Form of Executive Officer Change in Control and Severance Agreement (US)
CHANGE IN CONTROL AND SEVERANCE AGREEMENT
This Change in Control and Severance Agreement (the Agreement) is made between JFrog, Inc. (the Company) and (the Executive), effective as of , 2020 (the Effective Date).
This Agreement provides certain protections to the Executive in connection with a change in control of the Company or in connection with the involuntary termination of the Executives employment under the circumstances described in this Agreement.
The Company and the Executive agree as follows:
1. Term of Agreement. This Agreement will terminate upon the date that all of the obligations of the parties hereto with respect to this Agreement have been satisfied. To the extent the Executive relocates to Israel, the Executive shall be engaged by JFrog Ltd., the Companys parent company (the Parent), and such engagement shall be made in accordance with and under the terms of the Parents executive form of employment agreement, and the terms covered by this Agreement shall be adjusted thereby, mutatis mutandis, such that the employer-cost associated therewith shall remain as reflected by this Agreement.
2. At-Will Employment. The Company and the Executive acknowledge that the Executives employment is and will continue to be at-will, as defined under applicable law.
3. Severance Benefits.
(a) Qualifying Non-CIC Termination. On a Qualifying Non-CIC Termination (as defined below), the Executive will be eligible to receive the following payments and benefits from the Company:
(i) Salary Severance. A single, lump sum payment equal to six (6) months of the Executives Salary (as defined below), less applicable withholdings.
(ii) COBRA Coverage. Subject to Section 3(d), the Company will pay the premiums for coverage under COBRA (as defined below) for the Executive and the Executives eligible dependents, if any, at the rates then in effect, subject to any subsequent changes in rates that are generally applicable to the Companys active employees (the COBRA Coverage), until the earliest of (A) a period of six (6) months from the date of the Executives termination of employment, (B) the date upon which the Executive (and the Executives eligible dependents, as applicable) becomes covered under similar plans, or (C) the date upon which the Executive ceases to be eligible for coverage under COBRA.
(b) Qualifying CIC Termination. On a Qualifying CIC Termination, the Executive will be eligible to receive the following payments and benefits from the Company:
(i) Salary Severance. A single, lump sum payment equal to twelve (12) months of the Executives Salary, less applicable withholdings.
(ii) Bonus Severance. A single, lump sum payment equal to the product of (A) the Executives target annual bonus as in effect for the fiscal year in which the Qualifying CIC Termination occurs, multiplied by (B) a ratio where the numerator is the number of full days during the fiscal year in which the Qualifying CIC Termination occurs that the Executive was employed by the Company and the denominator is three hundred and sixty five (365), less applicable withholdings.
(iii) COBRA Coverage. Subject to Section 3(d), the Company will provide COBRA Coverage until the earliest of (A) a period of twelve (12) months from the date of the Executives termination of employment, (B) the date upon which the Executive (and the Executives eligible dependents, as applicable) becomes covered under similar plans, or (C) the date upon which the Executive ceases to be eligible for coverage under COBRA..
(iv) Equity Vesting Acceleration. Vesting acceleration (and exercisability, as applicable) as to 100% of the then-unvested shares subject to each of the Executives then-outstanding compensatory equity awards issued by the Parent. In the case of an equity award with performance-based vesting, unless otherwise specified in the applicable equity award agreement governing such award, all performance goals and other vesting criteria will be deemed achieved at target.
(c) Termination Other Than a Qualifying Termination. If the termination of the Executives employment with the Company Group is not a Qualifying Termination, then the Executive will not be entitled to receive severance or other benefits.
(d) Conditions to Receipt of COBRA Coverage. The Executives receipt of COBRA Coverage is subject to the Executive electing COBRA continuation coverage within the time period prescribed pursuant to COBRA for the Executive and the Executives eligible dependents, if any. If the Company determines in its sole discretion that it cannot provide the COBRA Coverage without potentially violating, or being subject to an excise tax under, applicable law (including, without limitation, Section 2716 of the Public Health Service Act), then in lieu of any COBRA Coverage, the Company will provide to the Executive a taxable monthly payment payable on the last day of a given month (except as provided by the immediately following sentence), in an amount equal to the monthly COBRA premium that the Executive would be required to pay to continue his or her group health coverage in effect on the date of his or her Qualifying Termination (which amount will be based on the premium rates applicable for the first month of COBRA Coverage for the Executive and any of eligible dependents of the Executive) (each, a COBRA Replacement Payment), which COBRA Replacement Payments will be made regardless of whether the Executive elects COBRA continuation coverage and will end on the earlier of (x) the date upon which the Executive obtains other employment or (y) the date the Company has paid an amount totaling the number of COBRA Replacement Payments equal to the number of months in the applicable COBRA Coverage period. For the avoidance of doubt, the COBRA Replacement Payments may be used for any purpose, including, but not limited to continuation coverage under COBRA, and will be subject to any applicable withholdings. Notwithstanding anything to the
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contrary under this Agreement, if the Company determines in its sole discretion at any time that it cannot provide the COBRA Replacement Payments without violating applicable law (including, without limitation, Section 2716 of the Public Health Service Act), the Executive will not receive the COBRA Replacement Payments or any further COBRA Coverage.
(e) Non-Duplication of Payment or Benefits. For purposes of clarity, in the event of a Qualifying Pre-CIC Termination, any severance payments and benefits to be provided to the Executive under Section 3(b) will be reduced by any amounts that already were provided to the Executive under Section 3(a). Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement to the contrary, if the Executive is entitled to any cash severance, continued health coverage benefits, or vesting acceleration of any equity awards (other than under this Agreement) by operation of applicable law or under a plan, policy, contract, or arrangement sponsored by or to which any member of the Company Group is a party (Other Benefits), then the corresponding severance payments and benefits under this Agreement will be reduced by the amount of Other Benefits paid or provided to the Executive.
(f) Death of the Executive. In the event of the Executives death before all payments or benefits the Executive is entitled to receive under this Agreement have been provided, the unpaid amounts will be provided to the Executives designated beneficiary, if living, or otherwise to the Executives personal representative in a single lump sum as soon as possible following the Executives death.
(g) Transfer Between Members of the Company Group. For purposes of this Agreement, if the Executive is involuntarily transferred from one member of the Company Group to another, the transfer will not be a termination without Cause but may give the Executive the ability to resign for Good Reason.
(h) Exclusive Remedy. In the event of a termination of the Executives employment with the Company Group, the provisions of this Agreement are intended to be and are exclusive and in lieu of any other rights or remedies to which the Executive may otherwise be entitled, whether at law, tort or contract, or in equity. The Executive will be entitled to no benefits, compensation or other payments or rights upon termination of employment other than those benefits expressly set forth in this Agreement.
4. Accrued Compensation. On any termination of the Executives employment with the Company Group, the Executive will be entitled to receive all accrued but unpaid vacation, expense reimbursements, wages, and other benefits due to the Executive under any Company-provided plans, policies, and arrangements.
5. Conditions to Receipt of Severance.
(a) Separation Agreement and Release of Claims. The Executives receipt of any severance payments or benefits upon the Executives Qualifying Termination under Section 3 is subject to the Executive signing and not revoking the Companys then-standard separation agreement and release of claims (which may include an agreement not to disparage any member of the Company Group, non-solicit provisions, an agreement to assist in any litigation matters, and other standard terms and conditions) (the Release and that requirement, the Release Requirement), which must become
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effective and irrevocable no later than the sixtieth (60th) day following the Executives Qualifying Termination (the Release Deadline). If the Release does not become effective and irrevocable by the Release Deadline, the Executive will forfeit any right to severance payments or benefits under Section 3.
(b) Payment Timing. Any lump sum Salary, bonus or relocation payments under Sections 3(a)(i), 3(b)(i) and 3(b)(ii) will be provided on the first regularly scheduled payroll date of the Company following the date the Release becomes effective and irrevocable (the Severance Start Date), subject to any delay required by Section 5(d) below. Any taxable installments of any COBRA-related severance benefits that otherwise would have been made to the Executive on or before the Severance Start Date will be paid on the Severance Start Date, and any remaining installments thereafter will be provided as specified in the Agreement. Any restricted stock units, performance shares, performance units, and/or similar full value awards that accelerate vesting under Section 3(b)(iv) will be settled (x) on a date no later than ten (10) days following the date the Release becomes effective and irrevocable, or (y) if later, in the event of a Qualifying Pre-CIC Termination, on a date no later than the Change in Control.
(c) Return of Company Property. The Executives receipt of any severance payments or benefits upon the Executives Qualifying Termination under Section 3 is subject to the Executive returning all documents and other property provided to the Executive by any member of the Company Group (with the exception of a copy of the Company employee handbook and personnel documents specifically relating to the Executive), developed or obtained by the Executive in connection with his or her employment with the Company Group, or otherwise belonging to the Company Group.
(d) Section 409A. The Company intends that all payments and benefits provided under this Agreement or otherwise are exempt from, or comply with, the requirements of Section 409A of the Code and any guidance promulgated under Section 409A of the Code (collectively, Section 409A) so that none of the payments or benefits will be subject to the additional tax imposed under Section 409A, and any ambiguities in this Agreement will be interpreted in accordance with this intent. No payment or benefits to be paid to the Executive, if any, under this Agreement or otherwise, when considered together with any other severance payments or separation benefits that are considered deferred compensation under Section 409A (together, the Deferred Payments) will be paid or otherwise provided until the Executive has a separation from service within the meaning of Section 409A. If, at the time of the Executives termination of employment, the Executive is a specified employee within the meaning of Section 409A, then the payment of the Deferred Payments will be delayed to the extent necessary to avoid the imposition of the additional tax imposed under Section 409A, which generally means that the Executive will receive payment on the first payroll date that occurs on or after the date that is 6 months and 1 day following the Executives termination of employment. The Company reserves the right to amend this Agreement as it considers necessary or advisable, in its sole discretion and without the consent of the Executive or any other individual, to comply with any provision required to avoid the imposition of the additional tax imposed under Section 409A or to otherwise avoid income recognition under Section 409A prior to the actual payment of any benefits or imposition of any additional tax. Each payment, installment, and benefit payable under this Agreement is intended to constitute a separate payment for purposes of U.S. Treasury Regulation Section 1.409A-2(b)(2). In no event will any member of the Company Group reimburse, indemnify, or hold harmless the Executive for any taxes, penalties and interest that may be imposed, or other costs that may be incurred, as a result of Section 409A.
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(e) Resignation of Officer and Director Positions. The Executives receipt of any severance payments or benefits upon the Executives Qualifying Termination under Section 3 is subject to the Executive resigning from all officer and director positions with all members of the Company Group and the Executive executing any documents the Company may require in connection with the same.
6. Limitation on Payments.
(a) Reduction of Severance Benefits. If any payment or benefit that the Executive would receive from any Company Group member or any other party whether in connection with the provisions in this Agreement or otherwise (the Payment) would (i) constitute a parachute payment within the meaning of Section 280G of the Code and (ii) but for this sentence, be subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Code (the Excise Tax), then the Payment will be equal to the Best Results Amount. The Best Results Amount will be either (x) the full amount of the Payment or (y) a lesser amount that would result in no portion of the Payment being subject to the Excise Tax, whichever of those amounts, taking into account the applicable federal, state and local employment taxes, income taxes and the Excise Tax, results in the Executives receipt, on an after-tax basis, of the greater amount. If a reduction in payments or benefits constituting parachute payments is necessary so that the Payment equals the Best Results Amount, reduction will occur in the following order: (A) reduction of cash payments in reverse chronological order (that is, the cash payment owed on the latest date following the occurrence of the event triggering the Excise Tax will be the first cash payment to be reduced); (B) cancellation of equity awards that were granted contingent on a change in ownership or control within the meaning of Section 280G of the Code in the reverse order of date of grant of the awards (that is, the most recently granted equity awards will be cancelled first); (C) reduction of the accelerated vesting of equity awards in the reverse order of date of grant of the awards (that is, the vesting of the most recently granted equity awards will be cancelled first); and (D) reduction of employee benefits in reverse chronological order (that is, the benefit owed on the latest date following the occurrence of the event triggering the Excise Tax will be the first benefit to be reduced). In no event will the Executive have any discretion with respect to the ordering of Payment reductions. The Executive will be solely responsible for the payment of all personal tax liability that is incurred as a result of the payments and benefits received under this Agreement, and the Executive will not be reimbursed, indemnified, or held harmless by any member of the Company Group for any of those payments of personal tax liability.
(b) Determination of Excise Tax Liability. Unless the Company and the Executive otherwise agree in writing, the Company will select a professional services firm (the Firm) to make all determinations required under this Section 6, which determinations will be conclusive and binding upon the Executive and the Company for all purposes. For purposes of making the calculations required by this Section 6, the Firm may make reasonable assumptions and approximations concerning applicable taxes and may rely on reasonable, good faith interpretations concerning the application of Sections 280G and 4999 of the Code. The Company and the Executive will furnish to the Firm such information and documents as the Firm reasonably may request in order to make determinations under this Section 6. The Company will bear the costs and make all payments for the Firms services in connection with any calculations contemplated by this Section 6. The Company will have no liability to the Executive for the determinations of the Firm.
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7. Definitions. The following terms referred to in this Agreement will have the following meanings:
(a) Affiliate means with respect to any person, any other person that, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such person (with the term control or controlled by within the meaning of Rule 405 of Regulation C under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended).
(b) Board means the Parents Board of Directors.
(c) Cause means the occurrence of any of the following: (i) the Executives willful breach of any obligations the Confidentiality Agreement; (ii) the Executives willful misconduct that is materially injurious to any member of the Company Group; (iii) the Executives conviction of, or plea of nolo contendere to, a crime that constitutes a felony under applicable law or involving fraud, embezzlement or any other act of moral turpitude; provided that, with respect to clause (i) of this Section 7(c), if such conduct is susceptible to cure (as determined by the Board in good faith), the Executive shall have failed to cure such Cause to the Companys reasonable satisfaction within thirty (30) days of receipt of a written notice setting forth in reasonable detail the nature of such Cause. In the event that the conduct constituting Cause with respect to clause (i) of this Section 7(c) is not subject to cure in the good faith determination of the Board, then the right to cure and applicable notice period will not apply.
(d) Change in Board Event means any time at which individuals who, as of the Effective Date, constitute the Board (the Incumbent Board) cease for any reason to constitute at least a majority of the Board; provided, however, that any individual becoming a director subsequent to the Effective Date whose election, or nomination for election by the Parents shareholders, was approved by a vote of at least a majority of the directors then comprising the Incumbent Board shall be considered as though such individual were a member of the Incumbent Board, but excluding, for this purpose, any such individual whose initial assumption of office occurs as a result of an actual or threatened election contest with respect to the election or removal of directors or other actual or threatened solicitation of proxies or consents by or on behalf of a person other than the Board.
(e) Change in Control means the occurrence of any of the events: (i) a sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Parent, or a sale (including an exchange) of all or substantially all of the shares of the Parent, to any person, or a purchase by a shareholder of the Parent or by an Affiliate of such shareholder, of all the shares of the Parent held by all or substantially all other shareholders or by other shareholders who are not Affiliated with such acquiring party; (ii) a merger (including, a reverse merger and a reverse triangular merger), consolidation, amalgamation or like transaction of the Parent with or into another corporation; (iii) a scheme of arrangement for the purpose of effecting such sale, merger, consolidation, amalgamation or other transaction; or (iv) a Change in Board Event. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a transaction will not be deemed a Change in Control unless the transaction qualifies as a change in control event within the meaning of Section 409A. Further and for the avoidance of doubt, a transaction will not constitute a Change in Control if: (i) its sole purpose is to change the jurisdiction of the Parents incorporation, or (ii) its sole purpose is to create a holding company that will be owned in substantially the same proportions by the persons who held the Parents securities immediately before such transaction.
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(f) Change in Control Period means the period beginning three (3) months prior to a Change in Control and ending twelve (12) months following a Change in Control.
(g) COBRA means the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985, as amended.
(h) Code means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
(i) Company Group means the Parent and any subsidiaries of the Parent (including, but not limited to, the Company).
(j) Confidentiality Agreement means the At-Will Employment, Confidential Information, Invention Assignment, and Arbitration Agreement executed by the Company and the Executive on .
(k) Disability means a total and permanent disability as defined in Section 22(e)(3) of the Code.
(l) Good Reason means the termination of the Executives employment with the Company Group by the Executive in accordance with the next sentence after the occurrence of one or more of the following events without the Executives express written consent: (i) a material reduction of the Executives duties, authorities, or responsibilities relative to the Executives duties, authorities, or responsibilities in effect immediately prior to the reduction; (ii) a reduction by a Company Group member in the Executives rate of annual base salary by more than ten percent (10%); provided, however, that, a reduction of annual base salary that also applies to substantially all other similarly situated employees of the Company Group members by up to ten percent (10%) will not constitute Good Reason; (iii) a material change in the geographic location of the Executives primary work facility or location by more than thirty-five (35) miles from the Executives then present location; provided, that a relocation to a location that is within thirty-five (35) miles from the Executives then-present primary residence will not be considered a material change in geographic location, or (iv) failure of a successor corporation to assume the obligations under this Agreement as contemplated by Section 8. In order for the termination of the Executives employment with a Company Group member to be for Good Reason, the Executive must not terminate employment without first providing written notice to the Company of the acts or omissions constituting the grounds for Good Reason within ninety (90) days of the initial existence of the grounds for Good Reason and a cure period of thirty (30) days following the date of written notice (the Cure Period), the grounds must not have been cured during that time, and the Executive must terminate the Executives employment within thirty (30) days following the Cure Period.
(m) Qualifying Pre-CIC Termination means a Qualifying CIC Termination that occurs prior to the date of the Change in Control.
(n) Qualifying Termination means a termination of the Executives employment either (i) by a Company Group member without Cause (excluding by reason of Executives death or
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Disability) or (ii) by the Executive for Good Reason, in either case, during the Change in Control Period (a Qualifying CIC Termination) or outside of the Change in Control Period (a Qualifying Non-CIC Termination).
(o) Salary means the Executives annual base salary as in effect immediately prior to the Executives Qualifying Termination (or if the termination is due to a resignation for Good Reason based on a material reduction in base salary, then the Executives annual base salary in effect immediately prior to the reduction) or, if the Executives Qualifying Termination is a Qualifying CIC Termination and the amount is greater, at the level in effect immediately prior to the Change in Control.
8. Successors. This Agreement will be binding upon and inure to the benefit of (a) the heirs, executors, and legal representatives of the Executive upon the Executives death, and (b) any successor of the Company. Any such successor of the Company will be deemed substituted for the Company under the terms of this Agreement for all purposes. For this purpose, successor means any person, firm, corporation, or other business entity which at any time, whether by purchase, merger, or otherwise, directly or indirectly acquires all or substantially all of the assets or business of the Company. None of the rights of the Executive to receive any form of compensation payable pursuant to this Agreement may be assigned or transferred except by will or the laws of descent and distribution. Any other attempted assignment, transfer, conveyance, or other disposition of the Executives right to compensation or other benefits will be null and void.
(a) General. All notices and other communications required or permitted under this Agreement shall be in writing and will be effectively given (i) upon actual delivery to the party to be notified, (ii) upon transmission by email, (iii) twenty-four (24) hours after confirmed facsimile transmission, (iv) one (1) business day after deposit with a recognized overnight courier, or (v) three (3) business days after deposit with the U.S. Postal Service by first class certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid, addressed (A) if to the Executive, at the address the Executive shall have most recently furnished to the Company in writing, (B) if to the Company, at the following address:
270 E. Caribbean Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Attention: General Counsel
(b) Notice of Termination. Any termination by a Company Group member for Cause will be communicated by a notice of termination to the Executive, and any termination by the Executive for Good Reason will be communicated by a notice of termination to the Company, in each case given in accordance with Section 9(a) of this Agreement. The notice will indicate the specific termination provision in this Agreement relied upon, will set forth in reasonable detail the facts and circumstances claimed to provide a basis for termination under the provision so indicated, and will specify the termination date (which will be not more than thirty (30) days after the later of (i) the giving of the notice or (ii) the end of any applicable cure period).
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10. Resignation. The termination of the Executives employment for any reason will also constitute, without any further required action by the Executive, the Executives voluntary resignation from all officer and/or director positions held at any member of the Company Group, and at the Boards request, the Executive will execute any documents reasonably necessary to reflect the resignations.
11. Miscellaneous Provisions.
(a) No Duty to Mitigate. The Executive will not be required to mitigate the amount of any payment contemplated by this Agreement, nor will any payment be reduced by any earnings that the Executive may receive from any other source except as specified in Section 3(e).
(b) Waiver; Amendment. No provision of this Agreement will be modified, waived or discharged unless the modification, waiver or discharge is agreed to in writing and signed by an authorized officer of the Company (other than the Executive) and by the Executive. No waiver by either party of any breach of, or of compliance with, any condition or provision of this Agreement by the other party will be considered a waiver of any other condition or provision or of the same condition or provision at another time.
(c) Headings. All captions and section headings used in this Agreement are for convenient reference only and do not form a part of this Agreement.
(d) Entire Agreement. This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement of the parties and supersedes in their entirety all prior representations, understandings, undertakings or agreements (whether oral or written and whether expressed or implied) of the parties with respect to the subject matter of this Agreement, including, for the avoidance of doubt, any other employment letter or agreement, severance policy or program, or equity award agreement.
(e) Choice of Law. This Agreement will be governed by the laws of the State of California without regard to Californias conflicts of law rules that may result in the application of the laws of any jurisdiction other than California. To the extent that any lawsuit is permitted under this Agreement, Employee hereby expressly consents to the personal and exclusive jurisdiction and venue of the state and federal courts located in California for any lawsuit filed against the Executive by the Company.
(f) Arbitration. Any and all controversies, claims, or disputes with anyone under this Agreement (including the Company and any employee, officer, director, stockholder or benefit plan of the Company in their capacity as such or otherwise) arising out of, relating to, or resulting from the Executives employment with the Company Group, shall be subject to arbitration in accordance with the provisions of the Confidentiality Agreement.
(g) Severability. The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision or provisions of this Agreement will not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision of this Agreement, which will remain in full force and effect.
(h) Withholding. All payments and benefits under this Agreement will be paid less applicable withholding taxes. The Company is authorized to withhold from any payments or benefits
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all federal, state, local, and/or foreign taxes required to be withheld from the payments or benefits and make any other required payroll deductions. No member of the Company Group will pay the Executives taxes arising from or relating to any payments or benefits under this Agreement.
(i) Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in counterparts, each of which will be deemed an original, but all of which together will constitute one and the same instrument.
[Signature page follows.]
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By its signature below, each of the parties signifies its acceptance of the terms of this Agreement, in the case of the Company by its duly authorized officer.
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