Employment Agreement, effective as of April 1, 2019, by and between Richard Malamut and Collegium Pharmaceutical, Inc

Contract Categories: Human Resources - Employment Agreements
EX-10.1 2 coll-20190331ex10103c067.htm EX-10.1 coll_Ex10_1

Exhibit 10.1

Execution Copy


THIS EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT (the “Agreement”) is made by and between COLLEGIUM PHARMACEUTICAL, INC. (the “Company”) and RICHARD MALAMUT, M.D. (the “Executive”).

WHEREAS, the Company desires to employ Executive on at at-will basis, and the Executive wishes to be employed by the Company on at-will basis, on the terms and conditions set forth herein.

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing and intending to be bound hereby, the parties agree as follows:

1.          Duration of Agreement.  This Agreement is effective as of the date Executive commences his employment with the Company (the “Effective Date”) and has no specific expiration date.  Unless terminated by agreement of the parties, this Agreement will govern Executive’s employment by the Company until that employment ceases.

2.          Title; Duties.  Executive will be employed as the Company’s Executive Vice President and Chief Medical Officer and will report to the Company’s Chief Executive Officer.  Executive will devote his best efforts and substantially all of his business time and services to the Company and its affiliates to perform such duties as may be customarily incident to his position and as may reasonably be assigned to him from time to time consistent with his position.  Executive will not, in any capacity, engage in other business activities or perform services for any other individual, firm or corporation without the prior written consent of the Company; provided, however, that without such consent, Executive may engage in charitable, non-profit and public service activities, so long as such activities do not  materially interfere or conflict with Executive’s performance of his duties and obligations to the Company.

3.          Place of Performance.  Executive will perform his services hereunder at the principal executive offices of the Company in Stoughton, Massachusetts, or such other locations approved by the Chief Executive Officer.

4.          Compensation.

4.1.       Base Salary.  Executive’s annual salary will be $415,000 (the “Base Salary”), paid in accordance with the Company’s payroll practices as in effect from time to time.  The Base Salary will be reviewed annually for increase by the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Committee”).

4.2.       Annual Bonuses.

4.2.1.    For each fiscal year ending during his employment, Executive will be eligible to earn an annual bonus.  The target amount of that bonus will be 50% percent of Executive’s Base Salary for the applicable fiscal year.  The actual bonus payable with respect to a particular year will be determined by the Committee, based on the achievement of corporate and/or individual performance objectives established by the Committee.  Any bonus payable under this paragraph will be paid during the calendar year immediately following the fiscal year in respect of which the bonus is payable and, except as otherwise provided in Section 5.1.11, will only be paid if Executive remains continuously employed by the Company through the actual bonus payment date.




4.2.2.    For purposes of determining any bonus payable to Executive, the measurement of corporate and individual performance will be performed by the Committee in good faith.  From time to time, the Committee may, in its sole discretion, make adjustments to corporate or individual performance goals, so that required departures from the Company’s operating budget, changes in accounting principles, acquisitions, dispositions, mergers, consolidations and other corporate transactions, and other factors influencing the achievement or calculation of such goals do not affect the operation of this provision in a manner inconsistent with its intended purposes.

4.3.       Employee Benefits.  During Executive’s employment, Executive will be eligible to participate in all employee benefit plans and programs made available by the Company from time to time to employees generally, subject to applicable plan terms and policies.  The Company periodically reviews its benefits, policies, benefits providers and practices and may terminate, alter or change them at its discretion from time to time.

4.4.        Equity Incentive Awards.  As soon as practicable following the Effective Date and subject to the approval of the Committee, Executive will be granted the following awards under and subject to the Company’s Amended and Restated 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (the “Plan”): (i) a time-vested restricted stock unit award (the “RSU Award”) for 42,500 restricted stock units; and (ii) an option to purchase 85,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Option Award”). The RSU Award and Option Award will be subject to the terms and conditions of the Plan and award agreements evidencing such grants.

4.5.       Reimbursement of Expenses.  The Executive will be reimbursed by the Company for all reasonable business expenses incurred by Executive in accordance with the Company’s customary expense reimbursement policies as in effect from time to time.  Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, to the extent any expense, reimbursement or in-kind benefit provided to the Executive constitutes a “deferral of compensation” within the meaning of Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”) (i) the amount of expenses eligible for reimbursement or in-kind benefits provided to the Executive must be incurred during the Executive’s term of employment; (ii) the amount of expenses eligible for reimbursement or in-kind benefits provided to the Executive during any calendar year will not affect the amount of expenses eligible for reimbursement or in-kind benefits provided to the Executive in any other calendar year, (iii) the reimbursements for expenses for which the Executive is entitled to be reimbursed shall be made on or before the last day of the calendar year following the calendar year in which the applicable expense is incurred and (iv) the right to payment or reimbursement or in-kind benefits hereunder may not be liquidated or exchanged for any other benefit.

4.6.       Commuting Costs.  The Company shall pay or shall reimburse the Executive for his reasonable costs incurred for commuting to and from the Company’s principal executive office and for costs for lodging in the area of such office, subject to the Company’s travel and entertainment policies.




5.          Termination.  Executive’s employment with the Company may be terminated by the Company or Executive at any time and for any reason.  Upon any cessation of his employment with the Company, Executive will be entitled only to such compensation and benefits as described in this Section 5.  Upon any cessation of his employment for any reason, unless otherwise requested by the Company, Executive agrees to resign immediately from all officer and director positions he then holds with the Company and its affiliates.

5.1.       Termination without Cause or for Good Reason.  If Executive’s employment by the Company ceases due to a termination by the Company without Cause (as defined below) or a resignation by Executive for Good Reason (as defined below), Executive will be entitled to:

5.1.1.    payment of any annual bonus otherwise payable (but for the cessation of Executive’s employment) with respect to a year ended prior to the cessation of Executive’s employment;

5.1.2.    continuation of Executive’s Base Salary for a period equal to nine (9) months, payable in accordance with the Company's standard payroll practices; and

5.1.3.    waiver of the applicable premium otherwise payable for COBRA continuation coverage for Executive (and, to the extent covered immediately prior to the date of such cessation, his eligible dependents) for a period equal to nine (9) months.

Except as otherwise provided in this Section 5.1, and except for payment of all (i) accrued and unpaid Base Salary through the date of such cessation, (ii) any expense reimbursements to be paid in accordance with Company policy,  (iii) payments for any accrued but unused paid time off in accordance with the Company’s policies and applicable law and (iv) payments and benefits accrued under the Plan or any other employee benefit plan maintained by the Company or any of its affiliates, all compensation and benefits will cease at the time of such cessation and the Company will have no further liability or obligation by reason of such cessation.  The payments and benefits described in this Section 5.1 are in lieu of, and not in addition to, any other severance arrangement maintained by the Company.  Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement, the payments and benefits described in Section 5.1 are conditioned on: (a) the Executive’s execution and delivery to the Company and the expiration of all applicable statutory revocation periods, by the 45th day following the effective date of his cessation of employment, of a  release of employment claims against the Company and its affiliates in a form reasonably prescribed by the Company, which release shall include Executive’s affirmation of his or her obligation not to compete with the Company as described in Section 6.1.1(a)-(b) herein (the “Release”); and (b) the Executive’s continued compliance with the Restrictive Covenants (as defined below).  Subject to Section 5.4, below, the benefits described in Section 5.1 will be paid or provided (or begin to be paid or provided) as soon as administratively practicable (or determinable in the case of the benefits described in Section 5.1.1) after the Release becomes irrevocable, provided that if the 45 day period described above begins in one taxable year and ends in a second taxable year such payments or benefits shall not commence until the second taxable year.

5.2.       Termination Following a Change in Control.  For cessations of employment described in Section 5.1 that occur during the twelve (12) month period immediately following the occurrence of a Change in Control (as defined below), the Executive will receive the payments and benefits described in Section 5.1 above, subject to the following modifications:

5.2.1.    the references in Sections 5.1.2 and 5.1.3 to “nine (9) months” will each be replaced with a reference to “twelve (12) months”; and




5.2.2.    all unvested restricted stock, stock options and other equity incentives awarded to Executive by the Company will become immediately and automatically fully vested and exercisable (as applicable).

For the avoidance of doubt, any benefits received under this Section 5.2 shall be governed by the otherwise applicable terms and conditions described in Section 5.1 above, including without limitation the requirement that Executive timely execute a Release and comply with the Restrictive Covenants.

5.3.       Other Terminations.  If Executive’s employment with the Company ceases for any reason other than as described in Section 5.1, above (including but not limited to termination (i) by the Company for Cause, (ii) as a result of Executive’s death, (iii) as a result of Executive’s Disability or (d) by Executive without Good Reason, then the Company’s obligation to Executive will be limited solely to (a) accrued and unpaid Base Salary through the date of such cessation, (b) any expense reimbursements to be paid in accordance with Company policy and (c) payments for any accrued but unused paid time off in accordance with the Company’s policies and applicable law.  All compensation and benefits will cease at the time of such cessation and, except as otherwise provided by COBRA or this Section 5.3, the Company will have no further liability or obligation by reason of such termination.  The foregoing will not be construed to limit Executive’s right to payment or reimbursement for claims incurred prior to the date of such termination under any insurance contract funding an employee benefit plan, policy or arrangement of the Company in accordance with the terms of such insurance contract.

5.4.       Compliance with Section 409A.  If the termination giving rise to the payments described in Section 5.1 is not a “Separation from Service” within the meaning of Treas. Reg. § 1.409A-1(h)(1) (or any successor provision), then the amounts otherwise payable pursuant to that section will instead be deferred without interest and will not be paid until Executive experiences a Separation from Service.  To the maximum extent permitted under Section 409A of the Code and its corresponding regulations, the cash severance benefits payable under this Agreement are intended to meet the requirements of the short-term deferral exemption under Section 409A of the Code and the “separation pay exception” under Treas. Reg. §1.409A-1(b)(9)(iii).  To the extent compliance with the requirements of Treas. Reg. § 1.409A-3(i)(2) (or any successor provision) is necessary to avoid the application of an additional tax under Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code to payments due to Executive upon or following his Separation from Service, then notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement (or any otherwise applicable plan, policy, agreement or arrangement), any such payments that are otherwise due within six months following Executive’s Separation from Service (taking into account the preceding sentence of this paragraph) will be deferred without interest and paid to Executive in a lump sum immediately following that six month period.  For purposes of the application of Treas. Reg. § 1.409A-1(b)(4)(or any successor provision), each payment in a series of payments will be deemed a separate payment.

5.5.       PPACA.  Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, the waiver in respect of COBRA premiums pursuant to Section 5.1.3 shall cease to the extent required to avoid adverse consequences to the Company under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 and regulations thereunder.

5.6.       Section 280G.  If any payment or distribution by the Company to or for the benefit of the Executive, whether paid or payable or distributed or distributable pursuant to the terms of this Agreement or otherwise pursuant to or by reason of any other agreement, policy, plan, program or arrangement or the lapse or termination of any restriction on or the vesting or exercisability of any payment or benefit (each a “Payment”), would be subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Code (or any successor provision thereto) or to any similar tax imposed by state or local law (such tax or taxes are hereafter collectively referred to as the “Excise Tax”), then the aggregate amount of




Payments payable to Executive shall be reduced to the aggregate amount of Payments that may be made to the Executive without incurring an excise tax (the “Safe-Harbor Amount”) in accordance with the immediately following sentence; provided that such reduction shall only be imposed if the aggregate after-tax value of the Payments retained by Executive (after giving effect to such reduction) is equal to or greater than the aggregate after-tax value (after giving effect to the Excise Tax) of the Payments to Executive without any such reduction.  Any such reduction shall be made in the following order: (i) first, any future cash payments (if any) shall be reduced (if necessary, to zero); (ii) second, any current cash payments shall be reduced (if necessary, to zero); (iii) third, all non-cash payments (other than equity or equity derivative related payments) shall be reduced (if necessary, to zero); and (iv) fourth, all equity or equity derivative payments shall be reduced.

5.7.       Definitions.  For purposes of this Agreement:

5.7.1.    “Cause” means (a)  conviction of any felony or any crime involving dishonesty; (b) commission of any fraud against the Company; (c) intentional and material damage to any material property of the Company; (d) Executive’s material breach of any agreement with or duty owed to the Company or any of its affiliates (including, without limitation, Executive’s material breach of any of the Restrictive Covenants, as defined below); or (e) refusal to perform the lawful, reasonable and material directives of the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) or the Company’s Chief Executive Officer.

5.7.2.    “Change in Control” means the first to occur of any of the events described in Section 1(g) of the Plan (or any successor provision).

5.7.3.    “Disability” means a condition entitling the Executive to benefits under the Company’s long term disability plan, policy or arrangement; provided, however, that if no such plan, policy or arrangement is then maintained by the Company and applicable to the Executive, “Disability” will mean the Executive’s inability to perform his duties under this Agreement due to a mental or physical condition that can be expected to result in death or that can be expected to last (or has already lasted)  for a continuous period of 90 days or more, or for 120 days in any 180 consecutive day period.  Termination as a result of a Disability will not be construed as a termination by the Company “without Cause.”

5.7.4.    “Good Reason” means any of the following, without the Executive’s prior consent: (a) a material diminution of the Executive’s duties or authority with the Company, reporting relationships or the assignment of duties and responsibilities inconsistent with Executive’s status at the Company; or (b) a reduction in Base Salary. However, none of the foregoing events or conditions will constitute Good Reason unless the Executive provides the Company with written objection to the event or condition within 30 days following the occurrence thereof, the Company does not reverse or otherwise cure the event or condition within 30 days of receiving that written objection, and the Executive resigns Executive’s employment within 30 days following the expiration of that cure period. Notwithstanding the foregoing and for the avoidance of doubt, a diminution of the Executive’s title as a result of Change in Control shall not, in itself, constitute Good Reason; provided that (i) any new title resulting from such diminution shall be reasonably equivalent in seniority and eligibility for executive compensation (including equity compensation) as the prior title; and (ii) Sections 5.7.4(a) and (b) shall otherwise fully continue to apply.

6.          Restrictive Covenants.  To induce the Company to enter into this Agreement and in recognition of the consideration set forth in  Sections 4 and 5 of this Agreement, the Executive agrees to be bound by the provisions of this Section 6 (the “Restrictive Covenants”). These Restrictive Covenants will apply without regard to whether any termination or cessation of the Executive’s employment is initiated by the Company or the Executive, and without regard to the reason for that termination or cessation.




6.1.       Non-Competition and Non-Solicitation.

6.1.1.    The Executive covenants that, during his employment by the Company and for a period of nine (9) months following immediately thereafter (the “Restricted Period”), the Executive will not (except in his capacity as an employee or director of the Company) do any of the following, directly or indirectly:

(a)         engage or participate in any Competing Business (as defined below) wherever the Company or its affiliates do business, do or plan to do business or sell or market their products or services;

(b)         become interested in (as owner, stockholder, lender, partner, co-venturer, director, officer, employee, agent or consultant) any person, firm, corporation, association or other entity engaged in a Competing Business.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Executive may hold up to 1% of the outstanding securities of any class of any publicly-traded securities of any company;

(c)         influence or attempt to influence any employee, consultant, supplier, licensor, licensee, contractor, agent, strategic partner, distributor, customer or other person to terminate or modify any written or oral agreement, arrangement or course of dealing with the Company or any of its affiliates; or

(d)         solicit for employment or retention as an independent contractor (or arrange to have any other person or entity solicit for employment or retention) any person employed or retained by the Company or any of its affiliates.

6.1.2.    Consideration for Covenant Not to Compete After Cessation of Employment. Executive acknowledges that the consideration described in Sections 4 and 5, including, without limitation, the consideration described in Section 4.4, constitutes mutually-agreed upon consideration with respect to the covenants set forth in Section 6.1.1(a)-(b) for purposes of Section 24L(b)(vii) of Chapter 149 of the Massachusetts General Laws.

6.2.       Confidentiality.  The Executive recognizes and acknowledges that the Proprietary Information (as defined in below) is a valuable, special and unique asset of the business of the Company and its affiliates.  As a result, both during the term of employment and thereafter, the Executive will not, without the prior written consent of the Company, for any reason divulge to any third‑party or use for his own benefit, or for any purpose other than the exclusive benefit of the Company and its affiliates, any Proprietary Information.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Executive is compelled to disclose Proprietary Information by court order or other legal or regulatory process, to the extent permitted by applicable law, he shall promptly so notify the Company so that it may seek a protective order or other assurance that confidential treatment of such Proprietary Information shall be afforded, and the Executive shall reasonably cooperate with the Company and its affiliates in connection therewith.  If the Executive is so obligated by court order or other legal process to disclose Proprietary Information it will disclose only the minimum amount of such Proprietary Information as is necessary for the Executive to comply with such court order or other legal process.

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, nothing in this Agreement shall (x) prohibit Executive from making reports of possible violations of federal law or regulation to any governmental agency or entity in accordance with the provisions of and rules promulgated under Section 21F of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or Section 806 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or of any other whistleblower protection provisions of federal law or regulation, or (y) require notification or prior approval by the Company of any such report; provided that, Executive is not authorized to disclose communications with counsel that were made for the purpose of receiving legal advice or that contain




legal advice or that are protected by the attorney work product or similar privilege.  Furthermore, Executive shall not be held criminally or civilly liable under any federal or state trade secret law for the disclosure of a trade secret that is made (1) in confidence to a federal, state or local government official, either directly or indirectly, or to an attorney, in each case, solely for the purpose of reporting or investigating a suspected violation of law or (2) in a complaint or other document filed in a lawsuit or proceeding, if such filings are made under seal.

6.3.       Property of the Company.

6.3.1.    Proprietary Information. All right, title and interest in and to Proprietary Information will be and remain the sole and exclusive property of the Company and its affiliates.  The Executive will not remove from the Company’s or its affiliates’ offices or premises any documents, records, notebooks, files, correspondence, reports, memoranda or similar materials of or containing Proprietary Information, or other materials or property of any kind belonging to the Company or its affiliates unless necessary or appropriate in the performance of his duties to the Company and its affiliates.  If the Executive removes such materials or property in the performance of his duties, he will return such materials or property promptly after the removal has served its purpose.  The Executive will not make, retain, remove and/or distribute any copies of any such materials or property, or divulge to any third person the nature of and/or contents of such materials or property, except to the extent necessary to satisfy contractual obligations of the Company or its affiliates or to perform his duties on behalf of the Company and its affiliates.  Upon termination of the Executive’s employment with the Company, he will leave with the Company and its affiliates or promptly return to the Company and its affiliates all originals and copies of such materials or property then in his possession.

6.3.2.    Intellectual Property.  The Executive agrees that all the Intellectual Property (as defined below) will be considered “works made for hire” as that term is defined in Section 101 of the Copyright Act (17 U.S.C. § 101) and that all right, title and interest in such Intellectual Property will be the sole and exclusive property of the Company and its affiliates.  To the extent that any of the Intellectual Property may not by law be considered a work made for hire, or to the extent that, notwithstanding the foregoing, the Executive retains any interest in the Intellectual Property, the Executive hereby irrevocably assigns and transfers to the Company and its affiliates any and all right, title, or interest that the Executive may now or in the future have in the Intellectual Property under patent, copyright, trade secret, trademark  or other law, in perpetuity or for the longest period otherwise permitted by law, without the necessity of further consideration.  The Company and its affiliates will be entitled to obtain and hold in its own name all copyrights, patents, trade secrets, trademarks and other similar registrations with respect to such Intellectual Property.  The Executive further agrees to execute any and all documents and provide any further cooperation or assistance reasonably required by the Company, at the Company’s expense,  to perfect, maintain or otherwise protect its rights in the Intellectual Property.  If the Company or its affiliates, as applicable, are unable after reasonable efforts to secure the Executive’s signature, cooperation or assistance in accordance with the preceding sentence, whether because of the Executive’s incapacity or any other reason whatsoever, the Executive hereby designates and appoints the Company, the appropriate affiliate, or their respective designee as the Executive’s agent and attorney‑in‑fact, to act on his behalf, to execute and file documents and to do all other lawfully permitted acts necessary or desirable to perfect, maintain or otherwise protect the Company’s or its affiliates’ rights in the Intellectual Property.  The Executive acknowledges and agrees that such appointment is coupled with an interest and is therefore irrevocable.

6.4.       Definitions.  For purposes of this Agreement:

6.4.1.    “Competing Business” means any person, firm, corporation, partnership, association or other entity engaged in developing, manufacturing, marketing, distributing or selling,




directly or indirectly, pharmaceutical abuse-deterrent products or any other product for pain indications that directly competes with a product developed, manufactured, marketed, distributed or sold by the Company.  A division, subsidiary or similar business unit of an entity that does not engage in the business activities described in this definition will not be considered a Competing Business even if another separate division, subsidiary or similar business unit does engage in such activities.

6.4.2.    “Intellectual Property” means (a) all inventions (whether patentable or unpatentable and whether or not reduced to practice), all improvements thereto, and all patents and patent applications claiming such inventions, (b) all trademarks, service marks, trade dress, logos, trade names, fictitious names, brand names, brand marks and corporate names, together with all translations, adaptations, derivations, and combinations thereof and including all goodwill associated therewith, and all applications, registrations, and renewals in connection therewith, (c) all copyrightable works, all copyrights, and all applications, registrations, and renewals in connection therewith, (d) all mask works and all applications, registrations, and renewals in connection therewith, (e) all trade secrets (including research and development, know‑how, formulas, compositions, manufacturing and production processes and techniques, methodologies, technical data, designs, drawings and specifications), (f) all computer software (including data, source and object codes and related documentation), (g) all other proprietary rights, (h) all copies and tangible embodiments thereof (in whatever form or medium), or (i) similar intangible personal property which have been or are developed or created in whole or in part by the Executive (1) at any time and at any place while the Executive is employed by Company and which, in the case of any or all of the foregoing, are related to and used in connection with the business of the Company or its affiliates, or (2) as a result of tasks assigned to the Executive by the Company or its affiliates.

6.4.3.    “Proprietary Information” means any and all proprietary information developed or acquired by the Company or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates that has not been specifically authorized to be disclosed.  Such Proprietary Information shall include, but shall not be limited to, the following items and information relating to the following items: (a) all intellectual property and proprietary rights of the Company (including, without limitation, the Intellectual Property), (b) computer codes and instructions, processing systems and techniques, inputs and outputs (regardless of the media on which stored or located) and hardware and software configurations, designs, architecture and interfaces, (c) business research, studies, procedures and costs, (d) financial data, (e) distribution methods, (f) marketing data, methods, plans and efforts, (g) the identities of actual and prospective suppliers, (h) the terms of contracts and agreements with, the needs and requirements of, and the Company’s or its affiliates’ course of dealing with, actual or prospective suppliers, (i) personnel information, (j) customer and vendor credit information, and (k) information received from third parties subject to obligations of non-disclosure or non-use.  Failure by the Company or its affiliates to mark any of the Proprietary Information as confidential or proprietary shall not affect its status as Proprietary Information.

6.5.       Acknowledgements.  The Executive acknowledges that the Restrictive Covenants are reasonable and necessary to protect the legitimate interests of the Company and its affiliates, that the duration and geographic scope of the Restrictive Covenants are reasonable given the nature of this Agreement and the position the Executive holds within the Company, and that the Company would not enter into this Agreement or otherwise employ or continue to employ the Executive unless the Executive agrees to be bound by the Restrictive Covenants set forth in this Section  6.

6.6.       Remedies and Enforcement Upon Breach.

6.6.1.    Specific Enforcement. The Executive acknowledges that any breach by him, willfully or otherwise, of the Restrictive Covenants will cause continuing and irreparable injury to the Company or its affiliates for which monetary damages would not be an adequate remedy.  The




Executive shall not, in any action or proceeding to enforce any of the provisions of this Agreement, assert the claim or defense that such an adequate remedy at law exists.  In the event of any such breach or threatened breach by the Executive of any of the Restrictive Covenants, the Company or its affiliates, as applicable, shall be entitled to injunctive or other similar equitable relief in any court, without any requirement that a bond or other security be posted, and this Agreement shall not in any way limit remedies of law or in equity otherwise available to the Company and its affiliates.

6.6.2.    Judicial Modification.  If any court determines that any of the Restrictive Covenants, or any part thereof, is unenforceable because of the duration or geographical scope of such provision, such court shall have the power to modify such provision and, in its modified form, such provision shall then be enforceable.

6.6.3.    Enforceability.  If any court holds the Restrictive Covenants unenforceable by reason of their breadth or scope or otherwise, it is the intention of the parties hereto that such determination not bar or in any way affect the right of the Company and its affiliates to the relief provided above in the courts of any other jurisdiction within the geographic scope of such Restrictive Covenants.

6.6.4.    Disclosure of Restrictive Covenants.  The Executive agrees to disclose the existence and terms of the Restrictive Covenants to any employer that the Executive may work for during the Restricted Period.

6.6.5.    Extension of Restricted Period.  If the Executive breaches Section 6.1 in any respect, the restrictions contained in that section will be extended for a period equal to the period that the Executive was in breach, provided that, to the extent applicable, such extension is permitted under applicable law.

7.          Miscellaneous.

7.1.       Right to Consult Counsel. Executive understands and acknowledges that Executive has the right to consult with counsel prior to signing this Agreement. Executive further represents that Executive is signing this Agreement freely and voluntarily in exchange for the benefits provided herein.

7.2.       Other Agreements.  Executive represents and warrants to the Company that there are no restrictions, agreements or understandings whatsoever to which he is a party that would prevent or make unlawful his execution of this Agreement, that would be inconsistent or in conflict with this Agreement or Executive’s obligations hereunder, or that would otherwise prevent, limit or impair the performance by Executive of his duties under this Agreement.

7.3.       Successors and Assigns.  The Company may assign this Agreement to any successor to its assets and business by means of liquidation, dissolution, sale of assets or otherwise; provided, however, that any such successor must expressly assume this Agreement.  The duties of Executive hereunder are personal to Executive and may not be assigned by him.

7.4.       Governing Law and Enforcement.  This Agreement will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, without regard to the principles of conflicts of laws.  Any legal proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement will be instituted in a state or federal court in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and Executive and the Company hereby consent to the personal and exclusive jurisdiction of such court(s) and hereby waive any objection(s) that they may have to personal jurisdiction, the laying of venue of any such proceeding and any claim or defense of inconvenient forum. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any action that is




commenced by either party to resolve any matter arising under Section 6.1 of this Agreement, shall be commenced only in the Massachusetts Superior Court located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts and the parties each consent to the jurisdiction of such court.

7.5.       Waivers.  The waiver by either party of any right hereunder or of any breach by the other party will not be deemed a waiver of any other right hereunder or of any other breach by the other party.  No waiver will be deemed to have occurred unless set forth in a writing.  No waiver will constitute a continuing waiver unless specifically stated, and any waiver will operate only as to the specific term or condition waived.

7.6.       Severability.  Whenever possible, each provision of this Agreement will be interpreted in such manner as to be effective and valid under applicable law.  However, if any provision of this Agreement is held to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any respect, such invalidity, illegality or unenforceability will not affect any other provision, and this Agreement will be reformed, construed and enforced as though the invalid, illegal or unenforceable provision had never been herein contained.

7.7.       Survival.  This Agreement will survive the cessation of Executive’s employment to the extent necessary to fulfill the purposes and intent the Agreement.

7.8.       Notices.  Any notice or communication required or permitted under this Agreement will be made in writing and (a) sent by overnight courier, (b) mailed by overnight U.S. express mail, return receipt requested or (c) sent by telecopier.  Any notice or communication to Executive will be sent to the address contained in his personnel file.  Any notice or communication to the Company will be sent to the Company’s principal executive offices, to the attention of its Chief Executive Officer.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, either party may change the address for notices or communications hereunder by providing written notice to the other in the manner specified in this paragraph.

7.9.       Entire Agreement; Amendments.  This Agreement contains the entire agreement and understanding of the parties hereto relating to the subject matter hereof, and merges and supersedes all prior and contemporaneous discussions, agreements and understandings of every nature relating to that subject matter.  This Agreement may not be changed or modified, except by an agreement in writing signed by each of the parties hereto.

7.10.     Withholding.  All payments (or transfers of property) to Executive will be subject to tax withholding to the extent required by applicable law.

7.11.     Section Headings.  The headings of sections and paragraphs of this Agreement are inserted for convenience only and will not in any way affect the meaning or construction of any provision of this Agreement.

7.12.     Counterparts; Facsimile.  This Agreement may be executed in multiple counterparts (including by facsimile signature), each of which will be deemed to be an original, but all of which together will constitute but one and the same instrument.  Counterparts may be delivered via facsimile, electronic mail (including pdf) or other transmission method and any counterpart so delivered shall be deemed to have been duly and validly delivered and be valid and effective for all purposes.


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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company has caused this Agreement to be executed by its duly authorized officer, and Executive has executed this Agreement, on the date(s) indicated below.
















Shirley Kuhlmann






 Executive Vice President and General Counsel



























Signature Page to Employment Agreement