available for issuance without further action by stockholders, unless such action is required by applicable law or the rules of any stock exchange or automatic quotation system on which the Registrant’s securities may be listed or traded.
Although the Registrant has no intention at the present time of doing so, it could issue a series of preferred stock that could, depending on the terms of such series, impede the completion of a merger, tender offer or other takeover attempt. The Registrant’s board will make any determination to issue such shares based upon its judgment as to the best interests of its stockholders. The Registrant’s board, in so acting, could issue preferred stock having terms that could discourage an acquisition attempt through which an acquirer may be able to change the composition of its board, including a tender offer or other transaction that some, or a majority, of its stockholders might believe to be in their best interests or in which stockholders might receive a premium for their stock over the then-current market price of the stock.
Board of Directors
The Registrant’s charter provides that, subject to any rights of the holders of any series of preferred stock to elect additional directors, the number of its directors will not be less than three and the exact number will be fixed from time to time by a resolution of its board. The members of the Registrant’s board, other than those who may be elected by holders of any preferred stock, will be divided into three classes. Each class consists, as nearly as possible, of a number of directors equal to one-third of the then authorized number of board members. As of December 31, 2020, the terms of the Class I, II and III directors who were then in office will expire at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in 2023, 2021 and 2022, respectively.
At each annual meeting of stockholders, the successors of that class of directors whose term expires at that meeting will be elected to hold office for a term expiring at the annual meeting of stockholders to be held in the third year following the year of their election. The directors of each class will hold office until their respective successors are elected and qualified or until such director’s earlier death, resignation or removal.
The Registrant’s charter provides that, subject to the rights of the holders of any series of preferred stock, directors may be removed from office only for cause upon the affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the aggregate voting power of the Registrant’s outstanding capital stock entitled to vote at an election of directors, voting together as a single class.
The Registrant’s charter provides that, subject to the rights of the holders of any series of preferred stock, vacancies on the board resulting from death, resignation, removal, disqualification or other cause, and newly created directorships resulting from any increase in the number of directors on the board, will be filled only by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors then in office (even though less than a quorum) or by the sole remaining director. Any director so elected shall hold office for the remainder of the full term of the class of directors in which the vacancy occurred or to which the new directorship is assigned, and until that director’s successor will have been elected and qualified or until such director’s earlier death, resignation or removal. No decrease in the number of directors constituting its board will shorten the term of any incumbent director, except as may be provided in any certificate of designation with respect to a series of preferred stock with respect to any additional director elected by the holders of that series of preferred stock.
These provisions would preclude a third party from removing incumbent directors and simultaneously gaining control of the Registrant’s board by filling the vacancies created by removal with its own nominees. Under the classified board provisions described above, it would take at least two elections of directors for any individual or group to gain control of the Registrant’s board. Accordingly, these provisions could discourage a third party from initiating a proxy contest, making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to gain control of the Registrant.
Limitation on Liability and Indemnification
To the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law, the Registrant’s directors are not liable to it or any of its stockholders for monetary damages for breaches of fiduciary duties while serving as a director. In addition, the