8. Covenants of the Selling Shareholders. Each Selling Shareholder, in addition to its other agreements and obligations hereunder, severally and not jointly, covenants with each Underwriter as follows:
(a) Such Selling Shareholder agrees that (i) it will not prepare, or have prepared on its behalf, or use or refer to, any free writing prospectus (as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act), and (ii) it will not distribute any written materials in connection with the offer or sale of the Shares.
(b) Not to take any action that would result in an Underwriter or the Company being required to file with the Commission pursuant to Rule 433(d) under the Securities Act a free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of the Underwriters that the Underwriters otherwise would not have been required to file thereunder.
(c) During the period when delivery of a Prospectus (or, in lieu thereof, the notice referred to under Rule 173(a) under the Securities Act) is required under the Securities Act, such Selling Shareholder will advise the Underwriters promptly, and will confirm such advice in writing to the Underwriters, of any change in the information relating to such Selling Shareholder in the Registration Statement, the Time of Sale Prospectus or the Prospectus.
(d) Such Selling Shareholder will not take, directly or indirectly, any action designed to cause or result in, or that has constituted or might reasonably be expected to constitute, the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any securities of the Company.
(e) Each of the Selling Shareholders agrees to deliver to the Underwriters prior to or at the Closing Date a properly completed and executed United States Treasury Department Form W-8 or W-9 (or other applicable form or statement specified by Treasury Department regulations in lieu thereof).
(f) Each of the Selling Shareholders agrees to deliver to the Underwriters prior to or at the Closing Date a certificate satisfying the beneficial ownership due diligence requirements of the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Underwriters.
9. Expenses. Subject to the last sentence of this Section, whether or not the transactions contemplated in this Agreement are consummated or this Agreement is terminated, the Selling Shareholders and the Company, severally and not jointly, agree to pay or cause to be paid all expenses incident to the performance of their obligations under this Agreement, including: (i) the fees, disbursements and expenses of the Companys counsel, the Companys accountants and counsel for the Selling Shareholders specified in Schedule IV under the heading Selling Shareholders in connection with the registration and delivery of the Shares under the Securities Act and all other fees or expenses in connection with the preparation and filing of the Registration Statement, any preliminary prospectus, the Time of Sale Prospectus, the Prospectus, any free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of, used by, or referred to by the Company and amendments and supplements to any of the foregoing, including the filing fees payable to the Commission relating to the Shares (within the time required by Rule 456 (b)(1), if applicable), all printing costs associated therewith, and the mailing and delivering of copies thereof to the Underwriters and dealers, in the quantities hereinabove specified, (ii) the cost of printing or