding subscriptions, securities options, warrants, calls, rights, profits interests, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, convertible securities, preemptive rights, anti-dilutive rights, rights of first refusal or other similar rights, agreements, arrangements, undertakings or commitments of any kind to which SmartStop or any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries is a party or by which any of them is bound obligating SmartStop or any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries to (i) issue, transfer or sell or create, or cause to be issued, transferred or sold or created any additional shares of capital stock or other equity interests or phantom stock or other contractual rights the value of which is determined in whole or in part by the value of any equity security of SmartStop or any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries or securities convertible into or exchangeable for such shares or other equity interests, (ii) issue, grant, extend or enter into any such subscriptions, options, warrants, calls, rights, profits interests, stock appreciation rights, phantom stock, convertible securities or other similar rights, agreements, arrangements, undertakings or commitments or (iii) redeem, repurchase or otherwise acquire any such shares of capital stock, SmartStop Voting Debt or other equity interests.

(e) Except as set forth in Section 5.4(e) of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter, SmartStop is not a party to or bound by any Contracts concerning the voting (including voting trusts and proxies) of any capital stock of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiaries. Neither SmartStop nor any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries has granted any registration rights on any of its capital stock. No SmartStop capital stock is owned by any SmartStop Subsidiary.

(f) SmartStop does not have a “poison pill” or similar stockholder rights plan.

(g) All dividends or other distributions on the shares of SmartStop’s capital stock or SmartStop Operating Partnership Units and any material dividends or other distributions on any securities of any SmartStop Subsidiary which have been authorized or declared prior to the date hereof have been paid in full (except to the extent such dividends or other distributions have been publicly announced and are not yet due and payable).

Section 5.5 SEC Documents and Financial Statements.

(a) The SmartStop Parties have timely filed with, or furnished (on a publicly available basis) to the SEC, all forms, documents, certifications, statements, schedules and reports required to be filed or furnished by SmartStop under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act (together with all certifications required pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the

 

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“Sarbanes-Oxley Act”)) since January 1, 2019 (the forms, documents, certifications, statements, schedules, reports (including the financial statements referenced in Section 5.5(e)) filed with the SEC since January 1, 2019, including those filed with the SEC since the date of this Agreement, if any, including any amendments thereto, the “SmartStop SEC Documents”).

(b) As of their respective filing dates, the SmartStop SEC Documents (i) complied, or with respect to SmartStop SEC Documents filed after the date hereof, will comply, in all material respects with the requirements of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, as the case may be, and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and (ii) did not, or with respect to SmartStop SEC Documents filed after the date hereof, will not, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements made therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. None of the SmartStop SEC Documents is, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, the subject of ongoing SEC review or threatened review, and SmartStop does not have any outstanding and unresolved comments from the SEC with respect to any SmartStop SEC Documents. None of the SmartStop SEC Documents is the subject of any confidential treatment request by SmartStop.

(c) The consolidated audited and unaudited financial statements of SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries included, or incorporated by reference, in the SmartStop SEC Documents, including the related notes and schedules, (i) have been or will be, as the case may be, prepared from, are in accordance with, and accurately reflect the books and records of SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries in all material respects, (ii) complied or will comply, as the case may be, as of their respective dates in all material respects with the then-applicable accounting requirements of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act and the published rules and regulations of the SEC with respect thereto, (iii) have been or will be, as the case may be, prepared in accordance with GAAP applied on a consistent basis during the periods involved (except as may be indicated in the notes thereto, or, in the case of the unaudited financial statements, for normal and recurring year-end adjustments and as may be permitted by the SEC on Form 10-Q or any successor form under the Exchange Act and the published rules and regulations of the SEC with respect thereto, which such adjustments are not, individually or in the aggregate, material to SmartStop) and (iv) fairly present, or will fairly present, as the case may be, in all material respects (subject, in the case of unaudited financial statements, for normal and recurring year-end adjustments, none of which is material, individually or in the aggregate), the consolidated financial position of SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, as of their respective dates and the consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity and cash flows of SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries for the periods presented therein.

(d) (i) SmartStop maintains disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) that are designed to ensure that material information required to be disclosed by SmartStop in the reports that it files or furnishes under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to SmartStop’s management as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and to make the certifications of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of SmartStop required under the Exchange Act with respect to such reports, and (ii) such disclosure controls and procedures are effective in timely alerting SmartStop’s principal executive officer and principal

 

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financial officer to material information required to be included in SmartStop’s periodic reports required under the Exchange Act. SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries have designed and maintained a system of internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) reasonably designed to provide reasonable assurances (A) regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, (B) that transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations, (C) that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements and to maintain asset accountability, (D) that access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations, (E) that the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences and (F) that accounts, notes and other receivables and inventory are recorded accurately, and proper and adequate procedures are implemented to effect the collection thereof on a current and timely basis. SmartStop has disclosed to SmartStop’s auditors and audit committee, based on the most recent evaluation by its Chief Executive Officer and its Chief Financial Officer prior to the date of this Agreement, (1) any significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect in any material respect SmartStop’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information and (2) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in internal control over financial reporting.

(e) SmartStop is not, and none of the SmartStop Subsidiaries is, a party to, and neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has any commitment to become a party to, any joint venture, off-balance sheet partnership or any similar Contract or arrangement, including any Contract relating to any transaction or relationship between or among SmartStop and any SmartStop Subsidiary, on the one hand, and any unconsolidated Affiliate of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary, including any structured finance, special purpose or limited purpose entity or Person, on the other hand, or any “off-balance sheet arrangements” (as defined in Item 303(a) of Regulation S-K of the SEC), where the result, purpose or effect of such Contract is to avoid disclosure of any material transaction involving, or material liabilities of, SmartStop, any SmartStop Subsidiary or SmartStop’s or such SmartStop Subsidiary’s audited financial statements or other SmartStop SEC Documents.

(f) Neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary is required to be registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act.

Section 5.6 Absence of Certain Changes or Events. Since December 31, 2020 through the date of this Agreement, except as contemplated by this Agreement, (a) SmartStop and each SmartStop Subsidiary have conducted their respective business in all material respects in the ordinary course of business, (b) neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has taken any action that would have been prohibited by Section 6.2(a) (Conduct of the Business of SmartStop) if taken from and after the date of this Agreement and (c) there has not been any SmartStop Material Adverse Effect or any event, circumstance, change, effect, development, condition or occurrence that, individually or in the aggregate, with all other events, circumstances, changes, effects, developments, conditions or occurrences, would reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect.

 

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Section 5.7 No Undisclosed Liabilities. Except (a) as disclosed, reflected or reserved against on the consolidated balance sheet of SmartStop dated as of December 31, 2020 (including the notes thereto), (b) for liabilities or obligations incurred in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and (c) for liabilities or obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business since December 31, 2020, neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has any liability or obligation (whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise) that either alone or when combined with all other liabilities of a type not described in clauses (a), (b) or (c) above, has had, or would reasonably be expected to have, a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect.

Section 5.8 Permits; Compliance with Law.

(a) Except for the authorizations, licenses, permits, certificates, approvals, variances, exemptions, orders, franchises, certifications and clearances that are the subject of Section 5.10 and Section 5.11, which are addressed solely in those Sections, SmartStop and each SmartStop Subsidiary is in possession of all Permits necessary for SmartStop and each SmartStop Subsidiary to own, lease and, to the extent applicable, operate its properties or to carry on its respective business substantially as they are being conducted as of the date hereof (the “SmartStop Permits”), and all such SmartStop Permits are valid and in full force and effect, except where the failure to be in possession of, or the failure to be valid or in full force and effect of, any of the SmartStop Permits, individually, or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect. SmartStop has paid all fees and assessments due and payable, in each case, in connection with all such Permits, except where failure to pay, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect. No event has occurred with respect to any of the SmartStop Permits which permits, or after notice or lapse of time or both would permit, revocation or termination thereof or would result in any other material impairment of the rights of the holder of any such SmartStop Permits. Neither SmartStop nor any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries has received any notice indicating, nor to the Knowledge of SmartStop, is there any pending applicable petition, objection or other pleading with any Governmental Authority having jurisdiction or authority over the operations of SmartStop or the SmartStop Subsidiaries or the SmartStop Properties that impairs the validity of any SmartStop Permit or which would reasonably be expected, if accepted or granted, to result in the revocation of any SmartStop Permit, except where the impairment or revocation of any such SmartStop Permits, individually, or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect.

(b) Since January 1, 2019, neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has been in conflict with, or in default or violation of, (i) any Law applicable to SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary or by which any property or asset of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is bound (except for compliance with Laws addressed in Section 5.10, Section 5.11, Section 5.13, Section 5.16 and Section 5.17, respectively, which are solely addressed in those Sections),or (ii) any SmartStop Permits (except for the SmartStop Permits addressed in Section 5.11, which are solely addressed in that Section), except, in each case, for any such conflicts, defaults or violations that, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect.

 

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Section 5.9 Litigation. There is no material Action to which SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is a party (either as plaintiff or defendant) pending or, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, threatened before any Governmental Authority and, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, there is no basis for any such Action. Neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has been permanently or temporarily enjoined by any Order from engaging in or continuing to conduct the business of SmartStop or the SmartStop Subsidiaries. No Order has been issued in any proceeding to which SmartStop or any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries is or was a party, or, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, in any other proceeding, that enjoins or requires SmartStop or any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries to take action of any kind with respect to its businesses, assets or properties. Since December 31, 2018, none of SmartStop, any SmartStop Subsidiary or any Representative of the foregoing has received or made any settlement offer for any material Action to which SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is a party or potentially could be a party (in each case, either as plaintiff or defendant), other than settlement offers that do not exceed $2,500,000 individually.

Section 5.10 Properties.

(a) Except as disclosed in title insurance policies and reports (and the documents or surveys referenced in such policies and reports): (i) SmartStop or a SmartStop Subsidiary owns fee simple title to each of the SmartStop Properties, free and clear of Liens, except for Permitted Liens; (ii) except as has not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect, neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has received written notice of any uncured violation of any Law (including zoning, building or similar Laws) affecting any portion of any of the SmartStop Properties issued by any Governmental Authority; and (iii) except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect, neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has received written notice to the effect that there are condemnation or rezoning proceedings that are currently pending or, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, threatened with respect to any of the SmartStop Properties.

(b) Except as disclosed in property condition assessments and similar structural engineering reports relating to the SmartStop Properties, SmartStop has not received written notice of, nor does SmartStop have any Knowledge of, any latent defects or adverse physical conditions affecting any of the SmartStop Properties or the improvements thereon that have not been corrected or cured prior to the date of this Agreement, except as has not had and would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect.

(c) SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries have good title to, or a valid and enforceable leasehold interest in, all material personal property assets owned, used or held for use by them. Neither SmartStop’s, nor the SmartStop Subsidiaries’, ownership of any such personal property is subject to any Liens, other than Permitted Liens.

Section 5.11 Environmental Matters. Except as, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect: (i) no written notification, demand, request for information, citation, summons or order has been received, no complaint has been filed, no penalty has been assessed and no investigation, action, suit or

 

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proceeding is pending or, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, is threatened relating to any of the SmartStop Parties, any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries or any of their respective properties, and relating to or arising out of any Environmental Law or Hazardous Substance; (ii) the SmartStop Parties and the other SmartStop Subsidiaries are and, for the past three (3) years, have been, in compliance with all Environmental Laws and all applicable Environmental Permits; (iii) SmartStop and each SmartStop Subsidiary is in possession of all Environmental Permits necessary for SmartStop and each SmartStop Subsidiary to own, lease and, to the extent applicable, operate its properties or to carry on its respective business substantially as they are being conducted as of the date hereof, and all such Environmental Permits are valid and in full force and effect; and (iv) there are no liabilities or obligations of the SmartStop Parties or any of the other SmartStop Subsidiaries of any kind whatsoever, whether accrued, contingent, absolute, determined, determinable or otherwise arising under or relating to any Environmental Law or any Hazardous Substance and there is no condition, situation or set of circumstances that would reasonably be expected to result in any such liability or obligation.

Section 5.12 Material Contracts.

(a) Section 5.12(a) of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter sets forth a list of each Contract (other than a Benefit Plan) in effect as of the date hereof to which SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is a party to or bound by that.

(i) is required to be filed as an exhibit to SmartStop’s Annual Report on Form 10-K pursuant to Item 601(b)(2), (4) or (9) of Regulation S-K promulgated under the Securities Act or is required to be described pursuant to Item 404 of such Regulation S-K;

(ii) obligates SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary to make non-contingent aggregate annual expenditures (other than principal and/or interest payments or the deposit of other reserves with respect to debt obligations) in excess of $2,500,000 and is not cancelable within ninety (90) days without material penalty to SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary;

(iii) constitutes (A) an Indebtedness obligation of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary with a principal amount as of the date hereof greater than $2,500,000 or (B) a Contract (including any so called take-or-pay or keepwell agreements) under which (1) any Person including SmartStop or a SmartStop Subsidiary, has directly or indirectly guaranteed Indebtedness, liabilities or obligations of SmartStop or a SmartStop Subsidiary or (2) SmartStop or a SmartStop Subsidiary has directly or indirectly guaranteed Indebtedness, liabilities or obligations of any Person, including SmartStop or another SmartStop Subsidiary (in each case other than endorsements for the purpose of collection in the ordinary course of business);

(iv) requires SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary to dispose of or acquire assets or properties that (together with all of the assets and properties subject to such requirement in such Contract) have a fair market value in excess of twenty percent (20%) of the equity value of SmartStop per such acquisition or disposition, or involves any pending or contemplated merger, consolidation or similar business combination transaction;

 

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(v) constitutes an interest rate cap, interest rate collar, interest rate swap or other Contract relating to a swap or other hedging transaction of any type;

(vi) sets forth the operational terms of a joint venture, partnership, limited liability company or strategic alliance of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary with a third party;

(vii) prohibits the pledging of the capital stock of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary or prohibits the issuance of guarantees by any SmartStop Subsidiary;

(viii) is with a Governmental Authority;

(ix) has continuing “earn-out” or other similar contingent purchase price payment obligations, in each case that could result in payments, individually or in the aggregate, in excess of $2,500,000;

(x) is an employment Contract or material consulting Contract;

(xi) is a collective bargaining agreement or other Contract with any labor organization, union or association;

(xii) is a SmartStop Management Agreement;

(xiii) is a ground lease under which SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary holds a leasehold interest in the SmartStop Properties or any portion thereof; or

(xiv) is both (A) not made in the ordinary course of business and (B) material to SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

(b) Each Contract in any of the categories set forth in Section 5.12(a) to which SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is a party or by which it is bound as of the date hereof is referred to herein as a “SmartStop Material Contract.”

(c) Each SmartStop Material Contract is legal, valid, binding and enforceable on SmartStop and/or the SmartStop Subsidiary that is a party thereto and, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, each other party thereto, and is in full force and effect, except as may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar Laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at Law). SmartStop and each SmartStop Subsidiary has performed all obligations required to be performed by it prior to the date hereof under each SmartStop Material Contract and, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, each other party thereto has performed all obligations required to be performed by it under such SmartStop Material Contract prior to the date hereof, except where in each case the failure to perform, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect. Neither

 

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SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary, nor, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, any other party thereto, is in breach or violation of, or default under, any SmartStop Material Contract, and no event has occurred that, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute a violation, breach or default under any SmartStop Material Contract, except where in each case such breach, violation or default, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect. Neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has received written notice of any violation or default under, or owes any termination, cancellation or other similar fees or any liquidated damages with respect to, any SmartStop Material Contract, except for violations or defaults, or fees or damages, that, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect. Since December 31, 2020 and as of the date hereof, neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has received any written notice of the intention of any party to cancel, terminate, materially change the scope of rights under or fail to renew any SmartStop Material Contract.

Section 5.13 Taxes.

(a) Each SmartStop Party and each other SmartStop Subsidiary has timely filed with the appropriate Governmental Authority all United States federal income Tax Returns and all other material Tax Returns required to be filed, taking into account any extensions of time within which to file such Tax Returns, and all such Tax Returns were complete and correct in all material respects. Each SmartStop Party and each other SmartStop Subsidiary has duly paid (or there has been paid on their behalf), or made adequate provisions in accordance with GAAP for, all material Taxes required to be paid by them, whether or not shown on any Tax Return. No written claim has been proposed by any Governmental Authority in any jurisdiction where SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary do not file Tax Returns that SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is or may be subject to Tax by such jurisdiction.

(b) SmartStop (i) for all taxable years commencing with SmartStop’s year ending December 31, 2014 and through December 31, 2021, has been subject to taxation as a REIT under Sections 856 through 860 of the Code and has satisfied all requirements to qualify as a REIT for such years; (ii) has operated since January 1, 2022 to the date hereof, in a manner consistent with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT; (iii) intends to continue to operate in such a manner as to qualify as a REIT for its taxable year that will include the day of the Merger; and (iv) has not taken or omitted to take any action that could reasonably be expected to result in a challenge by the IRS or any other Governmental Authority to its status as a REIT, and no such challenge is pending or, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, threatened. SmartStop does not own a direct or indirect ownership interest in an entity that is treated as a corporation for United States federal income tax purposes, other than a corporation that qualifies as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or as a Taxable REIT Subsidiary of SmartStop. SmartStop’s dividends paid deduction, within the meaning of Section 561 of the Code, for all taxable years commencing with SmartStop’s year ending December 31, 2014, taking into account any dividends subject to Sections 857(b)(9) or 858 of the Code, has not been less than the sum of (A) SmartStop’s REIT taxable income, as defined in Section 857(b)(2) of the Code, determined without regard to any dividends paid deduction for such year and (B) SmartStop’s net capital gain for such year.

 

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(c) (i) There are no audits, investigations by any Governmental Authority or other proceedings pending or, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, threatened with regard to any material Taxes or material Tax Returns of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary; (ii) no material deficiency for Taxes of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary has been claimed, proposed or assessed in writing or, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, threatened, by any Governmental Authority, which deficiency has not yet been settled except for such deficiencies which are being contested in good faith or with respect to which the failure to pay, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect; (iii) neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has waived any statute of limitations with respect to the assessment of material Taxes or agreed to any extension of time (other than pursuant to an automatic extension to file a Tax Return requested in the ordinary course of business) with respect to any material Tax assessment or deficiency for any tax year that is not closed under the applicable statute of limitations; (iv) neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary is currently the beneficiary of any extension of time within which to file any material Tax Return (other than pursuant to an automatic extension to file a Tax Return requested in the ordinary course of business); and (v) neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has entered into any “closing agreement” as described in Section 7121 of the Code (or any corresponding or similar provision of state, local or foreign income Tax Law).

(d) Each SmartStop Subsidiary that is a partnership, joint venture or limited liability company and that has not elected to be a Taxable REIT Subsidiary has been since its formation treated for United States federal income tax purposes as a partnership, disregarded entity, or Qualified REIT Subsidiary, as the case may be, and not as a corporation(or other entity taxable as a corporation) whose separate existence is respected for United States federal income tax purposes, or a “publicly traded partnership” within the meaning of Section 7704(b) of the Code that is treated as a corporation for United States federal income tax purposes under Section 7704(a) of the Code.

(e) Neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary holds any asset the disposition of which would be subject to Treasury Regulation Section 1.337(d)-7, nor have they disposed of any such asset during its current taxable year.

(f) (i) Since its inception, SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries have not incurred (i) any material liability for Taxes under Sections 857(b)(1), 857(b)(4), 857(b)(6)(A), 857(b)(7)(A), 860(c) or 4981 of the Code, (ii) any liability for Taxes under Sections 857(b)(5) (for income test violations), 856(c)(7)(C) (for asset test violations), or 856(g)(5)(C) (for violations of other qualification requirements applicable to REITs) and (iii) any material liability for Tax other than (A) in the ordinary course of business, or (B) transfer or similar Taxes arising in connection with sales of property. No event has occurred, and to the Knowledge of SmartStop no condition or circumstances exists, which presents a material risk that any material liability for Taxes described clause (i) or (iii) of the preceding sentence or any liability for Taxes described in clause (ii) of the preceding sentence will be imposed upon SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary for any taxable period (or portion thereof) preceding the Merger.

 

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(g) SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries have complied, in all material respects, with all applicable Laws relating to the payment and withholding of Taxes (including withholding of Taxes pursuant to Sections 1441, 1442, 1445, 1446 and 3402 of the Code or similar provisions under any state and foreign Laws) and have duly and timely withheld and, in each case, have paid over to the appropriate taxing authorities all material amounts required to be so withheld and paid over on or prior to the due date thereof under all applicable Laws.

(h) There are no SmartStop Tax Protection Agreements (as hereinafter defined) in force at the date of this Agreement, and, as of the date of this Agreement, no Person has raised in writing, or to the Knowledge of SmartStop threatened to raise, a material claim against SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary for any breach of any SmartStop Tax Protection Agreements. As used herein, “SmartStop Tax Protection Agreements” means any written agreement to which SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is a party pursuant to which: (i) any liability of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary to holders of limited partnership interests in a SmartStop Subsidiary Partnership (as hereinafter defined) relating to Taxes may arise, whether or not as a result of the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement; and/or (ii) in connection with the deferral of income Taxes of a holder of limited partnership interests or limited liability company interests in a SmartStop Subsidiary Partnership, SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary has agreed to (A) maintain a minimum level of debt, continue a particular debt or provide rights to guarantee debt, (B) retain or not dispose of assets, (C) make or refrain from making Tax elections, and/or (D) only dispose of assets in a particular manner. As used herein, “SmartStop Subsidiary Partnership” means a SmartStop Subsidiary that is treated as a partnership for United States federal income tax purposes.

(i) There are no Liens for Taxes upon any property or assets of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary except for Permitted Liens.

(j) There are no Tax allocation or sharing agreements or similar arrangements (other than Non-Tax Contracts) with respect to or involving SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary, and after the Closing Date, neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary shall be bound by any such Tax allocation or sharing agreements or similar arrangements or have any liability thereunder for amounts due in respect of periods prior to the Closing Date.

(k) Except for property Tax appeals made in the ordinary course of business, neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has requested or received any written ruling of a Governmental Authority or entered into any written agreement with a Governmental Authority with respect to any Taxes, and neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary is subject to written ruling of a Governmental Authority.

(l) Neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary (i) has been a member of an affiliated group filing a consolidated United States federal income Tax Return or (ii) has any liability for the Taxes of any Person (other than any SmartStop Subsidiary) under Treasury Regulation Section 1.1502-6 (or any similar provision of state, local or foreign law), as a transferee or successor, by Contract, or otherwise (other than pursuant to a Non-Tax Contract).

(m) Neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has participated in any “reportable transaction” within the meaning of Treasury Regulation Section 1.6011-4(b).

 

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(n) Neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has constituted either a “distributing corporation” or a “controlled corporation” (within the meaning of Section 355(a)(1)(A) of the Code) in a distribution of stock qualifying for tax-free treatment under Section 355 of the Code (i) in the two (2) years prior to the date of this Agreement or (ii) in a distribution which could otherwise constitute part of a “plan” or “series of related transactions” (within the meaning of Section 355(e) of the Code) in conjunction with transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(o) No written power of attorney that has been granted by SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary (other than to SmartStop or a SmartStop Subsidiary) currently is in force with respect to any matter relating to Taxes, other than any power of attorney that will terminate on or before the Closing.

(p) To the Knowledge of SmartStop, SmartStop is a “domestically controlled qualified investment entity” within the meaning of Section 897(h)(4)(B) of the Code.

Section 5.14 Intellectual Property. Except as, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect, (i) no Intellectual Property used by SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary infringes or is alleged to infringe any Intellectual Property rights of any third party, (ii) to the Knowledge of SmartStop, no Person is misappropriating, infringing or otherwise violating any Intellectual Property of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary, and (iii) SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries own or are licensed to use, or otherwise possess valid rights to use, all Intellectual Property necessary to conduct the business of SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries as it is currently conducted. Since January 1, 2019, neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary has received any written or, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, verbal complaint, claim or notice alleging misappropriation, infringement or violation of any Intellectual Property rights of any third party.

Section 5.15 Insurance. Except as, individually or in the aggregate, would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect, all premiums due and payable under all material insurance policies and all material fidelity bonds or other material insurance Contracts providing coverage for SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries (the “SmartStop Insurance Policies”) have been paid, and SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries have otherwise complied in all material respects with the terms and conditions of all SmartStop Insurance Policies. No written notice of cancellation or termination has been received by SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary with respect to any such policy which has not been replaced on substantially similar terms prior to the date of such cancellation.

Section 5.16 Benefit Plans.

(a) Each SmartStop Benefit Plan has been established, maintained, administered and funded in all material respects in accordance with its terms, and is in compliance in all material respects with the applicable provisions of ERISA, the Code, all other Laws and terms of all applicable Contracts. There are no investigations by any Governmental Authority, proceedings or other claims (except for routine claims for benefits payable under the Benefit Plans of SmartStop) against or involving any SmartStop Benefit Plan or asserting any rights to or claims for benefits under any SmartStop Benefit Plan, and, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, there are not any facts or circumstances that could give rise to any lability in the event of any such investigation, claim or proceeding.

 

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(b) No SmartStop Benefit Plan is subject to Title IV of ERISA or Section 412 of the Code and none of the SmartStop Parties or any of their respective ERISA Affiliates has any liability or contingent liability, directly or indirectly, (i) with respect to any plan subject to Section 412 of the Code, Section 302 of ERISA or Title IV of ERISA, including any “multiemployer plan” (within the meaning of Sections 3(37) or 4001(a)(3) of ERISA or Section 414(f) of the Code) or any single employer pension plan (within the meaning of Section 4001(a)(15) of ERISA) subject to Sections 4063, 4064 or 4069 of ERISA or Section 413(c) of the Code or (ii) under Sections 430(k) or 4971 of the Code.

Section 5.17 Employee and Labor Matters. SmartStop and each SmartStop Subsidiary is in compliance in all material respects with all applicable Laws respecting employment and employment practices, terms and conditions of employment, worker classification, wages, hours of work, withholding and occupational safety and health. None of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary is a party to, is bound by or has or may have any liability or contingent liability under, any collective bargaining or other agreement with a labor organization representing any employees. As of the date of this Agreement, no material strikes, slowdowns or work stoppages are pending or, to the Knowledge of SmartStop, threatened, and no such strike, slowdown or work stoppage has occurred within the 12 months immediately preceding the date of this Agreement.

Section 5.18 Related Party Transactions. Except as described in the publicly available SmartStop SEC Documents filed with or furnished to the SEC on or after January 1, 2019 and prior to the date hereof, no agreements, arrangements or understandings between SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary (or binding on any of their respective properties or assets), on the one hand, and any other Person, on the other hand (other than those exclusively among SmartStop and SmartStop Subsidiaries), are in existence that are not, but are required to be, disclosed under Item 404 of Regulation S-K promulgated by the SEC.

Section 5.19 Brokers. No broker, investment banker or other Person (other than the Persons listed in Section 5.19 of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter, pursuant to the terms of the engagement letter between SmartStop and such Person, true, correct and complete copies of which have been provided to SSGT II prior to the date hereof) is entitled to any broker’s, finder’s or other similar fee or commission in connection with the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement based upon arrangements made by or on behalf of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary.

Section 5.20 Opinion of Financial Advisor. The SmartStop Special Committee has received the oral opinion (which opinion has been or will be confirmed in writing) of Robert A. Stanger & Co., Inc. (the “SmartStop Financial Advisor”), to the effect that, as of the date of this Agreement and based on and subject to the assumptions, limitations, qualifications and conditions set forth in its written opinion, the Exchange Ratio is fair, from a financial point of view, to SmartStop. SmartStop will deliver to SSGT II a complete and correct copy of such opinion of the SmartStop Financial Advisor promptly after receipt thereof by the SmartStop Special Committee

 

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solely for informational purposes (though such delivery need not be prior to entering into this Agreement). The SmartStop Parties acknowledge and agree that the opinion of the SSGT II Financial Advisor, to be delivered as provided in Section 4.19 hereof, is for the benefit of the SSGT II Board and that none of the SmartStop Parties shall be entitled to rely on that opinion for any purpose.

Section 5.21 Takeover Statutes; Appraisal Rights. Neither SmartStop nor any SmartStop Subsidiary is, nor at any time during the last two (2) years was, an “interested stockholder” of SSGT II as defined in Section 3-601 of the MGCL. The SmartStop Board has taken all action necessary to render inapplicable to the Merger the restrictions on business combinations contained in Subtitle 6 of Title 3 of the MGCL. The restrictions on control share acquisitions contained in Subtitle 7 of Title 3 of the MGCL are not applicable to the Merger and no other Takeover Statutes are applicable to this Agreement, the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement. Pursuant to the SmartStop Charter, no dissenters’, appraisal or similar rights are available to the holders of SmartStop’s capital stock with respect to the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

Section 5.22 Ownership of Merger Sub; No Prior Activities.

(a) Merger Sub was formed solely for the purpose of engaging in the transactions contemplated by this Agreement. All of the limited liability company membership interests of Merger Sub are owned, directly or indirectly, by SmartStop.

(b) Except for the obligations or liabilities incurred in connection with its organization and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, Merger Sub has not, and will not have prior to the Merger Effective Time, incurred, directly or indirectly through any subsidiary or Affiliate, any obligations or liabilities or engaged in any business activities of any type or kind whatsoever or entered into any agreements or arrangements with any Person.

Section 5.23 No Other Representations and Warranties; Non-Reliance.

(a) Except for the representations and warranties expressly set forth in this Article 5, or any document, agreement, certificate or other instrument contemplated by this Agreement, neither SmartStop, nor any Person on behalf of SmartStop, has made any representation or warranty, express or implied, with respect to SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary, including their respective businesses, operations, assets (including the SmartStop Properties), liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise), results of operations, future operating or financial results, estimates, projections, forecasts, plans or prospects (including the reasonableness of the assumptions underlying such estimates, projections, forecasts, plans or prospects), or the accuracy or completeness of any information regarding SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary. In particular, without limiting the foregoing disclaimer, except for the representations and warranties expressly made by the SmartStop Parties in this Article 5, none of the SmartStop Parties or any other Person makes any representation or warranty to SSGT II or any of its Affiliates or Representatives with respect to any written or oral information presented to SSGT II or any of its Affiliates or Representatives in the course of their due diligence of the SmartStop Parties, the negotiation of this Agreement or in the course of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

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(b) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Agreement to the contrary, SmartStop and Merger Sub acknowledge and agree with the representation of SSGT II in Section 4.21(a), and hereby acknowledge and confirm that, other than the representations and warranties expressly set forth in Article 5, or any document, agreement, certificate or other instrument contemplated by this Agreement, (i) neither SSGT II nor any other Person has made or is making, and (ii) SmartStop, Merger Sub and their Representatives are not relying on, any representations or warranties relating to SSGT II whatsoever, express or implied, by operation of law or otherwise, including any implied representation or warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of any information furnished or made available to SmartStop, Merger Sub or any of their Representatives by SSGT II or its Representatives.

ARTICLE 6

COVENANTS RELATING TO CONDUCT OF BUSINESS PENDING THE MERGER

Section 6.1 Conduct of Business by SSGT II.

(a) SSGT II covenants and agrees that, between the date of this Agreement and the earlier to occur of the Merger Effective Time and the date, if any, on which this Agreement is terminated pursuant to Section 9.1 (the “Interim Period”), except (1) to the extent required by applicable Law, (2) as may be consented to in advance in writing by SmartStop (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), (3) as may be expressly contemplated by this Agreement, or (4) as set forth in Section 6.1(a) of the SSGT II Disclosure Letter, SSGT II shall, and shall cause each SSGT II Subsidiary to, (i) conduct its business in all material respects in the ordinary course, and (ii) use all reasonable efforts to (A) preserve intact its current business organization, goodwill, ongoing businesses and significant relationships with third parties, (B) maintain the status of SSGT II as a REIT, (C) maintain its material assets and properties in their current condition (normal wear and tear excepted), and (D) continue the development of any properties currently under construction in accordance with the applicable development agreements and budgets.

(b) Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, SSGT II further covenants and agrees that, during the Interim Period, except (1) to the extent required by applicable Law, (2) as may be consented to in advance in writing by SmartStop (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), (3) as may be expressly contemplated by this Agreement, or (4) as set forth in Section 6.1(b) of the SSGT II Disclosure Letter, SSGT II shall not, and shall not cause or permit any SSGT II Subsidiary to, do any of the following:

(i) (A) amend or propose to amend (1) the SSGT II Governing Documents or (2) such equivalent organizational or governing documents of any SSGT II Subsidiary, or (B) waive the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit (as defined in the SSGT II Charter) or create an Excepted Holder Limit (as defined in the SSGT II Charter) under the SSGT II Charter;

(ii) adjust, split, combine, reclassify or subdivide any shares of stock or other equity securities or ownership interests of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary (other than any SSGT II Subsidiary);

 

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(iii) declare, set aside or pay any dividend on or make any other actual, constructive or deemed distributions (whether in cash, stock, property or otherwise) with respect to shares of capital stock of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary or other equity securities or ownership interests in SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary or otherwise make any payment to its or their stockholders or other equity holders in their capacity as such, except for (A) the declaration and payment by SSGT II of regular dividends in accordance with past practice for the SSGT II Common Stock, (B) the declaration and payment by SSGT II Operating Partnership of regular distributions in accordance with past practice and for any interim period through the Closing Date, on the SSGT II Operating Partnership Units, and (C) the declaration and payment of dividends or other distributions to SSGT II by any SSGT II Subsidiary in accordance with past practice in accordance with the requirements of the organizational documents of such SSGT II Subsidiary; provided, that, notwithstanding the restriction on dividends and other distributions in this Section 6.1(b)(iii), SSGT II and any SSGT II Subsidiary shall be permitted to make distributions, including under Sections 858 or 860 of the Code, reasonably necessary for SSGT II to maintain its status as a REIT under the Code (or applicable state Law) and avoid or reduce the imposition of any entity level income or excise Tax under the Code (or applicable state Law);

(iv) redeem, repurchase or otherwise acquire, directly or indirectly, any shares of its capital stock or other equity interests of SSGT II or a SSGT II Subsidiary, or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable therefor, except for any acquisition of shares of SSGT II Common Stock contemplated under Article 7 of the SSGT II Charter;

(v) except for transactions among SSGT II and one or more SSGT II Subsidiaries or among one or more SSGT II Subsidiaries, issue, sell, pledge, dispose, encumber or grant any shares of SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries’ capital stock or equity interests, or authorize the issuance, sale, pledge, disposition, grant, transfer or any Lien against, or otherwise enter into any Contract or understanding with respect to the voting of, any shares of SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries’ capital stock or equity interests, or any options, warrants, convertible securities or other rights of any kind to acquire any capital stock of SSGT II or any of the capital stock or other equity interests of any SSGT II Subsidiary;

(vi) acquire or agree to acquire (including by merger, consolidation or acquisition of stock or assets), or sell, pledge, lease, assign, transfer, dispose of or effect a deed in lieu of foreclosure with respect to, or permit or suffer to exist the creation of any Lien upon, any material property or assets, except (A) acquisitions by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary of or from an existing SSGT II Subsidiary, (B) acquisitions or dispositions in the ordinary course of business for consideration less than ten percent (10%) of the equity value of SSGT II per such acquisition or disposition, (C) any disposition of a real property asset for consideration greater than or equal to ninety percent (90%) of the net asset value assigned to such real property asset by the then most recent third party appraisal with respect to such property and (D) leases and Liens in the ordinary course of business;

 

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(vii) incur, create, assume, refinance, replace or prepay any Indebtedness for borrowed money or guarantee such Indebtedness of another Person (other than a SSGT II Subsidiary), or issue, sell or amend the terms of any debt securities or rights to acquire any debt securities of SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries, except (A) Indebtedness incurred under SSGT II’s existing credit facility in the ordinary course of business (including to the extent necessary to pay distributions permitted pursuant to Section 6.1(b)(iii)), (B) Indebtedness incurred in the ordinary course of business that does not, in the aggregate, exceed $500,000, (C) refinancing of existing Indebtedness (provided, that the terms of such new Indebtedness shall not be materially more onerous on SSGT II compared to the existing Indebtedness and the principal amount of such replacement Indebtedness shall not be materially greater than the Indebtedness it is replacing), and (D) any mortgage Indebtedness in respect to any real property having a loan-to-value ratio not in excess of 75%;

(viii) make any loans, advances or capital contribution to, or investments in, any other Person (including to any of its officers, directors, Affiliates, agents or consultants), make any change in its existing borrowing or lending arrangements for or on behalf of such Persons, or enter into any “keep well” or similar agreement to maintain the financial condition of another entity, other than in the ordinary course of business and other than loans, advances or capital contributions to, or investments in, any SSGT II Subsidiary or any investments permitted pursuant to Section 6.1(b)(vi);

(ix) other than in the ordinary course of business, enter into, renew, modify, amend or terminate, or waive, release, compromise or assign any material rights or claims under, any SSGT II Material Contract (or any Contract that, if existing as of the date hereof, would be a SSGT II Material Contract) in any material respect, other than (A) any termination, modification, amendment or renewal in accordance with the terms of any existing SSGT II Material Contract that (1) occurs automatically without any action (other than notice of renewal) by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary or (2) occurs in connection with the exercise by a third party of any preferential right or option granted to such third party under the applicable SSGT II Material Contract, or (B) as may be reasonably necessary to comply with the terms of this Agreement;

(x) make any payment, direct or indirect, of any liability of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary before the same comes due in accordance with its terms, other than (A) in the ordinary course of business or (B) in connection with dispositions or refinancings of any Indebtedness otherwise permitted hereunder;

 

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(xi) waive, release, assign, settle or compromise any material Action, other than waivers, releases, assignments, settlements or compromises that (A) (I) involve only the payment of monetary damages in an amount (less any portion of such payment payable under an existing property-level insurance policy or reserved for such matter by SSGT II on the most recent balance sheet included in the SSGT II Audited Financial Statements as of the date of this Agreement) no greater than $500,000 in the aggregate, (II) do not involve the imposition of injunctive relief against SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary or the Surviving Entity and (III) do not provide for any admission of material liability by SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries, or (B) are made with respect to any Action involving any present, former or purported holder or group of holders of SSGT II Common Stock in accordance with Section 7.6(c);

(xii) (A) hire any employee or hire or terminate any officer or director or engage any independent contractor (who is a natural person), or (B) become a party to, enter into or otherwise adopt any employment, bonus, severance or retirement Contract or Benefit Plan or other compensation or employee benefits arrangement, except as may be required to comply with applicable Law;

(xiii) fail to maintain all financial books and records in all material respects in accordance with GAAP or make any material change to its methods of accounting in effect on January 1, 2021, except as required by a change in GAAP or in applicable Law, or make any change with respect to accounting policies, principles or practices unless required by GAAP;

(xiv) enter into any new line of business;

(xv) form any new, or consent to any material amendment or modification of the terms of existing, funds, joint ventures or non-traded real estate investment trusts or other pooled investment vehicles, other than in the ordinary course of business;

(xvi) fail to duly and timely file all material reports and other material documents required to be filed with any Governmental Authority, subject to extensions permitted by Law;

(xvii) enter into or modify in a manner adverse to SSGT II any SSGT II Tax Protection Agreement; make, change or rescind any material election relating to Taxes; change a material method of Tax accounting; file or amend any material Tax Return; settle or compromise any material federal, state, local or foreign Tax liability, audit, claim or assessment; enter into any material closing agreement related to Taxes; knowingly surrender any right to claim any material Tax refund; give or request any waiver of a statute of limitations with respect to any material Tax Return except, in each case, (A) to the extent required by Law or (B) to the extent necessary (x) to preserve SSGT II’s qualification as a REIT under the Code or (y) to qualify or preserve the status of any SSGT II Subsidiary as a disregarded entity or partnership for United States federal income tax purposes or as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or a Taxable REIT Subsidiary under the applicable provisions of Section 856 of the Code, as the case may be;

 

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(xviii) take any action that would, or fail to take any action, the failure of which to be taken would, reasonably be expected to cause SSGT II to fail to qualify as a REIT or any SSGT II Subsidiary to cease to be treated as any of (A) a partnership or disregarded entity for United States federal income tax purposes or (B) a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or a Taxable REIT Subsidiary under the applicable provisions of Section 856 of the Code, as the case may be;

(xix) adopt a plan of merger (except in connection with any transaction permitted by Section 6.1(b)(vi) in a manner that would not reasonably be expected to be materially adverse to SSGT II or to prevent or impair the ability of SSGT II to consummate the Merger), complete or partial liquidation or resolutions providing for or authorizing such merger, liquidation or a dissolution, consolidation, recapitalization or bankruptcy reorganization;

(xx) make any payment, loan, distribution or transfer of assets to any SSGT II Manager except in such amount and as expressly contemplated by this Agreement or any SSGT II Management Agreement;

(xxi) take any action (or fail to take any action) that would make dissenters’, appraisal or similar rights available to the holders of the SSGT II Common Stock with respect to the Merger or any other transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

(xxii) authorize, or enter into any Contract or arrangement to do any of the foregoing; or

(xxiii) terminate that certain Purchase and Sale Agreement dated as of January 4, 2018, as amended from time to time (the “Walnut Grove Purchase Agreement”), for the purchase and sale of the property located at 5216 Walnut Grove Avenue, San Gabriel, CA 91776 and more particularly described in the Walnut Grove Purchase Agreement.

(c) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this Agreement, nothing in this Agreement shall prohibit SSGT II from taking any action, or refraining to take any action, at any time or from time to time (i) if, in the reasonable judgment of the SSGT II Board, such action or inaction is reasonably necessary (A) for SSGT II to avoid or to continue to avoid incurring entity level income or excise Taxes under the Code (or applicable state Law) or to maintain its qualification as a REIT under the Code for any period or portion thereof ending on or prior to the Merger Effective Time or (B) to establish or maintain any exemption from or otherwise avoid the imposition of any requirement that SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary be registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act, including in the case of clause (A), making dividend or any other actual, constructive or deemed distribution payments to stockholders of SSGT II in accordance with this Agreement or otherwise as permitted pursuant to Section 6.1(b)(iii), or (ii) in order to respond in good faith to the actual or anticipated effects of COVID-19 or the COVID-19 Measures on SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary, including changes in relationships with partners, financing sources, directors, officers, consultants, Affiliates, agents and other business partners.

 

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Section 6.2 Conduct of Business by SmartStop.

(a) SmartStop covenants and agrees that during the Interim Period, except (1) to the extent required by applicable Law, (2) as may be consented to in advance in writing by SSGT II (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), (3) as may be expressly contemplated by this Agreement, or (4) as set forth in Section 6.2(a) of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter, each of the SmartStop Parties shall, and shall cause each SmartStop Subsidiary to, (i) conduct its business in all material respects in the ordinary course, and (ii) use all reasonable efforts to (A) preserve intact its current business organization, goodwill, ongoing businesses and significant relationships with third parties, (B) maintain the status of SmartStop as a REIT, (C) maintain its material assets and properties in their current condition (normal wear and tear excepted), and (D) continue the development of any properties currently under construction in accordance with the applicable development agreements and budgets.

(b) Without limiting the foregoing, SmartStop further covenants and agrees that, during the Interim Period, except (1) to the extent required by applicable Law, (2) as may be consented to in advance in writing by SSGT II (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), (3) as may be expressly contemplated by this Agreement, or (4) as set forth in Section 6.2(b) of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter, the SmartStop Parties shall not, and shall not cause or permit any SmartStop Subsidiary to, do any of the following:

(i) (A) amend or propose to amend (1) the SmartStop Governing Documents or (2) such equivalent organizational or governing documents of any SmartStop Subsidiary, or (B) waive the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or the Common Stock Ownership Limit (each as defined in the SmartStop Charter) or create an Excepted Holder Limit (as defined in the SmartStop Charter) under the SmartStop Charter;

(ii) adjust, split, combine, reclassify or subdivide any shares of stock or other equity securities or ownership interests of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary;

(iii) declare, set aside or pay any dividend on or make any other actual, constructive or deemed distributions (whether in cash, stock, property or otherwise) with respect to shares of capital stock of SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary or other equity securities or ownership interests in SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary or otherwise make any payment to its or their stockholders or other equity holders in their capacity as such, except for (A) the declaration and payment by SmartStop of regular dividends in accordance with past practice for the SmartStop Common Stock and an annual rate not to exceed $62.50 per share of SmartStop Preferred Stock, (B) the declaration and payment by SmartStop Operating Partnership of regular distributions in accordance with past practice and for any interim period through the Closing Date, on the SmartStop Operating

 

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Partnership Units, and (C) the declaration and payment of dividends or other distributions to SmartStop by any SmartStop Subsidiary in accordance with past practice in accordance with the requirements of the organizational documents of such SmartStop Subsidiary; provided, that, notwithstanding the restriction on dividends and other distributions in this Section 6.2(b)(iii), SmartStop and any SmartStop Subsidiary shall be permitted to make distributions, including under Sections 858 or 860 of the Code, reasonably necessary for SmartStop to maintain its status as a REIT under the Code (or applicable state Law) and avoid or reduce the imposition of any entity level income or excise Tax under the Code (or applicable state Law);

(iv) redeem, repurchase or otherwise acquire, directly or indirectly, any shares of its capital stock or other equity interests of SmartStop or a SmartStop Subsidiary or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable therefor, except for (A) the withholding of shares to satisfy withholding Tax obligations in respect of SmartStop Restricted Share Awards outstanding as of the date of this Agreement in accordance with their terms and the SmartStop Equity Incentive Plan in effect on the date of this Agreement, (B) the conversion of Class A-2 Units to Class A-1 Units of the SmartStop Operating Partnership pursuant to its terms, (C) redemptions of SmartStop Operating Partnership Units pursuant to the SmartStop Operating Partnership Agreement, (D) the redemption of SmartStop Common Stock pursuant to SmartStop’s share redemption program, and (E) any acquisition of shares of SmartStop Common Stock contemplated under Article VI of the SmartStop Charter;

(v) except for (A) transactions among SmartStop and one or more SmartStop Subsidiaries or among one or more SmartStop Subsidiaries, (B) the issuance of Class A-1 Units upon conversion of Class A-2 Units of the Operating Partnership pursuant to its terms, (C) the issuance of equity awards to officers and directors pursuant to the SmartStop Equity Incentive Plan, and (D) shares of SmartStop Common Stock issued pursuant to SmartStop’s distribution reinvestment plan, sell, pledge, dispose, encumber or grant any shares of SmartStop or any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries’ capital stock or equity interests, or authorize the issuance, sale, pledge, disposition, grant, transfer or any Lien against, or otherwise enter into any Contract or understanding with respect to the voting of, any shares of SmartStop or any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries’ capital stock or equity interests, or any options, warrants, convertible securities or other rights of any kind to acquire any capital stock of SmartStop or any of the capital stock or other equity interests of any SmartStop Subsidiary;

(vi) acquire or agree to acquire (including by merger, consolidation or acquisition of stock or assets), or sell, pledge, lease, assign, transfer, dispose of or effect a deed in lieu of foreclosure with respect to, or permit or suffer to exist the creation of any Lien upon, any material property or assets, except (A) acquisitions by SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary of or from an existing SmartStop Subsidiary, (B) acquisitions or dispositions in the ordinary course of business for

 

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consideration less than 15% of the equity value of SmartStop per such acquisition or disposition, (C) any disposition of a real property asset for consideration greater than or equal to ninety percent (90%) of the net asset value assigned to such real property asset by the then most recent third party appraisal with respect to such property and (D) leases and Liens in the ordinary course of business;

(vii) incur, create, assume, refinance, replace or prepay any Indebtedness for borrowed money or guarantee such Indebtedness of another Person (other than a SmartStop Subsidiary), or issue, sell or amend the terms of any debt securities or rights to acquire any debt securities of SmartStop or any of the SmartStop Subsidiaries, except (A) Indebtedness incurred in the ordinary course of business that does not, in the aggregate, exceed $2,500,000, (B) refinancing of existing Indebtedness (provided, that the terms of such new Indebtedness shall not be materially more onerous on SmartStop compared to the existing Indebtedness and the principal amount of such replacement Indebtedness shall not be materially greater than the Indebtedness it is replacing), and (C) any mortgage Indebtedness in respect of any real property having a loan-to-value ratio not in excess of 75%;

(viii) make any loans, advances or capital contributions to, or investments in, any other Person (including to any of its officers, directors, Affiliates, agents or consultants) in excess of $2,500,000, make any change in its existing borrowing or lending arrangements for or on behalf of such Persons, or enter into any “keep well” or similar agreement to maintain the financial condition of another entity, other than in the ordinary course of business and other than loans, advances or capital contributions to, or investments in, any SmartStop Subsidiary or any investments permitted pursuant to Section 6.2(b)(vi);

(ix) fail to maintain all financial books and records in all material respects in accordance with GAAP or make any material change to its methods of accounting in effect on January 1, 2021, except as required by a change in GAAP or in applicable Law, or make any change with respect to accounting policies, principles or practices unless required by GAAP;

(x) fail to duly and timely file all material reports and other material documents required to be filed with any Governmental Authority, subject to extensions permitted by Law;

(xi) enter into or modify in a manner adverse to SmartStop any SmartStop Tax Protection Agreement; make, change or rescind any material election relating to Taxes; change a material method of Tax accounting; file or amend any material Tax Return, settle or compromise any material federal, state, local or foreign Tax liability, audit, claim or assessment; enter into any material closing agreement related to Taxes; knowingly surrender any right to claim any material Tax refund; give or request any waiver of a statute of limitations with respect to any material Tax Return except, in each case, (A) to the extent required by Law or (B) to the extent necessary (x) to preserve SmartStop’s qualification as

 

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a REIT under the Code or (y) to qualify or preserve the status of any SmartStop Subsidiary as a disregarded entity or partnership for United States federal income tax purposes or as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or a Taxable REIT Subsidiary under the applicable provisions of Section 856 of the Code, as the case may be;

(xii) take any action that would, or fail to take any action, the failure of which to be taken would, reasonably be expected to cause SmartStop to fail to qualify as a REIT or any SmartStop Subsidiary to cease to be treated as any of (A) a partnership or disregarded entity for United States federal income tax purposes or (B) a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or a Taxable REIT Subsidiary under the applicable provisions of Section 856 of the Code, as the case may be;

(xiii) adopt a plan of merger (except in connection with any transaction permitted by Section 6.2(b)(vi) in a manner that would not reasonably be expected to be materially adverse to SmartStop or to prevent or impair the ability of the SmartStop Parties to consummate the Merger), complete or partial liquidation or resolutions providing for or authorizing such merger, liquidation or a dissolution, consolidation, recapitalization or bankruptcy reorganization; or

(xiv) authorize, or enter into any Contract or arrangement to do any of the foregoing

(c) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this Agreement, nothing in this Agreement shall prohibit SmartStop from taking any action, or refraining to take any action, at any time or from time to time, (i) if, in the reasonable judgment of the SmartStop Board, such action or inaction is reasonably necessary (A) for SmartStop to avoid or to continue to avoid incurring entity level income or excise Taxes under the Code (or applicable state Law) or to maintain its qualification as a REIT under the Code for any period or portion thereof ending on or prior to the Merger Effective Time, (B) to establish or maintain any exemption from or otherwise avoid the imposition of any requirement that SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary be registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act, including in the case of clause (A), making dividend or any other actual, constructive or deemed distribution payments to stockholders of SmartStop in accordance with this Agreement or otherwise as permitted pursuant to Section 6.2(b)(iii), or (ii) in order to respond in good faith to the actual or anticipated effects of COVID-19 or the COVID-19 Measures on SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary, including changes in relationships with partners, financing sources, directors, officers, consultants, Affiliates, agents and other business partners.

Section 6.3 No Control of Other Parties Business. Nothing contained in this Agreement shall give (i) SmartStop, directly or indirectly, the right to control or direct SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary’s operations prior to the Merger Effective Time, or (ii) SSGT II, directly or indirectly, the right to control or direct SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiary’s operations prior to the Merger Effective Time. Prior to the Merger Effective Time, (i) SSGT II shall exercise, consistent with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, complete control and supervision over its and the SSGT II Subsidiaries’ respective operations and (ii) SmartStop shall exercise, consistent with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, complete control and supervision over its and the SmartStop Subsidiaries’ respective operations.

 

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ARTICLE 7

ADDITIONAL COVENANTS

Section 7.1 Preparation of the Form S-4; Stockholder Approval.

(a) As promptly as reasonably practicable following the date of this Agreement, (i) SSGT II shall complete the preparation (with SmartStop’s reasonable cooperation) of the Proxy Statement with respect to the Stockholders Meeting and (ii) SmartStop shall complete the preparation (with SSGT II’s reasonable cooperation) and cause to be filed with the SEC, a registration statement on Form S-4 under the Securities Act (as amended or supplemented from time to time, the “Form S-4”), which will include the Proxy Statement, to register under the Securities Act the shares of SmartStop Class A Common Stock to be issued in the Merger (the “Registered Securities”); provided, however, that in no event shall SmartStop file the Form S-4 with the SEC prior to the later of (x) the Go Shop Period End Time, or (y) if SSGT II has timely delivered an SSGT II Notice of Intention, the end of the negotiation period(s) with SmartStop contemplated by Section 7.3(c). Each of SSGT II and SmartStop shall use its reasonable best efforts to (A) have the Form S-4 declared effective under the Securities Act as promptly as practicable after such filing, (B) ensure that the Form S-4 complies in all material respects with the applicable provisions of the Securities Act and (C) keep the Form S-4 effective for so long as necessary to complete the Merger, unless this Agreement is terminated pursuant to Article 9. Each of SSGT II and SmartStop shall furnish all information concerning itself, its Affiliates and the holders of its capital stock to the other Party and provide such other assistance as may be reasonably requested in connection with the preparation, filing and distribution of the Form S-4, including the Proxy Statement, and shall provide to their and each other’s counsel such representations as reasonably necessary to render the opinions required to be filed therewith. The Form S-4 and the Proxy Statement shall include all information reasonably requested by such other Party to be included therein. SmartStop shall promptly notify SSGT II upon the receipt of any comments from the SEC or any request from the SEC for amendments or supplements to the Form S-4, and shall, as promptly as practicable after receipt thereof, provide SSGT II with copies of all correspondence between it and its Representatives, on the one hand, and the SEC, on the other hand, and all written comments with respect to the Form S-4 received from the SEC and advise SSGT II of any oral comments with respect to the Form S-4 received from the SEC. Each of SSGT II and SmartStop shall use its reasonable best efforts to respond as promptly as practicable to any comments from the SEC with respect to the Form S-4. Notwithstanding the foregoing, prior to filing the Form S-4 (or any amendment or supplement thereto) with the SEC, mailing the Proxy Statement (or any amendment or supplement thereto) or responding to any comments of the SEC with respect thereto, each of SSGT II and SmartStop, as applicable, shall cooperate and provide the other Party a reasonable opportunity to review and comment on such document or response (including the proposed final version of such document or response) and shall give due consideration to all reasonable comments provided by the other Party. SmartStop shall notify SSGT II, promptly after it receives notice thereof, of the time of effectiveness of the Form S-4, the issuance of any stop order relating thereto or the suspension of the qualification for offering or sale in any jurisdiction of the Registered Securities, and SmartStop shall use its reasonable best efforts

 

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to have any such stop order or suspension lifted, reversed or otherwise terminated. SmartStop shall also use its reasonable best efforts to take any other action required to be taken under the Securities Act, any applicable foreign or state securities or “blue sky” Laws and the rules and regulations thereunder in connection with the issuance of the Registered Securities, and SSGT II shall furnish all information concerning SSGT II and its stockholders as may be reasonably requested in connection with any such actions.

(b) Each of SSGT II, on behalf of itself and the SSGT II Subsidiaries, and SmartStop, on behalf of itself and the SmartStop Subsidiaries, agrees that none of the information supplied or to be supplied by it or such subsidiaries for inclusion or incorporation by reference in (i) the Proxy Statement and any amendment or supplement thereto will, at the time the Form S-4 becomes effective under the Securities Act, at the date of mailing to the stockholders of SSGT II, at the time of the Stockholders Meeting and at the Merger Effective Time, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, (ii) the Form S-4 will, at the time the Form S-4 becomes effective under the Securities Act, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, and (iii) any other document to be filed by SmartStop, will, at the time of its filing with the SEC, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. If, at any time prior to the receipt of the Stockholder Approval, any information relating to SmartStop or SSGT II, or any of their respective Affiliates, should be discovered by SmartStop or SSGT II which, in the reasonable judgment of SmartStop or SSGT II, should be set forth in an amendment of, or a supplement to, any of the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement, so that any of such documents would not include any misstatement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact necessary to make the statements therein, as applicable, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, the Party that discovers such information shall promptly notify the other Parties, and SmartStop and SSGT II shall cooperate in the prompt filing with the SEC of any necessary amendment of, or supplement to, the Form S-4 or the Proxy Statement and, to the extent required by Law, in disseminating the information contained in such amendment or supplement to stockholders of SmartStop and SSGT II.

(c) Subject to SSGT II’s rights with respect to a Superior Proposal under Section 7.3, as promptly as practicable after the SEC advises it has no comments or no further comments to the Form S-4, SSGT II shall, in accordance with applicable Law and the SSGT II Governing Documents, establish a record date for, duly call, give notice of, convene and hold the Stockholders Meeting solely for the purpose of obtaining the Stockholder Approval; provided, that such record date shall not be more than ninety (90) days prior to the date of the Stockholders Meeting. SSGT II shall use its reasonable best efforts to cause the Proxy Statement to be mailed to SSGT II’s stockholders entitled to vote at the Stockholders Meeting and to hold the Stockholders Meeting as soon as practicable after the Form S-4 is declared effective under the Securities Act (provided that there are no outstanding SEC comments on the Form S-4 and the SEC has not otherwise enjoined mailing or use of the Proxy Statement). SSGT II shall, through the SSGT II Board, recommend to its stockholders that they provide the Stockholder Approval, include the

 

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SSGT II Board Recommendation in the Proxy Statement and solicit and use its reasonable best efforts to obtain the Stockholder Approval, except to the extent that the SSGT II Board shall have made an Adverse Recommendation Change as permitted by Section 7.3; provided, however, for the avoidance of doubt, no Adverse Recommendation Change shall alter the other obligations under Section 7.1 unless this Agreement shall have been terminated in accordance with its terms prior to the Stockholders Meeting. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Section 7.1(c), (i) SSGT II’s obligation to duly call, give notice of, convene and hold the Stockholders Meeting shall be unconditional unless this Agreement is terminated in accordance with its terms and shall not be affected by any Adverse Recommendation Change as permitted and determined in accordance with Section 7.3, and (ii) SSGT II shall have the right to make one or more postponements, recesses or adjournments of the Stockholders Meeting (A) if, on a date for which the Stockholders Meeting is scheduled, SSGT II has not received proxies representing a sufficient number of shares of SSGT II Common Stock to obtain the Stockholder Approval, whether or not a quorum is present, or (B) to the extent necessary to ensure that any amendment or supplement to the Proxy Statement required under applicable Law to be disseminated to SSGT II’s stockholders is timely disseminated to SSGT II’s stockholders; provided, however, that the Stockholders Meeting shall not be postponed or adjourned to a date that is (x) in the case of clause (A), more than thirty (30) days after the date for which the Stockholders Meeting was originally scheduled (excluding any adjournments or postponements required by applicable Law) and in the case of clause (B), more than ten (10) Business Days from the previously scheduled date of such meeting, or (y) more than one hundred twenty (120) days from the record date for the Stockholders Meeting; provided, further, the Stockholders Meeting may not be postponed or adjourned on the date the Stockholders Meeting is scheduled if SSGT II shall have received proxies in respect of an aggregate number of shares of SSGT II Common Stock, which have not been withdrawn, such that Stockholder Approval would be obtained at such meeting.

Section 7.2 Access to Information; Confidentiality.

(a) During the Interim Period, each of the Parties shall, and shall cause each of their respective subsidiaries to, subject to applicable Law and the COVID-19 Measures, afford to the other Parties and to their respective Representatives reasonable access during normal business hours and upon reasonable advance notice to all of their respective properties, offices, books, Contracts, personnel and records that the other Party may reasonably request and, during such period, each of the Parties shall, and shall cause each of their respective subsidiaries to and shall use their reasonable best efforts to cause its Representatives to, furnish reasonably promptly to the other Parties a copy of any report, schedule, registration statement or other document filed by it during such period pursuant to the requirements of federal or state securities Laws as the other Party may reasonably request. In connection with such reasonable access to information, each of the Parties shall use its reasonable best efforts to cause its respective Representatives to participate in meetings and telephone conferences with the other Parties and their Representatives prior to the mailing of the Proxy Statement, prior to the Stockholders Meeting, respectively, and at such other times as may be reasonably requested. No investigation under this Section 7.2(a) or otherwise shall affect any of the representations and warranties of the Parties contained in this Agreement or any condition to the obligations of the Parties under this Agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, none of the Parties shall be required by this Section 7.2(a) to provide the other Parties or their respective Representatives with access to or to disclose information (A) that is subject to the terms

 

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of a confidentiality agreement with a third party entered into prior to the date of this Agreement or entered into after the date of this Agreement in the ordinary course of business in accordance with this Agreement (provided, however, that the withholding Party shall use its commercially reasonable efforts (without payment of any consideration, fees or expenses) to obtain the required consent of such third party to such access or disclosure), (B) of a sensitive or personal nature that would reasonably be expected to expose SSGT II or SmartStop to the risk of liability, (C) the disclosure of which would violate any Law applicable to such Party or any of its Representatives (provided, however, that the withholding Party shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to make appropriate substitute arrangements to permit reasonable disclosure not in violation of any Law or duty), (D) that is subject to any attorney-client, attorney work product or other legal privilege (provided, however, that the withholding Party shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to allow for such access or disclosure to the maximum extent that does not result in a loss of any such attorney-client, attorney work product or other legal privilege, including by means of entry into a customary joint defense agreement that would alleviate the loss of such privilege) or (E) for the purpose of allowing Parties or their respective Representatives to collect samples of soil, air, water, groundwater or building materials. The Parties will use their reasonable best efforts to minimize any disruption to the businesses of the other Parties and any of their respective subsidiaries that may result from the requests for access, data and information hereunder. Prior to the Merger Effective Time, each Party shall not, and shall cause its respective Representatives and Affiliates not to, except in the ordinary course of business, contact or otherwise communicate with third parties with which the other Party or any of its subsidiaries has a business relationship regarding the business of such other Party and its subsidiaries or this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement without the prior written consent of such other Party.

(b) Each Party will hold, and will cause its respective Representatives and Affiliates to hold, any nonpublic information, including any information exchanged pursuant to this Section 7.2, in confidence to the extent required by and in accordance with, and will otherwise comply with, the confidentiality provisions in Section 2 of the Exclusivity Agreement, which confidentiality provisions shall remain in full force and effect pursuant to the terms thereof notwithstanding the execution and delivery of this Agreement or the termination thereof.

Section 7.3 Go Shop Period; Superior Proposals.

(a) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement but subject to Section 7.3(f), during the period beginning on the date of this Agreement and continuing until 11:59 p.m. (California local time) on the thirtieth (30th) calendar day thereafter (the “Go Shop Period End Time”), SSGT II, the SSGT II Subsidiaries and their respective Representatives may and shall have the right to, directly or indirectly: (i) initiate, solicit, encourage or facilitate any inquiries or the making of any proposal, offer or other action that constitutes, or may reasonably be expected to lead to, any Acquisition Proposal, including by way of (A) contacting third parties, (B) broadly disseminating public disclosure or (C) providing access to the properties, offices, assets, books, records and personnel of SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries and furnishing non-public information pursuant to (but only pursuant to) one or more Acceptable NDAs; provided, however, that SSGT II has previously or contemporaneously furnished, made available or provided access to such non-public information to SmartStop; (ii) enter into, continue or otherwise participate in any discussions or negotiations with any Person relating to, or in furtherance of such

 

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inquiries, proposals, offers or other actions or to obtain, an Acquisition Proposal; (iii) release any Person from, or refrain from enforcing, any standstill agreement or similar obligation to SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries; and (iv) disclose to the stockholders of SSGT II any information required to be disclosed under applicable Law; provided, however, that in the case of this clause (iv), to the extent any such disclosure addresses the approval, recommendation or declaration of advisability by the SSGT II Board with respect to the Merger or an Acquisition Proposal, such disclosure shall be deemed to be an Adverse Recommendation Change if not accompanied by an express public re-affirmation of the SSGT II Board Recommendation. For purposes of this Agreement, the term “Go Shop Bidder” shall mean any Person (including its controlled Affiliates and Representatives) that submits a proposal or offer regarding an Acquisition Proposal not later than the Go Shop Period End Time that has not been withdrawn and that the SSGT II Board determines prior to the Go Shop Period End Time (or in the case of any Acquisition Proposal received less than five (5) Business Days before the date of the Go Shop Period End Time, not later than five (5) Business Days after the Go Shop Period End Time) has resulted in, or would be reasonably expected to result in, a Superior Proposal; provided, that a Go Shop Bidder shall cease to be a Go Shop Bidder if the negotiations between SSGT II and such Go Shop Bidder with respect to the Acquisition Proposal that resulted in such Go Shop Bidder becoming a Go Shop Bidder shall have been terminated. Subject to the immediately preceding sentence, no later than two (2) Business Days after the Go Shop Period End Time, SSGT II shall notify SmartStop in writing of the identity, at such time, of each Go Shop Bidder and provide to SmartStop (A) a copy of any related Acquisition Proposal made in writing and any other written material terms or proposals provided (including, to the extent not included therein, a copy of the acquisition agreement and any related transaction documents and financing commitments, if any) to SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary and (B) a written summary of the material terms of any related Acquisition Proposal not made in writing (including any material terms proposed orally or supplementally).

(b) Except as expressly permitted by this Section 7.3, and except with respect to a Go Shop Bidder, from and after the Go Shop Period End Time, SSGT II shall not, and shall cause each of the SSGT II Subsidiaries not to, and shall direct each of its and their respective directors, officers, Affiliates and Representatives not to, directly or indirectly, (i) initiate, solicit, facilitate or knowingly encourage any inquiries, proposals or offers for, or engage in any negotiations concerning, or provide any confidential or nonpublic information or data to, or have any discussions with, any Person relating to, any inquiry, proposal, offer or other action that constitutes, or may reasonably be expected to lead to, any Acquisition Proposal, (ii) enter into or engage in, continue or otherwise participate in any discussions or negotiations with any Person regarding or otherwise in furtherance of, or furnish to any Person other than SmartStop or its Representatives, any information in connection with or for the purpose of encouraging or facilitating any inquiry, proposal, offer or other action that constitutes, or could reasonably be expected to lead to, or to otherwise obtain, an Acquisition Proposal, (iii) release any Person from or fail to enforce any confidentiality agreement, standstill agreement or similar obligation (provided that SSGT II shall be permitted to waive or to not enforce any provision of any confidentiality agreement, standstill agreement or similar obligation to permit a Person to make a confidential Acquisition Proposal directly to the SSGT II Board if the SSGT II Board determines in good faith after consultation with outside legal counsel that any such failure to waive or to not

 

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enforce would be inconsistent with the SSGT II directors’ duties under Maryland Law), (iv) withdraw, modify or amend the SSGT II Board Recommendation in any manner adverse to SmartStop or fail to make the SSGT II Board Recommendation or fail to include the SSGT II Board Recommendation in the Proxy Statement, (v) approve, publicly endorse or recommend any Acquisition Proposal (any event described in clause (iv) or this clause (v), an “Adverse Recommendation Change”), (vi) enter into any Contract contemplating or otherwise relating to an Acquisition Proposal (other than an Acceptable NDA pursuant to Section 7.3(a)), or (vii) take any action to exempt any Person from any Takeover Statute or similar restrictive provision of the SSGT II Charter, the SSGT II Bylaws or organizational documents or agreements of any SSGT II Subsidiary. In furtherance of the foregoing and except as otherwise permitted by this Section 7.3, SSGT II shall, and shall cause each SSGT II Subsidiary and each Representative of SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries to, immediately cease any discussions, negotiations or communications with any Person with respect to any Acquisition Proposal or potential Acquisition Proposal and shall promptly terminate all physical and electronic data room access previously granted to any such Person and use reasonable efforts to cause such Person to return or destroy all non-public information concerning SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries to the extent permitted pursuant to any confidentiality agreement with such Person. Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, at any time after the Go Shop Period End Time, and prior to, but not after, Stockholder Approval is obtained, SSGT II and its Representatives may, in response to an unsolicited, bona fide written Acquisition Proposal that did not result from a material breach of Section 7.3, (x) contact such Person to clarify the terms and conditions of such Acquisition Proposal and (y)(i) provide information in response to a request therefor by the Person who made such written Acquisition Proposal; provided that (A) such information is provided pursuant to (and only pursuant to) one or more Acceptable NDAs, and (B) SSGT II, prior to or concurrently with the time such information is provided, provides such information to SmartStop, and (ii) engage or participate in any discussions or negotiations with the Person who made such written Acquisition Proposal, if and only to the extent that, in each such case referred to in clause (i) or (ii) above, the SSGT II Board has either determined that such Acquisition Proposal constitutes a Superior Proposal or determined in good faith after consultation with legal counsel and financial advisors that such Acquisition Proposal could reasonably be expected to lead to a Superior Proposal.

(c) At any time on or prior to the fifth (5th) Business Day after the Go Shop Period End Time (or, in the event of timely delivery of a SSGT II Notice of Intention, the earlier of (i) the end of the negotiation period(s) with SmartStop contemplated herein or (ii) written notice from SmartStop that it does not intend to negotiate further with SSGT II), the SSGT II Board may, if the SSGT II Board determines in good faith (after consultation with its legal advisor) that failing to do so would be inconsistent with the directors’ duties under applicable Law, upon receipt by SSGT II of an Acquisition Proposal from a Go Shop Bidder that constitutes a Superior Proposal, give notice of its intention to terminate this Agreement pursuant to Section 9.1(c)(ii) and enter into an agreement related to such Superior Proposal, provided, that:

(i) SSGT II has notified SmartStop in writing that the SSGT II Board intends to enter into an agreement relating to such Superior Proposal, attaching the most current version of such agreement (including any amendments, supplements or modifications) to such notice (a “SSGT II Notice of Intention”); and

 

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(ii) during the five (5) Business Day period following SmartStop’s receipt of a SSGT II Notice of Intention, SSGT II shall have offered to negotiate with (and, if accepted, negotiated in good faith with), and shall have caused its respective financial and legal advisors to offer to negotiate with (and, if accepted, negotiate in good faith with), SmartStop in making adjustments to the terms and conditions of this Agreement such that the Superior Proposal ceases to be a Superior Proposal; provided, that any change in the consideration offered or any other material amendment, supplement or modification to any Acquisition Proposal shall be deemed a new Acquisition Proposal and SSGT II may not enter into any such Superior Proposal pursuant this Section 7.3(c) unless SSGT II has complied with the requirements of clause (i) and (ii) of this Section 7.3(c) with respect to such Acquisition Proposal including sending a SSGT II Notice of Intention (except that the new negotiation period under this Section 7.3(c) shall be three (3) Business Days instead of five (5) Business Days).

(d) At any time beginning on the sixth (6th) Business Day after the Go Shop Period End Time (or, in the event of timely delivery of a SSGT II Notice of Intention, the earlier of (i) the end of the negotiation period(s) with SmartStop contemplated in Section 7.3(c) or (ii) written notice from SmartStop that it does not intend to negotiate further with SSGT II), and prior to receipt of the Stockholder Approval, the SSGT II Board may, if the SSGT II Board determines in good faith (after consultation with its legal advisor) that the failure to do so would be inconsistent with the directors’ duties under applicable Law, upon receipt by SSGT II of an Acquisition Proposal that constitutes a Superior Proposal (whether or not from a Go Shop Bidder), make an Adverse Recommendation Change (and SSGT II may terminate this Agreement in accordance with Section 9.1(c)(iii) and enter into an agreement related to such Superior Proposal); provided, that:

(i) (A) such Acquisition Proposal did not result from SSGT II’s material breach of its obligations under this Section 7.3, and (B) the SSGT II Board has determined in good faith (after consultation with its legal and financial advisors) that such Acquisition Proposal constitutes a Superior Proposal and that the failure of SSGT II to make an Adverse Recommendation Change would be inconsistent with the directors’ duties under applicable Law, taking into account all adjustments to the terms of this Agreement that may be offered by SmartStop pursuant to Section 7.3(d)(iii);

(ii) SSGT II has notified SmartStop in writing that the SSGT II Board intends to make an Adverse Recommendation Change (an “Adverse Recommendation Change Notice”); and

(iii) during the five (5) Business Day period following SmartStop’s receipt of an Adverse Recommendation Change Notice, SSGT II shall have offered to negotiate with (and, if accepted, negotiated in good faith with), and shall have caused its respective financial and legal advisors to offer to negotiate with (and, if accepted, negotiate in good faith with), SmartStop in making adjustments to the terms and conditions of this Agreement such that in circumstances involving or

 

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relating to an Acquisition Proposal, the Superior Proposal ceases to be a Superior Proposal; provided, that any change in the consideration offered or any other material amendment, supplement or modification to any Acquisition Proposal shall be deemed a new Acquisition Proposal and SSGT II may not make an Adverse Recommendation Change unless SSGT II has complied with the requirements of clauses (i)-(iii) of this Section 7.3(d) with respect to each such new Acquisition Proposal including sending an Adverse Recommendation Change Notice with respect to each such new Acquisition Proposal (except that the new negotiation period under this Section 7.3(d)(iii) shall be three (3) Business Days instead of five (5) Business Days). Notwithstanding anything in this Section 7.3(d)(iii), SmartStop’s rejection of SSGT II’s offer to negotiate pursuant to this Section 7.3(d)(iii) shall not have any bearing on SmartStop’s right to terminate this Agreement pursuant to Section 9.1(d)(ii) herein.

(e) Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, at any time after the date of this Agreement and before Stockholder Approval is obtained, the SSGT II Board may, if the SSGT Board determines in good faith, after consultation with its outside legal counsel, that the failure to do so would be inconsistent with SSGT II’s directors’ duties under Maryland Law, make an Adverse Recommendation Change in response to an Intervening Event.

(f) Nothing in this Section 7.3 or elsewhere in this Agreement shall prevent the SSGT II Board or SSGT II, directly or indirectly, from (i) taking and disclosing to the stockholders of SSGT II a position with respect to an Acquisition Proposal as contemplated by Rule 14d-9 or Rule 14e-2(a) promulgated under the Exchange Act, (ii) making any required disclosure to the stockholders of SSGT II under applicable Law or (iii) making any disclosure to the stockholders of SSGT II if the SSGT II Board determines in good faith after consultation with its outside legal counsel that the failure to do so would be inconsistent with the duties of the SSGT II directors under Maryland Law; provided, however, that to the extent any such disclosure addresses the approval, recommendation or declaration of advisability by the SSGT II Board with respect to the Merger or an Acquisition Proposal, such disclosure shall be deemed to be an Adverse Recommendation Change if not accompanied by an express public affirmation of the SSGT II Board Recommendation; provided, further, that a “stop, look and listen” or similar communication of the type contemplated by Rule 14d-9(f) under the Exchange Act shall not be deemed to be an Adverse Recommendation Change.

(g) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, none of SSGT II, any SSGT II Subsidiary or their respective Affiliates or Representatives shall reimburse or agree to reimburse the fees or expenses of any Person in connection with an Acquisition Proposal (including, for the avoidance of doubt, in connection with any Acceptable NDA but excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, in connection with any acquisition agreement or merger with respect to a Superior Proposal entered into pursuant to this Section 7.3 and resulting in termination of this Agreement pursuant to Section 9.1(c)).

(h) SSGT II agrees that in the event any Representative of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary takes any action that, if taken by SSGT II would constitute a violation of this Section 7.3, and such action was taken at the direction or with the prior consent of the SSGT II Board, then SSGT II shall be deemed to be in violation of this Section 7.3 for all purposes of this Agreement.

 

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(i) For purposes of this Agreement:

(i) “Acquisition Proposal” means any bona fide proposal or offer from any Person (other than SmartStop or any SmartStop Subsidiaries), whether in one transaction or a series of related transactions, relating to any (A) merger, consolidation, share exchange, business combination or similar transaction involving SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiary that would constitute a “significant subsidiary” (as defined in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X) representing twenty percent (20%) or more of the consolidated assets of SSGT II, (B) sale or other disposition, by merger, consolidation, share exchange, business combination or any similar transaction, of any assets of SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiaries that are significant subsidiaries representing twenty percent (20%) or more of the consolidated assets of SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, (C) issuance, sale or other disposition by SSGT II or any SSGT II Subsidiaries of (including by way of merger, consolidation, share exchange, business combination or any similar transaction) securities (or options, rights or warrants to purchase, or securities convertible into, such securities) representing twenty percent (20%) or more of the votes associated with the outstanding shares of SSGT II Common Stock, (D) tender offer or exchange offer in which any Person or “group” (as such term is defined under the Exchange Act) shall acquire beneficial ownership (as such term is defined in Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act), or the right to acquire beneficial ownership, of twenty percent (20%) or more of the votes associated with the outstanding shares of SSGT II Common Stock, (E) recapitalization, restructuring, liquidation, dissolution or other similar type of transaction with respect to SSGT II in which a third party shall acquire beneficial ownership of twenty percent (20%) or more of the outstanding shares of SSGT II Common Stock, or (F) transaction that is similar in form, substance, or purpose to any of the foregoing transactions; provided, however, that the term “Acquisition Proposal” shall not include (I) the Merger or any of the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement or (II) any merger, consolidation, business combination, reorganization, recapitalization or similar transaction solely among SSGT II and one or more of the SSGT II Subsidiaries or solely among the SSGT II Subsidiaries.

(ii) “Intervening Event” means a change in circumstances or development that materially affects the business, assets or operations of SSGT II and the SSGT II Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, that was not known to or reasonably foreseeable by the SSGT II Board prior to the execution of this Agreement, which change in circumstances or development becomes known to the SSGT II Board prior to Stockholder Approval being obtained; provided, however, that in no event shall the following events, circumstances or changes in circumstances constitute an Intervening Event: (i) the receipt, existence or terms of an Acquisition Proposal or any matter relating thereto or consequence thereof, (ii) any effect arising out of or related to the COVID-19 pandemic or COVID-19 Measures and (iii) any effect arising out of the announcement or pendency of, or actions required to be taken pursuant to, this Agreement.

 

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(iii) “Superior Proposal” means a written Acquisition Proposal made by a third party (except for purposes of this definition, the references in the definition of “Acquisition Proposal” to “twenty percent (20%)” shall be replaced with “fifty percent (50%)”) that the SSGT II Board determines in its good faith judgment (after consultation with its outside legal and financial advisors, and after taking into account (A) all of the terms and conditions of the Acquisition Proposal and this Agreement (as it may be proposed to be amended by SmartStop) and (B) the feasibility and certainty of consummation of such Acquisition Proposal on the terms proposed (taking into account such legal, financial, regulatory and other aspects of such Acquisition Proposal and conditions to consummation thereof as the SSGT II Board determines in good faith to be material to such analysis)), to be more favorable from a financial point of view to the stockholders of SSGT II (in their capacities as stockholders) than the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement (as it may be proposed to be amended by SmartStop).

Section 7.4 Public Announcements. Except with respect to any Adverse Recommendation Change or any action taken pursuant to, and in accordance with, Section 7.1 or Section 7.3, so long as this Agreement is in effect, the Parties shall consult with each other before issuing any press release or otherwise making any public statements or filings with respect to this Agreement or any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and none of the Parties shall issue any such press release or make any such public statement or filing prior to obtaining the other Parties’ consent (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned); provided, that a Party may, without obtaining the other Parties’ consent, issue such press release or make such public statement or filing as may be required by Law or Order if it is not possible to consult with the other Party before making any public statement with respect to this Agreement or any of the transactions contemplated hereby. The Parties have agreed upon the form of a joint press release announcing the Merger and the execution of this Agreement, and shall make such joint press release no later than one (1) Business Day following the date on which this Agreement is executed.

Section 7.5 Appropriate Action; Consents; Filings.

(a) Upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement, SmartStop shall and shall cause each SmartStop Subsidiary and each of their respective Affiliates to, and SSGT II shall and shall cause each SSGT II Subsidiary and each of their respective Affiliates to, use its reasonable best efforts to take, or cause to be taken, all actions, and to do, or cause to be done, and to assist and cooperate with the other Parties in doing, all things necessary, proper or advisable under applicable Law or pursuant to any Contract to consummate and make effective, as promptly as practicable, the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including (i) taking all actions necessary to cause the conditions to Closing set forth in Article 8 to be satisfied, (ii) preparing and filing any applications, notices, registrations and requests as may be required or advisable to be filed with or submitted to any Governmental

 

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Authority in order to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, (iii) obtaining all necessary or advisable actions or nonactions, waivers, consents and approvals from Governmental Authorities or other Persons necessary in connection with the consummation of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the making of all necessary or advisable registrations and filings (including filings with Governmental Authorities, if any) and the taking of all reasonable steps as may be necessary or advisable to obtain an approval or waiver from, or to avoid an action or proceeding by, any Governmental Authority or other Persons necessary in connection with the consummation of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, (iv) subject to Section 7.6(c), defending any lawsuits or other legal proceedings, whether judicial or administrative, challenging this Agreement or the consummation of the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including seeking to have any stay or temporary restraining order entered by any court or other Governmental Authority vacated or reversed, the avoidance of each and every impediment under any antitrust, merger control, competition or trade regulation Law that may be asserted by any Governmental Authority with respect to the Merger so as to enable the Closing to occur as soon as reasonably possible, and (v) executing and delivering any additional instruments reasonably necessary or advisable to consummate the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement and to fully carry out the purposes of this Agreement; provided, that, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, no Party will have any obligation (A) to propose, negotiate, commit to or effect, by consent decree, hold separate order or otherwise, the sale, divestiture or other disposition of any assets or businesses of such Party, any of its subsidiaries (including subsidiaries of SmartStop after the Closing) or their Affiliates or (B) otherwise to take or commit to take any actions that would limit the freedom of such Party, its subsidiaries (including subsidiaries of SmartStop after the Closing) or their Affiliates with respect to, or their ability to retain, one or more of their businesses, product lines or assets.

(b) In connection with and without limiting the foregoing Section 7.5(a), each of the Parties shall give (or shall cause their respective Affiliates to give) any notices to third parties, and each of the Parties shall use, and cause each of their respective Affiliates to use, its reasonable best efforts to obtain any third party consents that are necessary, proper or advisable to consummate the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement. Each of the Parties will, and shall cause their respective Affiliates to, furnish to the other Parties such necessary information and reasonable assistance as the other Parties may request in connection with the preparation of any required applications, notices, registrations and requests as may be required or advisable to be filed with any Governmental Authority and will cooperate in responding to any inquiry from a Governmental Authority, including promptly informing the other Party of such inquiry, consulting in advance before making any presentations or submissions to a Governmental Authority, and supplying each other with copies of all material correspondence, filings or communications between such Party and any Governmental Authority with respect to this Agreement. To the extent reasonably practicable, the Parties or their Representatives shall have the right to review in advance and each of the Parties will consult the other Parties on, all the information relating to the other Parties and each of their Affiliates that appears in any filing made with, or written materials submitted to, any Governmental Authority in connection with the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, except that confidential competitively sensitive business information may be redacted from such exchanges. To the extent reasonably

 

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practicable, no Party shall, nor shall any Party permit its respective Representatives to, participate independently in any meeting or engage in any substantive conversation with any Governmental Authority in respect of any filing, investigation or other inquiry without giving the other Parties prior notice of such meeting or conversation and, to the extent permitted by applicable Law, without giving the other Parties the opportunity to attend or participate (whether by telephone or in person) in any such meeting with such Governmental Authority.

(c) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, in connection with obtaining any approval or consent from any Person (other than any Governmental Authority) with respect to the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, none of the Parties or any of their respective Representatives shall be obligated to pay or commit to pay to such Person whose approval or consent is being solicited any cash or other consideration, make any accommodation or commitment or incur any liability or other obligation to such Person. Subject to the immediately foregoing sentence, the Parties shall cooperate with respect to reasonable accommodations that may be requested or appropriate to obtain such consents.

Section 7.6 Notification of Certain Matters; Transaction Litigation.

(a) The SmartStop Parties and their Representatives shall give prompt notice to SSGT II, and SSGT II and its Representatives shall give prompt notice to the SmartStop Parties, of any notice or other communication received by such Party from any Governmental Authority in connection with this Agreement, the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, or from any Person alleging that the consent of such Person is or may be required in connection with the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(b) The SmartStop Parties and their respective Representatives shall give prompt notice to SSGT II, and SSGT II and its Representatives shall give prompt notice to the SmartStop Parties, if (i) any representation or warranty made by it contained in this Agreement becomes untrue or inaccurate such that it would be reasonable to expect that the applicable closing conditions would be incapable of being satisfied by the Outside Date or (ii) it fails to comply with or satisfy in any material respect any covenant, condition or agreement to be complied with or satisfied by it under this Agreement; provided, that no such notification shall affect the representations, warranties, covenants or agreements of the Parties or the conditions to the obligations of the Parties under this Agreement. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, the failure by the SmartStop Parties, SSGT II or their respective Representatives to provide such prompt notice under this Section 7.6(b) shall not constitute a breach of covenant for purposes of Section 8.2(b), Section 8.3(a), Section 9.1(c)(i), or Section 9.1(d)(i).

(c) The SmartStop Parties and their respective Representatives shall give prompt notice to SSGT II, and SSGT II and its Representatives shall give prompt notice to the SmartStop Parties, of any Action commenced or, to such Party’s Knowledge, threatened against, relating to or involving such Party or any SmartStop Subsidiary or SSGT II Subsidiary, respectively, or any of their respective directors, officers or partners that relates to this Agreement, the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement. SSGT II and its Representatives shall give the SmartStop Parties the opportunity to reasonably participate in the defense and settlement of any Action against SSGT II or its directors, officers or partners relating

 

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to this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and shall consider in good faith SmartStop’s advice with respect to such Action, and no settlement in respect of any such Action shall be agreed to without SmartStop’s prior written consent (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned). SmartStop and its Representatives shall give SSGT II the opportunity to reasonably participate in the defense and settlement of any Action against SmartStop or its directors, officers or partners relating to this Agreement and the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and shall consider in good faith SSGT II’s advice with respect to such Action, and no settlement in respect of any such Action shall be agreed to without SSGT II’s prior written consent (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned).

Section 7.7 Indemnification; Directors and Officers Insurance.

(a) Without limiting or being limited by the provisions of Section 7.7(b), during the period commencing as of the Merger Effective Time and ending on the sixth (6th) anniversary of the Merger Effective Time, SmartStop shall (and shall cause the Surviving Entity to), to the fullest extent SSGT II would be permitted to do so under applicable Law and the SSGT II Governing Documents as currently in effect:

(i) indemnify, defend and hold harmless each current and former manager, director, officer, partner, member, trustee, employee and agent of SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries or other individuals with rights to indemnification or exculpation pursuant to the SSGT II Governing Documents or any indemnification agreements of SSGT II or SSGT II Subsidiaries (such agreements, the “Additional Indemnification Agreements”) (collectively, the “Indemnified Parties”) against and from any costs or expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines, losses, claims, damages, liabilities and amounts paid in settlement in connection with any Action to the extent such Action arises out of or pertains to (A) any action or omission or alleged action or omission in such Indemnified Party’s capacity as a manager, director, officer, partner, member, trustee, employee or agent of SSGT II or any of the SSGT II Subsidiaries (whether asserted or claimed prior to, at or after the Merger Effective Time) or (B) this Agreement or any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including the Merger (whether asserted or claimed prior to, at or after the Merger Effective Time), and

(ii) pay in advance of the final disposition of any such Action the costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and any expenses incurred by any Indemnified Party in connection with enforcing any rights with respect to indemnification of any Indemnified Party), without the requirement of any bond or other security, in each case to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Law, but subject to SmartStop’s or the Surviving Entity’s receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such Indemnified Party to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that such Indemnified Party is not entitled to be indemnified. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this Agreement, SmartStop or the Surviving Entity, as applicable, (x) shall not settle or compromise or consent to

 

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the entry of any judgment or otherwise seek termination with respect to any Action against or of any Indemnified Party for which indemnification may be sought under this Section 7.7(a) without the Indemnified Party’s prior written consent (which consent may not be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned) unless such settlement, compromise, consent or termination includes an unconditional release of such Indemnified Party from all liability arising out of such Action that is subject to indemnification by SmartStop and the Surviving Entity under this Section 7.7(a), (y) shall not be liable for any settlement effected without its prior written consent (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned) and (z) shall not have any obligation hereunder to any Indemnified Party to the extent that a court of competent jurisdiction shall determine in a final and non-appealable order that such indemnification is prohibited by applicable Law.

(b) Without limiting the foregoing, and to the extent permitted by applicable Law, each of SmartStop and the Surviving Entity agree that during the period commencing as of the Merger Effective Time and ending on the sixth (6th) anniversary of the Merger Effective Time, all rights to indemnification and exculpation from liabilities for acts or omissions occurring at or prior to the Merger Effective Time, and advancement of expenses now existing in favor of any Indemnified Party as provided in the SSGT II Governing Documents and Additional Indemnification Agreements shall survive the Merger and shall continue in full force and effect in accordance with their terms.

(c) For a period of six (6) years following the Merger Effective Time, the organizational documents of SmartStop, Merger Sub and any applicable SmartStop Subsidiary shall contain provisions no less favorable with respect to indemnification and exculpation from liabilities for acts or omissions and rights to advancement of expenses relating thereto existing in favor of any Indemnified Party than those included in the SSGT II Governing Documents or any similar organizational documents or agreements of any SSGT II Subsidiary. No such provision shall be amended, repealed or otherwise modified for a period of six (6) years following the Merger Effective Time in any manner that would affect adversely the rights thereunder of individuals who, at or prior to the Merger Effective Time, were Indemnified Parties, unless such modification shall be required by applicable Law and then only to the minimum extent required by applicable Law.

(d) For a period of six (6) years after the Merger Effective Time, SmartStop shall cause the Surviving Entity to maintain in effect SSGT II’s current directors’ and officers’ liability insurance covering each Person currently covered by SSGT II’s directors’ and officers’ liability insurance policies for acts or omissions occurring prior to and through the Merger Effective Time; provided, that in lieu of such obligation, (i) the Surviving Entity may substitute therefor policies of an insurance company with the same or better rating as SSGT II’s current insurance carrier the material terms of which, including coverage and amount, are no less favorable in any material respect to such directors and officers than SSGT II’s existing policies as of the date hereof or (ii) in consultation with SmartStop, SSGT II may obtain extended reporting period coverage under SSGT II’s existing insurance programs (to be effective as of the Merger Effective Time) for a period of six (6) years after the Merger Effective Time for a cost not in excess of three times the current annual premiums for such insurance; and provided, further, that in no event shall the Surviving Entity be required to pay annual premiums for insurance under this Section 7.7(d) in excess of 300% of the most recent annual premiums paid by SSGT II for such purpose, it being understood that if the annual premiums of such insurance coverage exceed such amount, the Surviving Entity shall nevertheless be obligated to provide such coverage as may be obtained for such 300% amount.

 

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(e) If SmartStop or the Surviving Entity or any of their respective successors or assigns (i) consolidates with or merges with or into any other Person and shall not be the continuing or surviving corporation, partnership or other entity of such consolidation or merger or (ii) liquidates, dissolves or winds-up, or transfers or conveys all or substantially all of its properties and assets to any Person, then, and in each such case, proper provision shall be made so that the successors and assigns of SmartStop or the Surviving Entity, as applicable, assume the obligations set forth in this Section 7.7.

(f) The provisions of this Section 7.7 are intended to be for the express benefit of, and shall be enforceable by, each Indemnified Party (each of which is an intended third party beneficiary of this Section 7.7), his or her heirs and his or her personal representatives, shall be binding on all successors and assigns of SmartStop, SSGT II and the Surviving Entity and shall not be amended in a manner that is adverse to the Indemnified Party (including his or her successors, assigns and heirs) without the prior written consent of the Indemnified Party (including such successors, assigns and heirs) affected thereby. The exculpation and indemnification provided for by this Section 7.7 shall not be deemed to be exclusive of any other rights to which an Indemnified Party is entitled, whether pursuant to applicable Law, Contract or otherwise. SmartStop shall cause the Surviving Entity to pay all reasonable expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, that may be incurred by any Indemnified Party in enforcing the obligations provided in this Section 7.7.

Section 7.8 Dividends.

(a) In the event that a distribution with respect to the shares of SSGT II Common Stock permitted under the terms of this Agreement has a record date prior to the Merger Effective Time and has not been paid prior to the Closing Date, such distribution shall be paid to the holders of such shares of SSGT II Common Stock on the Closing Date promptly after the Merger Effective Time. SSGT II shall coordinate with SmartStop on the declaration, setting of record dates and payment dates of dividends on SSGT II Common Stock so that holders of SSGT II Common Stock (i) do not receive dividends on both SSGT II Common Stock and SmartStop Class A Common Stock received in the Merger in respect of a single distribution period or fail to receive a dividend on either SSGT II Common Stock or SmartStop Class A Common Stock received in the Merger in respect of a single distribution period or (ii) do not receive both a dividend permitted by the proviso to Section 6.2(b)(iii) on SmartStop Class A Common Stock received in the Merger and a dividend permitted by the proviso to Section 6.1(b)(iii) on SSGT II Common Stock or fail to receive either a dividend permitted by the proviso to Section 6.2(b)(iii) on SmartStop Class A Common Stock received in the Merger or a dividend permitted by the proviso to Section 6.1(b)(iii) on SSGT II Common Stock.

 

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(b) In the event that either SSGT II or SmartStop shall declare or pay any dividend or other distribution that is expressly permitted pursuant to the proviso at the end of Section 6.1(b)(iii) or Section 6.2(b)(iii), respectively, it shall notify the other Party at least twenty (20) days prior to the Closing Date, and such other Party shall be entitled to declare a dividend per share payable (i) in the case of SSGT II, to holders of SSGT II Common Stock, in an amount per share of SSGT II Common Stock equal to the product obtained by multiplying (A) the dividend declared by SmartStop with respect to each share of SmartStop Class A Common Stock by (B) the Exchange Ratio, and (ii) in the case of SmartStop, to holders of SmartStop Class A Common Stock, in an amount per share of SmartStop Class A Common Stock equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (A) the dividend declared by SSGT II with respect to each share of SSGT II Common Stock by (B) the Exchange Ratio. The record date and time and payment date and time for any dividend payable pursuant to this Section 7.8(b) shall be prior to the Closing Date.

Section 7.9 Takeover Statutes. The Parties shall use their respective reasonable best efforts (a) to take all action necessary so that no Takeover Statute becomes applicable to the Merger or any of the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement and (b) if any such Takeover Statute becomes applicable to any of the foregoing, to take all action necessary so that the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement may be consummated as promptly as practicable on the terms contemplated by this Agreement and otherwise to eliminate or minimize the effect of such Takeover Statute or the restrictions in the SmartStop Charter or the SSGT II Charter on the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

Section 7.10 Obligations of SmartStop with respect to Merger Sub. SmartStop shall take all actions necessary to (a) cause Merger Sub to perform its obligations under this Agreement and to consummate the Merger on the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, and (b) ensure that, prior to the Merger Effective Time, Merger Sub shall not conduct any business or make any investments or incur or guarantee any Indebtedness other than as specifically contemplated by this Agreement.

Section 7.11 Tax Matters.

(a) Each of SmartStop and SSGT II shall use its reasonable best efforts (before and, as applicable, after the Merger Effective Time) to cause the Merger to qualify as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code, including by executing and delivering the tax representation letters referred to herein and, unless otherwise required by a final determination within the meaning of Section 1313(a) of the Code (or with respect to any state or local income tax a similar determination under applicable state or local Law), by reporting consistently as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code for federal income tax purposes (and, where applicable, state and local income tax purposes). Neither SmartStop nor SSGT II shall take any action that would, or fail to take any action the failure of which would, reasonably be expected to cause the Merger to fail to qualify as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code.

(b) SmartStop shall (i) use its reasonable best efforts to obtain or cause to be provided the opinions referred to in Section 8.2(f) and Section 8.3(e), (ii) use its reasonable best efforts to obtain opinions of counsel consistent with the opinions of counsel referred to in Section 8.2(f) and Section 8.3(e), but dated as of the effective date of the Form S-4, to the extent required for the Form S-4 to be declared effective by the SEC, and (iii) deliver to Nelson Mullins Riley &

 

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Scarborough LLP, or other tax counsel to SmartStop delivering the opinions referred to herein, a tax representation letter, dated as of the effective date of the Form S-4 and the Closing Date, as applicable, and signed by an officer of SmartStop and SmartStop Operating Partnership, in form and substance mutually agreeable to SSGT II and SmartStop (such agreement not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), containing representations of SmartStop and SmartStop Operating Partnership reasonably necessary or appropriate to enable such counsel to render the applicable tax opinions described in clause (ii) of this Section 7.11(b) and the tax opinions described in Section 8.2(f) and Section 8.3(e). The tax representations letters described in clause (iii) above shall also be provided to SSGT II, and for purposes of the opinion required by Section 8.3(f), SSGT II may rely on the representation letter provided pursuant to this Section 7.11(b) in connection with making the representations in the tax representation letter provided for the purposes of the opinion to be issued pursuant to Section 8.3(f).

(c) SSGT II shall (i) use its reasonable best efforts to obtain or cause to be provided the opinions referred to in Section 8.2(e) and Section 8.3(f), (ii) use its reasonable best efforts to obtain opinions of counsel consistent with the opinions of counsel referred to in Section 8.2(e) and Section 8.3(f), but dated as of the effective date of the Form S-4, to the extent required for the Form S-4 to be declared effective by the SEC, and (iii) deliver a tax representation letter, dated as of the effective date of the Form S-4 and the Closing Date, as applicable, and signed by an officer of SSGT II and SSGT II Operating Partnership, in form and substance mutually agreeable to SSGT II and SmartStop (such agreement not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), containing representations of SSGT II and SSGT II Operating Partnership reasonably necessary or appropriate to enable such counsel to render the applicable tax opinions described in clause (ii) of this Section 7.11(c) and the tax opinions described in Section 8.2(e) and Section 8.3(f). The tax representations letters described in clause (iii) above shall also be provided to SmartStop, and for purposes of the opinion required by Section 8.2(f), SmartStop may rely on the representation letter provided pursuant to this Section 7.11(c) in connection with making the representations in the tax representation letter provided for the purposes of the opinion to be issued pursuant to Section 8.3(f).

(d) SmartStop and SSGT II shall reasonably cooperate in the preparation, execution and filing of all returns, questionnaires, applications or other documents regarding any real property transfer or gains, sales, use, transfer, value added, stock transfer or stamp taxes, any transfer, recording, registration and other fees and any similar taxes that become payable in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (together with any related interest, penalties or additions to such taxes, “Transfer Taxes”), and shall reasonably cooperate in attempting to minimize the amount of Transfer Taxes. These taxes shall be the obligations of SmartStop and the SmartStop Subsidiaries without deduction or withholding from or to the Merger Consideration.

(e) With respect to the taxable year of SSGT II ending with the Merger Effective Time, SSGT II shall take all necessary actions, including declaring and paying dividends sufficient to satisfy its requirement under Section 857(a)(1), to cause SSGT II to qualify as a REIT for its shortened taxable year ending with the Merger Effective Time.

 

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Section 7.12 Section 16 Matters. Prior to the Merger Effective Time, to the extent permitted by applicable Law, SmartStop shall take all such steps as may be required to cause any acquisitions of the SmartStop Class A Common Stock (including derivative securities with respect to the SmartStop Class A Common Stock ) resulting from the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement, by each individual who may become subject to the reporting requirements of Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act with respect to SmartStop to be exempt under Rule 16b-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act.

ARTICLE 8

CONDITIONS

Section 8.1 Conditions to Each Partys Obligation to Effect the Merger. The respective obligations of the Parties to effect the Merger and to consummate the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement on the Closing Date are subject to the satisfaction or, to the extent permitted by Law, waiver by each of the Parties (which, in the case of SSGT II, means waiver by the SSGT II Board and, in the case of SmartStop, means waiver by the SmartStop Special Committee) at or prior to the Merger Effective Time of the following conditions:

(a) Authorizations. All consents, authorizations, orders or approvals of each Governmental Authority necessary for the consummation of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement set forth in Section 8.1(a) of the SSGT II Disclosure Letter and Section 8.1(a) of the SmartStop Disclosure Letter shall have been obtained and any applicable waiting periods in respect thereof shall have expired or been terminated.

(b) Stockholder Approval. The Stockholder Approval shall have been obtained in accordance with applicable Law, the SSGT II Charter and the SSGT II Bylaws.

(c) No Injunctions or Restraints. No Order issued by any Governmental Authority of competent jurisdiction prohibiting consummation of the Merger shall be in effect, and no Law shall have been enacted, entered, promulgated or enforced by any Governmental Authority after the date of this Agreement that, in any case, prohibits, restrains, enjoins or makes illegal the consummation of the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(d) Form S-4. The Form S-4 shall have been declared effective by the SEC in accordance with the provisions of the Securities Act and no stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Form S-4 shall have been issued by the SEC and remain in effect and no proceedings for that purpose shall have been initiated by the SEC that have not been withdrawn.

Section 8.2 Conditions to Obligations of the SmartStop Parties. The obligations of the SmartStop Parties to effect the Merger and to consummate the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement are subject to the satisfaction or, to the extent permitted by Law, waiver by SmartStop, at or prior to the Merger Effective Time, of the following additional conditions:

 

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(a) Representations and Warranties. (i) The representations and warranties of SSGT II set forth in the Fundamental Representations (except Section 4.4(a) (Capital Structure)) shall be true and correct in all material respects as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Merger Effective Time, as though made as of the Merger Effective Time, (ii) the representations and warranties set forth in Section 4.4(a) (Capital Structure) shall be true and correct in all but de minimis respects as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Merger Effective Time as though made as of the Merger Effective Time, and (iii) each of the other representations and warranties of SSGT II contained in this Agreement shall be true and correct as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Merger Effective Time, as though made as of the Merger Effective Time, except where the failure of such representations or warranties to be true and correct (without giving effect to any materiality or SSGT II Material Adverse Effect qualifications set forth therein), individually or in the aggregate, does not have and would not reasonably be expected to have a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect; provided, however, that representations and warranties that are made as of a specific date shall be true and correct in accordance with clauses (i) through (iii) only on and as of such date.

(b) Performance of Covenants and Obligations of SSGT II. SSGT II shall have performed in all material respects all obligations, and complied in all material respects with all agreements and covenants, required to be performed by it under this Agreement on or prior to the Closing.

(c) Absence of Material Adverse Change. On the Closing Date, no circumstance shall exist that constitutes a SSGT II Material Adverse Effect.

(d) Delivery of Certificate. SSGT II shall have delivered to SmartStop a certificate, dated the date of the Closing and signed by its chief executive officer and chief financial officer on behalf of SSGT II, certifying to the effect that the conditions set forth in Section 8.2(a), Section 8.2(b) and Section 8.2(c) have been satisfied.

(e) REIT Opinion. SmartStop shall have received a written opinion of Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough LLP, or other nationally recognized tax counsel to SSGT II reasonably satisfactory to SmartStop, dated as of the Closing Date and in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to SmartStop, to the effect that, commencing with SSGT II’s taxable year that ended on December 31, 2019, SSGT II has been organized and operated in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code and prior, current and proposed ownership, organization and method of operation have enabled SSGT II to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code through the Merger Effective Time, which opinion will be subject to customary exceptions, assumptions and qualifications and based on customary representations contained in an officer’s certificate executed by SSGT II and SSGT II Operating Partnership.

(f) Section 368 Opinion. SmartStop shall have received a written opinion of Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough LLP, or other nationally recognized tax counsel to SmartStop, dated as of the Closing Date, in form and substance reasonably acceptable to SmartStop, to the effect that, on the basis of facts, representations and assumptions set forth or referred to in such opinion, the Merger will qualify as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code, which opinion will be subject to customary exceptions, assumptions and qualifications. In rendering such opinion, such counsel may rely upon the tax representation letters described in Section 7.11.

 

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Section 8.3 Conditions to Obligations of SSGT II. The obligations of SSGT II to effect the Merger and to consummate the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement are subject to the satisfaction or, to the extent permitted by Law, waiver by SSGT II at or prior to the Merger Effective Time, of the following additional conditions:

(a) Representations and Warranties. (i) The representations and warranties of the SmartStop Parties set forth in the Fundamental Representations (except Section 5.4(a) (Capital Structure)), shall be true and correct in all material respects as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Merger Effective Time, as though made as of the Merger Effective Time, (ii) the representations and warranties set forth in Section 5.4(a) (Capital Structure) shall be true and correct in all but de minimis respects as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Merger Effective Time as though made as of the Merger Effective Time, and (iii) each of the other representations and warranties of the SmartStop Parties contained in this Agreement shall be true and correct as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Merger Effective Time, as though made as of the Merger Effective Time, except where the failure of such representations or warranties to be true and correct (without giving effect to any materiality or SmartStop Material Adverse Effect qualifications set forth therein), individually or in the aggregate, does not have and would not reasonably be expected to have a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect; provided, however, that representations and warranties that are made as of a specific date shall be true and correct in accordance with clauses (i) through (iii) only on and as of such date.

(b) Performance of Covenants and Obligations of SmartStop and Merger Sub. SmartStop and Merger Sub shall have performed in all material respects all obligations, and complied in all material respects with all agreements and covenants, required to be performed by them under this Agreement on or prior to the Closing.

(c) Absence of Material Adverse Change. On the Closing Date, no circumstance shall exist that constitutes a SmartStop Material Adverse Effect.

(d) Delivery of Certificate. SmartStop shall have delivered to SSGT II a certificate, dated the date of the Closing and signed by its chief executive officer and chief financial officer on behalf of SmartStop certifying to the effect that the conditions set forth in Section 8.3(a), Section 8.3(b) and Section 8.3(c) have been satisfied.

(e) REIT Opinion. SSGT II shall have received a written opinion of Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough LLP, or other nationally recognized tax counsel to SmartStop reasonably satisfactory to SSGT II, dated as of the Closing Date and in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to SSGT II, to the effect that, commencing with SmartStop’s taxable year that ended on December 31, 2014, SmartStop has been organized and operated in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code and its prior, current and proposed ownership, organization and method of operation have enabled SmartStop to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code through the Merger Effective Time, which opinion will be subject to customary exceptions, assumptions and qualifications and based on customary representations contained in an officer’s certificate executed by SmartStop and SmartStop Operating Partnership.

 

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(f) Section 368 Opinion. SSGT II shall have received a written opinion of Bass, Berry & Sims PLC, or other nationally recognized tax counsel to SSGT II, dated as of the Closing Date, in form and substance reasonably acceptable to SSGT II, to the effect that, on the basis of facts, representations and assumptions set forth or referred to in such opinion, the Merger will qualify as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code, which opinion will be subject to customary exceptions, assumptions and qualifications. In rendering such opinion, such counsel may rely upon the tax representation letters described in Section 7.11.

(g) Ancillary Agreements. The Termination Agreement contemplated herein shall continue to be legal, valid, binding obligations of and enforceable against, the parties thereto, and shall continue to be in full force and effect and shall not have been rescinded or withdrawn in any way.

ARTICLE 9

TERMINATION, FEES AND EXPENSES

Section 9.1 Termination. This Agreement may be terminated and the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement may be abandoned at any time prior to the Merger Effective Time, notwithstanding receipt of the Stockholder Approval (except as otherwise specified in this Section 9.1):

(a) by mutual written consent duly authorized by the SmartStop Special Committee and the SSGT II Board;

(b) by either SmartStop (with the prior approval of the SmartStop Special Committee) or by SSGT II (with the prior approval of the SSGT II Board):

(i) if the Merger shall not have occurred on or before 11:59 p.m., California local time, on November 21, 2022 (the “Outside Date”); provided, that the right to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 9.1(b)(i) shall not be available to any Party if the failure of such Party (in the case of SmartStop, including the failure of Merger Sub) to perform or comply in all material respects with the obligations, covenants or agreements of such Party set forth in this Agreement shall have been the primary cause of, or resulted in, the failure of the Merger to be consummated by the Outside Date;

(ii) if any Governmental Authority of competent jurisdiction shall have issued an Order permanently restraining or otherwise prohibiting the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and such Order shall have become final and nonappealable; provided, that the right to terminate this Agreement under this Section 9.1(b)(ii) shall not be available to a Party if the issuance of such final, non-appealable Order was primarily due to the failure of such Party (in the case of SmartStop, including the failure of Merger Sub) to perform or comply in all material respects with any of its obligations, covenants or agreements under this Agreement; or

 

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(iii) if the Stockholder Approval shall not have been obtained at the Stockholders Meeting duly convened therefor or at any adjournment or postponement thereof at which a vote on the approval of the Merger was taken (unless such meeting has been adjourned or postponed, in which case at the final adjournment or postponement thereof); provided, that the right to terminate this Agreement under this Section 9.1(b)(iii) shall not be available to a Party if the failure to receive the Stockholder Approval was primarily due to the failure of a Party (in the case of SmartStop, including the failure of Merger Sub) to perform or comply in all material respects with any of its obligations, covenants or agreements under this Agreement;

(c) by SSGT II (with the prior approval of the SSGT II Board):

(i) if a breach of any representation or warranty or failure to perform or comply with any obligation, covenant or agreement on the part of SmartStop or Merger Sub set forth in this Agreement has occurred, which breach, either individually or in the aggregate, would result in, if occurring or continuing to occur at the Closing, any of the conditions set forth in Section 8.1 or Section 8.3 not to be satisfied (a “SmartStop Terminating Breach”), which breach or failure to perform or comply cannot be cured, or, if capable of cure, has not been cured by the earlier of twenty (20) days following written notice thereof from SSGT II to SmartStop and two (2) Business Days before the Outside Date; provided, however, that SSGT II shall not have such right to terminate this Agreement if a SSGT II Terminating Breach shall have occurred and be continuing at the time SSGT II delivers notice of its election to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 9.1(c)(i); or

(ii) if SSGT II has accepted a Superior Proposal by a Go Shop Bidder within five (5) Business Days after the Go Shop Period End Time (or, in the event of timely delivery of a SSGT II Notice of Intention, the earlier of (i) the end of the negotiation period(s) with SmartStop contemplated by Section 7.3(c) or (ii) written notice from SmartStop that it does not intend to negotiate further with SSGT II); provided, however, that this Agreement may not be so terminated unless concurrently with the occurrence of such termination the payment required by Section 9.3(b)(iii) is made in full to SmartStop and the definitive agreement relating to the Superior Proposal is entered into, and in the event that such definitive agreement is not concurrently entered into and such payment is not concurrently made, such termination shall be null and void;

(iii) if SSGT II has accepted a Superior Proposal at any time (A) beginning on the later of: (1) six (6) Business Days after the Go Shop Period End Time and (2) in the event of timely delivery of a SSGT II Notice of Intention, six (6) Business Days after the earlier of: (i) the end of the negotiation period(s) with SmartStop contemplated by Section 7.3(c) or (ii) written notice from SmartStop that it does not intend to negotiate further with SSGT II, and (B) prior to receipt of the Stockholder Approval, in accordance with the provisions of Section 7.3(d) herein; provided, however, that this Agreement may not be so terminated unless

 

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concurrently with the occurrence of such termination the payment required by Section 9.3(b)(iv) is made in full to SmartStop and the definitive agreement relating to the Superior Proposal is entered into, and in the event that such definitive agreement is not concurrently entered into and such payment is not concurrently made, such termination shall be null and void; or

(iv) if, prior to receipt of the Stockholder Approval, an Intervening Event has occurred and the SSGT II Board has determined in good faith (after consultation with its legal and financial advisors) that the failure to terminate this Agreement would be inconsistent with the directors’ duties under applicable Law.

(d) by SmartStop (with the prior approval of the SmartStop Special Committee):

(i) if a breach of any representation or warranty or failure to perform or comply with any obligation, covenant or agreement on the part of SSGT II set forth in this Agreement has occurred, which breach, either individually or in the aggregate, would result in, if occurring or continuing to occur at the Closing, any of the conditions set forth in Section 8.1 or Section 8.2 not to be satisfied (a “SSGT II Terminating Breach”), which breach or failure to perform or comply cannot be cured, or if capable of cure, has not been cured by the earlier of twenty (20) days following written notice thereof from SmartStop to SSGT II and two (2) Business Days before the Outside Date; provided, however, that SmartStop shall not have such right to terminate this Agreement if a SmartStop Terminating Breach shall have occurred and be continuing at the time SmartStop delivers notice of its election to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 9.1(d)(i); or

(ii) if, at any time (A) beginning on the later of: (x) six (6) Business Days after the Go Shop Period End Time or (y) in the event of timely delivery of a SSGT II Notice of Intention, six (6) Business Days after the earlier of: (i) the end of the negotiation period(s) with SmartStop contemplated by Section 7.3(c) or (ii) written notice from SmartStop that it does not intend to negotiate further with SSGT II, and (B) prior to the receipt of the Stockholder Approval, (1) the SSGT II Board has made an Adverse Recommendation Change, (2) the SSGT II Board shall have approved, adopted or publicly endorsed or recommended any Acquisition Proposal, (3) a tender offer or exchange offer for any shares of SSGT II Common Stock that constitutes an Acquisition Proposal (other than by SmartStop or any of its Affiliates) is commenced and the SSGT II Board fails to recommend against acceptance of such tender offer or exchange offer by the stockholders of SSGT II and to publicly reaffirm the SSGT II Board Recommendation within ten (10) Business Days of being requested to do so by SmartStop, (4) the SSGT II Board fails to include the SSGT II Board Recommendation in the Proxy Statement, or (5) SSGT II shall have materially breached or failed to comply in any material respect with any of its obligations under Section 7.3 (other than any immaterial or inadvertent violations thereof that did not result in an alternative Acquisition Proposal).

 

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Section 9.2 Effect of Termination. In the event of termination of this Agreement as provided in Section 9.1, written notice thereof shall forthwith be given to the other Parties, in accordance with the provisions of Section 10.2, specifying the provision hereof pursuant to which such termination is made, and this Agreement shall forthwith become void and have no effect, without any liability or obligation on the part of SSGT II or the SmartStop Parties, except that the Exclusivity Agreement (other than the provisions of Section 1 thereof) and the provisions of Section 4.21 (No Other Representations and Warranties; Non-Reliance), Section 5.23 (No Other Representations and Warranties; Non-Reliance), Section 7.4 (Public Announcements), this Section 9.2 (Effect of Termination), Section 9.3 (Fees and Expenses) and Article 10 (General Provisions) shall survive the termination of this Agreement; provided, that no such termination shall relieve any Party from any liability or damages resulting from any willful material breach (or failure to perform) that is the consequence of an act or omission by a Party with the actual knowledge that the taking of such act (or failure to act) would cause a breach of this Agreement.

Section 9.3 Fees and Expenses.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section 9.3, all Expenses shall be paid by the Party incurring such fees or expenses, whether or not the Merger is consummated; provided that upon the Closing, the Surviving Company shall pay all unpaid fees and expenses of the Parties.

(b) In the event that this Agreement is terminated:

(i) (A) (x) by SmartStop pursuant to Section 9.1(d)(i), and after the date hereof and prior to the breach or failure to perform giving rise to such right of termination, a bona fide Acquisition Proposal (with, for all purposes of this Section 9.3(b)(i), all percentages included in the definition of “Acquisition Proposal” increased to 50%) has been publicly announced, disclosed or communicated to the SSGT II Board or any Person shall have publicly announced an intention (whether or not conditional) to make such an Acquisition Proposal or (y) by SSGT II or SmartStop pursuant to Section 9.1(b)(iii), and prior to the Stockholders Meeting, an Acquisition Proposal with respect to SSGT II has been publicly announced, disclosed or otherwise communicated to SSGT II ’s stockholders (and not withdrawn) or any Person shall have publicly announced an intention (whether or not conditional) to make such an Acquisition Proposal, and (B) within twelve (12) months after the date of such termination, (I) a transaction in respect of an Acquisition Proposal with respect to SSGT II is consummated, (II) SSGT II enters into a definitive agreement in respect of an Acquisition Proposal and such Acquisition Proposal is actually consummated thereafter, or (III) SSGT II recommends to stockholders of SSGT II or fails to recommend against an Acquisition Proposal structured as a tender offer or exchange offer and such Acquisition Proposal is actually consummated thereafter, then SSGT II shall pay to SmartStop the Full Termination Payment;

(ii) by SSGT II pursuant to Section 9.1(c)(i), then SmartStop shall pay to SSGT II an amount equal to the Expense Reimbursement Payment;

 

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(iii) by SSGT II pursuant to Section 9.1(c)(ii), then SSGT II shall pay to SmartStop the Go Shop Termination Payment;

(iv) by SSGT II pursuant to Section 9.1(c)(iii) or (iv), then SSGT II shall pay to SmartStop the Full Termination Payment;

(v) by SmartStop pursuant to Section 9.1(d)(i), then SSGT II shall pay to SmartStop an amount equal to the Expense Reimbursement Payment; or

(vi) by SmartStop pursuant to Section 9.1(d)(ii), then SSGT II shall pay to SmartStop the Full Termination Payment.

(c) Termination Payment. The Parties agree and acknowledge that in no event shall a Party be required to pay a Termination Payment or Expense Reimbursement Payment on more than one occasion. Payment of the Termination Payment or Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable, shall be made by wire transfer of same day funds to the account or accounts designated by the Party entitled to payment thereof (the “Recipient”) (i) prior to or concurrently at the time of consummation of any transaction contemplated by an Acquisition Proposal, in the case of a Termination Payment payable pursuant to Section 9.3(b)(i), (ii) concurrently with termination of this Agreement, in the case of a Termination Payment payable pursuant to Section 9.3(b)(iii) or (iv), and (iii) as promptly as reasonably practicable after termination (and, in any event, within two (2) Business Days thereof), in the case of a Termination Payment or Expense Reimbursement Payment payable pursuant to any other provision of Section 9.3(b).

(d) Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, in the event that the Termination Payment or the Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable, becomes payable and is paid hereunder, then such payment shall be the Recipient’s and its Affiliates’ sole and exclusive remedy as liquidated damages for any and all losses or damages of any nature against the Party obligated to pay the Termination Payment or the Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable (the “Payor”), its Subsidiaries and each of their respective Representatives in respect of this Agreement, any agreement executed in connection herewith, and the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby.

(e) Each of the Parties acknowledges that the agreements contained in this Section 9.3 are an integral part of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and that without these agreements, the other Parties would not enter into this Agreement. In the event that the Payor shall fail to pay the Termination Payment or the Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable, when due, the Payor shall reimburse the Recipient for all reasonable costs and expenses actually incurred or accrued by the Recipient (including reasonable fees and expenses of counsel) in connection with the collection under and enforcement of this Section 9.3. Further, if the Payor fails to timely pay any amount due to the Recipient pursuant to Section 9.3(b) and, in order to obtain the payment, the Recipient commences an Action that results in a judgment against the Payor for the payment set forth in this Section 9.3, the Payor shall pay to the Recipient its reasonable and documented costs and expenses (including reasonable and documented attorneys’ fees) in connection with such Action, together with interest on such amount at a rate per annum equal to the prime rate published in the Wall Street Journal in effect on the date such payment was required to be made through the date of payment.

 

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(f) If the Payor becomes obligated to make a payment under this Section 9.3, then, if requested by the Recipient, the Payor shall deposit into escrow an amount in cash equal to the Termination Payment or the Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable, with an escrow agent selected by the Recipient, after reasonable consultation with the Payor, and pursuant to a written escrow agreement (the “Escrow Agreement”) reflecting the terms set forth in this Section 9.3(f) and otherwise reasonably acceptable to the Payor and the escrow agent. The payment or deposit into escrow of the Termination Payment or the Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable, shall be made by the Payor in accordance with the timing set forth in Section 9.3(c) or, at the Recipient’s reasonable request, promptly after receipt of notice from the Recipient that the Escrow Agreement has been executed by the parties thereto. The Escrow Agreement shall provide that the Termination Payment or the Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable, in escrow or the applicable portion thereof shall be released to the Recipient on an annual basis based upon the delivery by Recipient to the escrow agent of any one (or a combination) of the following:

(i) a letter from the Recipient’s independent certified public accountants indicating the maximum amount that can be paid by the escrow agent to the Recipient without causing the Recipient to fail to meet the requirements of Sections 856(c)(2) and (3) of the Code for the applicable taxable year of the Recipient determined as if the payment of such amount did not constitute income described in Sections 856(c)(2)(A)-(I) or 856(c)(3)(A)-(I) of the Code (such income, “Qualifying REIT Income”), in which case the escrow agent shall release to the Recipient such maximum amount stated in the accountant’s letter;

(ii) a letter from the Recipient’s counsel indicating that the Recipient received a private letter ruling from the IRS holding that the receipt by the Recipient of the Termination Payment or Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable, would either constitute Qualifying REIT Income or would be excluded from gross income within the meaning of Sections 856(c)(2) and (3) of the Code, in which case the escrow agent shall release to the Recipient the remainder of the Termination Payment or Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable; or

(iii) a letter from the Recipient’s counsel indicating that the Recipient has received a tax opinion from the Recipient’s outside counsel or accountant, respectively, to the effect that the receipt by the Recipient of the Termination Payment or Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable, should either constitute Qualifying REIT Income or should be excluded from gross income within the meaning of Section 856(c)(2) and (3) of the Code, in which case the escrow agent shall release to the Recipient the remainder of the Termination Payment or Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable.

 

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The Parties agree to cooperate in good faith to amend this Section 9.3(f) at the reasonable request of the Recipient in order to (A) maximize the portion of the Termination Payment or Expense Reimbursement Payment, as applicable, that may be distributed to the Recipient hereunder without causing the Recipient to fail to meet the requirements of Sections 856(c)(2) and (3) of the Code, (B) improve the Recipient’s chances of securing the favorable private letter ruling from the IRS described in this Section 9.3(f) or (C) assist the Recipient in obtaining the favorable tax opinion from its outside counsel or accountant described in this Section 9.3(f). The Escrow Agreement shall provide that the Recipient shall bear all costs and expenses under the Escrow Agreement. The Payor shall not be a party to the Escrow Agreement and shall not bear any liability, cost or expense resulting directly or indirectly from the Escrow Agreement (other than any Taxes imposed on the Payor in connection therewith).

ARTICLE 10

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Section 10.1 Nonsurvival of Representations and Warranties and Certain Covenants. None of the representations and warranties in this Agreement or in any instrument delivered pursuant to this Agreement shall survive the Merger Effective Time. The covenants to be performed prior to or at the Closing shall terminate at the Closing. This Section 10.1 shall not limit any covenant or agreement of the Parties that by its terms contemplates performance after the Merger Effective Time or the full force and effect of Article 1, this Article 10 or the definitions of capitalized terms not substantively defined in Article 1.

Section 10.2 Notices. All notices, requests, claims, consents, demands and other communications under this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed given or made on the date of receipt by the recipient thereof if received on or prior to 11:59 p.m., California local time, if delivered personally, sent by overnight courier (providing proof of delivery) to the Parties or sent by facsimile or e-mail of a portable document form (pdf) attachment (providing confirmation of transmission (other than by automatic response)) at the following addresses or facsimile numbers (or at such other address or facsimile number for a Party as shall be specified by like notice):

(a) if to SSGT II to:

Board of Directors

Strategic Storage Growth Trust II, Inc.

10 Terrace Road

Ladera Ranch, CA 92694

Attn: H. Michael Schwartz

E-mail: ***@***

with copies (which shall not constitute notice) to:

Bass, Berry & Sims PLC

100 Peabody Place Suite 1300

Memphis, TN 38103

Attn: Richard Mattern

E-mail: ***@***

 

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(b) if to SmartStop or Merger Sub to:

Special Committee of the Board of Directors

SmartStop Self Storage REIT, Inc.

10 Terrace Road

Ladera Ranch, CA 92694

Attn: Harold “Skip” Perry

E-mail: ***@***

with copies (which shall not constitute notice) to:

Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough LLP

Atlantic Station

201 17th Street NW

Suite 1700

Atlanta, GA 30363

Attn: Michael K. Rafter

Email: ***@***

Section 10.3 Severability. If any term or other provision of this Agreement is invalid, illegal or incapable of being enforced under any present or future Law, or public policy, (a) such term or other provision shall be fully separable, (b) this Agreement shall be construed and enforced as if such invalid, illegal or unenforceable provision had never comprised a part hereof, and (c) all other conditions and provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect and shall not be affected by the illegal, invalid or unenforceable term or other provision or by its severance herefrom so long as the economic or legal substance of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement is not affected in any manner materially adverse to any party. Upon such determination that any term or other provision is invalid, illegal or incapable of being enforced, the Parties shall negotiate in good faith to modify this Agreement so as to effect the original intent of the Parties as closely as possible in a mutually acceptable manner in order that transactions contemplated by this Agreement be consummated as originally contemplated to the fullest extent possible.

Section 10.4 Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original and all of which together shall be deemed one and the same agreement, and shall become effective when one or more counterparts have been signed by each of the Parties and delivered (electronically by email or facsimile) to the other Parties. Signatures to this Agreement transmitted by facsimile transmission, by electronic mail in portable document form (pdf), or by any other electronic means intended to preserve the original graphic and pictorial appearance of a document, will have the same effect as physical delivery of the paper document bearing the original signature.

Section 10.5 Entire Agreement; No Third-Party Beneficiaries. This Agreement (including the Exhibit, Schedules, the SmartStop Disclosure Letter and the SSGT II Disclosure Letter) and Section 2 of the Exclusivity Agreement (a) constitute the entire agreement and supersede all prior agreements and understandings, both written and oral, between the Parties with respect to the subject matter of this Agreement and (b) except for the provisions of Article 3 and

 

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Section 7.7, which, from and after the Merger Effective Time, shall be for the benefit of the holders of SSGT II Common Stock immediately prior to the Merger Effective Time and Indemnified Parties, respectively, are not intended to confer upon any Person other than the Parties hereto any rights or remedies. The representations and warranties in this Agreement are the product of negotiations among the Parties and any inaccuracies in such representations and warranties are subject to waiver by the Parties in accordance with Section 10.6 without notice or liability to any other Person. Consequently, Persons other than the Parties may not rely upon the representations and warranties in this Agreement as characterizations of actual facts or circumstances as of the date of this Agreement or as of any other date.

Section 10.6 Amendment; Extension; Waiver. At any time prior to the Merger Effective Time, SSGT II (in all events subject to the prior approval of the SSGT II Board) and SmartStop (for itself and on behalf of the other SmartStop Parties, and in all events subject to the prior approval of the SmartStop Special Committee) may, to the extent permitted under applicable Law and except as otherwise set forth herein, (a) amend any provision of this Agreement, (b) extend the time for the performance of any of the obligations or other acts of the other Party, (c) waive any inaccuracies in the representations and warranties of the other Party contained in this Agreement or in any document delivered pursuant to this Agreement or (d) subject to the requirements of applicable Law, waive compliance with any of the agreements or conditions contained in this Agreement. Any such amendment of this Agreement shall be valid only if specifically set forth in an instrument in writing signed on behalf of all Parties. Any such grant by a Party of an extension or waiver in respect of any provision of this Agreement shall be valid only if specifically set forth in an instrument in writing by such Party. The failure of any Party to this Agreement to assert any of its rights under this Agreement or otherwise shall not constitute a waiver of those rights. The rights and remedies herein provided shall be cumulative and not exclusive of any rights or remedies provided by Law, except to the extent expressly provided otherwise in Section 9.3 (Fees and Expenses).

Section 10.7 Governing Law; Venue.

(a) This Agreement, and all claims or causes of actions (whether at Law, in contract or in tort) that may be based upon, arise out of or related to this Agreement or the negotiation, execution or performance of this Agreement, shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of Maryland without giving effect to its conflicts of laws principles (whether the State of Maryland or any other jurisdiction that would cause the application of the Laws of any jurisdiction other than the State of Maryland).

(b) All disputes arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby shall be heard and determined exclusively in any Maryland state or federal court located in Baltimore City exercising jurisdiction over the subject matter of such dispute(s). Each of the Parties hereby irrevocably and unconditionally (i) submits to the exclusive personal jurisdiction of any such Maryland state or federal court located in Baltimore City for the purpose of any Action arising out of or relating to this Agreement brought by any Party, (ii) agrees not to commence any such Action except in such courts, (iii) agrees that any claim in respect of any Action may be heard and determined in any such Maryland state or federal court, (iv) waives, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Law, any objection to such court’s exercise of personal

 

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jurisdiction over the Party in any such dispute, (v) waives, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Law, any objection which it may now or hereafter have to the laying of venue of any such Action, (vi) waives, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Law, the defense of an inconvenient forum to the maintenance of such dispute and (vii) agrees, with respect to any Action filed in a Maryland state court, to jointly request an assignment to the Maryland Business and Technology Case Management Program. Each of the Parties agrees that a final judgment in any such dispute shall be conclusive and may be enforced in other jurisdictions by suit on the judgment or in any other manner provided by Law. Each Party irrevocably consents to service of process in the manner provided for notices in Section 10.2. Nothing in this Agreement will affect the right of any Party to serve process in any other manner permitted by Law.

Section 10.8 Assignment. Except as may be required to satisfy the obligations contemplated by Section 7.7 (Indemnification; Directors and Officers Insurance), neither this Agreement nor any of the rights, interests or obligations under this Agreement shall be assigned or delegated, in whole or in part, by operation of Law or otherwise, by any of the Parties without the prior written consent of the other Parties. This Agreement shall be binding upon, inure to the benefit of, and be enforceable by, the Parties and their respective successors and assigns, and any attempted or purported assignment or delegation in violation of this Section 10.8 shall be null and void.

Section 10.9 Specific Performance. The Parties agree that irreparable damage would occur if any of the provisions of this Agreement were not performed in accordance with their specific terms or were otherwise breached, and that monetary damages, even if available, would not be an adequate remedy therefor. It is accordingly agreed that, prior to the effective time of any termination of this Agreement pursuant to Article 9, each Party shall be entitled to an injunction or injunctions to prevent breaches of this Agreement and to enforce specifically the terms and provisions of this Agreement, and each Party hereby waives any requirement for the securing or posting of any bond in connection with such remedy, this being in addition to any other remedy to which such Party is entitled at Law or in equity. In the event that any Action should be brought in equity to enforce the provisions of this Agreement, no Party shall allege, and each Party hereby waives the defense, that there is an adequate remedy at law. To the extent any Party brings an Action to enforce specifically the performance of the terms and provisions of this Agreement (other than an Action to specifically enforce any provision that survives termination of this Agreement) when expressly available to such Party pursuant to the terms of this Agreement, the Outside Date shall automatically be extended to (a) the twentieth (20th) Business Day following the resolution of such Action, or (b) such other time period established by the court presiding over such Action.

Section 10.10 Waiver of Jury Trial. EACH PARTY HEREBY IRREVOCABLY and UNCONDITIONALLY WAIVES, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO A TRIAL BY JURY IN RESPECT OF ANY ACTION DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THIS AGREEMENT, ANY INSTRUMENT OR OTHER DOCUMENT DELIVERED PURSUANT TO THIS AGREEMENT OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY OR THEREBY. EACH PARTY (a) CERTIFIES THAT NO REPRESENTATIVE OF ANY OTHER PARTY HAS REPRESENTED, EXPRESSLY OR OTHERWISE, THAT SUCH PARTY WOULD NOT, IN THE EVENT OF ANY ACTION, SEEK TO ENFORCE THE

 

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FOREGOING WAIVER, (b) ACKNOWLEDGES THAT IT UNDERSTANDS AND HAS CONSIDERED THE IMPLICATIONS OF THIS WAIVER AND THAT IT MAKES THIS WAIVER VOLUNTARILY AND (c) ACKNOWLEDGES THAT IT AND THE OTHER PARTIES HAVE BEEN INDUCED TO ENTER INTO THIS AGREEMENT, BY, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE MUTUAL WAIVER AND CERTIFICATIONS IN THIS SECTION 10.10.

Section 10.11 Authorship. The Parties agree that the terms and language of this Agreement are the result of negotiations between the Parties and their respective advisors and, as a result, there shall be no presumption that any ambiguities in this Agreement shall be resolved against any Party. Any controversy over construction of this Agreement shall be decided without regard to events of authorship or negotiation.

[Signature Page Follows.]

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties have caused this Agreement to be signed by their respective duly authorized officers, all as of the date first written above.

 

SMARTSTOP SELF STORAGE REIT, INC.
By:  

/s/ H. Michael Schwartz

  Name: H. Michael Schwartz
  Title: Chief Executive officer
STRATEGIC STORAGE GROWTH TRUST II, INC.
By:  

/s/ Matt F. Lopez

  Name: Matt F. Lopez
  Title: Chief Financial officer
SSGT II MERGER SUB, LLC
By:   SmartStop Self Storage REIT, Inc.,
  its Member
  By:  

/s/ H. Michael Schwartz

    Name: H. Michael Schwartz
    Title: Chief Executive officer

(Signature Page to Agreement and Plan of Merger)

 

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