Description of Iteris, Inc. Securities Registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act
DESCRIPTION OF ITERIS, INC. COMMON STOCK
The following description of Iteris, Inc.s common stock is a summary. This summary is subject to the General Corporation Law of Delaware (the DGCL) and the complete text of Iteris, Inc.s Restated Certificate of Incorporation (the certificate of incorporation) and Restated Bylaws (the bylaws) filed as Exhibits 3.1 and 3.2, respectively, to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of which this exhibit is a part, and are incorporated by reference herein. We encourage you to read our certificate of incorporation, our bylaws and the applicable provisions of the DGCL for additional information.
Our authorized capital stock consists of 70,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.10 par value per share, and 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $1.00 par value per share. As of May 29, 2020, we had 40,732,994 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.
Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the trading symbol ITI.
Holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote for each share held of record on all matters to be voted on by the stockholders. Holders of our common stock are not entitled to cumulate their votes.
Subject to limitations under applicable law and preferences that may apply to any outstanding shares of our preferred stock, holders of the common stock are entitled to receive dividends when, as and if declared by the Board out of funds legally available therefor.
In the event of the Companys liquidation, dissolution or winding up, the holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining available for distribution to them after payment of liabilities and after provision has been made for any preferred stock having preference over the common stock. Holders of shares of common stock, as such, have no conversion, preemptive or other subscription rights, and there are no redemption provisions applicable to the common stock.
Rights and Preferences
The common stock has no preemptive, conversion or other rights to subscribe for additional securities. There are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to our common stock. The rights, preferences and privileges of holders of common stock are subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of shares of any series of preferred stock that we may designate and issue in the future.
Fully Paid and Nonassessable
All outstanding shares of our common stock are, and all shares of common stock to be outstanding upon completion of the offering will be, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable.
Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Computershare Inc.
Certain Anti-Takeover Effects
We are subject to Section 203 of the DGCL. This statute regulating corporate takeovers prohibits a Delaware corporation from engaging in any business combination with any interested stockholder for three years following the date that the stockholder became an interested stockholder, unless:
· prior to the date of the transaction, the board of directors of the corporation approved either the business combination or the transaction which resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder;
· the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, excluding for purposes of determining the number of shares outstanding (a) shares owned by persons who are directors and also officers and (b) shares owned by employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; or
· on or subsequent to the date of the transaction, the business combination is approved by the board and authorized at an annual or special meeting of stockholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least 66 2/3% of the outstanding voting stock which is not owned by the interested stockholder.
Section 203 defines a business combination to include:
· any merger or consolidation involving the corporation and the interested stockholder;
· any sale, transfer, pledge or other disposition involving the interested stockholder of 10% or more of the assets of the corporation;
· subject to exceptions, any transaction that results in the issuance or transfer by the corporation of any stock of the corporation to the interested stockholder; or
· the receipt by the interested stockholder of the benefit of any loans, advances, guarantees, pledges or other financial benefits provided by or through the corporation.
In general, Section 203 defines an interested stockholder as any entity or person beneficially owning 15% or more of the outstanding voting stock of the corporation and any entity or person affiliated with or controlling or controlled by the entity or person.
Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaw Provisions
Provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire, or discourage a third party from attempting to acquire, control of our company by means of a tender offer, a proxy contest or otherwise. These provisions may also make the removal of incumbent officers and directors more difficult. These provisions are intended to discourage certain types of coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids and to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of Iteris to first negotiate with us. These provisions could also limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock. These provisions may make it more difficult for stockholders to take specific corporate actions and could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in our control. In particular, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide for the following:
Special Meetings of Stockholders.
Special meetings of our stockholders may be called only by the chairman of the board of directors, our president, a majority of the members of the board of directors, or by one or more stockholders holding shares in the aggregate entitled to cast not less than 10% of the votes at the special meeting.
Advance Notice Requirement.
Stockholder proposals to be brought before an annual meeting of our stockholders must comply with advance notice procedures. These advance notice procedures require timely notice and apply in several situations, including stockholder proposals and nominations of persons for election to the board of directors. Generally, to be timely, notice must be received at our principal executive offices not less than 90 days nor more than 120 days prior to the first anniversary date of the annual meeting for the preceding year.
Amendment of Bylaws and Certificate of Incorporation.
The approval of not less than 66 2/3% of the outstanding shares of our capital stock entitled to vote is required to amend provisions of our bylaws discussed above under Advance Notice Requirement. This provisions could make it more difficult to circumvent the anti-takeover provisions of our certificate of incorporation and our bylaws.
Issuance of Undesignated Preferred Stock.
Our board of directors is authorized to issue, without further action by the stockholders, up to 2,000,000 shares of undesignated preferred stock with rights and preferences, including voting rights, designated from time to time by the board of directors. We currently have 100,000 shares of preferred stock designated as Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock. As of March 31, 2020, we did not have any shares of preferred stock outstanding. The existence of authorized but unissued shares of preferred stock enables our board of directors to render more difficult or to discourage an attempt to obtain control of us by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise.
Limitation of Liability and Indemnification of Officers and Directors
As permitted by Section 102 of the DGCL, we have adopted provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws that limit or eliminate the personal liability of our directors for a breach of their fiduciary duty of care as a director. The duty of care generally requires that, when acting on behalf of the corporation, directors exercise an informed business judgment based on all material information reasonably available to them. Consequently, a director will not be personally liable to us or our stockholders for monetary damages or breach of fiduciary duty as a director, except for liability for:
· any breach of the directors duty of loyalty to us or our stockholders;
· any act or omission not in good faith or that involves intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law;
· pursuant to Section 174 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware; or
· any transaction from which the director derived an improper personal benefit.
These limitations of liability do not affect the availability of equitable remedies such as injunctive relief or rescission. Our certificate of incorporation also authorizes us to indemnify our officers, directors and other agents to the fullest extent permitted under Delaware law.
As permitted by Section 145 of the DGCL, our bylaws provide that:
· we may indemnify our directors, officers, and employees to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL, subject to limited exceptions;
· we may advance expenses to our directors, officers and employees in connection with a legal proceeding to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL, subject to limited exceptions; and
· the rights provided in our bylaws are not exclusive.
We have entered, and intend to continue to enter, into separate indemnification agreements with each of our directors and officers which may be broader than the specific indemnification provisions contained in the DGCL. These indemnification agreements may require us, among other things, to indemnify our officers and directors against liabilities that may arise by reason of their status or service as directors or officers, other than liabilities arising from willful misconduct. These indemnification agreements also may require us to advance any expenses incurred by the directors or officers as a result of any proceeding against them as to which they could be indemnified. We have also purchased a policy of directors and officers liability insurance that insures our directors and officers against the cost of defense, settlement or payment of a judgment in some circumstances.