EX-10.3 4 mnkexhibit10309242019.htm EXHIBIT 10.3 Exhibit
Form for Directors / Secretary
THIS INDEMNIFICATION AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”), dated as of _______, is made by and among Sucampo Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Sucampo”), _____________ (“Indemnitee”) and, solely for purposes of Section 19, Mallinckrodt Brand Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Brand Pharma”).
WHEREAS, each of Sucampo and Brand Pharma is a wholly owned subsidiary of Mallinckrodt plc, a public limited company incorporated in Ireland;
WHEREAS, prior to the date hereof, Brand Pharma and Indemnitee entered into an indemnification agreement (the “Prior Agreement”), which the parties intend to be superseded and replaced by this Agreement;
WHEREAS, it is essential to Sucampo and Mallinckrodt plc that Mallinckrodt plc retain and attract as directors and secretary the most capable persons available;
WHEREAS, Sucampo has requested that the Indemnitee serve as a director, officer, secretary or employee of Mallinckrodt plc, and, if requested to do so by Sucampo, as a director, officer, secretary, employee, trustee, agent, or fiduciary of another foreign or domestic corporation, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, employee benefit plan, trust, or other Enterprise; and
WHEREAS, each of Mallinckrodt plc, Sucampo and Indemnitee recognize the increased risk of litigation and other claims currently being asserted against directors and officers of companies;
WHEREAS, due to restrictions imposed by Irish law, the Articles of Association of Mallinckrodt plc do not confer indemnification and advancement rights on its directors and secretary as broad as the indemnification and advancement rights that are customarily provided to the directors and secretary of a company organized under the laws of a U.S. state;
WHEREAS, in recognition of Indemnitee’s need for (i) substantial protection against personal liability, (ii) specific contractual assurance that such protection will be available to Indemnitee (regardless of, among other things, any amendment to or revocation of Mallinckrodt plc’s Articles of Association, the certificate of incorporation or bylaws of Sucampo (collectively, the “Sucampo Organizational Documents”) or any change in the composition of Mallinckrodt plc’s Board of Directors or acquisition transaction relating to Mallinckrodt plc), Sucampo wishes to provide in this Agreement for the indemnification by Sucampo of and the advancing by Sucampo of expenses to Indemnitee as set forth in this Agreement;
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the above premises and of Indemnitee continuing to serve Mallinckrodt plc directly or, at Sucampo’s request, with another Enterprise, and intending to be legally bound hereby, the parties agree as follows:
(a)Affiliate: any corporation or other person or entity that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by, or is under common control with, the person specified.
(b)Board: the Board of Directors of Mallinckrodt plc.
(c)Change in Control: shall be deemed to have occurred if:
(i)any “person,” as such term is used in Sections 3(a)(9) and 13(d) of the Exchange Act, becomes a “beneficial owner,” as such term is used in Rule 13d-3 promulgated under the Exchange Act, of 50% or more of the Voting Shares (as defined below) of Mallinckrodt plc;
(ii)the majority of the Board consists of individuals other than Incumbent Directors, which term means the members of the Board as of the date hereof, provided that any person becoming a director after the date hereof whose election or nomination for election was supported by at least three-quarters of the directors who immediately prior to such election or nomination for election comprised the Incumbent Directors shall be considered to be an Incumbent Director;
(iii)Mallinckrodt plc adopts any plan of liquidation providing for the distribution of all or substantially all of its assets;
(iv)all or substantially all of the assets or business of Mallinckrodt plc is disposed of pursuant to a merger, consolidation or other transaction (unless the shareholders of Mallinckrodt plc immediately prior to such a merger, consolidation or other transaction beneficially own, directly or indirectly, in substantially the same proportion as they owned the Voting Shares of Mallinckrodt plc immediately prior to such transaction, all of the Voting Shares or other ownership interests of the entity or entities, if any, that acquire all or substantially all of the assets of, or succeed to the business of, Mallinckrodt plc as a result of such transaction); or
(v)Mallinckrodt plc combines with another entity and is the surviving entity but, immediately after the combination, the shareholders of Mallinckrodt plc immediately prior to the combination hold, directly or indirectly, 50% or less of the Voting Shares of the combined entity (there being excluded from the number of shares held by such shareholders, but not from the Voting Shares of the combined entity, any shares received by Affiliates of such other entity in exchange for shares of such other entity),
provided, however, that any occurrence that would, in the absence of this proviso, otherwise constitute a Change in Control pursuant to any of clause (i), (iii), (iv) or (v) of this Section 1(c), shall not constitute a Change in Control if such occurrence is approved in advance by a majority of the directors on the Board immediately prior to such occurrence.
(d)Enterprise: Mallinckrodt plc and any other corporation, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other entity or enterprise of which Indemnitee is or was serving at the request of Brand Pharma or Sucampo as a director, officer, secretary, trustee, general partner, managing member, fiduciary, board of directors’ committee member, employee or agent.
(e)Exchange Act: the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
(f)Expenses: any expense, liability, or loss, including attorneys’ fees, judgments, fines, ERISA excise taxes and penalties, amounts paid or to be paid in settlement, any interest, assessments, or other charges imposed thereon, any federal, state, local, or foreign taxes imposed as a result of the actual or deemed receipt of any payments under this Agreement, and all other costs and obligations, paid or incurred in connection with investigating, defending, prosecuting (subject to Section 2(b)), being a witness in, participating in (including on appeal), or preparing for any of the foregoing in, any Proceeding relating to any Indemnifiable Event. Expenses also shall include Expenses incurred in connection with any appeal resulting from any Proceeding, including without limitation the premium, security for, and other costs relating to any cost bond, supersedeas bond, or other appeal bond or its equivalent.
(g)Indemnifiable Event: any event or occurrence that took or takes place either prior to or after the execution of this Agreement, related to the fact that Indemnitee is or was a director, officer, secretary or employee of Mallinckrodt plc, or while a director or secretary of Mallinckrodt plc is or was serving at the request of Brand Pharma or Sucampo as a director, officer, secretary, employee, trustee, agent, or fiduciary of another foreign or domestic corporation, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, employee benefit plan, trust, or other Enterprise, or related to anything done or not done by Indemnitee in any such capacity, whether or not the basis of the Proceeding is alleged action in an official capacity as a director, officer, secretary, employee, trustee, agent, or fiduciary or in any other capacity while serving as a director, officer, secretary, employee, trustee, agent, or fiduciary.
(h)Independent Counsel: the meaning specified in Section 3.
(i)Proceeding: any threatened, pending, or completed action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration or any alternative dispute resolution mechanism (including an action by or in the right of Mallinckrodt plc), or any inquiry, hearing, tribunal or investigation, whether conducted by Mallinckrodt plc or any other party, that Indemnitee in good faith believes might lead to the institution of any such action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration, whether civil, criminal, administrative, investigative, or other, or otherwise might give rise to adverse consequences or findings in respect of the Indemnitee.
(j)Reviewing Party: the meaning specified in Section 3.
(k)Voting Shares: shares of any class or classes having general voting power under ordinary circumstances, in the absence of contingencies, to elect the directors (or similar function) of an Enterprise.
2.Agreement to Indemnify.
(a)General Agreement. In the event Indemnitee was, is, or becomes a party to or witness or other participant in, or is threatened to be made a party to or witness or other participant in, a Proceeding in whole or in part by reason of (or arising in whole or in part out of) an Indemnifiable Event, Sucampo shall indemnify Indemnitee from and against any and all Expenses to the fullest extent permitted by law, as the same exists or may hereafter be amended or interpreted (but in the case of any such amendment or interpretation, only to the extent that such amendment or interpretation permits Sucampo to provide broader indemnification rights than were permitted prior thereto). The parties hereto intend that this Agreement shall provide for indemnification in excess of that expressly permitted by Mallinckrodt plc’s Articles of Association, the separate deed of indemnification which Indemnitee has with Mallinckrodt plc, the Sucampo Organizational Documents or applicable law.
(b)Initiation of Proceeding. Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, Indemnitee shall not be entitled to indemnification pursuant to this Agreement in connection with any Proceeding initiated by Indemnitee against Mallinckrodt plc or any of its subsidiaries or any director, officer or employee of Mallinckrodt plc or any of its subsidiaries unless (i) Mallinckrodt plc has joined in or the Board has consented to the initiation of such Proceeding; (ii) the Proceeding is one to enforce indemnification rights under Section 4; or (iii) the Proceeding is instituted after a Change in Control and Independent Counsel has approved its initiation.
(c)Expense Advances. If so requested by Indemnitee, Sucampo shall advance (within five business days of such request) any and all Expenses to Indemnitee (an “Expense Advance”); provided that, (i) such Expense Advance shall be made only upon delivery to Sucampo of an undertaking by or on behalf of the Indemnitee to repay the amount thereof if and to the extent that it is ultimately determined that Indemnitee is not entitled to be indemnified by Sucampo, (ii) Sucampo shall not (unless a court of competent jurisdiction shall determine otherwise) be required to make an Expense Advance if and to the extent that the Reviewing Party (as defined below) has determined that Indemnitee is not permitted to be indemnified by Sucampo under applicable law, and (iii) if and to the extent that the Reviewing Party determines after payment of one or more Expense Advances that Indemnitee would not be permitted to be so indemnified by Sucampo under applicable law, Sucampo shall be entitled to be reimbursed by Indemnitee (who hereby agrees to reimburse Sucampo) for all such amounts theretofore paid. If Indemnitee has commenced or commences any action, suit, litigation or proceeding in a court of competent jurisdiction or commences arbitration to secure a determination that Indemnitee is entitled to indemnification or Expense Advance, as provided in Section 4, any determination made by the Reviewing Party that Indemnitee would not be permitted to be indemnified by Sucampo under applicable law shall not be binding, and Indemnitee shall not be required to reimburse Sucampo for any Expense Advance until a final determination is made with respect thereto (as to which all rights of appeal therefrom have been exhausted or have lapsed). Indemnitee’s obligation to reimburse Sucampo for Expense Advances shall be unsecured and no interest shall be charged thereon.
(d)Mandatory Indemnification. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, to the extent that Indemnitee has been successful on the merits or otherwise in defense of any Proceeding relating in whole or in part to an Indemnifiable Event or in defense of any issue or matter therein, Indemnitee shall be indemnified by Sucampo hereunder against all Expenses incurred in connection therewith.
(e)Partial Indemnification. If Indemnitee is entitled under any provision of this Agreement to indemnification by Sucampo for some or a portion of Expenses, but not, however, for the total amount thereof, Sucampo shall nevertheless indemnify Indemnitee for the portion thereof to which Indemnitee is entitled.
(f)Prohibited Indemnification. No indemnification pursuant to this Agreement shall be paid by Sucampo:
(i)on account of any Proceeding in which a final and non-appealable judgment is rendered against Indemnitee for an accounting of profits made from the purchase or sale by Indemnitee of securities of Mallinckrodt plc pursuant to the provisions of Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act or similar provisions of any federal, state, or local laws;
(ii)if a court of competent jurisdiction by a final and non-appealable judgment shall determine that such indemnification by Sucampo is not permitted under applicable law;
(iii)on account of any Proceeding relating to an Indemnifiable Event as to which the Indemnitee has been convicted of a crime constituting a felony under the laws of the jurisdiction where the criminal action had been brought (or, where a jurisdiction does not classify any crime as a felony, a crime for which Indemnitee is sentenced to death or imprisonment for a term exceeding one year); or
(iv)on account of any Proceeding brought by Mallinckrodt plc or any of its subsidiaries against Indemnitee.
3.Reviewing Party; Exhaustion of Remedies.
(a)Prior to any Change in Control, the reviewing party (the “Reviewing Party”) shall be any appropriate person or body consisting of a member or members of the Board or any other person or body appointed by the Board who is not a party to the particular Proceeding with respect to which Indemnitee is seeking indemnification; after a Change in Control, the Independent Counsel referred to below shall become the Reviewing Party. With respect to all matters arising after a Change in Control concerning the rights of Indemnitee to indemnity payments and Expense Advances under this Agreement, the separate deed of indemnification which Indemnitee has with Mallinckrodt plc or any other agreement to which Mallinckrodt plc or any of its Affiliates is a party, Mallinckrodt plc’s Articles of Association, the Sucampo Organizational Documents or applicable law, in each case as now or hereafter in effect relating to indemnification for Indemnifiable Events, Mallinckrodt plc and Sucampo shall seek legal advice only from independent counsel (“Independent Counsel”) selected by Indemnitee and approved by Mallinckrodt plc (which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld), and who has not otherwise performed services for Mallinckrodt plc, Sucampo or the Indemnitee (other than in connection with indemnification matters) within the five years prior to such appointment. The Independent Counsel shall not include any person who, under the applicable standards of professional conduct then prevailing, would have a conflict of interest in representing Mallinckrodt plc, Sucampo or Indemnitee in an action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration to determine Indemnitee’s rights under this Agreement. Such counsel, among other things, shall render its written opinion to Mallinckrodt plc, Sucampo and Indemnitee as to whether and to what extent the Indemnitee should be permitted to be indemnified under applicable law. In doing so, the Independent Counsel may consult with (and rely upon) counsel in any appropriate jurisdiction who would qualify as Independent Counsel (“Local Counsel”). Sucampo agrees to pay the reasonable fees of the Independent Counsel and the Local Counsel and to indemnify fully such counsel against any and all expenses (including attorneys’ fees), claims, liabilities, loss, and damages arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the engagement of Independent Counsel or the Local Counsel pursuant hereto.
(b)Prior to making written demand on Sucampo for indemnification pursuant to Section 4(a) or making a request for Expense Advance pursuant to Section 2(c), Indemnitee shall (i) seek such indemnification or Expense Advance, as applicable, under any applicable insurance policy of Mallinckrodt plc or any of its subsidiaries and (ii) request that Mallinckrodt plc consider in its discretion whether to make such indemnification or Expense Advance, as applicable. Upon any such request by Indemnitee of Mallinckrodt plc, Mallinckrodt plc shall consider whether to make such indemnification or Expense Advance, as applicable, based on the facts and circumstances related to the request. Mallinckrodt plc may require, as a condition to making any indemnification or Expense Advance, as applicable, that Indemnitee enter into an agreement providing for such indemnification or Expense Advance, as
applicable, to be made subject to substantially the same terms and conditions applicable to an indemnification or Expense Advance, as applicable, by Sucampo hereunder (including, without limitation, conditioning any Expense Advance upon delivery to Mallinckrodt plc of an undertaking of the type described in clause (i) of the proviso to Section 2(c)). In the event indemnification or Expense Advance, as applicable, is not received pursuant to such an insurance policy, or from Mallinckrodt plc, within five business days of the later of Indemnitee’s request of the applicable insurer and Indemnitee’s request of Mallinckrodt plc as provided in the first sentence of this Section 3(b), Indemnitee may make written demand on Sucampo for indemnification pursuant to Section 4(a) or make a request for Expense Advance pursuant to Section 2(c), as applicable.
4.Indemnification Process and Appeal.
(a)Indemnification Payment. Indemnitee shall be entitled to indemnification of Expenses, and shall receive payment thereof, from Sucampo in accordance with this Agreement as soon as practicable after Indemnitee has made written demand on Sucampo for indemnification, unless the Reviewing Party has given a written opinion to Sucampo that Indemnitee is not entitled to indemnification under applicable law.
(b)Adjudication or Arbitration. (i) Regardless of any action by the Reviewing Party, if Indemnitee has not received in full the requested indemnification or Expense Advance within thirty days after making a demand or request in accordance with Section 4(a) or Section 2(c), as applicable (a “Nonpayment”), Indemnitee shall have the right to enforce its rights thereto under this Agreement by commencing litigation in any federal or state court located in the State of Delaware (a “Delaware Court”) having subject matter jurisdiction thereof seeking an initial determination by the court or by challenging any determination by the Reviewing Party or any aspect thereof. Any determination by the Reviewing Party not challenged by Indemnitee in any such litigation shall be binding on Mallinckrodt plc, Sucampo and Indemnitee. The remedy provided for in this Section 4 shall be in addition to any other remedies available to Indemnitee at law or in equity. Mallinckrodt plc, Sucampo and Indemnitee hereby irrevocably and unconditionally (A) consent to submit to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of all Delaware Courts for purposes of any action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration arising out of or in connection with this Agreement, (B) waive any objection to the laying of venue of any such action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration in any Delaware Court, and (C) waive, and agree not to plead or to make, any claim that any such action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration brought in any Delaware Court has been brought in an improper or inconvenient forum. For the avoidance of doubt, nothing in this Agreement shall limit any right Indemnitee may have under applicable law to bring any action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration in any other court.
ii.Alternatively, in the case of a Nonpayment, Indemnitee, at his or her option, may seek an award in arbitration to be conducted by a single arbitrator pursuant to the Commercial Arbitration Rules of the American Arbitration Association.
iii.In the event that a determination shall have been made pursuant to Section 4(a) or 2(c) of this Agreement that Indemnitee is not entitled to indemnification or Expense Advance, any action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration commenced pursuant to this Section 4(b) shall be conducted in all respects as a de novo trial, or arbitration, on the merits, and Indemnitee shall not be prejudiced by reason of that adverse determination. In any judicial proceeding or arbitration commenced pursuant to this Section 4(b), Sucampo shall have the burden of proving Indemnitee is not entitled to indemnification or advancement of Expenses, as the case may be. If Indemnitee an action,
suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration pursuant to this Section 4(b), Indemnitee shall not be required to reimburse Sucampo for any advances pursuant to Section 2(c) until a final determination is made with respect to Indemnitee’s entitlement to indemnification (as to which all rights of appeal have been exhausted or lapsed).
iv.In the event that Indemnitee, pursuant to this Section 4(b), seeks a judicial adjudication of or an award in arbitration to enforce his or her rights under, or to recover damages for breach of, this Agreement, and it is determined in said judicial adjudication or arbitration that Indemnitee is entitled to receive all or any part of the indemnification or advancement of Expenses sought, Indemnitee shall be entitled to recover from Sucampo, and shall be indemnified by Sucampo against, any and all Expenses actually and reasonably incurred by Indemnitee in connection with such judicial adjudication or arbitration.
(c)Defense to Indemnification, Burden of Proof and Presumptions. (i) It shall be a defense to any action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration brought by Indemnitee against Sucampo to enforce this Agreement that it is not permissible under applicable law for Sucampo to indemnify Indemnitee for the amount claimed.
ii.In connection with any action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration or any determination by the Reviewing Party or otherwise as to whether Indemnitee is entitled to be indemnified hereunder, the burden of proving such a defense or determination shall be on Sucampo.
iii.Neither the failure of the Reviewing Party to have made a determination prior to the commencement of such action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration by Indemnitee that indemnification of the Indemnitee is proper under the circumstances because Indemnitee has met the standard of conduct set forth in applicable law, nor an actual determination by the Reviewing Party that the Indemnitee had not met such applicable standard of conduct, shall, of itself, be a defense to the action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration or create a presumption that the Indemnitee has not met the applicable standard of conduct.
iv.For purposes of this Agreement, to the fullest extent permitted by law, the termination of any claim, action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration, by judgment, order, settlement (whether with or without court approval), conviction, or upon a plea of nolo contendere, or its equivalent, shall not, of itself, create a presumption that Indemnitee did not meet any particular standard of conduct or have any particular belief or that a court has determined that indemnification is not permitted by applicable law.
v.For purposes of any determination of good faith, Indemnitee shall be deemed to have acted in good faith if Indemnitee’s action is based on the records or books of account of any Enterprise, including financial statements, or on information supplied to Indemnitee by the management of such Enterprise in the course of their duties, or on the advice of legal counsel for such Enterprise or on information or records given or reports made to such Enterprise by an independent certified public accountant or by an appraiser or other expert selected by such Enterprise. The provisions of this Section 4(c)(v) shall not be deemed to be exclusive or to limit in any way the other circumstances in which Indemnitee
may be deemed or found to have met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in applicable law.
vi.The knowledge and/or actions, or failure to act, of any other director, trustee, partner, managing member, fiduciary, officer, agent or employee of any Enterprise shall not be imputed to Indemnitee for purposes of determining any right to indemnification under this Agreement.
vii.Sucampo shall be precluded from asserting in any action, suit, litigation, proceeding or arbitration commenced pursuant to this Agreement that the procedures or presumptions of this Agreement are not valid, binding and enforceable and shall stipulate in any court or before any arbitrator that Sucampo is bound by all the provisions of this Agreement.
5.Indemnification for Expenses Incurred in Enforcing Rights. In addition to Indemnitee’s rights under Section 4(b)(iv), Sucampo shall indemnify Indemnitee against any and all Expenses that are incurred by Indemnitee in connection with any Proceeding brought by Indemnitee:
(a)for indemnification or advance payment of Expenses under any agreement to which Sucampo or any of its Affiliates is a party (other than this Agreement) or under applicable law, Mallinckrodt plc’s Articles of Association, or the Sucampo Organizational Documents, in each case now or hereafter in effect, relating to indemnification or advance payment of Expenses for Indemnifiable Events, and/or
(b)for recovery under directors’ and officers’ liability insurance policies maintained by Mallinckrodt plc,
but, in either case, only in the event that Indemnitee ultimately is determined to be entitled to such indemnification or expense advance or insurance recovery, as the case may be. In addition, Sucampo shall, if so requested by Indemnitee, advance the foregoing Expenses and any Expenses incurred in any Proceeding brought pursuant to Section 4 to Indemnitee, subject to and in accordance with Section 2(c).
6.Notification and Defense of Proceeding.
(a)Notice. Promptly after receipt by Indemnitee of notice of the commencement of any Proceeding, Indemnitee shall, if a claim in respect thereof is to be made against Sucampo under this Agreement, notify Mallinckrodt plc and Sucampo of the commencement thereof; but the omission so to notify Mallinckrodt plc and Sucampo will not relieve Sucampo from any liability that it may have to Indemnitee, except as provided in Section 6(c).
(b)Defense. With respect to any Proceeding as to which Indemnitee notifies Mallinckrodt plc and Sucampo of the commencement thereof, Sucampo will be entitled to participate in the Proceeding at its own expense and except as otherwise provided below, to the extent Sucampo so wishes, it may assume the defense thereof with counsel reasonably satisfactory to Indemnitee. After notice from Sucampo to Indemnitee of its election to assume the defense of any Proceeding, Sucampo shall not be liable to Indemnitee under this Agreement or otherwise for any Expenses subsequently incurred by Indemnitee in connection with the defense of such Proceeding other than reasonable costs of investigation or as otherwise provided below. Indemnitee shall have the right to employ legal counsel in such Proceeding, but all Expenses related thereto incurred after notice from Sucampo of its assumption of
the defense shall be at Indemnitee’s expense unless: (i) the employment of legal counsel by Indemnitee has been authorized by Sucampo, (ii) Indemnitee has reasonably determined that there may be a conflict of interest between Indemnitee and Sucampo in the defense of the Proceeding, (iii) after a Change in Control, the employment of counsel by Indemnitee has been approved by the Independent Counsel, or (iv) Sucampo shall not in fact have employed counsel to assume the defense of such Proceeding, in each of which cases all Expenses of the Proceeding shall be borne by Sucampo. Sucampo shall not be entitled to assume the defense of any Proceeding (x) brought by or on behalf of Mallinckrodt plc or Sucampo, (y) as to which Indemnitee shall have made the determination provided for in clause (ii) of this Section 6(b) or (z) after a Change in Control (it being specified, for the avoidance of doubt, that Sucampo may assume defense of any such Proceeding described in this sentence with Indemnitee’s consent, provided that any such consent shall not affect the rights of Indemnitee under the foregoing provisions of this Section 6(b)).
(c)Settlement of Claims. Sucampo shall not be liable to indemnify Indemnitee under this Agreement or otherwise for any amounts paid in settlement of any Proceeding effected without Sucampo’s written consent, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld; provided, however, that if a Change in Control has occurred, Sucampo shall be liable for indemnification of Indemnitee for amounts paid in settlement if the Independent Counsel has approved the settlement. Sucampo shall not settle any Proceeding in any manner that would impose any liability, penalty or limitation on Indemnitee without Indemnitee’s written consent. Sucampo shall not be liable to indemnify the Indemnitee under this Agreement with regard to any judicial award if Sucampo was not given a reasonable and timely opportunity, at its expense, to participate in the defense of such Proceeding. Sucampo’s liability hereunder shall not be excused if assumption of the defense of the Proceeding by Sucampo was barred by this Agreement.
7.Establishment of Trust. In the event of a Change in Control, Sucampo shall, upon written request by Indemnitee, create a trust for the benefit of the Indemnitee (the “Trust”) and from time to time upon written request of Indemnitee shall fund the Trust in an amount sufficient to satisfy any and all Expenses reasonably anticipated at the time of each such request (a) to be incurred in connection with investigating, preparing for, participating in, and/or defending any Proceeding relating to an Indemnifiable Event and (b) to be indemnifiable pursuant to this Agreement. The amount or amounts to be deposited in the Trust pursuant to the foregoing funding obligation shall be determined by the Independent Counsel. The terms of the Trust shall provide that (i) the Trust shall not be revoked or the principal thereof invaded without the written consent of the Indemnitee, (ii) the Trustee (as defined below) shall advance, within five business days of a request by the Indemnitee, any and all Expenses to the Indemnitee on the same terms and conditions as provided in Section 2(c) (and the Indemnitee hereby agrees to reimburse the Trust under the same circumstances for which the Indemnitee would be required to reimburse Sucampo under Section 2(c)), (iii) the Trust shall continue to be funded by Sucampo in accordance with the funding obligation set forth above, (iv) the Trustee shall promptly pay to the Indemnitee all amounts for which the Indemnitee shall be entitled to indemnification pursuant to this Agreement, and (v) all unexpended funds in the Trust shall revert to Sucampo upon a final determination by the Independent Counsel or a court of competent jurisdiction, as the case may be, that the Indemnitee has been fully indemnified under the terms of this Agreement. The trustee of the Trust (the “Trustee”) shall be chosen by the Indemnitee. Nothing in this Section 7 shall relieve Sucampo of any of its obligations under this Agreement. All income earned on the assets held in the Trust shall be reported as income by Sucampo for federal, state, local, and foreign tax purposes. Sucampo shall pay all costs of establishing and maintaining the Trust and shall indemnify the Trustee against any and all expenses (including attorney’s fees), claims, liabilities, loss, and damages arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the establishment and maintenance of the Trust.
8.Non-Exclusivity. The rights of Indemnitee hereunder shall be in addition to any other rights Indemnitee may have under Mallinckrodt plc’s Articles of Association, the separate deed of indemnification which Indemnitee has with Mallinckrodt plc, the Sucampo Organizational Documents, applicable law or otherwise. To the extent that a change in applicable law (whether by statute or judicial decision) permits greater indemnification than would be afforded currently under Mallinckrodt plc’s Articles of Association, the separate deed of indemnification which Indemnitee has with Mallinckrodt plc, the Sucampo Organizational Documents, applicable law or this Agreement, it is the intent of the parties that Indemnitee enjoy by this Agreement the greater benefits so afforded by such change. The assertion or employment of any right hereunder, or otherwise, shall not prevent the concurrent assertion or employment of any other right.
9.Continuation of Contractual Indemnity or Period of Limitations. All agreements and obligations of Sucampo contained herein shall continue for so long as Indemnitee shall be subject to, or involved in, any Proceeding for which indemnification is provided pursuant to this Agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no Proceeding shall be brought and no cause of action shall be asserted by or on behalf of Sucampo or any Affiliate of Sucampo against Indemnitee, Indemnitee’s spouse, heirs, executors, or personal or legal representatives after the expiration of two years from the date of accrual of such cause of action, or such longer period as may be required by the laws of Delaware under the circumstances. Any claim or cause of action of Sucampo or its Affiliate shall be extinguished and deemed released unless asserted by the timely filing and notice of a legal action within such period; provided, however, that if any shorter period of limitations is otherwise applicable to any such cause of action, the shorter period shall govern.
10.Contribution. To the fullest extent permissible under applicable law, if the indemnification provided for in this Agreement is unavailable to Indemnitee for any reason whatsoever (other than pursuant to the terms hereof), Sucampo, in lieu of indemnifying Indemnitee, shall contribute to the amount incurred by Indemnitee, whether for judgments, fines, penalties, excise taxes, amounts paid or to be paid in settlement and/or for Expenses, in connection with any claim, including, without limitation, claims for contribution that may be brought against Indemnitee by directors, officer, employees or agents of the Company (other than Indemnitee) who may be jointly liable with Indemnitee, relating to an Indemnifiable Event under this Agreement, in such proportion as is deemed fair and reasonable in light of all of the circumstances of such Proceeding in order to reflect (i) the relative benefits received by Mallinckrodt plc and Sucampo, on one hand, and Indemnitee, on the other hand, as a result of the event(s) and/or transaction(s) giving cause to such Proceeding; and/or (ii) the relative fault of Mallinckrodt plc and Sucampo (and their respective directors, officers, employees and agents), on one hand, and Indemnitee, on the other hand, in connection with such event(s) and/or transaction(s).
11.Amendment of this Agreement. No supplement, modification, or amendment of this Agreement shall be binding unless executed in writing by each of the parties hereto. No waiver of any of the provisions of this Agreement shall be binding unless in the form of a writing signed by the party against whom enforcement of the waiver is sought, and no such waiver shall operate as a continuing waiver. Except as specifically provided herein, no failure to exercise or any delay in exercising any right or remedy hereunder shall constitute a waiver thereof.
12.Subrogation. In the event of payment under this Agreement to Indemnitee, Sucampo shall be subrogated to the extent of such payment to all of the rights of recovery of Indemnitee, who shall execute all papers required and shall do everything that may be necessary to secure such rights, including the execution of such documents necessary to enable Sucampo effectively to bring suit to enforce such rights.
13.No Duplication of Payments. Sucampo shall not be liable under this Agreement to make any payment in connection with any claim made by Indemnitee to the extent Indemnitee has otherwise received payment (under any insurance policy, Mallinckrodt plc’s Articles of Association, the separate deed of indemnification which Indemnitee has with Mallinckrodt plc, the Sucampo Organizational Documents or otherwise) of the amounts otherwise indemnifiable hereunder.
14.Binding Effect. This Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of and be enforceable by the parties hereto and their respective successors (including any direct or indirect successor by purchase, merger, consolidation, or otherwise to all or substantially all of the business and/or assets of Sucampo), assigns, spouses, heirs, and personal and legal representatives. Sucampo shall require and cause any successor thereof (whether direct or indirect by purchase, merger, consolidation, or otherwise) to all, substantially all, or a substantial part, of the business and/or assets of Sucampo, by written agreement in form and substance satisfactory to Indemnitee, expressly to assume and agree to perform this Agreement in the same manner and to the same extent that Sucampo would be required to perform if no such succession had taken place. The indemnification provided under this Agreement shall continue as to Indemnitee for any action taken or not taken while serving in an indemnified capacity pertaining to an Indemnifiable Event even though he or she may have ceased to serve in such capacity at the time of any Proceeding or is deceased and shall inure to the benefit of the heirs, executors, administrators, legatees and assigns of such a person.
15.Severability. If any provision (or portion thereof) of this Agreement shall be held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, void, or otherwise unenforceable, the remaining provisions shall remain enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by law. Furthermore, to the fullest extent possible, the provisions of this Agreement (including, without limitation, each portion of this Agreement containing any provision held to be invalid, void, or otherwise unenforceable that is not itself invalid, void or unenforceable) shall be construed so as to give effect to the intent manifested by the provision held invalid, void or unenforceable.
16.Governing Law. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of Delaware applicable to contracts made and to be performed in such State without giving effects to its principles of conflicts of laws that would result in the application of the laws of another jurisdiction.
17.Notices. All notices, demands, and other communications required or permitted hereunder shall be made in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given if delivered by hand, against receipt, or mailed, postage prepaid, certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, and addressed to Sucampo at:
Sucampo Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
[675 James S. McDonnell Blvd.
Hazelwood, MO 63042]
Facsimile: [314 ###-###-####]
If to Mallinckrodt plc, to:
3 Lotus Park
Staines-Upon-Thames, Surrey TW18 3AG
Attn: General Counsel
675 James S. McDonnell Blvd.
Hazelwood, MO 63042
Attn: General Counsel
Facsimile: 314 ###-###-####
And to Indemnitee at:
[To be added]
Notice of change of address shall be effective only when given in accordance with this Section 17. All notices complying with this Section 17 shall be deemed to have been received on the date of hand delivery or on the third business day after mailing.
18.Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in one or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument.
19.Termination of Prior Agreement. The Prior Agreement is hereby terminated by Indemnitee and Brand Pharma, Indemnitee and Brand Pharma hereby release and forever discharge each other from any and all claims and liability thereunder, and this Agreement between Sucampo and Indemnitee supersedes and replaces such Prior Agreement in its entirety.
[Remainder of page intentionally left blank.]
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have duly executed and delivered this Agreement as the date first specified above.
SUCAMPO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
Name: [To be added]
Solely for purposes of Section 19:
MALLINCKRODT BRAND PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
[Signature page to Indemnification Agreement]