(c) If the Common Stock is neither listed on an established stock exchange or a national market system nor regularly quoted by a recognized securities dealer, the Share Value shall be the determined by the Administrator in its discretion based upon either:
(i) an appraisal as of the most recent Valuation Date. Such appraisal is intended to reflect a reasonable valuation of the Company as contemplated by Treasury Regulation §1.409A-1(b)(5)(iv)(B)(2)(i), or any successor thereto. As such, the appraisal shall be made by a qualified independent firm designated by the Administrator, which firm is of a national reputation and has relevant experience in performing such valuations. The appraisal firm shall use valuation principles and methods substantially similar to those used in the appraisals historically performed for the Company in 2007, including, but not limited to, those related to enterprise value and the absence of any discount for lack of marketability or minority interest, or of any premium for control; or
(ii) the price paid for each share of Common Stock in a transaction between a willing buyer and a willing seller, neither under compulsion to buy or sell; provided, however, that transactions between the Company and any Family Business Unit or member of the Pritzker Family shall not be considered for this purpose.
2.47 Stock Appreciation Right shall mean a right granted pursuant to Article 9 to receive a payment equal to the excess of the Exercise Date Value of a specified number of shares of Common Stock on the date the Stock Appreciation Right is exercised over an exercise price set forth in the applicable Award Agreement.
2.48 Stock Payment shall mean (a) a payment in the form of shares of Common Stock, or (b) an option or other right to purchase shares of Common Stock, as part of a bonus, deferred compensation or other arrangement, awarded under Section 8.3.
2.49 Subsidiary shall mean any entity (other than the Company), whether domestic or foreign, in an unbroken chain of entities beginning with the Company if each of the entities other than the last entity in the unbroken chain beneficially owns, at the time of the determination, securities or interests representing more than fifty percent (50%) of the total combined voting power of all classes of securities or interests in one of the other entities in such chain.
2.50 Substitute Award shall mean an Award granted under the Plan upon the assumption of, or in substitution for, outstanding equity awards previously granted by a company or other entity in connection with a corporate transaction, such as a merger, combination, consolidation or acquisition of property or stock; provided, however, that in no event shall the term Substitute Award be construed to refer to an award made in connection with the cancellation and repricing of an Option or Stock Appreciation Right.
2.51 Termination of Service shall mean,
(a) As to a Consultant, the time when the engagement of a Participant as a Consultant to the Company or a Subsidiary is terminated for any reason, with or without cause, including, without limitation, by resignation, discharge, death or retirement, but excluding a termination where there is a simultaneous commencement of employment with the Company or any Subsidiary.
(b) As to a Non-Employee Director, the time when a Participant who is a Non-Employee Director ceases to be a Director for any reason, including, without limitation, a termination by resignation, failure to be elected, death or retirement, but excluding: (i) a termination where there is simultaneous employment by the Company (or a Subsidiary) of such person and (ii) a termination which is followed immediately by such Participant becoming a Consultant.