EX-4.1 2 cvi201910-kxexhibit41.htm EX-4.1 Document
DESCRIPTION OF COMMON STOCK
Our authorized capital stock consists of 350,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, and 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, the rights and preferences of which may be established from time to time by our board of directors.
The following description of our capital stock does not purport to be complete and is subject to and qualified by our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, as amended and restated on October 16, 2007 and as subsequently amended on June 15, 2018 (our “certificate of incorporation”), and our second amended and restated bylaws, as amended on June 15, 2018 (our “bylaws”), which are included as exhibits to our Annual Report on Form 10-K, and by the provisions of applicable Delaware law.
Holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote for each share on all matters voted upon by our stockholders, including the election of directors, and do not have cumulative voting rights. Subject to the rights of holders of any then outstanding shares of our preferred stock, our common stockholders are entitled to any dividends that may be declared by our board of directors. Holders of our common stock are entitled to share ratably in our net assets upon our dissolution or liquidation after payment or provision for all liabilities and any preferential liquidation rights of our preferred stock then outstanding. Holders of our common stock have no preemptive rights to purchase shares of our capital stock. The shares of our common stock are not subject to any redemption provisions and are not convertible into any other shares of our capital stock. All outstanding shares of our common stock are fully paid and nonassessable. The rights, preferences and privileges of holders of our common stock will be subject to those of the holders of any shares of our preferred stock we may issue in the future.
Limitation on Liability and Indemnification of Officers and Directors
Our certificate of incorporation limits the liability of directors to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law. The effect of these provisions is to eliminate the rights of our company and our stockholders, through stockholders’ derivative suits on behalf of our company, to recover monetary damages against a director for breach of fiduciary duty as a director, including breaches resulting from grossly negligent behavior. However, our directors will be personally liable to us and our stockholders for any breach of the director’s duty of loyalty, for acts or omissions not in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law, under Section 174 of the Delaware General Corporation Law or for any transaction from which the director derived an improper personal benefit. In addition, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide that we will indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law. Our board of directors has approved a form of indemnification agreement for our directors and officers, and expects that each of its current and future directors and officers will enter into substantially similar indemnification agreements. We also maintain directors and officers insurance.
Delaware Anti-Takeover Law
Our certificate of incorporation provides that we are not subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law which regulates corporate acquisitions. This law provides that specified persons who, together with affiliates and associates, own, or within three years did own, 15% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a corporation may not engage in business combinations with the corporation for a period of three years after the date on which the person became an interested stockholder. The law defines the term “business combination” to include mergers, asset sales and other transactions in which the interested stockholder receives or could receive a financial benefit on other than a pro rata basis with other stockholders.
Removal of Directors; Vacancies
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide that any director or the entire board of directors may be removed with or without cause by the affirmative vote of the majority of all shares then entitled to vote at an election of directors. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws also provide that any vacancies on our board of directors will be filled by the affirmative vote of a majority of the board of directors then in office, even if less than a quorum, or by a sole remaining director.
The affirmative vote of a plurality of the shares of our common stock present, in person or by proxy will decide the election of any directors, and the affirmative vote of a majority of the shares of our common stock present, in person or by proxy will decide all other matters voted on by stockholders, unless the question is one upon which, by express provision of law, under our certificate of incorporation, or under our bylaws, a different vote is required, in which case such provision will control.
Action by Written Consent
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide that stockholder action can be taken by written consent of the stockholders if a consent in writing, setting forth the action to be taken, has been signed by the holders of outstanding shares having not less than the minimum number of shares that would be necessary to authorize or take such action at a meeting at which all shares entitled to vote thereon were present and voted.
Ability to Call Special Meetings
Our bylaws provide that special meetings of our stockholders can only be called pursuant to a resolution adopted by a majority of our board of directors or by the chairman of our board of directors.
Amending Our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws
Our certificate of incorporation provides that our certificate of incorporation may be amended by the affirmative vote of a majority of the board of directors and by the affirmative vote of the majority of all shares of our common stock then entitled to vote at any annual or special meeting of stockholders. In addition, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide that our bylaws may be amended, repealed or new bylaws may be adopted by the affirmative vote of a majority of the board of directors or by the affirmative vote of the majority of all shares of our common stock then entitled to vote at any annual or special meeting of stockholders.
Advance Notice Provisions for Stockholders
In order to nominate directors to our board of directors or bring other business before an annual meeting of our stockholders, a stockholder’s notice in proper form must be received by the Secretary of the Company at the principal executive offices of the Company not later than the close of business on the 90th calendar day, and no earlier than the 120th calendar day, prior to the anniversary of the previous year’s annual meeting of stockholders, subject to certain exceptions contained in our bylaws. If no annual meeting was held in the previous year, or if the date of the applicable annual meeting was changed by more than 30 days from the date of the previous year’s annual meeting, then a stockholder’s notice, to be considered timely, must be delivered to the Secretary of the Company at the principal executive offices of the Company not later than the close of business on the later of the 90th calendar day prior to such annual meeting or the tenth day following the day on which notice of the date of the annual meeting was mailed or a public announcement of such date was first made.
Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “CVI.”
Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC.