Description of Equity Securities Registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act
EX-4.2 2 insg20191231ex42.htm EXHIBIT 4.2 Exhibit
DESCRIPTION OF EQUITY SECURITIES
REGISTERED UNDER SECTION 12
OF THE EXCHANGE ACT
The following information describes the common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Common Stock”) of Inssego Corp. (the “Company”), as well as certain provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation (as amended, our “Certificate of Incorporation”) and our amended and restated bylaws (“Bylaws”). This description is only a summary. You should also refer to our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws, which have been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission as exhibits to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of which this Exhibit 4.2 is a part.
Authorized and Outstanding Capital Stock
Our authorized capital stock consists of 150,000,000 shares of Common Stock and 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Preferred Stock”), issuable in one or more series designated by the board of directors of the Company (the “Board”), of which 150,000 shares have been designated as Series D Preferred Stock (as defined below) and of which 39,500 shares have been designated as Series E Fixed-Rate Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Series E Preferred Stock”). As of March 10, 2020, there were 96,121,497 shares of Common Stock and 35,000 shares of Preferred Stock issued and outstanding.
Subject to the rights of holders of all classes of stock at the time outstanding having prior rights as to dividends, the holders of Common Stock are entitled to receive such dividends, if any, as may from time to time be declared by the Board out of funds legally available for that purpose. Pursuant to our Certificate of Incorporation, holders of Common Stock are entitled to one vote per share, and are entitled to vote upon such matters and in such manner as may be provided by law. Holders of Common Stock have no preemptive, conversion, redemption or sinking fund rights. Subject to the rights of holders of all classes of stock at the time outstanding having prior rights as to liquidation, holders of Common Stock, upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, are entitled to share equally and ratably in the assets of the Company. The outstanding shares of Common Stock are validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable. The rights, preferences and privileges of holders of Common Stock are subject to the rights, preferences and privileges of any series of Preferred Stock that we may issue in the future.
Each share of Common Stock includes Series D Preferred Stock purchase rights (the “Rights”) pursuant to the rights agreement, dated as of January 22, 2018, between the Company and the rights agent named therein, as amended (the “Rights Agreement”). Prior to the occurrence of certain events, the Rights will not be exercisable or evidenced separately from the Common Stock. The Rights have no value except as reflected in the market price of the shares of the Common Stock to which they are attached, and can be transferred only with the shares of Common Stock to which they are attached.
Our Common Stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “INSG.”
The transfer agent and registrar for our Common Stock and related rights to purchase Series D Preferred Stock is Computershare Trust Company, N.A. Its address is 250 Royall Street, Canton, MA 02021, and its telephone number is ###-###-####.
Our Certificate of Incorporation provides that we may issue shares of Preferred Stock from time to time in one or more series. Our Board is authorized to fix the voting rights, if any, designations, powers, preferences, qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof, applicable to the shares of each series of Preferred Stock. The Board may, without stockholder approval, issue Preferred Stock with voting and other rights that could adversely affect the voting power and other rights of the holders of our Common Stock and could have anti-takeover effects. The ability of the Board to issue Preferred Stock without stockholder approval could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change of control or the removal of our existing management.
Series D Preferred Stock
The Series D Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Series D Preferred Stock”), is reserved for issuance in connection with the Rights outstanding under our Rights Agreement. The Series D Preferred Stock
will not be redeemable at the option of the holder thereof. Each share of Series D Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive quarterly dividends when, and if declared by the Board, out of funds legally available for such purpose, equal to 1,000 times the aggregate of all dividends declared per share of Common Stock since the immediately preceding quarterly dividend payment date. In the event of our liquidation, the holders of Series D Preferred Stock will be entitled to an aggregate payment equal to 1,000 times the payment made per share of Common Stock, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends. Each share of Series D Preferred Stock shall be entitled to 1,000 votes, voting together with the shares of Common Stock, on any matter submitted to a vote of our stockholders. In the event of any merger, consolidation or other transaction in which shares of Common Stock are exchanged, each share of Series D Preferred Stock will be exchanged for 1,000 times the amount of consideration into which each share of Common Stock is exchanged. Because of the nature of the Series D Preferred Stock dividend, liquidation and voting rights, the value of the one one-thousandth share of Series D Preferred Stock purchasable upon exercise of each Right should approximate the value of one share of Common Stock. The Series D Preferred Stock would rank junior to any other series of Preferred Stock. There are currently no shares of Series D Preferred Stock issued and outstanding.
Series E Preferred Stock
The Series E Preferred Stock was issued pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement, between the Company and two accredited investors. Each share of Series E Preferred Stock entitles the holder thereof to receive, when, as and if declared by the Board out of assets legally available therefor, cumulative cash dividends at an annual rate of 9.00% payable quarterly in arrears on January 1, April 1, July 1 and October 1 of each year, beginning on October 1, 2019. The Series E Preferred Stock has no voting rights unless otherwise required by law. The Series E Preferred Stock is perpetual and has no maturity date.
Anti-Takeover Effects of Some Provisions of Delaware Law
Provisions of Delaware law and our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws could make the acquisition of the Company through a tender offer, a proxy contest or other means more difficult and could make the removal of incumbent officers and directors more difficult. We expect these provisions to discourage coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids and to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of the Company to first negotiate with our Board. We believe that the benefits provided by our ability to negotiate with the proponent of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal outweigh the disadvantages of discouraging these proposals. We believe the negotiation of an unfriendly or unsolicited proposal could result in an improvement of its terms.
We are subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, an anti-takeover law. In general, Section 203 prohibits a publicly held Delaware corporation from engaging in a “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years following the date the person became an interested stockholder, unless:
the board of directors of the corporation approves either the business combination or the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, prior to the time the interested stockholder attained that status;
upon the closing of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, excluding, for purposes of determining the number of shares outstanding, those shares owned by persons who are directors and also officers and by employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; or
at or subsequent to such time, the business combination is approved by the board of directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of stockholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least 66-2/3% of the outstanding voting stock that is not owned by the interested stockholder.
With certain exceptions, an “interested stockholder” is a person or group who or which owns 15% or more of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock (including any rights to acquire stock pursuant to an option, warrant, agreement, arrangement or understanding, or upon the exercise of conversion or exchange rights, and stock with respect to which the person has voting rights only), or is an affiliate or associate of the corporation and was the owner of 15% or more of such voting stock at any time within the previous three years.
In general, Section 203 defines a business combination to include:
any merger or consolidation involving the corporation and the interested stockholder;
any sale, transfer, pledge or other disposition of 10% or more of the assets of the corporation involving the interested stockholder;
subject to certain exceptions, any transaction that results in the issuance or transfer by the corporation of any stock of the corporation to the interested stockholder;
any transaction involving the corporation that has the effect of increasing the proportionate share of the stock of any class or series of the corporation beneficially owned by the interested stockholder; or
the receipt by the interested stockholder of the benefit of any loans, advances, guarantees, pledges or other financial benefits provided by or through the corporation.
A Delaware corporation may “opt out” of this provision with an express provision in its original certificate of incorporation or an express provision in its amended and restated certificate of incorporation or bylaws resulting from a stockholders’ amendment approved by at least a majority of the outstanding voting shares. However, the Company has not “opted out” of this provision. Section 203 could prohibit or delay mergers or other takeover or change-in-control attempts and, accordingly, may discourage attempts to acquire the Company.
Anti-Takeover Effects of Our Charter Documents
Our Certificate of Incorporation provides for our Board to be divided into three classes serving staggered terms. Approximately one-third of the Board will be elected each year. The provision for a classified board could prevent a party who acquires control of a majority of the outstanding voting stock from obtaining control of the Board until the second annual stockholders meeting following the date the acquirer obtains the controlling stock interest. The classified board provision could discourage a potential acquirer from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of the Company and could increase the likelihood that incumbent directors will retain their positions.
Our Bylaws establish an advance notice procedure for stockholder proposals to be brought before an annual or special meeting of our stockholders, including proposed nominations of persons for election to the Board. Among other requirements, the advance notice provisions provide that (i) a stockholder must provide to the secretary of the Company timely notice (generally 90-120 days prior to the one-year anniversary of the previous year’s annual meeting of stockholders) of any business, including director nominations, proposed to be brought before the annual or special meeting, which notice must conform to the substantive requirements set forth in the Bylaws, (ii) a stockholder must deliver certain information regarding the person(s) making the proposal, and in the case of any nominee for election to the Board, information regarding such nominee, in each case as set forth in the Bylaws, and (iii) any nominee for election to the Board must provide both an executed questionnaire regarding his or her background, qualifications, stock ownership and independence, and an executed representation agreement regarding voting commitments, indemnification or similar arrangements and compliance with Company policies applicable to members of the Board. These provisions may discourage or deter a potential acquirer from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect the acquirer’s own slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of the Company.
Our Bylaws provide that our Board, our chairperson of the Board or our chief executive officer may call a special meeting of stockholders. Because our stockholders do not have the right to call a special meeting, a stockholder could not force stockholder consideration of a proposal over the opposition of the Board by calling a special meeting of stockholders prior to such time as a majority of the Board believed the matter should be considered or until the next annual meeting provided that the requestor met the notice and other requirements. The restriction on the ability of stockholders to call a special meeting means that a proposal to replace the Board also could be delayed until the next annual meeting.
Our Certificate of Incorporation provides that our Bylaws may be altered or amended or new bylaws adopted by the affirmative vote of at least 66 2/3% of the voting power of all of the then-outstanding shares of our voting stock entitled to vote.
Our Board is expressly authorized to adopt, amend or repeal our Bylaws. This provision may not be repealed, amended or altered in any respect without the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 66 2/3% of the voting power of all of the then-outstanding shares of our voting stock entitled to vote.
Our Certificate of Incorporation does not allow stockholders to act by written consent without a meeting. Without the availability of stockholder action by written consent, a holder of the requisite number of shares of our capital stock would not be able to amend our Bylaws or remove directors without holding a stockholders’ meeting. The holder would have to obtain the consent of a majority of our Board, our chairperson of the Board or our chief executive officer to call a stockholders’ meeting and satisfy the notice periods determined by our Board.
Anti-Takeover Effects of Our Rights Agreement
On January 22, 2018, the Company entered into a Rights Agreement with Computershare Trust Company, N.A., a federally chartered trust company, as rights agent. In connection with the Rights Agreement, the Board authorized and declared a dividend distribution of one Right for each share of Common Stock outstanding and has authorized the issuance of one Right with respect to each share of Common Stock that is issued and becomes outstanding until the earlier of the Distribution Date and the Expiration Date (each as defined in the Rights Agreement). Prior to exercise, the Rights do not give their holders any rights as stockholders of the Company, including any dividend, voting or liquidation rights. The Rights trade only with the shares of Common Stock to which they are attached. A complete description and terms of the Rights are set forth in the Rights Agreement.
The Rights are not exercisable until the Distribution Date. Until the Distribution Date, the Rights will be transferred with and only with the Common Stock. Upon the Distribution Date, the Rights may be transferred separately from the Common Stock, and each Right, other than Rights held by an Acquiring Person (as defined below), will entitle its holder to purchase from the Company one one-thousandth of a share of Series D Preferred Stock, at a purchase price of $10.00 per one one-thousandth of a share of Series D Preferred Stock, subject to adjustment (the “Purchase Price”). An “Acquiring Person” is any person or group of affiliated or associated persons that has acquired or has the ability to acquire direct or indirect beneficial ownership of 4.9% or more of the Company’s Common Stock then-outstanding, subject to certain exceptions.
If any person becomes an Acquiring Person, each holder of Rights (other than Rights owned by an Acquiring Person, which shall have become void), will thereafter have the right to receive, upon exercise thereof, that number shares of Common Stock of the Company having a market value equal to two times the Purchase Price.
If, at any time after a person becomes an Acquiring Person, the Company is acquired in a merger or other business combination transaction or 50% or more of its consolidated assets or earning power are sold, proper provision will be made so that each holder of a Right will thereafter have the right to receive, upon the exercise thereof at the then-current Purchase Price of the Right, that number of shares of Common Stock of the acquiring company which at the time of such transaction will have a market value equal to two times the Purchase Price.
At any time after any person becomes an Acquiring Person and prior to the acquisition by any person or group of a majority of the Common Stock then-outstanding, the Board may exchange the Rights (other than Rights owned by an Acquiring Person, which shall have become void), at an exchange ratio of one share of Common Stock per Right, subject to adjustment.
The Rights will expire on the earliest of (i) the close of business on January 22, 2021, (ii) the time at which the Rights are redeemed, and (iii) the time at which the Rights are exchanged.
At any time before any person becomes an Acquiring Person, the Board may redeem the Rights in whole, but not in part. Immediately upon any redemption of the Rights, the right to exercise the Rights will terminate.
The terms of the Rights Agreement may be amended by the Board without the consent of the holders of the Rights. However, from and after such time as any person becomes an Acquiring Person, the Rights Agreement shall not be amended or supplemented in any manner which would adversely affect the interests of the holders of Rights (other than Rights which have become null and void).
The Rights have anti-takeover effects. If the Rights are exercised, shares of Series D Preferred Stock will be issued, which will cause significant dilution to an Acquiring Person that attempts to acquire us on terms not approved by our Board. The Rights should not interfere with any merger or other business combination approved by our Board since the Rights may be amended to permit such acquisition or redeemed by us at $0.0001 per Right at any time prior to the time that a person or group becomes an Acquiring Person.