Master Services Subcontract Agreement, by and between Illumina, Inc. and the Registrant, dated November 1, 2017

Contract Categories: Business Operations - Services Agreements
EX-10.13 13 d677649dex1013.htm EX-10.13 EX-10.13

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Exhibit 10.13

[***] = Certain confidential information contained in this document, marked by brackets, is filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Rule 406 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.


THIS AGREEMENT, made effective as of the 1st day of November 2017 (“Effective Date”) entered into by and between Personalis, Inc. a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of California with offices at 1330 O’Brien Drive, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (hereinafter referred to as the “Company” or “Personalis”), and Illumina, Inc. a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of Delaware with offices at 5200 Illumina Way, San Diego, CA 92122 (hereinafter referred to as the “Subcontractor”).


WHEREAS, Company has entered into Contract Number [***] (“Client Contract”) with the US Department of Veterans Affairs (“Client”) and,

WHEREAS, the Subcontractor is willing to undertake the performance of the sequencing activities as subcontractor for Company under the Client Contract as set forth in the applicable Appendices, and

NOW THEREFORE the parties hereby agree as follows:




Work to be Performed: The Subcontractor shall provide all labor, materials, tools, machinery, equipment and other items and services necessary to properly perform the work (hereinafter referred to as the “Services”) as set forth in writing between the parties under this Master Services Subcontract Agreement, including attachments, appendices and amendments thereto (“Agreement”). The Services shall be carried out in accordance with the Subcontract Documents in a diligent and workmanlike manner utilizing qualified personnel and good and sufficient materials and equipment. The Services shall be performed on a fixed price basis as set forth in the Appendices.



Ordering Provisions: The parties agree that the provisions of this Agreement apply to all of the Services performed by Subcontractor in support of the referenced Client Contract.



Ordering Agreements and Understandings:



Company shall issue written purchase orders for Services (“Purchase Orders”) to be performed pursuant to this Agreement. Unless otherwise set forth in this Agreement, Purchase Orders are non-cancelable and shall be accepted by Subcontractor so long as they comply with the terms and conditions of this Agreement.



Intentionally Omitted.



Services Assignment Method



Company will issue one or more Purchase Orders for the Services to be completed by Subcontractor under this Agreement. Upon receipt of a Purchase Order, Subcontractor will complete Services in accordance with the schedule set forth in Appendix B.



Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement, there is no limit to the number of Purchase Orders that may be issued under this Agreement. Multiple Purchase Orders may be issued providing for Services with overlapping delivery schedules. Purchase Orders will be numbered consecutively.


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Any Purchase Order issued during the term of this Agreement and not completed within the term of this Agreement shall nevertheless be completed within the time specified in Appendix B unless the parties agree to a different schedule in writing. This Agreement shall govern the rights and obligations of the parties with respect to that Purchase Order to the same extent as if it were completed within the Agreement’s term.



Each Purchase Order issued hereunder, including any changes or terminations of any Purchase Order shall be incorporated into this Agreement and shall be subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement.




Documents: The documents listed in 2.2.1 through 2.2.5 together with any modifications issued in accordance with Article 12 of this Agreement constitute the “Subcontract Documents” of this Agreement which shall apply to any Purchase Order and this Agreement. Any terms and conditions on any forms used by Subcontractor or Company in connection with this Agreement that are not expressly incorporated into this Agreement shall be void and shall not act to supplement, modify or replace the terms and conditions of this Agreement, unless mutually agreed to in writing by both parties.



Precedence: In the event of any conflict or inconsistency between any of the Subcontract Documents, the following order of precedence shall prevail:



Appendix B – Subcontract Pricing



Appendix A – Client Flowdown Clauses



This Master Services Subcontract Agreement



Appendix B – Services Description



Client Flowdown Clauses: Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Subcontractor agrees to be bound to the Company in the same manner and to the same extent as Company is bound to the Client with respect to Client Flowdown Clauses, to the extent the provisions at Appendix A are applicable to the Services to be provided under this Agreement. The Subcontractor agrees to flow down these requirements to all lower tier Subcontractors that provide any services or work, to the extent required by the terms of the clauses.




Term: The term of this Agreement shall be from the Effective Date of this Agreement ending on the last day of the Client Contract (currently August 2021 but as may be extended), unless terminated sooner in as set forth in Section 14.2. Thereafter, this Agreement may be renewed for subsequent one (1) year terms as they mutually agree in writing.



Schedule: The Subcontractor shall provide the Services called for by the Purchase Order in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. All Services shall be fully completed no later than the delivery periods specified in the Appendix B, unless sooner terminated or extended as provided herein.



Delays: Except with respect to Company’s payment obligations to Subcontractor, neither Party shall be liable to the other for delays or failure to perform caused directly or indirectly by circumstances beyond that Party’s control, including but not limited to, acts of God, fire, flood, war, sabotage, accident, labor dispute, shortage, government action including regulatory requirements, changed conditions, or delays resulting from actions or inactions of Client provided, and only to the extent, such delays are not the result of the negligence of the party claiming the delay. Should any of the above occur, then the date for completion or any other milestone date shall be adjusted through a negotiation of the parties, provided where the Subcontractor is claiming delay, the Subcontractor reports the delay to the Company within a reasonable time of its discovery.


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Consideration: In consideration for performing the Services, the Company shall pay to the Subcontractor the sum specified in each Purchase Order in accordance with the payment provisions of this Agreement and such Purchase Order.




Payment: Payments will be made as set forth in this Agreement and the Purchase Order. Invoices shall be prepared and submitted to the Company in the manner and format specified in Article 5.4. Payment shall be made within [***] calendar days of receipt of Subcontractor’s invoice. Subcontractor shall promptly notify Company of any overpayment. Any amounts not paid when due will accrue interest at the rate of [***], or the maximum amount allowed by law, if lower.






Travel: Local travel will be at the Subcontractor’s expense. Local travel is hereby defined as travel within a 50-mile radius of the Subcontractor’s local office. All other travel for which Subcontractor requests to be reimbursed must be approved in advance and in writing. Such approved travel required during the performance of this Agreement will be subject to the terms and conditions and applicable rates as set forth in the Federal Travel Regulations and only as negotiated in the individual Purchase Order as a separate expense or as part of the fixed price.



Invoicing Instructions: The Subcontractor will submit invoices for each Results (defined below) shipped hereunder and with at least the following information: All invoices must clearly indicate the name and address of the Subcontractor, the invoice date and number, purchase order number, name and address of Subcontractor official to whom payment is to be sent, description, quantity, unit of measure, unit price and extended price of Results (defined below) shipped under the applicable Purchase Order. By submitting an invoice under this Agreement, Subcontractor is certifying that all payments requested are correct and in accordance with the terms of the Agreement and that payment has not been received. Invoices will be addressed as follows:


Invoices to:    Personalis, Inc.
   Attn: [***]



Final Invoice: Notwithstanding any other provision in this Agreement to the contrary, Subcontractor is required to submit the final invoice under each Purchase Order not later than [***] days after completion of the Services required by such Purchase Order. Any invoices received after that time will not be paid by the Company. No new claims for additional compensation will be considered after submittal of the final invoice under each Purchase Order.




Agreement Administration: Subcontractor contacts with the Company regarding prices, terms, financial actions, etc., or any contacts which purport to modify any term of this Agreement, or Subcontractor or Company obligations, shall be made only with the Company’s designated Subcontract Administrator. Agreement(s) and/or actions taken by the Subcontractor or Company which by their nature effect a change to this Agreement shall only be binding upon the Company and Subcontractor when such agreement or action is specifically authorized in writing by an authorized representative of each of the parties. All notices between the Subcontractor and the Company and Company and Subcontractor shall be addressed to the following and be sent via registered mail or overnight courier. For purposes of this Agreement, the following individual is designated as the Company’s Subcontract Administrator:


Name:    [***]
Title:    [***]
Address:    1330 O’Brien Drive, Menlo Park, CA 94025


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Phone:    650 ###-###-####
Fax:    650 ###-###-####
Illumina, Inc.   
Name    [***]
Title:    [***]
Address:    5200 Illumina Way
   San Diego, CA 92122



Communications with Client: All of Subcontractor’s written or oral communication with or to Client, or with Federal, State, or local agencies relative to work under this Agreement must be through or with the authorization of the Company’s designated Technical Representative. Unless an alternative contact is identified in a Purchase Order or as otherwise provided by written notice from the Company, for the purposes of this Agreement, the Company’s Technical Representative is:


Name:    [***]
Title:    [***]
Address:    1330 O’Brien Drive, Menlo Park, CA 94025




Ownership of Samples. Company represents and warrants that it owns or otherwise controls the sample(s) to be provided by Company to Subcontractor as described in the applicable Purchase Order (“Samples”) and that it has the right to provide the Samples to Subcontractor for the purpose described therein. Subcontractor shall use the Samples solely for the purpose of performing this Agreement. Unless instructed otherwise in writing by Company, Subcontractor agrees that it will promptly return any unused Samples or portions thereof following the delivery of the Results (defined below). As between Company and Subcontractor, Company shall at all times retain all right, title, and interest in the Samples provided hereunder. Company shall provide all Samples and any related information in de-identified form and Company shall not provide Subcontractor any information that might allow Subcontractor to re-identify the donor of the Samples.



Ownership of Results. The data that are generated through performance of the Services and the deliverables as described in this Agreement and any Purchase Order (“Results”) shall be owned by Company; provided that, the Results do not include Improvements. “Improvements” means any improvements, modifications, or changes to the Illumina Technology whether they are made prior to, during, or after performance under this Agreement. Such improvements may result from, among other things, the analysis of the Results in the aggregate with other genomic information in Illumina’s possession and with similar information from other Illumina customers (e.g., comparing whole genome sequences in order to calculate allele frequencies, detect systematic errors, improving variant caller and aligners, etc.). “Illumina Technology” means the technology, tools, instruments, reagents, and software including, without limitation, the processes, workflows, recipes, methods, information, bioinformatics tools and techniques used to perform under this Agreement. This Agreement does not give Subcontractor any ownership interest in or to the Results. For the avoidance of doubt, the Results are the sole deliverable under this Agreement and will be physically shipped on hard drives (or via electronic means if agreed to by the parties).



Research Use Only. The services are provided for research use only and are not being performed in a clinical laboratory (e.g., the services are not being performed in a CLIA-certified laboratory). The services are not a test or kit designed to diagnose, treat, or prevent a disease or medical condition, and the Results are not intended to be medical advice. The services have not been cleared by any country’s medical regulatory agency, including the United States Food and Drug Administration, for diagnostic use or any other purpose.


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Information Transfer; Samples. In order to ensure timely and satisfactory performance of the services, it is critical that Company provide all relevant information and materials in a timely manner to Subcontractor. Company agrees to provide the Samples and all other information and materials as specified in the Purchase Order in accordance with the guidelines set forth in this Agreement. Any failure to provide the Samples, information, and any other materials in accordance with the Purchase Order or this Agreement may result in delays in the project. See the Appendix B for additional information concerning Sample quality requirements.



Delivery of Results. Delivery of Results shall have occurred by one of the following means, to be determined by mutual agreement of the parties: (a) if Results are to be delivered electronically, once Subcontractor has transmitted an electronic file containing all or a portion of the Results to Subcontractor’s FTP web site or other site as mutually agreed and has notified Company that such file is available, or (b) if Results are to be delivered in one or more hard drive(s) or other physical material, upon shipment FOB origin of such hard drive(s) or material containing all or a portion of the Results.




Insurance: The Subcontractor shall purchase and maintain through the course of performing the Services (and for a minimum of two years following completion or termination of this Agreement for all “claims made” policies), such insurances as will protect the Subcontractor, Client and Company from claims which may arise out of or result from its operations hereunder (whether by itself, any Subcontractors, anyone directly or indirectly employed by any of them, or anyone for whose acts any of them may be liable):



Coverage: Minimum insurance requirements are:

Commercial General Liability, with limits of [***] per occurrence for bodily injury and property damage and including contractual liability, premises/operations, completed operations, personal and advertising injury liability. (Policy shall be endorsed to name Personalis as an Additional Insured.) Products liability is [***] in the aggregate.

Business automobile liability (owned, leased, non-owned, hired, and employee non-owned vehicles), [***] combined single limit each occurrence for bodily injury and property damage.

Workers’ Compensation Insurance with statutory limits, as required by the state in which the work is to be performed, and Employer’s Liability Insurance of not less than [***]. (Policy is to be endorsed to provide a waiver of subrogation in favor of Personalis.)

Professional Liability or Errors & Omissions Liability with limits of [***] per occurrence including coverage for errors & omissions liability. Network security and privacy limits are [***] in the aggregate.

Umbrella Liability insurance with limits of [***] per occurrence.



Certificates: Upon written request, Certificates of insurance shall be furnished by the Subcontractor evidencing that the coverage is in effect and will continue to be in effect throughout the performance of the Services and will not be canceled or materially changed until at least thirty (30) days prior written notice has been given to the Company. The insurance coverage at and above shall name Client and Personalis, Inc., their employees, officers, and directors as additional insured with respect to the Services to be provided under this Agreement. The insurance provided by Subcontractor is primary with respect to the interests of the Client and Company and any other


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insurance acquired or maintained by them. Client and Company’s insurance shall be excess and non-contributory. Subcontractor and insurers agree to waive any and all rights of subrogation against the Client and Company.



Lower tier Subcontractors: The Subcontractor agrees to flow down these insurance requirements to all lower tier Subcontractors and Subcontractors that provide any services or work, if subcontracting is permitted by Company.



Indemnification: The Subcontractor shall defend, indemnify, and hold harmless the Company, and its agents, officers, directors, and employees from and against any and all claims, suits, liability, losses, cost or expenses, including attorney’s fees arising out of a claim brought by a third party against Company and arising out of the negligence or willful misconduct of the Subcontractor, its officers, agents, employees, lower tier Subcontractors, and anyone directly or indirectly employed by any of them or anyone for whose acts any of them may be liable, except to the extent such claims, liability, losses, cost or expenses arise out of (a) the negligence or willful misconduct of Company, its officers, agents or employees or (b) Company’s material breach of this Agreement. This indemnification obligation shall not be limited in any way by required, actual, or available insurance coverage. The Company shall defend, indemnify, and hold harmless the Subcontractor, and its agents, officers, directors, and employees from and against any and all claims, suits liability, losses, cost or expenses, including attorney’s fees arising out of a claim brought by a third party against Subcontractor and arising out of the (y) the negligence or willful misconduct of Company, its officers, agents or employees (z) Company’s material breach of this Agreement except to the extent such claims, liability, losses, cost or expenses arise out of (a) the negligence or willful misconduct of Subcontractor, its officers, agents or employees or (b) Subcontractor’s material breach of this Agreement. This indemnification obligation shall not be limited in any way by required, actual, or available insurance coverage.



Intellectual Property Rights: The Subcontractor warrants, with no duty to investigate, that it is not aware of any copyright, patent, trademark, trade secret or other proprietary right that would actually be infringed as a result of providing the Services required under this Agreement. The Subcontractor shall defend, indemnify, and hold harmless the Company from and against any and all claims, suits, liability, losses, costs, or expenses, including attorney’s fees arising out of a claim brought by a third party against Company that alleges infringement of any copyright, patent, trademark, trade secret or other proprietary right of such third party arising from the methods, materials, or processes used by Illumina to provide the Services.



Intentionally Omitted.



Time of Essence: Company and Subcontractor recognize that time is of the essence with respect to the performance of this Agreement and there is potential that Company may be found in breach of the Client Contract in the event that the Subcontractor fails to complete the Services within the time specified in the Purchase Orders. Therefore, in the event Subcontractor fails to deliver the Results to Company within the timeframes specified in the Purchase Orders and such failure by Subcontractor directly results in the Company being late in making its deliveries to the Client as promised under the Client Contract and such failure by Company directly results in the Client either terminating the Client Contract or otherwise exercising Client’s rights under the Client Contract against Company with respect to any provision of the contract pertaining to on-time delivery in the Client Contract, Subcontractor agrees to be liable to the Company to the same extent that Company is liable to the Client. Accordingly, if Client is legally entitled to recover damages or reimbursements from Company pursuant to the terms of the Client Contract (“Late Delivery Damages”) then Subcontractor shall reimburse Company for 100% of any Late Delivery Damages that Company actually pays to Client.



Indemnification Conditions. Each party’s indemnification obligations under this Agreement are subject to the indemnified party (i) notifying the indemnifying party promptly in writing of such action, (ii) giving the indemnifying party exclusive control and authority over the defense and settlement of such action, (iii) not admitting infringement of any intellectual property right without the indemnifying party’s prior written consent, (iv) not entering into any settlement or compromise of any such action without the indemnifying


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party’s prior written consent, and (v) providing all reasonable assistance to the indemnifying party (provided that the indemnifying party reimburses the indemnified party for its reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred in providing such assistance).








Employees of the Subcontractor: The Subcontractor shall be subject to and operate under all applicable Federal and State laws regarding employers’ liability, workmen’s compensation, Federal social security, and unemployment compensation insurance; and the Subcontractor expressly agrees that it is an independent contractor and its employees engaged in the Services are not and shall not be treated or considered employees of the Company. Employees of Subcontractor shall at a minimum be lawfully eligible to work at the location they are employed by Subcontractor and shall satisfy any Client requirements for citizenship, work eligibility, or other similar status specified by the Subcontract Documents.



Safety: In performing the Services, the Subcontractor shall comply with all applicable laws, ordinances, rules, regulations, and lawful authorities or any public authority having jurisdiction for the safety of persons or property and protect the same from damage, injury, or loss. The Subcontractor shall take all reasonable precautions to prevent injury or loss to all persons performing services hereunder, and Client Company or other personnel visiting the work site. Precautions shall also be taken to prevent damage to the Services, all materials and equipment utilized therein, and all other property at the site of the Services and adjacent thereto. Finally, the Subcontractor will note any changes in site conditions and/or scope of work that may introduce potential hazard agent(s).



Proprietary Information: The parties agree that the Confidentiality Agreement executed October 3, 2012 (“Confidentiality Agreement”) shall apply to this Agreement with the following modifications:

9.3.1    The Stated Purpose of the Confidentiality Agreement shall be modified to include the exchange of INFORMATION (as defined in the Confidentiality Agreement) under this Agreement.

9.3.2    COMPANY INFORMATION under this Agreement, shall include confidential and proprietary technical, business, marketing, financial, intellectual property, now-how and other information of the Client.

9.3.3    The term of the Confidentiality Agreement, for purposes of this Agreement, is extended to terminate [***] after the effective date of expiration or termination of this Agreement or [***] after the expiration or termination date of any Purchase Order issued hereunder, whichever is later.


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9.3.4    The restricted use agreed to under the Confidentiality Agreement shall expire [***] after the expiration or termination of this Agreement.

9.3.5    The final sentence of Paragraph 10 of the Confidentiality Agreement shall not apply to any Client information that is required to be returned to the Client or is required by the Client to be destroyed.

9.3.6    Paragraphs 11 and 12 of the Confidentiality Agreement are not applicable to this Agreement.

9.3.7 Paragraph 16(b) of the Confidentiality Agreement is modified to say, “Except as expressly agreed to in the Master Services Subcontract Agreement, this Agreement contains the entire agreement between the parties regarding confidential treatment and restricted use of INFORMATION disclosed in connection with the Stated Purpose, and supersedes all other prior oral arguments and understandings with respect thereto.”



Publications: The Subcontractor shall not publish or publicly disseminate the Results or any information or data derived or obtained from the Samples or the Results, without the prior written consent of the Company or the Client. The preceding sentence does not apply to Improvements or the Illumina Technology.



Technical Data: The Results and all information or data derived or obtained from the Samples or the Results produced by the Subcontractor pursuant to this Agreement shall be considered proprietary technical data belonging to the Company and shall be subject to the provisions of Articles 8.3 and 9.3. The preceding sentence does not apply to Improvements or the Illumina Technology.



Permits and Licenses: Except as specifically otherwise provided by the Subcontract Documents, the Subcontractor has or will have, prior to the commencement of any Services, all necessary business and professional licenses, permits, and other necessary Federal, State, County, Municipal, or other licenses as may be required by law or regulation to enable the Subcontractor to perform the services required hereunder.






Inspection: The Company, through any authorized representatives that has signed a non-disclosure agreement reasonably acceptable to Subcontractor, shall have the right no more than [***] to inspect, or otherwise evaluate the quality or any other aspect of the Services performed or the safety measures employed in the work being performed hereunder and the premises in which it is being performed. If any inspection or evaluation is made by the Company on the premises of the Subcontractor or a lower tier Subcontractor, the Subcontractor shall provide, and shall require his lower tier Subcontractors to provide, all reasonable facilities and assistance for the safety and convenience of the Company representatives in the performance of their duties. All inspections and evaluations shall be performed in such a manner as will not unnecessarily delay performance of the Services.



Audit: Upon written request of the Company and no more than [***], the records maintained by the Subcontractor directly related to the performance of the Services specified herein shall be made available for audit by an independent public accounting firm not retained on a contingency fee basis that has signed a non-disclosure agreement reasonably acceptable to Subcontractor, selected by the Company or by cognizant government agency. In addition, the Company may have such an audit performed, under similar terms as above, [***] following the completion or termination of Services specified herein or more often if and as required for Company to comply with its obligations under FAR 52.212-5(d). Nothing herein limits the Government’s audit rights, if available and required by law, as set forth in FAR 52.212-5(d).




Changes in the terms and conditions of this Agreement may be made only by written agreement of the parties.


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Responsibility of the Subcontractor; Services: The Subcontractor shall be responsible for the professional quality, technical accuracy, and the coordination of all Services furnished by the Subcontractor under this Agreement. Accordingly, the parties agree to the following:



Except as expressly stated otherwise in Sections 8.5 and 13.1.2, as Company’s sole remedy and Subcontractor’s sole obligation in the event the Results do not conform to the Specifications, the Subcontractor shall, without additional compensation, correct, or revise any errors or deficiencies (“Defects”) in the Results, which are discovered within [***] of the date the Results are delivered (on a Results-by-Results basis).



Company shall provide written notice of Defects in the Results within [***] of discovering such Defects. If after receipt of such written notice Subcontractor has not corrected the Defects in a timely manner, the Company may cause such Defects to be corrected and charge Subcontractor the actual costs incurred by Company to correct such Defects and Subcontractor shall reimburse Company within [***] of receipt of invoice for such actual costs.



Responsibility of Subcontractor; Equipment and Supplies: Subcontractor warrants that the Results delivered or furnished under this Agreement shall conform to the Specifications (defined in Appendix B). EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THIS SECTION 13 THE RESULTS ARE PROVIDED TO CUSTOMER ON AN “AS IS” BASIS, AND ILLUMINA, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.



Warranties Run to Company and Client: Subcontractor’s warranties together with any Services warranties shall run to the Company and the Client. Subcontractor warrants and agrees that any supplier/subcontractor warranty provided with the Results shall flow to Company and Client.




Suspension of Work: Subcontractor will, upon written notice from Company’s Subcontract Administrator, suspend, delay, or interrupt all or a part of the performance of the Services under a Purchase Order to the extent directed by Company. In such event, Subcontractor will resume work upon the suspended activities only upon written notice from Company’s Subcontract Administrator that is provided to Subcontractor’s Administrator. Where appropriate, an extension of the time for performance and pricing will be negotiated by the parties. Notwithstanding the foregoing, once Subcontractor has begun preparing a Sample for sequencing, that Sample may not be suspended. Subcontractor must provide supporting documentation regarding Samples that Subcontractor identifies as being not subject to suspension.






Termination for Convenience: All or part of this Agreement and/or any individual Purchase Orders may be terminated by Company for its convenience in the event the Client terminates the Client Contract (or the part of the Client Contract that affects the individual Purchase Order(s) that Company is terminating hereunder) for Client’s convenience. In the event the Company terminates the Agreement, or one or more Purchase Orders after Subcontractor has begun preparing a Sample for sequencing, the Company will be charged a cancellation fee equal to the costs reasonably incurred by Illumina up to that point and for which payment has not been received, including but not limited to Illumina’s then current list price of all materials used or produced, including, without limitation, flow cells and reagents. In no event shall Subcontractor’s cancellation fee exceed the amount it would have received for sequencing of each Sample terminated.


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Termination for Default:



Company shall make a commercially reasonable effort to keep Subcontractor informed of any complaints or concerns regarding the Services that Company is providing to the Client. Company shall make a commercially reasonable effort to provide Subcontractor notice of any Client complaints or concerns that could be related to the Services Subcontractor provides to Company. Further, the parties will work together in good-faith and jointly negotiate with the Client so as to avoid the Client finding Company in default under any terms and conditions of the Client Contract that may result from Subcontractor’s actual or alleged default under any terms and conditions of this Agreement.



Company and Subcontractor may, by written notice to the other, terminate the whole or any part of the Agreement for default in the event that the other party (i) materially fails to perform any of the provisions of this Agreement, or (ii) materially fails to make progress so as to endanger performance of the Agreement in accordance with its terms, or, (iii) in the reasonable opinion of the party giving notice of default, becomes financially or legally incapable of completing the work and does not provide a plan of correction or recovery that is reasonably acceptable to the other party within a period of [***] after receipt of written notice from the party specifying such failure.



In the event of termination of the entire Agreement by Subcontractor for Company’s default pursuant to Section 14.2.2(2), Subcontractor will be entitled to a cancellation fee equal to the costs reasonably incurred by Illumina up to that point and for which payment has not been received, including but not limited to Illumina’s then current list price of all materials used or produced, including, without limitation, flow cells and reagents. In no event shall Subcontractor’s cancellation fee exceed the amount it would have received for sequencing of each Sample terminated, but not until completion of the project and the assessment of all costs associated with its completion.



Cost of Cover. In the event Company terminates for a default by Subcontractor under this Section 14.2.2, the Company may acquire similar services by subcontract in order to complete the work, complete the work itself, or otherwise complete the work in any other reasonable manner. Illumina will reimburse Company for the difference between the actual costs incurred by Company in completing the work that was not completed by Subcontractor, as a direct result of Subcontractor’s default, during the remainder of the term of the applicable Purchase Order(s) and the amount Subcontractor would have charged Company had it completed such work (the “Cost of Cover”). Company shall invoice Illumina for such Cost of Cover amount within [***] of the effective date of termination and Illumina shall pay such invoice within [***] of its receipt.



Client Damages. In the event Company terminates for a default by Subcontractor under this Section 14.2.2 and such default by Subcontractor directly results in the Company being in material default of the Client Contract and such material default by Company directly results in the Client either terminating the Client Contract or otherwise exercising Client’s rights under the Client Contract against Company with respect to such material default by Company, Subcontractor agrees to be liable to the Company to the same extent that Company is liable to the Client. Accordingly, if Client is legally entitled to recover damages or reimbursements from Company pursuant to the terms of the Client Contract for such material default (“Default Damages”) then Subcontractor shall reimburse Company for 100% of any Default Damages that Company actually pays to Client.



Exclusive and Non-Cumulative Remedies. Paragraphs (4) and (5) of this Section 14.2.2 are Company’s only remedies available in the event of termination of all or part of this Agreement due to Subcontractor’s default. Further, Company is only entitled to elect one of the remedies.


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For clarity, Company must choose the remedy available under paragraph (4) or paragraph (5), but not both paragraphs.



If, after notice of termination for default, it is determined for any reason that Subcontractor was not in default or that the default was excusable, the rights and obligations of the parties will be the same as if the notice of termination had been issued pursuant to termination for convenience.




Subcontract: The Subcontractor shall not further subcontract any Services to be performed under this Agreement without prior written authorization from the Company. Neither this Agreement nor any lower tier Subcontract will create any contractual relationship between any lower tier Subcontractor and Client or Company, nor any liability of Client or Company to any lower tier Subcontractor.



Assignment: The Subcontractor and Company shall not transfer, assign or hypothecate its interest in this Agreement without the written consent of the other, which shall not be unreasonably withheld. However, no consent shall be required for any assignment in connection with any merger, acquisition or the sale of all or substantially all of the stock or assets of either party to a party that agrees in writing to be bound by the terms and conditions of this Agreement; provided that, Company may not assign this Agreement to any party that, in Subcontractor’s reasonable judgment, is a competitor of Subcontractor. Any attempted transfer, assignment, or hypothecation without such written consent shall be void and confer no rights upon any third person and shall constitute a default hereunder.



Third Party Liability: This Agreement does not create any rights or benefits to parties other than Company and the Subcontractor. No third party beneficiaries are intended by this Agreement.



Rights and Remedies:



No failures of or delay by the Company or Subcontractor in the exercise of any right under this Agreement shall constitute a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any such right preclude other or further exercise thereof or of any other such right. The waiver by the Company or Subcontractor of any breach of any provision of this Agreement shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any subsequent breach or of any other provision of this Agreement.



Neither the Company’s nor the Client’s review, approval, nor payment for, any of the services required under this Agreement shall be construed to have operated as a waiver of any rights arising under this Agreement or of any cause of action arising out of the performance of this Agreement.



The rights and remedies of the Company and the Subcontractor provided for under this Agreement are in addition to any other rights and remedies provided by law, unless expressly stated otherwise in this Agreement.



Dispute Resolution: During the pendency of any controversy or claim hereunder, the Subcontractor shall proceed diligently with the performance of the Subcontract and in accordance with the direction of the Company. The preceding does not apply to Company’s payment obligations to Subcontractor or any remedies available to Illumina as a result of Company’s undisputed breach.



Priority Rating:




Applicable Law: In the performance of the work provided by this Agreement, the Subcontractor and Company shall comply with all applicable Federal, State and local laws, rules, ordinances, codes, and regulations (collectively “Laws”) that are applicable to the subject matter of, and source of funding for (but only to the extent the laws applicable to the source of funding require that such Laws be imposed on the


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  Subcontractor), this Agreement. This Agreement is shall be construed, interpreted and applied in accordance with the laws of the State of California (without reference to conflicts of laws provisions). Subcontractor agrees to release, defend, indemnify and hold Company harmless against any and all liability or loss which may arise in connection with any failure to comply with applicable law, regulations and rules as outlined above.



Entire Agreement, Modifications, Headings, Severability: The parties acknowledge that this Agreement constitutes the entire Agreement between them and supersedes all prior representations, warranties, agreements, and understandings oral or written between the parties with respect to its subject matter. Unless stated otherwise in this Agreement, this Agreement may not be modified except in writing signed by both parties. The headings to this Agreement are for convenience and reference purposes only and shall not constitute a part of the Agreement. If any element of this Agreement is later held to violate the law or a regulation, that element shall be deemed void, and all remaining provisions shall continue in force.




This Article 16 applies where this Agreement involves any export to a non-U.S. country, to a foreign person within the U.S. or from one non-U.S. country to another.



Subcontractor and Company will conduct its business operations in accordance with all applicable U.S. and foreign laws, ordinances, codes and regulations. Subcontractor shall comply with all applicable export laws, restrictions and regulations of any United States, European Union or other foreign agency or authority and agrees not to import, export or re-export, or allow the import, export or re-export of, any product, technology or information it obtains or learns pursuant to this Agreement (or any direct product thereof) in violation of any such laws, restrictions or regulations.

Company and Subcontractor confirm reading this document in full and confirm that they understand the terms of this Agreement. Company and Subcontractor freely enter into this Agreement. The Agreement becomes effective on the latest date of execution indicated below.



Illumina, Inc.



Personalis, Inc.


/s/ Mark Van Oene


/s/ Carol Tillis


Sr. Vice President & General Mgr.


VP Finance & Administration







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All costs associated with the obligations set forth herein shall be the responsibility of the subcontractor unless expressly stated otherwise in an SOW.


This Section I (Contract Security) and its applicability shall be interpreted based upon the following:

The VA has clarified that: (i) a System of Records is not being designed, developed, or operated under the Contract, (ii) Subcontractor will not have logical (technical) or physical access to any VA Information System, (iii) Subcontractor is not designing, developing, or operating a VA Information System, and (iv) DNA samples proved by the VA under the Contract are not themselves considered by the VA to be VA Sensitive Information.

With respect to Section A.3(b) of this Section 1 (Contract Security), relating to co-mingling of data, (i) VA and Subcontractor are under the understanding that Subcontractor’s production and data management process does not represent co-mingling of data as defined by the section, and (ii) VA and Subcontractor have established that Subcontractor’s data segregation and separation practices are adequate since (a) the data for each DNA sample is located in a folder structure unique to that DNA sample, (b) no data from other DNA samples of other customers of Subcontractor reside in the same folder, and (c) the data for each DNA sample is 100% tracked by a dedicated database that associates each DNA sample with its project.



Contractors, contractor personnel, subcontractors, and subcontractor personnel shall be subject to the same Federal laws, regulations, standards, and VA Directives and Handbooks as VA and VA personnel regarding information and information system security.


a.    A contractor/subcontractor shall request logical (technical) or physical access to VA information and VA information systems for their employees, subcontractors, and affiliates only to the extent necessary to perform the services specified in the contract, agreement, or task order.

b.    All contractors, subcontractors, and third-party servicers and associates working with VA information are subject to the same investigative requirements as those of VA appointees or employees who have access to the same types of information. The level and process of background security investigations for contractors must be in accordance with VA Directive and Handbook 0710, Personnel Suitability and Security Program. The Office for Operations, Security, and Preparedness is responsible for these policies and procedures.

c.    Contract personnel who require access to national security programs must have a valid security clearance. National Industrial Security Program (NISP) was established by Executive Order 12829 to ensure that cleared U.S. defense industry contract personnel safeguard the classified information in their possession while performing work on contracts, programs, bids, or research and development efforts. The Department of Veterans Affairs does not have a Memorandum of Agreement with Defense Security Service (DSS). Verification of a Security Clearance must be processed through the Special Security Officer located in the Planning and National Security Service within the Office of Operations, Security, and Preparedness.


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d.    Custom software development and outsourced operations must be located in the U.S. to the maximum extent practical. If such services are proposed to be performed abroad and are not disallowed by other VA policy or mandates, the contractor/subcontractor must state where all non-U.S. services are provided and detail a security plan, deemed to be acceptable by VA, specifically to address mitigation of the resulting problems of communication, control, data protection, and so forth. Location within the U.S. may be an evaluation factor.

e.    The contractor or subcontractor must notify the Contracting Officer immediately when an employee working on a VA system or with access to VA information is reassigned or leaves the contractor or subcontractor’s employ. The Contracting Officer must also be notified immediately by the contractor or subcontractor prior to an unfriendly termination.


a.    Information made available to the contractor or subcontractor by VA for the performance or administration of this contract or information developed by the contractor/subcontractor in performance or administration of the contract shall be used only for those purposes and shall not be used in any other way without the prior written agreement of the VA. This clause expressly limits the contractor/subcontractor’s rights to use data as described in Rights in Data - General, FAR 52.227-14(d) (1).

b.    VA information should not be co-mingled, if possible, with any other data on the contractors/ subcontractor’s information systems or media storage systems in order to ensure VA requirements related to data protection and media sanitization can be met. If co-mingling must be allowed to meet the requirements of the business need, the contractor must ensure that VA’s information is returned to the VA or destroyed in accordance with VA’s sanitization requirements. VA reserves the right to conduct on site inspections of contractor and subcontractor IT resources to ensure data security controls, separation of data and job duties, and destruction/media sanitization procedures are in compliance with VA directive requirements.

c.    Prior to termination or completion of this contract, contractor/subcontractor must not destroy information received from VA, or gathered/created by the contractor in the course of performing this contract without prior written approval by the VA. Any data destruction done on behalf of VA by a contractor/ subcontractor must be done in accordance with National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) requirements as outlined in VA Directive 6300, Records and Information Management and its Handbook 6300.1 Records Management Procedures, applicable VA Records Control Schedules, and VA Handbook 6500.1, Electronic Media Sanitization. Self-certification by the subcontractor that the data destruction requirements above have been met must be sent to the VA Contracting Officer within 30 days of termination of the contract.

d.    The contractor/subcontractor must receive, gather, store, back up, maintain, use, disclose and dispose of VA information only in compliance with the terms of the contract and applicable Federal and VA information confidentiality and security laws, regulations and policies. If Federal or VA information confidentiality and security laws, regulations and policies become applicable to the VA information or information systems after execution of the contract, or if NIST issues or updates applicable FIPS or Special Publications (SP) after execution of this contract, the parties agree to negotiate in good faith to implement the information confidentiality and security laws, regulations and policies in this contract.

e.    The contractor/subcontractor shall not make copies of VA information except as authorized and necessary to perform the terms of the agreement or to preserve electronic information stored on contractor/subcontractor electronic storage media for restoration in case any electronic equipment or data used by the contractor/subcontractor needs to be restored to an operating state. If copies are made for restoration purposes, after the restoration is complete, the copies must be appropriately destroyed.

f.    If VA determines that the contractor has violated any of the information confidentiality, privacy, and security provisions of the contract, it shall be sufficient grounds for VA to withhold payment to the contractor or third party or terminate the contract for default or terminate for cause under Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) part 12.


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g.    If a VHA contract is terminated for cause, the associated BAA must also be terminated and appropriate actions taken in accordance with VHA Handbook 1600.01, Business Associate Agreements. Absent an agreement to use or disclose protected health information, there is no business associate relationship.

h.    The contractor/subcontractor must store, transport, or transmit VA sensitive information in an encrypted form, using VA-approved encryption tools that are, at a minimum, FIPS 140-2 validated.

i.    The contractor/subcontractor’s firewall and Web services security controls, if applicable, shall meet or exceed VA’s minimum requirements. VA Configuration Guidelines are available upon request.

j.    Except for uses and disclosures of VA information authorized by this contract for performance of the contract, the contractor/subcontractor may use and disclose VA information only in two other situations: (i) in response to a qualifying order of a court of competent jurisdiction, or (ii) with VA’s prior written approval. The contractor/subcontractor must refer all requests for, demands for production of, or inquiries about, VA information and information systems to the VA contracting officer for response.

k.    Notwithstanding the provision above, the contractor/subcontractor shall not release VA records protected by Title 38 U.S.C. 5705, confidentiality of medical quality assurance records and/or Title 38 U.S.C. 7332, confidentiality of certain health records pertaining to drug addiction, sickle cell anemia, alcoholism or alcohol abuse, or infection with human immunodeficiency virus. If the contractor/subcontractor is in receipt of a court order or other requests for the above mentioned information, that contractor/subcontractor shall immediately refer such court orders or other requests to the VA contracting officer for response.

I.    For service that involves the storage, generating, transmitting, or exchanging of VA sensitive information but does not require C&A or an MOU-ISA for system interconnection, the contractor/subcontractor must complete a Contractor Security Control Assessment (CSCA) on a yearly basis and provide it to the COR.






a.    The term “security incident” means an event that has, or could have, resulted in unauthorized access to, loss or damage to VA assets, or sensitive information, or an action that breaches VA security procedures. The contractor/subcontractor shall immediately notify the COR and simultaneously, the designated ISO and Privacy Officer for the contract of any known or suspected security/privacy incidents, or any unauthorized disclosure of sensitive information, including that contained in system(s) to which the contractor/subcontractor has access.

b.    To the extent known by the contractor/subcontractor, the contractor/subcontractor’s notice to VA shall identify the information involved, the circumstances surrounding the incident (including to whom, how, when, and where the VA information or assets were placed at risk or compromised), and any other information that the contractor/subcontractor considers relevant.

c.    With respect to unsecured protected health information, the business associate is deemed to have discovered a data breach when the business associate knew or should have known of a breach of such information. Upon discovery, the business associate must notify the covered entity of the breach. Notifications need to be made in accordance with the executed business associate agreement.


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d.    In instances of theft or break-in or other criminal activity, the contractor/subcontractor must concurrently report the incident to the appropriate law enforcement entity (or entities) of jurisdiction, including the VA OIG and Security and Law Enforcement. The contractor, its employees, and its subcontractors and their employees shall cooperate with VA and any law enforcement authority responsible for the investigation and prosecution of any possible criminal law violation(s) associated with any incident. The contractor/subcontractor shall cooperate with VA in any civil litigation to recover VA information, obtain monetary or other compensation from a third party for damages arising from any incident, or obtain injunctive relief against any third party arising from, or related to, the incident.


a.    Consistent with the requirements of 38 U.S.C. §5725, a contract may require access to sensitive personal information. If so, the contractor is liable to VA for liquidated damages in the event of a data breach or privacy incident involving any SP1the contractor/subcontractor processes or maintains under this contract.

b. The contractor/subcontractor shall provide notice to VA of a “security incident” as set forth in the Security Incident Investigation section above. Upon such notification, VA must secure from a non-Department entity or the VA Office of Inspector General an independent risk analysis of the data breach to determine the level of risk associated with the data breach for the potential misuse of any sensitive personal information involved in the data breach. The term ‘data breach’ means the loss, theft, or other unauthorized access, or any access other than that incidental to the scope of employment, to data containing sensitive personal information, in electronic or printed form, that results in the potential compromise of the confidentiality or integrity of the data. Contractor shall fully cooperate with the entity performing the risk analysis. Failure to cooperate may be deemed a material breach and grounds for contract termination.

c.    Each risk analysis shall address all relevant information concerning the data breach, including the following:

(1)    Nature of the event (loss, theft, unauthorized access);

(2)    Description of the event, including:

(a)    date of occurrence;

(b)    data elements involved, including any PII, such as full name, social security number, date of birth, home address, account number, disability code;

(3)    Number of individuals affected or potentially affected;

(4)    Names of individuals or groups affected or potentially affected;

(5)    Ease of logical data access to the lost, stolen or improperly accessed data in light of the degree of protection for the data, e.g., unencrypted, plain text;

(6)    Amount of time the data has been out of VA control;

(7)    The likelihood that the sensitive personal information will or has been compromised (made accessible to and usable by unauthorized persons);

(8)    Known misuses of data containing sensitive personal information, if any;


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(9)    Assessment of the potential harm to the affected individuals;

(10)    Data breach analysis as outlined in 6500.2 Handbook, Management of Security and Privacy Incidents, as appropriate; and

(11)    Whether credit protection services may assist record subjects in avoiding or mitigating the results of identity theft based on the sensitive personal information that may have been compromised.

d.    Based on the determinations of the independent risk analysis, the contractor shall be responsible for paying to the VA liquidated damages in the amount of $37.50 per affected individual to cover the cost of providing credit protection services to affected individuals consisting of the following:

(1)    Notification;

(2)    One year of credit monitoring services consisting of automatic daily monitoring of at least 3 relevant credit bureau reports;

(3)    Data breach analysis;

(4)    Fraud resolution services, including writing dispute letters, initiating fraud alerts and credit freezes, to assist affected individuals to bring matters to resolution;

(5)    One year of identity theft insurance with $20,000.00 coverage at $0 deductible; and

(6)    Necessary legal expenses the subjects may incur to repair falsified or damaged credit records, histories, or financial affairs.


On a periodic basis, VA, including the Office of Inspector General, reserves the right to evaluate any or all of the security controls and privacy practices implemented by the contractor under the clauses contained within the contract. With 10 working-days’ notice, at the request of the government, the contractor must fully cooperate and assist in a government-sponsored security controls assessment at each location wherein VA information is processed or stored, or information systems are developed, operated, maintained, or used on behalf of VA, including those initiated by the Office of Inspector General. The government may conduct a security control assessment on shorter notice (to include unannounced assessments) as determined by VA in the event of a security incident or at any other time.


a.    All contractor employees and subcontractor employees requiring access to VA information and VA information systems shall complete the following before being granted access to VA information and its systems:

(1)    Sign and acknowledge (either manually or electronically) understanding of and responsibilities for compliance with the Contractor Rules of Behavior, Appendix E relating to access to VA information and information systems;

(2)    Successfully complete the VA Cyber Security Awareness and Rules of Behavior training and annually complete required security training;

(3)    Successfully complete the appropriate VA privacy training and annually complete required privacy training; and

(4)    Successfully complete any additional cyber security or privacy training, as required for VA personnel with equivalent information system access [to be defined by the VA program official and provided to the contracting officer for inclusion in the solicitation document – e.g., any role-based information security training required in accordance with NIST Special Publication 800-16, Information Technology Security Training Requirements.]


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b.    The subcontractor shall provide to the contracting officer and/or the COR a copy of the training certificates and certification of signing the Contractor Rules of Behavior for each applicable employee within 1 week of the initiation of the contract and annually thereafter, as required.

c.    Failure to complete the mandatory annual training and sign the Rules of Behavior annually, within the timeframe required, is grounds for suspension or termination of all physical or electronic access privileges and removal from work on the contract until such time as the training and documents are complete.


This User Agreement contains rights and authorizations regarding my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). This User Agreement covers my access to all VA data whether electronic or hard copy (“Data”), VA information systems and resources (“Systems”), and VA sites (“Sites”). This User Agreement incorporates Rules of Behavior for using VA, and other information systems and resources under the contract.


a.    I understand and agree that I have no reasonable expectation of privacy in accessing or using any VA, or other Federal Government information systems.

b.    I consent to reviews and actions by the Office of Information & Technology (OI&T) staff designated and authorized by the VA Chief Information Officer (CIO) and to the VA OIG regarding my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with the VA. These actions may include monitoring, recording, copying, inspecting, restricting access, blocking, tracking, and disclosing to all authorized Ol&T, VA, and law enforcement personnel as directed by the VA CIO without my prior consent or notification.

c.    I consent to reviews and actions by authorized VA systems administrators and Information Security Officers solely for protection of the VA infrastructure, including, but

not limited to monitoring, recording, auditing, inspecting, investigating, restricting access, blocking, tracking, disclosing to authorized personnel, or any other authorized actions by all authorized Ol&T, VA, and law enforcement personnel.

d.    I understand and accept that unauthorized attempts or acts to access, upload, change, or delete information on Federal Government systems; modify Federal government systems; deny access to Federal government systems; accrue resources for unauthorized use on Federal government systems; or otherwise misuse Federal government systems or resources are prohibited.

e.    I understand that such unauthorized attempts or acts are subject to action that may result in criminal, civil, or administrative penalties. This includes penalties for violations of Federal laws including, but not limited to, 18 U.S.C. §1030 (fraud and related activity in connection with computers) and 18 U.S.C. §2701 (unlawful access to stored communications).

f.    I agree that Ol&T staff, in the course of obtaining access to information or systems on my behalf for performance under the contract, may provide information about me including, but not limited to, appropriate unique personal identifiers such as date of birth and social security number to other system administrators, Information Security Officers (ISOs), or other authorized staff without further notifying me or obtaining additional written or verbal permission from me.


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g.    I understand I must comply with VA’s security and data privacy directives and handbooks. I understand that copies of those directives and handbooks can be obtained from the Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative (COR). If the contractor believes the policies and guidance provided by the COR is a material unilateral change to the contract, the contractor must elevate such concerns to the Contracting Officer for resolution.

h.    I will report suspected or identified information security/privacy incidents to the COR and to the local ISO or Privacy Officer as appropriate.


a.    Rules of Behavior are part of a comprehensive program to provide complete information security. These rules establish standards of behavior in recognition of the fact that knowledgeable users are the foundation of a successful security program. Users must understand that taking personal responsibility for the security of their computer and the information it contains is an essential part of their job.

b.    The following rules apply to all VA contractors. I agree to:

(1)    Follow established procedures for requesting, accessing, and closing user accounts and access. I will not request or obtain access beyond what is normally granted to users or by what is outlined in the contract.

(2)    Use only systems, software, databases, and data which I am authorized to use, including any copyright restrictions.

(3)    I will not use other equipment (OE) (non-contractor owned) for the storage, transfer, or processing of VA sensitive information without a VA CIO approved waiver, unless it has been reviewed and approved by local management and is included in the language of the contract. If authorized to use OE IT equipment, I must ensure that the system meets all applicable 6500 Handbook requirements for OE.

(4)    Not use my position of trust and access rights to exploit system controls or access information for any reason other than in the performance of the contract.

(5)    Not attempt to override or disable security, technical, or management controls unless expressly permitted to do so as an explicit requirement under the contract or at the direction of the COR or ISO. If I am allowed or required to have a local administrator account on a government-owned computer, that local administrative account does not confer me unrestricted access or use, nor the authority to bypass security or other controls except as expressly permitted by the VA CIO or CIO’s designee.

(6)    Contractors’ use of systems, information, or sites is strictly limited to fulfill the terms of the contract. I understand no personal use is authorized. I will only use other Federal government information systems as expressly authorized by the terms of those systems. I accept that the restrictions under ethics regulations and criminal law still apply.

(7)    Grant access to systems and information only to those who have an official need to know.

(8)    Protect passwords from access by other individuals.

(9)    Create and change passwords in accordance with VA Handbook 6500 on systems and any devices protecting VA information as well as the rules of behavior and security settings for the particular system in question.

(10)    Protect information and systems from unauthorized disclosure, use, modification, or destruction. I will only use encryption that is FIPS 140-2 validated to safeguard VA sensitive information, both safeguarding VA sensitive information in storage and in transit regarding my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with the VA.


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(11)    Follow VA Handbook 6500.1, Electronic Media Sanitization to protect VA information. I will contact the COR for policies and guidance on complying with this requirement and will follow the COR’s orders.

(12)    Ensure that the COR has previously approved VA information for public dissemination, including e-mail communications outside of the VA as appropriate. I will not make any unauthorized disclosure of any VA sensitive information through the use of any means of communication including but not limited to e-mail, instant messaging, online chat, and web bulletin boards or logs.

(13)    Not host, set up, administer, or run an Internet server related to my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with the VA unless explicitly authorized under the contract or in writing by the COR.

(14)    Protect government property from theft, destruction, or misuse. I will follow VA directives and handbooks on handling Federal government IT equipment, information, and systems. I will not take VA sensitive information from the workplace without authorization from the COR.

(15)    Only use anti-virus software, antispyware, and firewall/intrusion detection software authorized by VA. I will contact the COR for policies and guidance on complying with this requirement and will follow the COR’s orders regarding my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with VA.

(16)    Not disable or degrade the standard anti-virus software, antispyware, and/or firewall/intrusion detection software on the computer I use to access and use information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms

with VA. I will report anti-virus, antispyware, firewall or intrusion detection software errors, or significant alert messages to the COR.

(17)    Understand that restoration of service of any VA system is a concern of all users of the system.

(18)    Complete required information security and privacy training, and complete required training for the particular systems to which I require access.


a.    When required to complete work under the contract, I will directly connect to the VA network whenever possible. If a direct connection to the VA network is not possible, then I will use VA approved remote access software and services.

b.    Remote access to non-public VA information technology resources is prohibited from publicly-available IT computers, such as remotely connecting to the internal VA network from computers in a public library.

c.    I will not have both a VA network line and any kind of non-VA network line including a wireless network card, modem with phone line, or other network device physically connected to my computer at the same time, unless the dual connection is explicitly authorized by the COR.

d.    I understand that I may not obviate or evade my responsibility to adhere to VA security requirements by subcontracting any work under any given contract or agreement with VA, and that any subcontractor(s) I engage shall likewise be bound by the same security requirements and penalties for violating the same.


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This User Agreement does not and should not be relied upon to create any other right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable by law, by a party to litigation with the United States Government.


I acknowledge receipt of this User Agreement. I understand and accept all terms and conditions of this User Agreement, and I will comply with the terms and conditions of this agreement and any additional VA warning banners, directives, handbooks, notices, or directions regarding access to or use of information systems or information. The terms and conditions of this document do not supersede the terms and conditions of the signatory’s employer and VA.

Print or type your full name


Last 4 digits of SSN


Office Phone

Position Title

Contractor’s Company Name

Please complete and return the original signed document to the COR within the timeframe stated in the terms of the contract.


As stated above, all costs associated with the obligations set forth herein shall be the responsibility of the subcontractor unless expressly stated otherwise in a task order. To the extent that contractor incurs expense on behalf of subcontractor under this section, contractor may retain the amounts for the expenses incurred from payments due to subcontractor or, at contractor’s option, may invoice subcontractor for these expenses.


All samples and data provided by the Government and all data first produced or delivered during this contract is the sole property of the VA. The subcontractor recognizes that in the performance of this subcontract it may receive or have access to sensitive or confidential information, including personal information of VA employees and information proprietary in nature by system contractors, equipment manufacturers and other private or public entities. The subcontractor shall restrict access to sensitive or confidential information to the minimum number of employees necessary for subcontract performance.

The subcontractor shall indoctrinate its employees and all lower-tier subcontractor employees working on this subcontract on the laws, rules and regulations governing access to sensitive and/or confidential information. All persons concerned shall understand that unauthorized access to or use of sensitive or confidential information related to this subcontract shall result in immediate termination of the individual or individuals from the subcontract and be subject to legal prosecution to the fullest extent of the law.


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The contractor is required to conduct an appropriate background investigation on all of its employees and subcontractor employees working on this contract and who require access to government computer systems.


The clauses from the prime contract have been modified by contractor to reflect the contractual relationship between the contractor and subcontractor and to reflect the applicable obligations.

52.204-10 REPORTING EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION AND FIRST-TIER SUBCONTRACT AWARDS (OCT 2016) Subcontractor shall provide the information required for contractor to submit the information required under (d)(2) of this clause and will provide information required under (d)(3) if the circumstances in (d)(3)(i) and (ii) are applicable.


(a)    The subcontractor shall not require employees or subcontractors seeking to report fraud, waste, or abuse to sign or comply with internal confidentiality agreements or statements prohibiting or otherwise restricting such employees or subcontractors from lawfully reporting such waste, fraud, or abuse to a designated investigative or law enforcement representative of a Federal department or agency authorized to receive such information.

(b)    The subcontractor shall notify employees that the prohibitions and restrictions of any internal confidentiality agreements covered by this clause are no longer in effect.

(c)    The prohibition in paragraph (a) of this clause does not contravene requirements applicable to Standard Form 312, Form 4414, or any other form issued by a Federal department or agency governing the nondisclosure of classified information.

(d)(1) In accordance with section 743 of Division E, Title VII, of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Resolution Appropriations Act, 2015 (Pub. L. 113-235), use of funds appropriated (or otherwise made available) under that or any other Act may be prohibited, if the Government determines that the Contractor is not in compliance with the provisions of this clause.

(2) The Government may seek any available remedies in the event the contractor fails to comply with the provisions of this clause.

(End of Clause)

52.216-19 ORDER LIMITATIONS (OCT 1995)

(a) Minimum order. When the contractor requires supplies or services covered by this contract in an amount of less than 1 each, the contractor is not obligated to purchase, nor is the subcontractor obligated to furnish, those supplies or services under the contract.

(b) Maximum order. The subcontractor is not obligated to honor—

(1) Any order for a single item in excess of 500 each per month;

(2) Any order for a combination of items in excess of 500 each per month; or

(3) A series of orders from the same ordering office within 30 days that together call for quantities exceeding the limitation in paragraph (b)(1) or (2) of this section.


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(d) Notwithstanding paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section, the subcontractor shall honor any order exceeding the maximum order limitations in paragraph (b), unless that order (or orders) is returned to the contractor within 2 days after issuance, with written notice stating the subcontractor’s intent not to ship the item (or items) called for and the reasons. Upon receiving this notice, the contractor or the Government may acquire the supplies or services from another source.

(End of Clause)


(a) The contractor may extend the term of this subcontract by written notice to the subcontractor within 45 days, which must be mutually approved by both parties.

(b) If the contractor exercises this option, the extended subcontract shall be considered to include this option clause.

(c) The total duration of this subcontract, including the exercise of any options under this clause, shall not exceed five (5) years.

(End of Clause)


The subcontractor agrees that it will not advertise the award of the subcontract in his/her commercial advertising in such a manner as to state or imply that Personalis or the Department of Veterans Affairs endorses a product, project or commercial line of endeavor.


This subcontract incorporates one or more clauses by reference, with the same force and effect as if they were given in full text. The full text of a clause may be accessed electronically at this/these address(es):

52.204-9    PERSONAL IDENTITY VERIFICATION OF CONTRACTOR PERSONNEL (JAN 2011) (required only if Subcontractor requires routine physical access to a Federally-controlled facility and/or routine access to a Federally-controlled information system)



(This clause is applicable to Subcontractor to the extent that it is applicable to Contractor. Subcontractor shall provide the data and rights therein necessary to fulfill Contractor’s prime contract obligations.)


(This clause is applicable to Subcontractor to the extent that it is applicable to Contractor. Subcontractor shall provide the data and rights therein necessary to fulfill Contractor’s prime contract obligations.)

52.203-13 Contractor Code of Business Ethics and Conduct (OCT 2015) (Pub. L. 110-252, Title VI, Chapter 1 (41 U.S.C. 251 note))

Mandatory written disclosures required by FAR clause 52.203-13 to the Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Inspector General (OIG) must be made electronically through the VA OIG Hotline at and clicking on “FAR clause 52.203-13 Reporting.” If you experience difficulty accessing the website, call the Hotline at ###-###-#### for further instructions.


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52.203-19, Prohibition on Requiring Certain Internal Confidentiality Agreements or Statements (JAN 2017) (section 743 of Division E, Title VII, of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 (Pub. L. 113-235) and its successor provisions in subsequent appropriations acts (and as extended in continuing resolutions)).

52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns (NOV 2016) (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(2) and (3)), in all subcontracts that offer further subcontracting opportunities.

52.222-17, Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers (MAY 2014) (E.O. 13495). Flow down required in accordance with paragraph (1) of FAR clause 52.222-17.

52.222-21, Prohibition of Segregated Facilities (APR 2015).

52.222-26 Equal Opportunity (SEP 2016) (E.O. 11246)

52.222-35 Equal Opportunity for Veterans (OCT 2015) (38 U.S.C. 4212)

52.222-36 Affirmative Action for Workers with Disabilities (Oct 2010) (29 U.S.C. 793)

52.222-37, Employment Reports on Veterans (FEB 2016) (38 U.S.C. 4212).

52.222-40 Notification of Employee Rights Under the National Labor Relations Act (DEC 2010) (E.O. 13496). Flow down required in accordance with paragraph (1) of FAR clause 52.222-40.

52.222-41 Service Contract Labor Standards (MAY 2014) (41 U.S.C. chapter 67).

52.222-50 Combating Trafficking in Persons (MAR 2015) (22 U.S.C. chapter 78 and E.O. 13627), Alternate I (MAR 2015) of 52.222-50 (22 U.S.C. chapter 78 and E.O. 13627).

52.222-51, Exemption from Application of the Service Contract Labor Standards to Contracts for Maintenance, Calibration, or Repair of Certain Equipment—Requirements (MAY 2014) (41 U.S.C. chapter 67).

52.222-53, Exemption from Application of the Service Contract Labor Standards to Contracts for Certain Services—Requirements (MAY 2014) (41 U.S.C. chapter 67).

52.222-54 Employee Eligibility Verification (OCT 2015) (E. O. 12989).

52.222-55, Minimum Wages Under Executive Order 13658 (DEC 2015).

52.222-59, Compliance with Labor Laws (Executive Order 13673) (OCT 2016) (Applies at $50 million for solicitations and resultant contracts issued from October 25, 2016 through April 24, 2017; applies at $500,000 for solicitations and resultant contracts issued after April 24, 2017).

Note to paragraph (e)(1)(xvii): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, 52.222-59 is enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. The enjoined paragraph will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction. At that time, DoD, GSA, and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the injunction.


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52.222-60, Paycheck Transparency (Executive Order 13673) (OCT 2016)).

52.222-62 Paid Sick Leave Under Executive Order 13706 (JAN 2017) (E.O. 13706).

52.224-3, Privacy Training (JAN 2017) (5 U.S.C. 552a), Alternate I (JAN 2017) of 52.224-3.

52.226-6, Promoting Excess Food Donation to Nonprofit Organizations (MAY 2014) (42 U.S.C. 1792). Flow down required in accordance with paragraph (e) of FAR clause 52.226-6.

52.247-64 Preference for Privately Owned U.S.-Flag Commercial Vessels (Feb 2006) (46 U.S.C. Appx. 1241(b) and 10 U.S.C. 2631). Flow down required in accordance with paragraph (d) of FAR clause 52.247-64.


(a) Definitions. As used in this clause—

“Data” means recorded information, regardless of form or the media on which it may be recorded. The term includes technical data and computer software. The term does not include information incidental to subcontract administration, such as financial, administrative, cost or pricing, or management information. “Unlimited rights” means the rights of the Government to use, disclose, reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, in any manner and for any purpose, and to have or permit others to do so.

(b) Allocation of Rights.

(1) The Government and contractor shall have—

(i) Unlimited rights in all data delivered under this subcontract, and in all data first produced in the performance of this subcontract, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this clause.

(ii) The right to limit assertion of copyright in data first produced in the performance of this subcontract, and to obtain assignment of copyright in that data, in accordance with paragraph (c)(1) of this clause.

(iii) The right to limit the release and use of certain data in accordance with paragraph (d) of this clause.

(2) The subcontractor shall have, to the extent permission is granted in accordance with paragraph (c)(1) of this clause, the right to assert claim to copyright subsisting in data first produced in the performance of this contract.

(c) Copyright—

(1) Data first produced in the performance of this contract.

(i) The subcontractor shall not assert or authorize others to assert any claim to copyright subsisting in any data first produced in the performance of this subcontract without prior written permission of the Contracting Officer. When copyright is asserted, the subcontractor shall affix the appropriate copyright notice of 17 U.S.C. 401 or 402 and acknowledgment of Government sponsorship (including prime contract number) to the data when delivered to the contractor for delivery to the Government, as well as when the data are published or deposited for registration as a published work in the U.S. Copyright Office. The subcontractor grants to the Government, contractor and others acting on their behalf, a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide license for all delivered data to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the Government or contractor.

(ii) If the Government desires to obtain copyright in data first produced in the performance of this contract and permission has not been granted as set forth in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this clause, the Contracting Officer (through the contractor) shall direct the subcontractor to assign (with or without registration), or obtain the assignment of, the copyright to the Government or its designated assignee.


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(2) Data not first produced in the performance of this contract. The subcontractor shall not, without prior written permission of the Subcontract Administrator, incorporate in data delivered under this contract any data not first produced in the performance of this contract and that contain the copyright notice of 17 U.S.C. 401 or 402, unless the subcontractor identifies such data and grants to the Government, or acquires on its behalf, a license of the same scope as set forth in paragraph (c)(1) of this clause.

(d) Release and use restrictions. Except as otherwise specifically provided for in this contract, the subcontractor shall not use, release, reproduce, distribute, or publish any data first produced in the performance of this contract, nor authorize others to do so, without written permission of the Contracting Officer or contractor.

(e) Indemnity. The Contractor shall indemnify the Government and contractor and their officers, agents, and employees acting for them against any liability, including costs and expenses, incurred as the result of the violation of trade secrets, copyrights, or right of privacy or publicity, arising out of the creation, delivery, publication, or use of any data furnished under this subcontract; or any libelous or other unlawful matter contained in such data. The provisions of this paragraph do not apply unless the Government or contractor provides notice to the subcontractor as soon as practicable of any claim or suit, affords the subcontractor an opportunity under applicable laws, rules, or regulations to participate in the defense of the claim or suit, and obtains the subcontractor’s consent to the settlement of any claim or suit other than as required by final decree of a court of competent jurisdiction; and these provisions do not apply to material furnished to the subcontractor by the Government and incorporated in data to which this clause applies.



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Appendix B

Subcontractor Pricing and Services Description



Catalog#    Product Description    [***]    [***]    [***]    [***]    Subtotal


   Infinium®Global Screening Array-24 v1.0 Kit Fasttrack Service :
Infinium®Global Screening Array-24 v1.0 Kit (FTS)
   [***]    [***]    [***]    [***]    [***]
Subtotal    [***]
Total Maximum Subcontract Price (including shipping and insurance)    [***]

All prices are inclusive of shipping and taxes; provided that, Company is responsible for the costs of shipping the Samples to Subcontractor.

The pricing stated above commencing on the Effective Date of the Agreement and valid through December 31, 2021 or later if the US Department of Veteran Affair Contract # VA240-17-D-0107 is extended.

Subcontractor Qualifications

The Subcontractor shall have the following qualification, capabilities, and be able to document the following:



Headquarters and laboratory facilities where work to be conducted in is located within the Continental United States. No work shall be performed outside of the United States or in any locality outside of the jurisdiction of the laws of the United States.



Ability for Sample tracking and management utilizing bar coding to ensure security & traceability of VA samples.



Ability to produce documentation of sample handling and processing attributes/audit trail, etc. that would address sample mixing and sample error tracking.



The contractor shall demonstrate that they are certified in Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) and CLIA certification



Contractors shall be required to submit for a NACI low level background investigation and security clearance in accordance with the VA IT Security Clause and complete the required training and procedures to comply with these requirements.

FastTrack Genotyping Services Description and Specifications:

1.    Samples. Customer agrees to supply Illumina with a complete and accurate sample manifest in accordance with Section 5 of this Service Description.

If Illumina determines in its sole discretion that any of the Samples do not meet the criteria set forth in this Service Description, Illumina will so inform Customer. At such time, Customer will be provided the option to (a) replace such Samples, or (b) proceed with such Samples as-is. In both (a) and (b), Customer shall pay Illumina full price for the Services to be performed with respect to such Samples, even if no successful Results are obtained for those Samples.


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2.    Results. IIlumina shall deliver to Customer the Results as described below: SNP genotyping calls and scores for the assays performed on each Sample.

3.    Delivery Dates. The delivery date(s) for the Results will be established at the start of the project, based on the number of Samples and current laboratory queue.

3.1    Delivery Timeframes:



The following are minimum time frames for delivery of results:



For Infinium iSelect custom genotyping assays, within 90 days once a purchase order, loci selection and samples have all been received.



For standard genotyping studies using the Infinium assay, within 60 days of receipt of purchase order and samples, whichever occurs last. For studies larger than 1,000 samples, delivery date of the Results will be established at the start of the project, based on the current laboratory queue.

4.    SNP Selection Process. For any custom assays that are to be developed by Illumina for supply of genotyping data, Customer agrees that, within 14 days of receipt of the purchase order, it will identify for Illumina a set of SNP loci (“Loci”) in accordance with the SNP Selection guidelines set forth in Section 5 of in this Service Description. Illumina and Customer must mutually agree upon the final Loci. Illumina will attempt to develop a functional SNP assay for each SNP locus provided by the Customer and agreed upon by Illumina. Upon the delivery of Loci by the Customer to Illumina, the Customer shall identify any of such Loci which are not publicly available.

5.    Sample Requirements. Illumina’s experience shows that Samples conforming to the following requirements are likely to yield excellent genotyping data.


  5.1    Sample




To ensure that high quality data is produced, the Customer should submit a manifest of Sample characteristics. Illumina’s laboratory uses standard operating procedures, and it is important to identify any variation in Sample preparation as early as possible. For each Sample, provide the gender, parental identification, and replicate sample identification. Please use the following format for the Sample Manifest.

Manifest Columns:


DNA-plate barcode (e.g., GS0000777-DNA for
GoldenGate, WG0000888-DNA for Infinium)

Well position of the Sample (e.g., A05)

Customer Sample ID (e.g., GS0000777-
DNAAO5_Name) Species of the sample
(e.g., Homo sapiens)
Gender of the individual (F: female, M: male,
U: unknown) Comments
Volume in the well (e.g., 40µL).


DNA concentration (50ng/µL or greater) measured by

Tissue source (e.g., cell line)

Extraction Method (e.g., Phenol/Chloroform)

WGA Method (if applicable, e.g., REPLI-g)

Mass of DNA used in WGA (if applicable, e.g., 50ng)

Mother (e.g., GS000777-DNAA06_Name1)

Father (e.g., ###-###-####-DNAA07_Name2)

Replicate(s) (e.g., GS0000777-DNAA08_Name3)

Before shipping your Samples to Illumina, please forward a file containing the Sample Manifest to your Illumina contact for review.



To retain anonymity of the individuals from whom the Samples originated, Illumina provides barcoded microtiter plates and references the Samples by the plate number and well position. This allows a seamless interface with our robotic processes and the LIMS database. The Samples are placed into the supplied plates, sealed with a silicone cap, frozen, and shipped on dry ice. It is imperative that the DNA remain solidly frozen during shipping to avoid the possibility of cross contamination or degradation.


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  5.2    DNA

Sample Criteria



DNA should be quantified using a double stranded, DNA specific method such as PicoGreen fluorescence.)



All DNAs must be at a concentration of 50 ng/µL or greater. The total amount of DNA required is dependent on the number of SNPs to be studied and is defined for each project. A table with typical DNA requirements is provided below.



DNA must be diluted in 10mM Tris/1mM EDTA.



A brief description of the DNA extraction protocol(s) should be included.



As a preliminary test, we ask for a few representative samples. We evaluate these test DNAs for performance quality on the Illumina genotyping platform. These samples are not part of the project and will be destroyed once evaluated.


  5.3    DNA



Assay    Project Type   

Min. µg per


   µL per
Infinium    Test Samples    1.75    35
Infinium    Standard and iSelect    1.75    35


  5.4    Microtiter

Plate Configuration



Illumina will provide barcoded, midi plates with corresponding lids.



Wells A01 and Al2 must remain empty for Illumina DNA controls.



The lids must be sealed tightly and completely. We suggest the use of devices such as the MJ Research Roller for Microseal Film; catalog number MSR-0001 or the Corning Storage Mat Applicator; catalog number 3081.



Customer is responsible for maintaining a map of the DNA positions on each microtiter plate. The genotyping data will reference the barcode and well position of each DNA.



DNA must be solidly frozen prior to packing and shipment, and remain frozen. Plates must be shipped on sufficient dry ice to ensure that the samples remain frozen.



DNA should be shipped overnight express.


  5.5    Illumina

SNP Selection and Submission Requirements for Custom Genotyping Projects



Illumina SNP Format Guidelines

Queries for SNP selection can be submitted to obtain designability information. In addition, for human studies, data from the currently supported dbSNP version will be returned. The following input file types are supported:

SNP list. Customers can submit SNPs for human studies using the RS identifiers.

Gene list. Gene lists (and distance upstream and downstream from the designated gene) can be used as an input to obtain a list of SNPs within the gene region for human studies.

Region list. A list of markers that act as “start” and “stop” region identifiers

can be used to query SNPs for human studies. As with the gene list, the distance upstream and downstream (in base pairs) can also be designated in the input format.


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Sequence List. For human studies and a supported list of species (e.g., mouse, dog, chicken, ...), a list of sequences, chromosomal designations and coordinates can be input. Assays for non- supported species can be designed as well using this submission format. Sequence lists require the use of IUPAC code for any neighboring polymorphisms with the targeted SNP in brackets (e.g., [A/G]) with a minimum of 50bp of sequence on either side of the targeted SNP.



SNP Selection Additional Support

In addition to data on designability and minor allele frequency provided through Illumina’s Assay Design Tool (ADT), Illumina’s Fast-Track Genotyping Services is able to provide the following additional support in SNP selection:

Tag Selection. We use genotype data from Phase I+II of the International HapMap Project to complete a tag selection. User inputs include overall regions to target, SNPs per bin (based on r^2 threshold), minor allele frequency minimum, and population of interest (CEU, CHB, JPT,YRI).

Spacing Optimization. Illumina’s automated spacing selection tool can help target the SNPs within a list

that give optimal spacing balanced with minor allele frequency (and, if desired, mandatory SNPs).

Annotation. Illumina can provide annotation (contig, refseq genes, and distance to the closet intron/exon boundary on any RS list in human studies.



SNP Analysis and Selection Process

As part of the SNP selection process, SNP sequences are analyzed for assay fitness. Examples of some criteria considered for assay design ability include:

The SNP sequences are not from duplicated sequences within the genome.

The SNP sequence is not in a repeated element.

The AT and GC content is acceptable.

Tm is acceptable.



A note regarding iSelect Custom Infinium SNP selection

All SNP classes use the Infinium chemistry. The following SNPs require a minimum of one bead type: A/C, A/G, T/C, and T/G. SNPs requiring two bead types include A/T and C/G SNPs

After analysis Customer will receive a file of the markers and their design score for the Illumina assay along with minor allele frequency and any additional supported information requested (e.g., annotation or tag selection) when available. The Customer will be given the opportunity to review, approve and edit the selected SNPs.

After Customer approval of the SNPs, oligo manufacturing will begin. The number of SNPs present in the final data set will depend on the assay conversion rate. It is expected that some assays will fail, and therefore no data will be delivered for these SNPs.

For Custom Infinium projects, the minimum manufacturing locus conversion rate is 80%. The assay success rate depends on the markers that are selected during the design phase. If a majority of chosen markers have previously been validated on the Infinium platform (design score of 1.1) the final locus conversion rate may be very high. Selected markers with low design scores will however reduce the locus conversion rate.