Description of Securities
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES REGISTERED UNDER SECTION 12 OF THE EXCHANGE ACT
The following is a brief description of shares of capital stock of Digipath, Inc. (the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”). The brief description is based upon our Articles of Incorporation, including the Certificate of Amendment to our Articles of Incorporation, (as amended, our “Articles of Incorporation”), our Bylaws (our “Bylaws”), and provisions of applicable Nevada law. This summary does not purport to be complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by, the full text of our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, each of which is incorporated by reference as an exhibit to our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Our Articles of Incorporation authorizes us to issue up to 260,000,000 shares of capital stock, consisting of 250,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“common stock”), and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, of which 6,000,000 have been designated as Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred”), with the remaining 4,000,000 shares available for designation from time to time by the Board as set forth below. As of September 30, 2020, we had outstanding 64,065,390 shares of common stock and 1,325,942 shares of Series A Preferred Stock. Our Articles of Incorporation authorizes our Board of Directors (our “Board”) to determine any number of series into which the undesignated shares of preferred stock may be divided and to determine, at any time and from time to time, the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions granted to any series of such preferred stock, as described below.
Subject to preferences that may apply to shares of preferred stock outstanding at the time, the holders of outstanding shares of our Common Stock are entitled to receive dividends out of funds legally available at the times and in the amounts that our board of directors may determine.
Each holder of our Common Stock is entitled to one vote for each share of our Common Stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Cumulative voting for the election of directors is not provided for in our articles of incorporation, as amended, which means that the holders of a majority of the voting shares voted can elect all of the directors then standing for election.
No Preemptive or Similar Rights
Holders of our Common Stock do not have preemptive rights, and our Common Stock is not convertible or redeemable.
Right to Receive Liquidation Distributions
Upon our dissolution, liquidation or winding-up, the assets legally available for distribution to our stockholders are distributable ratably among the holders of our Common Stock, subject to the preferential rights and payment of liquidation preferences, if any, on any outstanding shares of preferred stock.
Series A Preferred Stock
Each share of Series A Preferred is currently convertible into five shares of common stock. The conversion price is adjustable in the event of stock splits and other adjustments in the Company’s capitalization, and in the event of certain negative actions undertaken by the Company. At the current conversion price, the 1,325,942 shares of Series A Preferred outstanding at September 30, 2020 are convertible into 6,629,710 shares of common stock. No holder is permitted to convert its shares of Series A Preferred if such conversion would cause the holder to beneficially own more than 4.99% of the issued and outstanding common stock immediately after such conversion, unless waived by such holder by providing at least sixty-five days’ notice.
Additional terms of the Series A Preferred include the following:
● The shares of Series A Preferred are entitled to dividends when, as and if declared by the Board as to the shares of the common stock of the Company into which such Series A Preferred may then be converted, subject to the 4.99% beneficial ownership limitation described above.
● Upon the liquidation or dissolution of the Company, or any merger or sale of all or substantially all of the assets, the shares of Series A Preferred are entitled to receive, prior to any distribution to the holders of common stock, 100% of the purchase price per share of Series A Preferred plus all accrued but unpaid dividends.
● The Series A Preferred plus all declared but unpaid dividends thereon automatically will be converted into common stock, at the then applicable conversion rate, upon the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Series A Preferred.
● Each share of Series A Preferred will carry a number of votes equal to the number of shares of common stock into which such Series A Preferred may then be converted, subject to the 4.99% beneficial ownership limitation described above. The Series A Preferred generally will vote together with the common stock and not as a separate class, except as provided below.
● Consent of the holders of the outstanding Series A Preferred is required in order for the Company to: (i) amend or change the rights, preferences, privileges or powers of, or the restrictions provided for the benefit of, the Series A Preferred; (ii) authorize, create or issue shares of any class of stock having rights, preferences, privileges or powers superior to the Series A Preferred; (iii) reclassify any outstanding shares into shares having rights, preferences, privileges or powers superior to the Series A Preferred; or (iv) amend the Company’s Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws in a manner that adversely affects the rights of the Series A Preferred.
Blank Check Preferred Stock
The remaining 4,000,000 shares of our undesignated shares of preferred stock may be issued in series, and shall have such voting powers, full or limited, or no voting powers, and such designations, preferences and relative participating, optional or other special rights, and qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, as shall be stated and expressed in the resolution or resolutions providing for the issuance of such stock adopted from time to time by the Board. The Board is expressly vested with the authority to determine and fix in the resolution or resolutions providing for the issuances of preferred stock the voting powers, designations, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, of each such series to the full extent now or hereafter permitted by the laws of the State of Nevada.
Certain provisions of our articles of incorporation, as amended, and Nevada law may have the effect of delaying, deferring or discouraging another person from acquiring control of our company.
In addition, Nevada has enacted the following legislation that may deter or frustrate takeovers of Nevada corporations:
Authorized but Unissued Stock – The authorized but unissued shares of our Common Stock are available for future issuance without stockholder approval. These additional shares may be used for a variety of corporate purposes, including future public offerings to raise additional capital, corporate acquisitions and employee benefit plans. The existence of authorized but unissued shares of common stock may enable our board of directors to issue shares of stock to persons friendly to existing management.
Evaluation of Acquisition Proposals – The Nevada Revised Statutes expressly permit our board of directors, when evaluating any proposed tender or exchange offer, any merger, consolidation or sale of substantially all of our assets, or any similar extraordinary transaction, to consider all relevant factors including, without limitation, the social, legal, and economic effects on our employees, customers, suppliers, and other relevant interest holders, and on the communities and geographical areas in which they operate. Our board of directors may also consider the amount of consideration being offered in relation to the then current market price of our outstanding shares of capital stock and our then current value in a freely negotiated transaction.
Control Share Acquisitions – Nevada has adopted a control share acquisitions statute designed to afford stockholders of public corporations in Nevada protection against acquisitions in which a person, entity or group seeks to gain voting control. With enumerated exceptions, the statute provides that shares acquired within certain specific ranges will not possess voting rights in the election of directors unless the voting rights are approved by a majority vote of the public corporation’s disinterested stockholders. Disinterested shares are shares other than those owned by the acquiring person or by a member of a group with respect to a control share acquisition, or by any officer of the corporation or any employee of the corporation who is also a director. The specific acquisition ranges that trigger the statute are: acquisitions of shares possessing one-fifth or more but less than one-third of all voting power; acquisitions of shares possessing one-third or more but less than a majority of all voting power; or acquisitions of shares possessing a majority or more of all voting power. Under certain circumstances, the statute permits the acquiring person to call a special stockholders’ meeting for the purpose of considering the grant of voting rights to the holder of the control shares. The statute also enables a corporation to provide for the redemption of control shares with no voting rights under certain circumstances.
Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for our Common Stock is Issuer Direct Corporation. Its mailing address is One Glenwood Avenue, Suite 1001, Raleigh, NC 27603, its telephone number is ###-###-####, and its facsimile number is ###-###-####.