EX-2.1 2 ea140940ex2-1_chinajojo.htm AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER BY AND BETWEEN CHINA JO-JO DRUGSTORES, INC. AND CHINA JO-JO DRUGSTORES HOLDINGS, INC., DATED MAY 14, 2021
AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER
This AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER (this “Agreement”) is entered into as of May 14, 2021, by and among China JoJo Drugstores, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“CJJD”), and China Jo-Jo Drugstores Holdings, Inc., an exempted company incorporated under the laws of the Cayman Islands and a wholly owned subsidiary of CJJD (“CJJD Cayman”).
1. The Boards of Directors of each of CJJD and CJJD Cayman have unanimously determined that it is advisable and in the best interests of their respective shareholders or stockholders to reorganize so that CJJD will merge with and into CJJD Cayman (the “Merger”), with CJJD Cayman surviving and changing its name to China Jo-Jo Drugstores, Inc., an exempted company incorporated under the laws of the Cayman Islands;
2. The respective Boards of Directors of CJJD and CJJD Cayman have each unanimously approved the Merger, this Agreement, the Plan of Merger (as defined below) and, to the extent applicable, the other transactions described herein, pursuant to which CJJD Cayman will be the surviving company of the Merger, all upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement and the Plan of Merger, and whereby each issued and outstanding share of common stock, par value of $0.001 per share, of CJJD (“CJJD Common Stock”), shall be converted into the right to receive one ordinary share, par value US$0.001 per share, of CJJD Cayman (a “CJJD Cayman Ordinary Share”);
3. The Merger requires, among other things, the approval of this Agreement and the Plan of Merger by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the issued and outstanding shares of CJJD Common Stock; and
4. The parties intend that the Merger qualify as a “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), and that this Agreement shall be, and is hereby, adopted as a “plan of reorganization” for purposes of Section 368(a) of the Code.
NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing and of the covenants and agreements contained herein, and of other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto hereby agree as follows:
Section 1.01. The Merger. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, and in accordance with the Nevada Revised Statutes (the “NRS”) and the Cayman Islands Companies Act (the “Act”), at the Effective Time (as defined in Section 1.02), CJJD shall be merged with and into CJJD Cayman in accordance with this Agreement and the Plan of Merger, and the separate corporate existence of CJJD shall thereupon cease. Pursuant to and simultaneously upon the consummation of the Merger at the Effective Time, in accordance with the NRS and the Act, (i) CJJD Cayman shall continue as the surviving company in the Merger (sometimes hereinafter referred to as the “Surviving Company”), (ii) the corporate identity, existence, powers, rights and immunities of CJJD Cayman as the Surviving Company shall continue unimpaired by the Merger, and (iii) CJJD Cayman shall succeed to and shall possess all the assets, properties, rights, privileges, powers, franchises, immunities and purposes, and be subject to all the debts, liabilities, obligations, restrictions and duties of CJJD, all without further act or deed.
Section 1.02. Filing Plan of Merger; Effective Time. As soon as practicable following the satisfaction or, to the extent permitted by applicable law, waiver of the conditions set forth in Article V, if this Agreement shall not have been terminated prior thereto as provided in Section 6.01, CJJD Cayman and CJJD shall cause a plan of merger (the “Plan of Merger”) in the form set out in Annex A to be properly executed and filed with the Registrar of Companies of the Cayman Islands (the “Cayman Registrar”) in accordance with the Act and otherwise make all other filings, submissions or recordings as required by the NRS and the Act. The Merger shall become effective upon the date on which the Plan of Merger is registered by the Cayman Registrar (or on such later date as may be specified in the Plan of Merger) in accordance with the Act (the “Effective Time”).
Memorandum and Articles of Association,
Directors and Officers of Surviving Company, and Certain Representations
Section 2.01. Name of Surviving Company. The name of the Surviving Company shall be “China Jo-Jo Drugstores, Inc.”
Section 2.02. Memorandum and Articles of Association of Surviving Company. At the Effective Time, in accordance with the terms of the Plan of Merger, the Surviving Company will adopt the memorandum and articles of association in the form set out in Annex B, as the memorandum and articles of association of the Surviving Company until thereafter amended as provided by law and such memorandum and articles of association.
Section 2.03. Directors of Surviving Company. From and after the Effective Time, the directors of CJJD Cayman immediately prior to the Effective Time shall be the directors of the Surviving Company, each such director to serve in such capacity until his or her earlier death, resignation or removal or until his or her successor is duly elected or appointed.
Section 2.04. Officers of Surviving Company. From and after the Effective Time, the officers of CJJD Cayman immediately prior to the Effective Time shall be the officers of the Surviving Company, each such officer to serve in such capacity until his or her earlier death, resignation or removal or until his or her successor is duly elected or appointed.
Section 2.05. Directors and Officers of CJJD Cayman. Immediately prior to the Effective Time, CJJD, in its capacity as the sole shareholder of CJJD Cayman, agrees to take or cause to be taken all such actions as are necessary to cause at least those persons serving as the directors and officers of CJJD immediately prior to the Effective Time to be elected or appointed as the directors and officers of CJJD Cayman (to the extent the officers and directors of CJJD Cayman and CJJD are not already identical), each such person to have the same office(s) with CJJD Cayman (and the same class designations and committee memberships in the case of directors) as he or she held with CJJD, with the directors to serve until the earlier of the next meeting of the CJJD Cayman shareholders at which an election of directors is required for the class to which they have been elected or until their successors are elected or appointed (or their earlier death, disability or retirement).
Section 2.06. Representation of CJJD. CJJD hereby represents and warrants that it is the owner of all of the outstanding share capital of CJJD Cayman, free and clear of any adverse claims.
Conversion, Issuance and Repurchase of Shares
Section 3.01. Effect on Capital Stock. At the Effective Time, by virtue of the Merger and without any action on the part of the holder of any shares of either CJJD or CJJD Cayman:
(a) Conversion of CJJD Share; Issuance of CJJD Cayman Ordinary Share. Each issued and outstanding share of CJJD Common Stock shall be automatically converted into the right to receive one validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable CJJD Cayman Ordinary Share, and CJJD Cayman shall issue to each holder of such right that number of CJJD Cayman Ordinary Shares, credited as fully paid, to which each such holder is entitled. Each treasury share of CJJD Common Stock shall be automatically converted into a treasury share of CJJD Cayman.
(b) Cancellation of CJJD Capital Stock. The certificates for CJJD Common Stock exchanged for CJJD Cayman Ordinary Shares will be cancelled.
(c) Cancellation of CJJD Cayman Ordinary Share. The one CJJD Cayman Ordinary Share that was held by CJJD prior to the Merger shall be cancelled, and no consideration shall be paid or payable to the holder of such CJJD Cayman Ordinary Share.
(d) Stock-Based Compensation Plans. CJJD shall assign, and CJJD Cayman shall assume, CJJD’s rights and obligations under the stock-based benefit and compensation plans and programs and agreements providing for the grant or award of restricted stock, stock units, stock options, stock appreciation rights, performance shares, performance units, dividend equivalent rights and share awards to the employees, directors and consultants of CJJD and its affiliates (collectively, the “Stock Plans”) in accordance with Article IV of this Agreement. To the extent a Stock Plan provides for awards of incentive stock options pursuant to Section 422 of the Code, approval of such plan by CJJD, as the sole shareholder of CJJD Cayman, shall be deemed, as of the Effective Time, to constitute approval of the members of CJJD Cayman for purposes of Section 422(b) of the Code.
(e) Convertible Securities. CJJD shall assign, and CJJD Cayman shall assume, CJJD’s rights and obligations under its securities, including but not limited to convertible debentures, warrants and options, that may be convertible into or exercisable into CJJD Common Stock.
Section 3.02. Exchange of CJJD Cayman Shares.
(a) Uncertificated Shares. At the Effective Time, each outstanding share of CJJD Common Stock held in uncertificated, book entry form will be exchanged for one CJJD Cayman Ordinary Share in accordance with Sections 3.01(a) and (b) without further act or deed by the holder thereof, and record of such ownership shall be kept in uncertificated, book entry form in CJJD's register of members by CJJD Cayman’s transfer agent.
(b) Certificated Shares. At the Effective Time, each outstanding share of CJJD Common Stock held in certificated form will be converted into the right to receive one CJJD Cayman Ordinary Share in accordance with Sections 3.01(a) and (b) without further act or deed by the holder thereof, and the holder thereof will cease to be, and will have no rights as, a stockholder of CJJD. Following the consummation of the Merger, CJJD’s exchange agent will send a letter of transmittal to each such holder, explaining the procedure for surrendering such holder’s CJJD Common Stock certificates in exchange for share certificates representing CJJD Cayman Ordinary Shares.
(c) Shareholder Rights at Effective Time. At the Effective Time, holders of CJJD Common Stock will cease to be, and will have no rights as, stockholders of CJJD, other than the right to receive any dividend or other distribution with a record date prior to the Effective Time that may have been declared or made by CJJD on such shares of CJJD Common Stock in accordance with the terms of this Agreement or prior to the date of this Agreement and that remain unpaid at the Effective Time. After the Effective Time, there shall be no further registration of transfers on the stock transfer books of the Surviving Company of the shares of CJJD Common Stock that were outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time. Upon and after the Effective Time, registered shareholders in CJJD Cayman’s register of members will have and be entitled to exercise any voting and other rights with respect to and to receive any dividend and other distributions upon CJJD Cayman Ordinary Shares registered in their respective names in the register of members.
Section 3.03. Dissenters’ Rights. There are no dissenters’ rights or appraisal rights available to holders of CJJD Common Stock under the Nevada Revised Statutes or under the Act in connection with the Merger.
Employee Benefit and Compensation Plans and Agreements; Other Contracts
Section 4.01. Assumption of Equity Plans. At the Effective Time, CJJD shall assign, and CJJD Cayman shall assume, the rights and obligations of CJJD under each Stock Plan. To the extent any Stock Plan or any applicable agreement relating thereto provides for the issuance, delivery or purchase of, or otherwise relates to, CJJD Common Stock, from and after the Effective Time, such Stock Plan or applicable agreement shall be deemed to have been amended to provide for the issuance, delivery or purchase of, or otherwise relate to, CJJD Cayman Ordinary Shares, and all options or awards issued, or benefits available or based upon the value of a specified number of shares of CJJD Common Stock, under such Stock Plan after the Effective Time shall entitle the holder thereof to purchase, receive, acquire, hold or realize the benefits measured by the value of, as appropriate, an equivalent number of CJJD Cayman Ordinary Shares in accordance with the terms of such Stock Plan and any applicable agreement relating thereto. The outstanding options or other awards or benefits available under the terms of the Stock Plans at and following the Effective Time shall, to the extent permitted by law and otherwise reasonably practicable, otherwise be exercisable, payable, issuable or available upon the same terms and conditions as under such Stock Plans and the agreements relating thereto immediately prior to the Effective Time. Other than as set forth above, the Merger will not affect the underlying terms or conditions of any outstanding equity awards, which shall remain subject to their original terms and conditions.
Section 4.02. Assumption of Benefit Plans. At the Effective Time, the obligations of CJJD under or with respect to every plan, trust, program and benefit then in effect or administered by CJJD for the benefit of the directors, officers and employees of CJJD or any of its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Assumed Benefit Plans” and, together with the Assumed Equity Plans, the “Assumed Plans”) shall become the lawful obligations of CJJD Cayman and shall be implemented and administered in the same manner and without interruption until the same are amended or otherwise lawfully altered or terminated. Effective at the Effective Time, CJJD Cayman hereby expressly adopts and assumes all obligations of CJJD under the Assumed Plans.
Section 4.03. Assumption of Contracts. At the Effective Time, the obligations of CJJD under or with respect to contracts or agreements (collectively, the “Assumed Contracts”) shall become the lawful obligations of CJJD Cayman and shall be performed in the same manner and without interruption until the same are amended or otherwise lawfully altered or terminated. Effective at the Effective Time, CJJD Cayman hereby expressly adopts and assumes all obligations of CJJD under the Assumed Contracts.
Section 4.04. Other Actions. Such amendments or other actions that are deemed necessary or appropriate by CJJD and CJJD Cayman to effect the Merger, including to facilitate the assumption by CJJD Cayman of the Assumed Plans and the Assumed Contracts, and any other amendments or actions that CJJD and CJJD Cayman shall deem advisable, shall be adopted and entered into with respect to the Assumed Plans, the Assumed Contracts and any other change in control arrangements between the CJJD and its executive officers and key employees.
The respective obligations of each party to effect the Merger are subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the following conditions:
(a) Stockholder Approval. This Agreement shall have been adopted and approved by the affirmative vote of holders owning a majority of the issued and outstanding shares of CJJD Common Stock entitled to vote thereon at the record date for such actions as set by the Board of Directors of CJJD.
(b) No Prohibition. None of the parties hereto shall be subject to any decree, order or injunction of any court of competent jurisdiction, whether in the U.S., the Cayman Islands or any other country that prohibits the consummation of the Merger.
(c) Effective Registration Statement. The registration statement on Form F-4 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by CJJD Cayman in connection with the offer and issuance of the CJJD Cayman Ordinary Shares to be issued pursuant to the Merger shall have become effective under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and no stop order with respect thereto shall be in effect.
(d) NASDAQ Listing. The CJJD Cayman Ordinary Shares to be issued pursuant to the Merger shall have been authorized for listing on the NASDAQ Stock Market, subject to official notice of issuance and satisfaction of other standard conditions.
(e) Consents and Authorizations. Other than the filing of the Plan of Merger provided for under Article I, all material consents and authorizations of, filings or registrations with, and notices to, any governmental or regulatory authority required of CJJD, CJJD Cayman, or any of their respective subsidiaries to consummate the Merger and the other transactions contemplated hereby, including, without limitation, any filings required under (i) applicable U.S. state securities and “Blue Sky” laws, and (ii) applicable Cayman Islands securities laws, shall have been obtained or made.
(f) Representations and Warranties. The representations and warranties of the parties set forth herein shall be true and correct in all material respects, and the covenants of the parties set forth herein (other than those to be performed after the Effective Time) shall have been performed in all material respects.
(g) Opinion. CJJD shall have received an opinion of Pryor Cashman LLP in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to CJJD, on the basis of certain facts, representations and assumptions set forth in such opinion, dated the Effective Time, to the effect that the Merger will be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code. The parties to this Agreement agree to use commercially reasonable efforts to make such representations as are requested by such counsel for the purpose of rendering such opinion.
Termination, Amendment and Waiver
Section 6.01. Termination. This Agreement may be terminated and the Merger abandoned at any time prior to the Effective Time, whether before or after approval by the stockholders of CJJD, by action of the Board of Directors of CJJD.
Section 6.02. Effect of Termination. In the event of termination of this Agreement as provided in Section 6.01, this Agreement shall forthwith become void and have no effect, without any liability or obligation on the part of CJJD or CJJD Cayman.
Section 6.03. Amendment. This Agreement may be amended by the parties hereto at any time before or after any required approval or adoption by the stockholders of CJJD of this Agreement or matters presented in connection with this Agreement; provided, however, that after any such approval or adoption, there shall be made no amendment requiring further approval or adoption by such stockholders under applicable law until such further approval or adoption is obtained. This Agreement may not be amended except by an instrument in writing signed on behalf of each of the parties hereto.
Section 6.04. Waiver. At any time prior to the Effective Time, the parties may waive compliance with any of the agreements or covenants contained in this Agreement, or may waive any of the conditions to consummation of the Merger contained in this Agreement. Any agreement on the part of a party to any such waiver shall be valid only if set forth in an instrument in writing signed on behalf of such party. The failure of any party to this Agreement to assert any of its rights under this Agreement or otherwise shall not constitute a waiver of such rights.
Section 7.01. Rule 16b-3 Approval. CJJD and CJJD Cayman shall take all such steps as may reasonably be required to cause the transactions contemplated by Section 3.01 and any other dispositions of CJJD equity securities (including derivative securities) or acquisitions of CJJD Cayman equity securities (including derivative securities) in connection with this Agreement by each individual who (i) is a director or officer of CJJD, or (ii) at the Effective Time, is or will become a director or officer of CJJD Cayman, to be exempt under Rule 16b-3 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Section 7.02. CJJD Cayman Vote. Prior to or concurrent with seeking the approval and adoption of this Agreement by the stockholders owning a majority of the outstanding shares of CJJD Common Stock, CJJD in its capacity as the sole shareholder of CJJD Cayman shall pass shareholder resolutions of CJJD Cayman which approve and adopt this Agreement and which approve and authorize the Merger and the Plan of Merger.
Section 7.03. Further Assurances. CJJD Cayman shall use its reasonable best efforts to take, or cause to be taken, all actions and to do, or cause to be done, all things necessary and reasonably appropriate to consummate and make effective, in the most expeditious manner practicable, the Merger and the other transactions provided for herein.
Section 8.01. Assignment; Binding Effect; Benefit. Neither this Agreement nor any of the rights, interests or obligations hereunder shall be assigned by any of the parties hereto (whether by operation of law or otherwise) without the prior written consent of the other parties. Subject to the preceding sentence, this Agreement shall be binding upon and shall inure to the benefit of the parties hereto and their respective successors and assigns. Notwithstanding anything contained in this Agreement to the contrary, except for the provisions of Article IV (collectively, the “Third Party Provisions”), nothing in this Agreement, expressed or implied, is intended to confer on any person other than the parties hereto or their respective successors and assigns any rights, remedies, obligations or liabilities under or by reason of this Agreement. The Third Party Provisions may be enforced only by the specifically intended beneficiaries thereof.
Section 8.02. Entire Agreement. This Agreement and any documents delivered by the parties in connection herewith constitute the entire agreement among the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and supersede all prior agreements and understandings among the parties with respect thereto.
Section 8.03. Governing Law. To the fullest extent permitted by law, this Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of Nevada without regard to its rules of conflict of laws.
Section 8.04. Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed by the parties hereto in separate counterparts, each of which when so executed and delivered shall be an original, but all such counterparts shall together constitute one and the same instrument. Each counterpart may consist of a number of copies hereof, each signed by less than all, but together signed by all of the parties hereto.
Section 8.05. Headings. Headings of the Articles and Sections of this Agreement are for the convenience of the parties only and shall be given no substantive or interpretative effect whatsoever.
Section 8.06. Severability. If any provision of this Agreement is determined by any court or arbitrator of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any respect, such provision will be enforced to the maximum extent possible given the intent of the parties hereto. If such clause or provision cannot be so enforced, such provision shall be stricken from this Agreement and the remainder of this Agreement shall be enforced as if such invalid, illegal or unenforceable clause or provision had (to the extent not enforceable) never been contained in this Agreement.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, CJJD and CJJD Cayman have caused this Agreement to be signed by their respective officers thereunto duly authorized, all as of the date first written above.
|China Jo-Jo Drugstores, Inc., |
a Nevada corporation
| ||China Jo-Jo Drugstores Holdings, Inc., |
a Cayman Islands company
| || || || || || || |
|By: ||/s/ Lei Liu || ||By: ||s/ Lei Liu |
| ||Name: ||Lei Liu || || ||Name: ||Lei Liu|
| ||Title: || Chief Executive Officer || || ||Title: || President|