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Works, as applicable, shall be considered works made for hire to the extent permitted under applicable copyright law and will be considered the sole property of the Service Recipients immediately and automatically upon creation, authoring, composition, or invention thereof. To the extent such Service Recipient Works are not considered works made for hire, the Service Provider hereby assigns to the applicable Service Recipient, and the applicable Service Recipient hereby receives, all of the Service Providers entire right, title, and interest to such Service Recipient Works, including all copyrights, patents and trade secrets therein, effective immediately and automatically upon creation, authoring, composition, or invention thereof. The Service Provider agrees, at the applicable Service Recipients expense, to execute any documents reasonably requested by such Service Recipient or any successor in interest to such Service Recipient, at any time in relation to such assignment. The Service Provider further acknowledges and agrees that any and all derivative works, developments, or improvements based on the Service Recipient Works that also constitute Service Recipient Works, shall also be deemed Service Recipient Works and all right, title and interest therein shall be exclusively owned by the applicable Service Recipient pursuant to the foregoing immediately and automatically upon creation, authoring, composition, or invention thereof. The Service Provider shall cooperate with the applicable Service Recipient and any of its Affiliates, at the applicable Service Recipients expense (whether during or after the term of this Agreement), in the confirmation, registration, protection and enforcement of the rights and property of the Service Recipients and their successors in interest in such Service Recipient Works. The Service Provider shall not at any time do or cause to be done, or fail to do or cause to be done, any act or thing, directly or indirectly, contesting or in any way impairing any Service Recipients right, title, or interest in the Service Recipient Works. Every use of any Service Recipient Works (and any derivative works, developments, or improvements based on the Service Recipient Works) by the Service Provider shall inure to the benefit of the applicable Service Recipient. For clarity, notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, exclusive ownership of any Works other than Service Recipient Works vests in and remains with the Service Provider, and the Service Provider has and shall retain all right, title and interest in and to all such Works (including all General Works). To the extent that any such Works (including General Works) are incorporated into or otherwise required to use or exploit any Service Recipient Works, Service Provider agrees to grant and hereby grants, and will cause its Affiliates to grant, the Service Recipients a perpetual, worldwide, irrevocable, fully paid-up, royalty-free, transferrable, sublicensable, non-exclusive license under such Works to use, execute, reproduce, display, perform, distribute, prepare derivative works of and otherwise exploit all Service Recipient Works provided, or required to be provided, by Service Provider to the Service Recipients under this Agreement.