Description of the Companys Securities
DESCRIPTION OF the registrant’s SECURITIES
registered pursuant to section 12 of the
securities exchange act of 1934, as amended
The following description of the capital stock of CuriosityStream Inc. (the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our”) and certain provisions of the Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (the “Charter”), the Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company (the “Bylaws”), and Warrant Agreement by and between Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company (the “Warrant Agent”) and the Company (the “Warrant Agreement”), is a summary and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Charter, Bylaws and Warrant Agreement, copies of which have been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and applicable provisions of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “DGCL”).
As of December 31, 2020, we had two classes of securities registered under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”): (i) common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (“Common Stock”), and (ii) warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock (“Warrants”). All shares of our Common Stock outstanding are fully paid and non-assessable.
Authorized and Outstanding Stock
Our authorized capital stock consists of 125,000,000 shares of Common Stock, and 1,000,000 shares of undesignated preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share. No shares of preferred stock are issued or outstanding. We have issued all shares of our Common Stock in uncertificated form.
Holders of Common Stock are entitled to one vote for each share held of record on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, including the election or removal of directors. Holders of Common Stock vote together as a single class on all matters submitted to a vote of our stockholders (each a “Stockholder,” and collectively the “Stockholders”), except as required by applicable law. Unless specified in our Charter or Bylaws, or as required by applicable provisions of the DGCL or applicable stock exchange rules, the affirmative vote of a majority of the shares of Common Stock that are voted is required to approve any matter (except for the election of directors) being voted on by our Stockholders. Our board of directors (the “Board”) is divided into three classes, each of which generally serves for a term of three years with only one class of directors being elected each year. Our Stockholders do not have cumulative voting rights in the election of directors. Accordingly, holders of a majority of the voting shares are able to elect all of the directors. Our Stockholders are entitled to receive ratable dividends, as may be declared from time-to-time by our Board out of legally available funds.
The shares issued to Software Acquisition Holdings, LLC (the “Sponsor”) in June 2019 for an aggregate purchase price of $25,000 in cash (the “Founder Shares”) are identical to the shares of Common Stock and holders of Founder Shares have the same stockholder rights as public Stockholders, except that (i) the Founder Shares are subject to certain transfer restrictions, as described in more detail below and (ii) are entitled to registration rights.
With certain limited exceptions, the Founder Shares are not transferable, assignable or salable (except to our officers and directors and other persons or entities affiliated with the Sponsor, each of whom are subject to the same transfer restrictions) until the earlier of (A) one year after the completion of the transactions contemplated by the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated August 10, 2020, by and among the Company, CS Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub”), CuriosityStream Operating Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Legacy CuriosityStream”) and Hendricks Factual Media LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“HFM”) (the “Business Combination”), or (B) subsequent to the Business Combination, (x) if the last sale price of Common Stock equals or exceeds $12.00 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within any 30 trading day period commencing at least 150 days after the Business Combination, or (y) the date on which we complete a liquidation, merger, capital stock exchange, reorganization or other similar transaction that results in all of our Stockholders having the right to exchange their shares of Common Stock for cash, securities or other property.
Our Charter provides that shares of preferred stock may be issued from time to time in one or more series. Our Board is authorized to fix the voting rights, if any, designations, powers, preferences, the relative, participating, optional or other special rights and any qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof, applicable to the shares of each series. Our Board is able, without stockholder approval, to issue preferred stock with voting and other rights that could adversely affect the voting power and other rights of the holders of our Common Stock and could have anti-takeover effects. The ability of our Board to issue preferred stock without stockholder approval could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change of control of us or the removal of existing management. We have no preferred stock outstanding as of the date hereof. Although we do not currently intend to issue any shares of preferred stock, we cannot assure you that we will not do so in the future.
The Warrants were issued in registered form under the Warrant Agreement. The Warrant Agreement provides that the terms of the Warrants may be amended without the consent of any holder to cure any ambiguity or correct any defective provision, but requires the approval by the holders of at least a majority of the then outstanding redeemable warrants (the “Public Warrants”) sold as part of our initial public offering consummated on November 22, 2019 (the “IPO”) to make any change that adversely affects the interests of the registered holders of Public Warrants.
The Warrants may be exercised upon surrender of the warrant certificate on or prior to the expiration date at the offices of the Warrant Agent, with the exercise form on the reverse side of the warrant certificate completed and executed as indicated, accompanied by full payment of the exercise price (or on a cashless basis, if applicable), by certified or official bank check payable to us, for the number of Warrants being exercised. The warrantholders do not have the rights or privileges of holders of Common Stock and any voting rights until they exercise their Warrants and receive shares of Common Stock. After the issuance of shares of Common Stock upon the exercise of the Warrants, each holder will be entitled to one vote for each share held of record on all matters to be voted on by our Stockholders.
Each whole Warrant entitles the registered holder to purchase one whole share of Common Stock at a price of $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment as discussed below, 30 days after the completion of our Business Combination. Pursuant to the Warrant Agreement, a warrantholder may exercise its Warrants only for a whole number of shares of Common Stock. This means that only a whole Warrant may be exercised at any given time by a warrantholder. Only whole Warrants are traded. The Warrants will expire on October 14, 2025, at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time, or earlier upon redemption or liquidation.
No Warrant is exercisable and we will not be obligated to issue shares of Common Stock upon exercise of a Warrant unless Common Stock issuable upon such Warrant exercise has been registered, qualified, or deemed to be exempt under the securities laws of the state of residence of the registered holder of such Warrant. In the event that the conditions in the immediately preceding sentence are not satisfied with respect to a Warrant, the holder of such Warrant will not be entitled to exercise such Warrant and such Warrant may have no value and expire worthless. In no event will we be required to net cash settle any Warrant. In the event that a registration statement is not effective for the exercised Warrants, the purchaser of a Unit containing such Warrant will have paid the full purchase price for the Unit solely for the share of Common Stock underlying such Unit.
During any period when we will have failed to maintain an effective registration statement with respect to the Warrants or the Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants, warrantholders may exercise Warrants on a “cashless basis” in accordance with Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), or another exemption. If that exemption, or another exemption, is not available, holders will not be able to exercise their Warrants on a cashless basis.
Once the Warrants become exercisable, we may call the Warrants for redemption:
|●||in whole and not in part;|
|●||at a price of $0.01 per Warrant;|
|●||upon not less than 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption (the “30 day redemption period”) to each warrantholder; and|
|●||if, and only if, the reported last sale price of the Common Stock equals or exceeds $18.00 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within a 30 trading day period ending three (3) business days before we send the notice of redemption to the warrantholders.|
If and when the Warrants become redeemable, we may not exercise our redemption right if the issuance of shares of Common Stock upon exercise of the Warrants is not exempt from registration or qualification under applicable state blue sky laws or we are unable to effect such registration or qualification. We will use our best efforts to register or qualify such shares of Common Stock under the blue sky laws of the state of residence in those states in which the Warrants were offered by us in our IPO.
We established the last of the redemption criteria discussed above to prevent a redemption call unless there is, at the time of the call, a significant premium to the Warrant exercise price. If the foregoing conditions are satisfied and we issue a notice of redemption of the Warrants, each warrantholder is entitled to exercise its Warrant prior to the scheduled redemption date. However, the price of the Common Stock may fall below the $18.00 redemption trigger price (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) as well as the $11.50 Warrant exercise price after the redemption notice is issued.
If we call the Warrants for redemption as described above, our management will have the option to require any holder that wishes to exercise its Warrant to do so on a “cashless basis.” In determining whether to require all holders to exercise their Warrants on a “cashless basis,” management will consider, among other factors, our cash position, the number of Warrants that are outstanding and the dilutive effect on our Stockholders of issuing the maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants. If our management takes advantage of this option, all holders of Warrants would pay the exercise price by surrendering their Warrants for that number of shares of Common Stock equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (x) the product of the number of shares of Common Stock underlying the Warrants, multiplied by the difference between the exercise price of the Warrants and the “fair market value” (defined below) by (y) the fair market value. The “fair market value” shall mean the average reported last sale price of the Common Stock for the ten trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the notice of redemption is sent to the holders of Warrants. If our management takes advantage of this option, the notice of redemption will contain the information necessary to calculate the number of shares of Common Stock to be received upon exercise of the Warrants, including the “fair market value” in such case. Requiring a cashless exercise in this manner will reduce the number of shares of our Common Stock to be issued and thereby lessen the dilutive effect of a Warrant redemption on our Stockholders. We believe this feature is an attractive option to the Company if it does not need the cash from the exercise of the Warrants. If we call our Warrants for redemption and our management does not take advantage of this option, the Sponsor and its permitted transferees would still be entitled to exercise the redeemable warrants issued to the Sponsor in a private placement that closed concurrently with our IPO (the “Private Placement Warrants”) for cash or on a cashless basis using the same formula described above that other warrantholders would have been required to use had all warrantholders been required to exercise their Warrants on a cashless basis, as described in more detail below.
A holder of a Warrant may notify us in writing in the event it elects to be subject to a requirement that such holder will not have the right to exercise such Warrant, to the extent that, to the Warrant Agent’s actual knowledge, after giving effect to such exercise, such person (together with such person’s affiliates) would beneficially own in excess of 4.9% or 9.8% (or such other amount as a holder may specify) of the shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to such exercise.
If the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock is increased by a stock dividend payable in shares of Common Stock, or by a split-up of shares of Common Stock or other similar event, then, on the effective date of such stock dividend, split-up or similar event, the number of shares of Common Stock issuable on exercise of each Warrant will be increased in proportion to such increase in the outstanding shares of Common Stock. A rights offering to holders of Common Stock entitling holders to purchase shares of Common Stock at a price less than the fair market value will be deemed a stock dividend of a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the product of (i) the number of shares of Common Stock actually sold in such rights offering (or issuable under any other equity securities sold in such rights offering that are convertible into or exercisable for Common Stock) and (ii) one minus the quotient of (x) the price per share of Common Stock paid in such rights offering divided by (y) the fair market value. For these purposes (i) if the rights offering is for securities convertible into or exercisable for Common Stock, in determining the price payable for Common Stock, there will be taken into account any consideration received for such rights, as well as any additional amount payable upon exercise or conversion and (ii) fair market value means the volume weighted average price of Common Stock as reported during the ten trading day period ending on the trading day prior to the first date on which the shares of Common Stock trade on the applicable exchange or in the applicable market, regular way, without the right to receive such rights.
In addition, if we, at any time while the Warrants are outstanding and unexpired, pay a dividend or make a distribution in cash, securities, or other assets to the holders of Common Stock on account of such shares of Common Stock (or other shares of our capital stock into which the Warrants are convertible), other than (a) as described above or (b) certain ordinary cash dividends, then the Warrant exercise price will be decreased, effective immediately after the effective date of such event, by the amount of cash and/or the fair market value of any securities or other assets paid on each share of Common Stock in respect of such event.
If the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock is decreased by a consolidation, combination, reverse stock split or reclassification of shares of Common Stock or other similar event, then, on the effective date of such consolidation, combination, reverse stock split, reclassification or similar event, the number of shares of Common Stock issuable on exercise of each Warrant will be decreased in proportion to such decrease in outstanding shares of Common Stock.
Whenever the number of shares of Common Stock purchasable upon the exercise of the Warrants is adjusted, as described above, the Warrant exercise price will be adjusted by multiplying the Warrant exercise price immediately prior to such adjustment by a fraction, (x) the numerator of which will be the number of shares of Common Stock purchasable upon the exercise of the Warrants immediately prior to such adjustment, and (y) the denominator of which will be the number of shares of Common Stock so purchasable immediately thereafter.
In case of any reclassification or reorganization of the outstanding shares of Common Stock (other than those described above or that solely affects the par value of such shares of Common Stock), or in the case of any merger or consolidation of us with or into another corporation (other than a consolidation or merger in which we are the continuing corporation and that does not result in any reclassification or reorganization of our outstanding shares of Common Stock), or in the case of any sale or conveyance to another corporation or entity of the assets or other property of us as an entirety or substantially as an entirety in connection with which we are dissolved, the warrantholders will thereafter have the right to purchase and receive, upon the basis and upon the terms and conditions specified in the Warrants and in lieu of the shares of Common Stock immediately theretofore purchasable and receivable upon the exercise of the rights represented thereby, the kind and amount of shares of stock or other securities or property (including cash) receivable upon such reclassification, reorganization, merger or consolidation, or upon a dissolution following any such sale or transfer, that the holder of the Warrants would have received if such holder had exercised their Warrants immediately prior to such event. If less than 70% of the consideration receivable by the holders of Common Stock in such a transaction is payable in the form of common stock in the successor entity that is listed for trading on a national securities exchange or is quoted in an established over-the-counter market, or is to be so listed for trading or quoted immediately following such event, and if the registered holder of the Warrant properly exercises the Warrant within 30 days following public disclosure of such transaction, the Warrant exercise price will be reduced as specified in the Warrant Agreement based on the Black-Scholes value (as defined in the Warrant Agreement) of the Warrant. The purpose of such exercise price reduction is to provide additional value to the warrantholders when an extraordinary transaction occurs during the exercise period of the Warrants, pursuant to which the warrantholders otherwise do not receive the full potential value of the Warrants in order to determine and realize the option value component of the Warrant. This formula is to compensate the warrantholder for the loss of the option value portion of the Warrant due to the requirement that the warrantholder exercise the Warrant within 30 days of the event. The Black-Scholes model is an accepted pricing model for estimating fair market value where no quoted market price for an instrument is available.
Annual Stockholder Meetings
We will provide that annual stockholder meetings will be held at a date, time and place, if any, as exclusively selected by our Board. To the extent permitted under applicable law, we may conduct meetings by remote communications, including by webcast.
Anti-Takeover Effects of Our Charter and Bylaws and Certain Provisions of Delaware Law
Our Charter and Bylaws, as well as the DGCL, contain provisions, as summarized in the following paragraphs, that are intended to enhance the likelihood of continuity and stability in the composition of our Board. These provisions are intended to avoid costly takeover battles, reduce our vulnerability to a hostile change of control and enhance the ability of our Board to maximize stockholder value in connection with any unsolicited offer to acquire the Company. However, these provisions may have an anti-takeover effect and may delay, deter, or prevent a merger or acquisition of the Company by means of a tender offer, a proxy contest or other takeover attempt that a stockholder might consider in its best interest, including those attempts that might result in a premium over the prevailing market price for the shares of Common Stock held by our Stockholders.
Authorized but Unissued Capital Stock
Delaware law does not require stockholder approval for any issuance of authorized shares.
However, the listing requirements of NASDAQ, which would apply so long as our Common Stock remains listed on the NASDAQ, require stockholder approval of certain issuances equal to or exceeding 20% of the then-outstanding voting power of our capital stock or the-then outstanding number of shares of our Common Stock. These additional shares may be used for a variety of corporate purposes, including future public offerings, to raise additional capital or to facilitate acquisitions.
Our authorized but unissued shares of preferred stock, however, is available for future issuances without stockholder approval and could be utilized for a variety of corporate purposes, including future offerings to raise additional capital, to facilitate acquisitions and employee benefit plans. Our Board may generally issue preferred shares on terms calculated to discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of the Company or the removal of its management.
One of the effects of the existence of unissued and unreserved Common Stock or preferred stock may be to enable our Board to issue shares to persons friendly to current management, which issuance could render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of the Company by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise, and thereby protect the continuity of our management and possibly deprive our Stockholders of opportunities to sell their shares of Common Stock at prices higher than prevailing market prices.
Classified Board of Directors
Our Charter provides that our Board is classified into three classes of directors, with the classes to be as nearly equal in number as possible, and with each director serving a three-year term. As a result, approximately one-third of our Board will be elected each year. The classification of directors will have the effect of making it more difficult for stockholders to change the composition of our Board. Our Charter and Bylaws provide that, subject to any rights of holders of preferred stock to elect additional directors under specified circumstances, the number of directors will be fixed from time to time exclusively pursuant to a resolution adopted by the Board.
The Company is subject to the provisions of Section 203 of the DGCL regulating corporate takeovers. This statute prevents certain Delaware corporations, under certain circumstances, from engaging in a “business combination” with:
|●||a stockholder who owns 20% or more of our outstanding voting stock (otherwise known as an “interested stockholder”);|
|●||an affiliate of an interested stockholder; or|
|●||an associate of an interested stockholder, for three years following the date that the stockholder became an interested stockholder.|
A “business combination” includes a merger or sale of more than 10% of our assets. However, the above provisions of Section 203 do not apply if:
|●||our Board approves the transaction that made the stockholder an “interested stockholder,” prior to the date of the transaction;|
|●||after the completion of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, that stockholder owned at least 85% of our voting stock outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, other than statutorily excluded shares of common stock; or|
|●||on or subsequent to the date of the transaction, the business combination is approved by our Board and authorized at a meeting of our Stockholders, and not by written consent, by an affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the outstanding voting stock not owned by the interested stockholder.|
Removal of Directors; Vacancies
Under the DGCL, and as provided in our Charter, a director serving on a classified board may be removed by our Stockholders only for cause and only by the affirmative vote of holders of a majority in voting power of all outstanding shares of stock entitled to vote generally in the election of directors, voting together as a single class. In addition, our Charter provides that, subject to the rights granted to one or more series of preferred stock then outstanding and the rights granted pursuant to the Investor Rights Agreement, dated as of October 14, 2020 (the “Investor Rights Agreement”), any newly created directorship on our Board that results from an increase in the number of directors and any vacancies on our Board will be filled only by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors (other than directors elected by the holders of any series of preferred stock, voting separately as a series or together with one or more series, as the case may be), even if less than a quorum, by a sole remaining director or by our Stockholders.
No Cumulative Voting
Under Delaware law, the right to vote cumulatively does not exist unless our Charter specifically authorizes cumulative voting. Our Charter does not authorize cumulative voting.
Special Stockholder Meetings
Our Charter provides that special meetings of our Stockholders may be called at any time only by or at the direction of the chief executive officer, the Board or the chairperson of the Board pursuant to a resolution adopted by a majority of our Board. Our Bylaws prohibit the conduct of any business at a special meeting other than as specified in the notice for such meeting. These provisions may have the effect of deferring, delaying or discouraging hostile takeovers, or changes in control or management of the Company.
Requirements for Advance Notification of Director Nominations and Stockholder Proposals
Our Bylaws establish advance notice procedures with respect to stockholder proposals and the nomination of candidates for election as directors, other than nominations made by or at the direction of the Board or a committee of the Board. In order for any matter to be “properly brought” before a meeting, a stockholder must comply with advance notice requirements and provide us with certain information. Generally, to be timely, a stockholder’s notice must be received at our principal executive offices not less than 90 days nor more than 120 days prior to the first anniversary date of the immediately preceding annual meeting of stockholders. Our Bylaws also specify requirements as to the form and content of a stockholder’s notice. Our Bylaws allow our Board to adopt rules and regulations for the conduct of meetings as it deems appropriate, which may have the effect of precluding the conduct of certain business at a meeting if the rules and regulations are not followed. These provisions may also defer, delay, or discourage a potential acquirer from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect the acquirer’s own slate of directors or otherwise attempting to influence or obtain control of us.
Dissenters’ Rights of Appraisal and Payment
Under the DGCL, with certain exceptions, our Stockholders have appraisal rights in connection with a merger or consolidation of the Company. Pursuant to the DGCL, stockholders who properly request and perfect appraisal rights in connection with such merger or consolidation have the right to receive payment of the fair value of their shares as determined by the Delaware Court of Chancery.
Stockholders’ Derivative Actions
Under the DGCL, any of our Stockholders may bring an action in our name to procure a judgment in our favor, also known as a derivative action, provided that the Stockholder bringing the action is a holder of our shares at the time of the transaction to which the action relates or such Stockholder’s stock thereafter devolved by operation of law.
Our Charter provides that unless we consent to the selection of an alternative forum, the Delaware Chancery Court will be the exclusive forum for any (1) derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf, (2) action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer or other employee of ours or our Stockholders, (3) action asserting a claim against our Charter or our Bylaws, or (4) action asserting a claim against us, our directors, officers or employees governed by the internal affairs. Our Charter provides that the Delaware Chancery Court is the exclusive jurisdiction for any Stockholder to bring any action asserting an “internal corporate claim” as defined in Section 115 of the DGCL. In addition, our Charter provides that the Federal District Courts of the United States of America are the exclusive forum for resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action under the Securities Act, or with respect to the offer or sale of our securities.
Conflicts of Interest
Delaware law permits corporations to adopt provisions renouncing any interest or expectancy in certain opportunities that are presented to the corporation or its officers, directors, or stockholders. Our Charter, to the maximum extent permitted from time to time by Delaware law, renounces any interest or expectancy that we have in, or right to be offered an opportunity to participate in, specified business opportunities that are from time to time presented to our officers, directors or Stockholders or their respective affiliates, other than those officers, directors, Stockholders or affiliates who are our or our subsidiaries’ employees. Our Charter provides that, to the fullest extent permitted by law, none of the Stockholder parties or any of their affiliates or any director who is not employed by us (including any non-employee director who serves as one of our officers in both his director and officer capacities) or his or her affiliates will have any duty to refrain from (1) engaging in a corporate opportunity in the same or similar lines of business in which we or our affiliates now engage or propose to engage or (2) otherwise competing with us or our affiliates. In addition, to the fullest extent permitted by law, in the event that any Stockholder party or non-employee director acquires knowledge of a potential transaction or other business opportunity which may be a corporate opportunity for itself or himself or its or his affiliates or for us or our affiliates, such person will have no duty to communicate or offer such transaction or business opportunity to us or any of our affiliates and they may take any such opportunity for themselves or offer it to another person or entity. Our Charter does not renounce our interest in any business opportunity that is expressly offered to a non-employee director solely in his or her capacity as a director or officer of the Company. To the fullest extent permitted by law, no business opportunity is deemed to be a potential corporate opportunity for us unless we would be permitted to undertake the opportunity under our Charter, we have sufficient financial resources to undertake the opportunity and the opportunity would be in line with our business.
Limitations on Liability and Indemnification of Officers and Directors
The DGCL authorizes corporations to limit or eliminate the personal liability of directors to corporations and their stockholders for monetary damages for breaches of directors’ fiduciary duties, subject to certain exceptions. Our Charter includes a provision that eliminates the personal liability of directors for monetary damages for any breach of fiduciary duty as a director, except to the extent such exemption from liability or limitation thereof is not permitted under the DGCL. The effect of these provisions is to eliminate the rights of the Company and our Stockholders, through stockholders’ derivative suits on our behalf, to recover monetary damages from a director for breach of fiduciary duty as a director, including breaches resulting from grossly negligent behavior. However, exculpation does not apply to any director if the director has acted in bad faith, knowingly or intentionally violated the law, authorized illegal dividends or redemptions or derived an improper benefit from his or her actions as a director.
Our Bylaws provide that we must indemnify and advance expenses to our directors and officers to the fullest extent authorized by the DGCL. We are also expressly authorized to carry directors’ and officers’ liability insurance providing indemnification for our directors, officers and certain employees for some liabilities. We believe that these indemnification and advancement provisions and insurance are useful to attract and retain qualified directors and executive officers.
The limitation of liability, advancement and indemnification provisions in our Charter and Bylaws may discourage our Stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against directors for breach of their fiduciary duty.
These provisions also may have the effect of reducing the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and officers, even though such an action, if successful, might otherwise benefit us and our Stockholders. In addition, your investment may be adversely affected to the extent we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against directors and officers pursuant to these indemnification provisions.
There is currently no pending material litigation or proceeding involving our directors, officers or employees for which indemnification is sought.
Investor Rights Agreement
In connection with the consummation of the Merger, we entered into an Investor Rights Agreement with Legacy CuriosityStream, the Sponsor, HFM and officers and directors of Legacy CuriosityStream.
Under the Investor Rights Agreement, we agreed to nominate two (2) two individuals designated by the Sponsor (the “Sponsor Directors”) for election as members of our Board if, at such time, the Board does not contain a Sponsor Director and the Sponsor and its affiliates (the “Sponsor Entities”) together continue to beneficially own at least 50% of the shares of our Common Stock entitled to vote generally in the election of directors as of the date of the consummation of the Business Combination. Further, under the Investor Rights Agreement, HFM and the officers and directors of Legacy CuriosityStream agreed to vote in favor of, or otherwise consent to, the election or appointment of a Sponsor Director at any meeting of stockholders under the terms set forth above. If the Sponsor does not elect to nominate two (2) Sponsor Directors, we will agree to permit the Sponsor to select one (1) non-voting observer to participate in any Board meeting (including any committee thereof), for so long as the Sponsor and its Affiliates continue to beneficially own at least 50% of the shares of our Common Stock entitled to vote generally in the election of directors as of the date of the consummation of the Business Combination.
In the case of a vacancy on our Board created by the death, disability, disqualification, removal or resignation of a Sponsor Director, we agreed to notify the Sponsor of such vacancy and nominate an individual timely designated by the Sponsor for election to fill the vacancy, provided that such nomination would not constitute a breach of our Board’s breach of its fiduciary duties or applicable laws.
The Company, Legacy CuriosityStream, the Sponsor, HFM and officers and directors of Legacy CuriosityStream are parties to the Investor Rights Agreement, dated as of October 14, 2020, pursuant to which the Company must provide to Legacy CuriosityStream stockholders, officers and directors certain customary “mandatory,” “demand” and “piggyback” registration rights in respect of its Common Stock.
In addition, the Company and the Sponsor are parties to the Registration Rights Agreement dated November 19, 2019, pursuant to which the Company must provide to the Sponsor and its permitted transferees certain customary “piggyback” registration rights in respect of the Founder Shares and the Private Placement Warrants. On November 18, 2020, the Sponsor distributed its Founder Shares to its members.
Rule 144 permits a person who has beneficially owned restricted shares for at least six months to sell their shares provided that: (i) such person is not deemed to have been one of our affiliates at the time of, or at any time during the three months preceding, a sale and (ii) the issuer is subject to the Exchange Act periodic reporting requirements for at least three months before the sale. Persons who have beneficially owned restricted shares for at least six months but who are affiliates of the Company at the time of, or at any time during the three months preceding, a sale, are subject to additional restrictions, by which such person would be entitled to sell within any three-month period only a number of shares that does not exceed the greater of either of the following:
|●||1.0% of the number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding, which is now 525,480 shares; and|
|●||if the Common Stock is listed on a national securities exchange, the average weekly trading volume of the shares of Common Stock during the four calendar weeks preceding the filing of a notice on Form 144 with respect to the sale.|
Sales by affiliates under Rule 144 are also limited by manner of sale provisions and notice requirements and to the availability of current public information about the Company.
Under Rule 144, a person who is not deemed to have been one of the Company’s affiliates at the time of or at any time during the three months preceding a sale, and who has beneficially owned the restricted shares of Common Stock proposed to be sold for at least six months, including the holding period of any prior owner other than an affiliate, is entitled to sell their shares without complying with the manner of sale and volume limitation or notice provisions of Rule 144. The Company must be current in its public reporting if the non-affiliate is seeking to sell under Rule 144 after holding his or her shares of Common Stock between six months and one year. After one year, non-affiliates do not have to comply with any other Rule 144 requirements.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, Rule 144 is not available for the resale of securities initially issued by companies that are, or previously were, blank check companies like the Company, to their promoters or affiliates despite technical compliance with the requirements of Rule 144. Rule 144 also is not for resale of securities issued by any shell companies (other than business combination related shell companies) or any issuer that has been at any time previously a shell company. The SEC has provided an exception to this prohibition, however, if the following conditions are met:
|●||the issuer of the securities that was formerly a shell company has ceased to be a shell company;|
|●||the issuer of the securities is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act;|
|●||the issuer of the securities has filed all Exchange Act reports and material required to be filed, as applicable, during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the issuer was required to file such reports and materials), other than Form 8-K reports; and|
|●||at least one year has elapsed from the time that the issuer filed current Form 10 type information with the SEC reflecting its status as an entity that is not a shell company.|
As a result, none of our shareholders will be able to sell any shares of Common Stock pursuant to Rule 144 until October 14, 2021.
Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for our Common Stock and Warrants is Continental Stock Transfer & Trust.
Trading Symbol and Market
Our Common Stock and Warrants are listed and traded on the NASDAQ under the symbol “CURI” and “CURIW,” respectively.