Warrant to Purchase Shares of Convertible Preferred Stock issued by the registrant to Hercules Technology III, L.P., dated as of December 22, 2015
THIS WARRANT, AND THE SECURITIES ISSUABLE UPON THE EXERCISE OF THIS WARRANT, HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE ACT), OR ANY STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THEY MAY NOT BE SOLD, OFFERED FOR SALE, PLEDGED, OR HYPOTHECATED IN THE ABSENCE OF AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT RELATED THERETO OR AN OPINION OF COUNSEL (WHICH MAY BE COMPANY COUNSEL) REASONABLY SATISFACTORY TO THE COMPANY THAT SUCH REGISTRATION IS NOT REQUIRED UNDER THE ACT, OR ANY APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS.
To Purchase Shares of Preferred Stock of
Dated as of December 22, 2015 (the Effective Date)
WHEREAS, Avedro, Inc., a Delaware corporation, has entered into a Loan and Security Agreement dated as of September 11, 2014 (the Loan Agreement) with Hercules Technology Growth Capital, Inc., a Maryland corporation, in its capacity as administrative agent, Hercules Technology III, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (the Warrantholder) and the other lender parties thereto;
WHEREAS, in connection with the Loan Agreement, the Company and the Warrantholder entered into a Warrant Agreement dated as of September 11, 2014 (the Original Warrant Agreement) pursuant to which the Company granted to Warrantholder the right to purchase shares of the Companys Series D Stock or Next Preferred Round Series of Preferred Stock (each as defined in the Original Warrant Agreement);
WHEREAS, on November 13, 2015, the Company (i) underwent a recapitalization pursuant to which all of the outstanding shares of the Companys Preferred Stock were converted to Common Stock (the Recapitalization ) (ii) adopted a Seventh Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation altering the authorized stock of the Company such that the Company is authorized to issue Common Stock and Series AA Preferred Stock; and (iii) issued and sold to investors shares of the Companys Series AA Preferred Stock (the Series AA Financing);
WHEREAS, in connection with the Recapitalization and Series AA Financing, the Company (as defined below) and the Warrantholder desire to terminate and cancel the Original Warrant Agreement and the Company desires to grant to Warrantholder, in consideration for, among other things, the financial accommodations provided for in the Loan Agreement and the termination of the Original Warrant Agreement, the right to purchase shares of Preferred Stock (as defined below) pursuant to this Warrant Agreement (the Agreement);
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the Warrantholder providing the financial accommodations contemplated in the Loan Agreement, cancelling the Original Warrant Agreement and entering into the Warrant Agreement, and in consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements contained herein, the Company and Warrantholder agree as follows:
SECTION 1. GRANT OF THE RIGHT TO PURCHASE PREFERRED STOCK.
For value received, the Company hereby grants to the Warrantholder, and the Warrantholder is entitled, upon the terms and subject to the conditions hereinafter set forth, to subscribe for and purchase, from the Company, an aggregate number of fully paid and non-assessable shares of the Preferred Stock equal to the quotient derived by dividing (a) the Warrant Coverage (as defined below) by (b) the Exercise Price (as defined below). The Exercise Price of such shares is subject to adjustment as provided in Section 8. As used herein, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
Act means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
Company means Avedro, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and any successor or surviving entity that assumes the obligations of the Company under this Agreement pursuant to Section 8(a).
Charter means the Companys Certificate of Incorporation or other constitutional document, as may be amended from time to time.
Common Stock means the Companys common stock, $0.00001 par value per share.
Exercise Price means the Series AA Price.
Initial Public Offering means the initial underwritten public offering of the Companys Common Stock pursuant to a registration statement under the Act, which public offering has been declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
Merger Event means any sale, lease or other transfer of all or substantially all assets of the Company or any merger or consolidation involving the Company in which the Company is not the surviving entity, or in which the outstanding shares of the Companys capital stock are otherwise converted into or exchanged for shares of preferred stock, other securities or property of another entity.
Preferred Stock means Series AA Stock; provided, further, that, subject to provisions of Section 8(f) below, upon and after the occurrence of an event which results in the automatic or voluntary conversion, redemption or retirement of all (but not less than all) of the outstanding shares of such Preferred Stock, including, without limitation, pursuant to the consummation of an Initial Public Offering, then from and after the date upon which such outstanding shares are so converted, redeemed or retired, Preferred Stock shall mean the Common Stock.
Purchase Price means, with respect to any exercise of this Agreement, an amount equal to the Exercise Price as of the relevant time multiplied by the number of shares of Preferred Stock requested to be exercised under this Agreement pursuant to such exercise.
Series AA Stock means the Companys Series AA Preferred Stock, $0.00001 par value per share, as presently constituted under the Charter, and any other class, series or other designation of security into or for which such Series AA Preferred Stock is converted, substituted or exchanged pursuant to a reorganization, reclassification, recapitalization or similar transaction.
Series AA Price means $1.00 per share, as may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with the provisions of the Charter.
Warrant Coverage means $300,000.00.
SECTION 2. TERM OF THE AGREEMENT.
Except as otherwise provided for herein, the term of this Agreement and the right to purchase Preferred Stock as granted herein (the Warrant) shall commence on the Effective Date and shall be exercisable for a period ending upon the later to occur of (i) September 11, 2024; or (ii) if the Initial Public Offering shall be consummated on or before September 11, 2024, five (5) years after the Initial Public Offering.
SECTION 3. EXERCISE OF THE PURCHASE RIGHTS.
(a) Exercise. The purchase rights set forth in this Agreement are exercisable by the Warrantholder, in whole or in part, at any time, or from time to time, prior to the expiration of the term set forth in Section 2, by tendering to the Company at its principal office a notice of exercise in the form attached hereto as Exhibit I (the Notice of Exercise), duly completed and executed. Promptly upon receipt of the Notice of Exercise and the payment of the Purchase Price in accordance with the terms set forth below, and in no event later than three (3) business days thereafter, the Company shall issue to the Warrantholder a certificate for the number of shares of Preferred Stock purchased and shall execute the acknowledgment of exercise in the form attached hereto as Exhibit II (the Acknowledgment of Exercise) indicating the number of shares which remain subject to future purchases, if any.
The Purchase Price may be paid at the Warrantholders election either (i) by cash or check, or (ii) by surrender of all or a portion of the Warrant for shares of Preferred Stock to be exercised under this Agreement and, if applicable, an amended Agreement representing the remaining number of shares purchasable hereunder, as determined below (Net Issuance). If the Warrantholder elects the Net Issuance method, the Company will issue Preferred Stock in accordance with the following formula:
X = Y(A-B)
|Where:||X =||the number of shares of Preferred Stock to be issued to the Warrantholder.|
|Y =||the number of shares of Preferred Stock requested to be exercised under this Agreement.|
|A =||the fair market value of one (1) share of Preferred Stock at the time of issuance of such shares of Preferred Stock.|
|B =||the Exercise Price.|
For purposes of the above calculation, current fair market value of Preferred Stock shall mean with respect to each share of Preferred Stock:
(i) if the exercise is in connection with an Initial Public Offering, and if the Companys Registration Statement relating to such Initial Public Offering has been declared effective by the SEC, then the fair market value per share shall be the product of (x) the initial Price to Public of the Common Stock specified in the final prospectus with respect to the offering and (y) the number of shares of Common Stock into which each share of Preferred Stock is convertible at the time of such exercise;
(ii) if the exercise is after, and not in connection with an Initial Public Offering, the fair market value shall be deemed to be the product of (x) the average closing price of a share of Common Stock over the five (5) day trading period ending three (3) days prior to the date of the Warrantholders Notice of Exercise (y) the number of shares of Common Stock into which each share of Preferred Stock is convertible at the time of such exercise
(iii) if at any time the Common Stock is not listed on any securities exchange, the current fair market value of Preferred Stock shall be the product of (x) either (1) the fair market value of one (1) share of Preferred Stock, as determined pursuant to any third party valuation of the Preferred Stock (such as a 409A valuation or goodwill impairment valuation) regularly prepared in the ordinary course of the Companys business (a regularly prepared valuation) if such regularly prepared valuation purports to value the Preferred Stock as of any date that is within twelve (12) months of the applicable date of determination or (2) if there is no such regularly prepared valuation within the immediately preceding twelve (12) months of the date of determination, any third party valuation conducted by an appraiser experienced in business valuations and chosen by the Board for the purposes of determining current fair market value of Preferred Stock under this Warrant and (y) the number of shares of Common Stock into which each share of Preferred Stock is convertible at the time of such exercise, unless the Company shall become subject to a Merger Event, in which case the fair market value of Preferred Stock shall be deemed to be the per share value of the shares of preferred stock, other securities or property of the acquiring entity received by the holders of the Companys Preferred Stock on a common equivalent basis pursuant to such Merger Event.
Upon partial exercise by either cash or Net Issuance, the Company shall promptly issue an amended Agreement representing the remaining number of shares purchasable hereunder. All other terms and conditions of such amended Agreement shall be identical to those contained herein, including, but not limited to the Effective Date hereof.
(b) Exercise Prior to Expiration. To the extent this Agreement is not previously exercised as to all Preferred Stock subject hereto, and if the fair market value of one share of the Preferred Stock is greater than the Exercise Price then in effect, this Agreement shall be deemed automatically
exercised pursuant to Section 3(a) (even if not surrendered) immediately before its expiration. For purposes of such automatic exercise, the fair market value of one share of the Preferred Stock upon such expiration shall be determined pursuant to Section 3(a). To the extent this Agreement or any portion thereof is deemed automatically exercised pursuant to this Section 3(b), the Company agrees to promptly notify the Warrantholder of the number of shares of Preferred Stock, if any, the Warrantholder is to receive by reason of such automatic exercise.
SECTION 4. RESERVATION OF SHARES.
During the term of this Agreement, the Company will at all times have authorized and reserved a sufficient number of shares of its Preferred Stock to provide for the exercise of the rights to purchase Preferred Stock as provided for herein, and shall have authorized and reserved a sufficient number of shares of its Common Stock to provide for the conversion of the shares of Preferred Stock issuable hereunder.
SECTION 5. NO FRACTIONAL SHARES OR SCRIP.
No fractional shares or scrip representing fractional shares shall be issued upon the exercise of this Agreement, but in lieu of such fractional shares the Company shall make a cash payment therefor upon the basis of the then fair market value of one share of Preferred Stock (as determined in accordance with Section 3(a) above).
SECTION 6. NO RIGHTS AS SHAREHOLDER/STOCKHOLDER.
This Agreement does not entitle the Warrantholder to any voting rights or other rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to the exercise of this Agreement.
SECTION 7. WARRANTHOLDER REGISTRY.
The Company shall maintain a registry showing the name and address of the registered holder of this Agreement. Warrantholders initial address, for purposes of such registry, is set forth below Warrantholders signature on this Agreement. Warrantholder may change such address by giving written notice of such changed address to the Company pursuant to Section 13(d).
SECTION 8. ADJUSTMENT RIGHTS.
The Exercise Price and the number of shares of Preferred Stock purchasable hereunder are subject to adjustment, as follows:
(a) Merger Event. If at any time there shall be Merger Event, then, as a part of such Merger Event, lawful provision shall be made so that the Warrantholder shall thereafter be entitled to receive, upon exercise of this Agreement, the number of shares of preferred stock or other securities or property (collectively, Reference Property) that the Warrantholder would have received in connection with such Merger Event if Warrantholder had exercised this Agreement immediately prior to the Merger Event. In any such case, appropriate adjustment (as determined in good faith by the Companys Board of Directors) shall be made in the application of the provisions of this Agreement with respect to the rights and interests of the Warrantholder after the Merger Event to the end that the provisions of this Agreement (including adjustments of the Exercise Price and adjustments to ensure that the provisions of this Section 8 shall thereafter be applicable, as nearly as possible, to the purchase rights under this Agreement in relation to any Reference Property thereafter acquirable upon exercise of such purchase rights) shall continue to be applicable in their entirety, and to the greatest extent possible. Without limiting the foregoing, in connection with any Merger Event, upon the closing thereof, the successor or surviving entity shall assume the obligations of this Agreement; provided that the foregoing assumption requirement shall not apply if the consideration to be paid for or in respect of the outstanding shares of Preferred Stock in such Merger Event consists solely of cash and/or readily marketable securities and in connection with any such Merger Event in which consideration consists solely of cash and/or readily marketable securities, the Warrant will be deemed to be exercised contingent upon the closing of such Merger Event. In connection with a Merger Event and upon Warrantholders written election to the Company, the Company shall cause this Warrant Agreement to be exchanged for the consideration that Warrantholder would have received if Warrantholder
had chosen to exercise its right to have shares issued pursuant to the Net Issuance provisions of this Warrant Agreement without actually exercising such right, acquiring such shares, and exchanging such shares for such consideration. If the successor or surviving entity in a Merger Event shall refuse to assume the obligations of the Company pursuant to this Agreement, the Company shall give the Warrantholder written notice of at least five (5) business days prior to the closing of the Merger Event of such fact and the Warrantholder shall have the option to put this Warrant to the Company for a per share amount equal to the difference between the fair market value of the Merger Event consideration (as reasonably determined by the Companys board) payable for one share of Preferred Stock and the Exercise Price.
(b) Reclassification of Shares. Except for Merger Events subject to Section 8(a) and subject to Section 8(f), if the Company at any time shall, by combination, reclassification, reorganization, exchange or subdivision of securities or otherwise, change any of the securities as to which purchase rights under this Agreement exist into the same or a different number of securities of any other class or classes, this Agreement shall thereafter represent the right to acquire such number and kind of securities as would have been issuable as the result of such change with respect to the securities which were subject to the purchase rights under this Agreement immediately prior to such combination, reclassification, exchange, subdivision or other change. The provisions of this Section 8(b) shall similarly apply to successive combination, reclassification, exchange, subdivision or other change.
(c) Subdivision or Combination of Shares. If the Company at any time shall combine or subdivide its Preferred Stock, (i) in the case of a subdivision, the Exercise Price shall be proportionately decreased and the number of shares of Preferred Stock issuable hereunder shall be proportionately increased, or (ii) in the case of a combination, the Exercise Price shall be proportionately increased and the number of shares of Preferred Stock issuable hereunder shall be proportionately decreased.
(d) Stock Dividends. If the Company at any time while this Agreement is outstanding and unexpired shall:
(i) pay a dividend with respect to the Preferred Stock payable in Preferred Stock, then the Exercise Price shall be adjusted, from and after the date of determination of shareholders entitled to receive such dividend or distribution, to that price determined by multiplying the Exercise Price in effect immediately prior to such date of determination by a fraction (A) the numerator of which shall be the total number of shares of Preferred Stock outstanding immediately prior to such dividend or distribution, and (B) the denominator of which shall be the total number of shares of Preferred Stock outstanding immediately after such dividend or distribution; or
(ii) make any other distribution with respect to Preferred Stock (or stock into which the Preferred Stock is convertible), except any distribution specifically provided for in any other clause of this Section 8, then, in each such case, provision shall be made by the Company such that the Warrantholder shall receive upon exercise or conversion of this Warrant a proportionate share of any such distribution as though it were the holder of the Preferred Stock (or other stock for which the Preferred Stock is convertible) as of the record date fixed for the determination of the stockholders of the Company entitled to receive such distribution.
(e) Antidilution Rights. Additional antidilution rights applicable to the Preferred Stock purchasable hereunder are as set forth in the Charter and shall be applicable with respect to the Preferred Stock issuable hereunder. The Company shall promptly provide the Warrantholder with any restatement, amendment, modification or waiver of the Charter; provided, that no such amendment, modification or waiver shall impair or reduce the antidilution rights applicable to the Preferred Stock as of the date hereof unless such amendment, modification or waiver affects the rights of Warrantholder with respect to the Preferred Stock in the same manner as it affects all other holders of such Preferred Stock. The Company shall provide Warrantholder with prior written notice of any issuance of its stock or other equity security to occur after the Effective Date of this Agreement, which notice shall include (a) the price at which such stock or security is to be sold, (b) the number of shares to be issued, and (c) such other information as necessary for Warrantholder to determine if a dilutive event has occurred. For the avoidance of doubt, there shall be no duplicate anti-dilution adjustment pursuant to the forgoing subsections (c) or (d) or this subsection (e), and the Charter.
(f) Pay to Play Rights. In the event that any pay to play terms or conditions (i.e. terms or conditions that require a holder of the Preferred Stock to purchase securities in a future round of equity financing or else lose the benefit of anti-dilution protections or other rights applicable to shares of Preferred Stock or have such shares of Preferred Stock automatically convert into Common Stock or another class or series of capital stock) in the Charter are triggered in connection with any Equity Round (a Trigger Event), then, in each such event, the purchase rights under this Agreement shall automatically adjust to provide the Warrantholder, upon the later exercise hereof, with the same securities and/or rights that the Warrantholder would have received had the Warrantholder (x) exercised this Warrant prior to such Trigger Event, and (y) participated in the applicable equity financing in an amount sufficient to be deemed to have fully participated for purposes of such pay to play provision.
(g) Notice of Adjustments. If: (i) the Company shall declare any dividend or distribution upon its stock, whether in stock, cash, property or other securities; (ii) there shall be any Merger Event; (iv) there shall be an Initial Public Offering; (iii) the Company shall sell, lease, license or otherwise transfer all or substantially all of its assets; or (iv) there shall be any voluntary dissolution, liquidation or winding up of the Company; then, in connection with each such event, the Company shall send to the Warrantholder: (A) at least twenty (20) days prior written notice of the date on which the books of the Company shall close or a record shall be taken for such dividend, distribution, subscription rights (specifying the date on which the holders of Preferred Stock shall be entitled thereto) or for determining rights to vote in respect of such Merger Event, dissolution, liquidation or winding up; (B) in the case of any such Merger Event, sale, lease, license or other transfer of all or substantially all assets, dissolution, liquidation or winding up, at least twenty (20) days prior written notice of the date when the same shall take place (and specifying the date on which the holders of Preferred Stock shall be entitled to exchange their Preferred Stock for securities or other property deliverable upon such Merger Event, dissolution, liquidation or winding up); and (C) in the case of an Initial Public Offering, the Company shall give the Warrantholder at least twenty (20) days written notice prior to the effective date thereof.
Each such written notice shall set forth, in reasonable detail, (i) the event requiring the notice, and (ii) if any adjustment is required to be made, (A) the amount of such adjustment, (B) the method by which such adjustment was calculated, (C) the adjusted Exercise Price (if the Exercise Price has been adjusted), and (D) the number of shares subject to purchase hereunder after giving effect to such adjustment, and shall be given in accordance with Section 13(g) below.
(h) Timely Notice. Failure to timely provide such notice required by subsection (f) above shall entitle Warrantholder to retain the benefit of the applicable notice period notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any insufficient notice received by Warrantholder. For purposes of this subsection (g), and notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Section 13(g), the notice period shall begin on the date Warrantholder actually receives a written notice containing all the information required to be provided in such subsection (f).
SECTION 9. REPRESENTATIONS, WARRANTIES AND COVENANTS OF THE COMPANY.
(a) Reservation of Preferred Stock. The Preferred Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrantholders rights has been duly and validly reserved and, when issued in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement, will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable, and will be free of any taxes, liens, charges or encumbrances of any nature whatsoever; provided, that the Preferred Stock issuable pursuant to this Agreement may be subject to restrictions on transfer hereunder and under state and/or federal securities laws. The Company has made available to the Warrantholder true, correct and complete copies of its current Charter bylaws and current capitalization table. The issuance of certificates for shares of Preferred Stock upon exercise of this Agreement shall be made without charge to the Warrantholder for any issuance tax in respect thereof, or other cost incurred by the Company in connection with such exercise and the related issuance of shares of Preferred Stock; provided, that the Company shall not be required to pay any tax which may be payable in respect of any transfer and the issuance and delivery of any certificate in a name other than that of the Warrantholder.
(b) Due Authority. The execution and delivery by the Company of this Agreement and the performance of all obligations of the Company hereunder, including the issuance to Warrantholder of the right to acquire the shares of Preferred Stock and the Common Stock into which it may be converted, have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action on the part of the Company. This Agreement: (1) does not violate the Companys Charter or current bylaws; (2) does not contravene any law or governmental rule, regulation or order applicable to it; and (3) does not and will not contravene any provision of, or constitute a default under, any indenture, mortgage, contract or other instrument to which it is a party or by which it is bound. This Agreement constitutes a legal, valid and binding agreement of the Company, enforceable in accordance with its terms.
(c) Consents and Approvals. No consent or approval of, giving of notice to, registration with, or taking of any other action in respect of any state, federal or other governmental authority or agency is required with respect to the execution, delivery and performance by the Company of its obligations under this Agreement, except for the filing of notices pursuant to Regulation D under the Act and any filing required by applicable state securities law, which filings will be effective by the time required thereby.
(d) Issued Securities. All issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock, Preferred Stock or any other securities of the Company have been duly authorized and validly issued and are fully paid and nonassessable. All outstanding shares of Common Stock, Preferred Stock and any other securities were issued in full compliance with all federal and state securities laws. In addition, as of the date immediately preceding the date of this Agreement:
(i) The authorized capital of the Company consists of (A) 48,000,000 shares of Common Stock, and (B) 32,300,000 shares of Preferred Stock, all of which are Series AA Preferred Stock.
(ii) The Companys capitalization as of the date of this Agreement is set forth on Schedule 1 annexed hereto. The Company does not own any stock, partnership interest or other securities of any Person, except for Permitted Investments (as defined in the Loan Agreement).
(e) Registration Rights. That certain Fifth Amended and Restated Investors Rights Agreement dated as of November 13, 2015, as hereinafter amended (the Investors Rights Agreement) provides, and the Company covenants that the Investors Rights Agreement will, during the term of the Warrant, provide, that the shares of Common Stock issued and issuable upon conversion of the shares of Preferred Stock issued and issuable upon exercise of this Warrant, and, at all times (if any) when the Preferred Stock shall be Common Stock, the shares of Preferred Stock issued and issuable upon exercise of this Warrant, shall have the Piggyback, and S-3 registration rights on a pari passu basis with the holders of outstanding shares of Preferred Stock who are parties thereto. The provisions set forth in the Investors Rights Agreement may not be amended, modified or waived without the prior written consent of the Warrantholder unless such amendment, modification or waiver affects the rights associated with the shares of Preferred Stock issued and issuable upon exercise hereof in the same manner as such amendment, modification, or waiver affects the rights associated with all outstanding shares of such Preferred Stock whose holders are parties thereto.
(f) Other Commitments to Register Securities. Except as set forth in this Agreement and the Investors Rights Agreement, the Company is not, pursuant to the terms of any other agreement currently in existence, under any obligation to register under the Act any of its presently outstanding securities or any of its securities which may hereafter be issued.
(g) Exempt Transaction. Subject to the accuracy of the Warrantholders representations in Section 10, the issuance of the Preferred Stock upon exercise of this Agreement, and the issuance of the Common Stock upon conversion of the Preferred Stock, will each constitute a transaction exempt from (i) the registration requirements of Section 5 of the Act, in reliance upon Section 4(2) thereof, and (ii) the qualification requirements of the applicable state securities laws.
(h) Compliance with Rule 144. The Company shall, at all times prior to the earlier to occur of (x) the date of sale or other disposition by Warrantholder of this Warrant or all shares of Common Stock issued on exercise of this Warrant, (y) the registration pursuant to subsection (g) above of the shares issued on exercise of this Warrant, or (z) the expiration or earlier termination of this Warrant if the Warrant has not been exercised in full or in part on such date, use all commercially reasonable efforts to timely file all reports required under the 1934 Act and otherwise timely take all actions necessary to permit the Warrantholder to sell or otherwise dispose of this Warrant and the shares of Common Stock issued on exercise hereof pursuant to Rule 144 promulgated under the Act as amended and in effect from time to time, provided that the foregoing shall not apply in the event of a Merger Event following which the successor or surviving entity is not subject to the reporting requirements of the 1934 Act. If the Warrantholder proposes to sell Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of this Agreement in compliance with Rule 144, then, upon Warrantholders written request to the Company, the Company shall furnish to the Warrantholder, within five (5) business days after receipt of such request, a written statement confirming the Companys compliance with the filing and other requirements of such Rule.
(i) Information Rights. During the term of this Warrant, Warrantholder shall be entitled to the information rights contained in Section 7.1 of the Loan Agreement, and Section 7.1 of the Loan Agreement is hereby incorporated into this Agreement by this reference as though fully set forth herein for so long as any Indebtedness (as defined in the Loan Agreement) owed by the Company to Warrantholder remains outstanding. Once all Indebtedness has been repaid, the Warrantholder shall be entitled to the same information rights as it would be entitled to pursuant to the Investors Rights Agreement if it exercised the Warrant in full; and if not otherwise provided, the Company shall provide the Warrantholder with the information required to be provided pursuant to and in accordance with Section 7.1(a), (b), and (c) of the Loan Agreement.
SECTION 10. REPRESENTATIONS AND COVENANTS OF THE WARRANTHOLDER.
This Agreement has been entered into by the Company in reliance upon the following representations and covenants of the Warrantholder:
(a) Investment Purpose. The right to acquire Preferred Stock is being acquired for investment and not with a view to the sale or distribution of any part thereof, and the Warrantholder has no present intention of selling or engaging in any public distribution of such rights or the Preferred Stock except pursuant to an effective registration statement or an exemption from the registration requirements of the Act.
(b) Private Issue. The Warrantholder understands (i) that the Preferred Stock issuable upon exercise of this Agreement is not registered under the Act or qualified under applicable state securities laws on the ground that the issuance contemplated by this Agreement will be exempt from the registration and qualifications requirements thereof, and (ii) that the Companys reliance on such exemption is predicated on the representations set forth in this Section 10.
(c) Financial Risk. The Warrantholder has such knowledge and experience in financial and business matters as to be capable of evaluating the merits and risks of its investment, and has the ability to bear the economic risks of its investment.
(d) Risk of No Registration. The Warrantholder understands that if the Company does not register with the SEC pursuant to Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the 1934 Act), or file reports pursuant to Section 15(d) of the 1934 Act, or if a registration statement covering the securities under the Act is not in effect when it desires to sell (i) the rights to purchase Preferred Stock pursuant to this Agreement or (ii) the Preferred Stock issuable upon exercise of the right to purchase, it may be required to hold such securities for an indefinite period. The Warrantholder also understands that any sale of (A) its rights hereunder to purchase Preferred Stock or (B) Preferred Stock issued or issuable hereunder which might be made by it in reliance upon Rule 144 under the Act may be made only in accordance with the terms and conditions of that Rule.
(e) Accredited Investor. Warrantholder is an accredited investor within the meaning of the Securities and Exchange Rule 501 of Regulation D, as presently in effect.
(f) Market Stand-Off Agreement.
(i) The Warrantholder hereby agrees that it will not, without the prior written consent of the managing underwriter, during the period commencing on the date of the final prospectus relating to the Companys Initial Public Offering and ending on the date specified by the Company and the managing underwriter (such period not to exceed one hundred eighty (l80) days) (A) lend, offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase, or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, any shares of Common Stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock (whether such shares or any such securities are then owned by the Warrantholder or are thereafter acquired, or (B) enter into any swap or other arrangement that transfers to another, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of the Common Stock, whether any such transaction described in clause (A) or (B) above is to be settled by delivery of Common Stock or other securities, in cash or otherwise. For the avoidance of doubt, notwithstanding the foregoing, the Warrantholder may exercise the Warrant at any time in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. The foregoing provisions of this Section 10(f) shall apply only to the Companys initial offering of equity securities, shall not apply to the sale of any shares to an underwriter pursuant to an underwriting agreement, and shall only be applicable to the Warrantholder if all officers, directors and greater than one percent (1%) stockholders of the Company enter into similar agreements. The underwriters in connection with the Companys Initial Public Offering are intended third-party beneficiaries of this Section 10(f) and shall have the right, power and authority to enforce the provisions hereof as though they were a party hereto. The Warrantholder further agrees to execute such agreements as may be reasonably requested by the underwriters in the Companys Initial Public Offering that are consistent with this Section 10(f) or that are necessary to give further effect thereto. In addition, if (x) during the last seventeen (17) days of the one hundred eighty (180) day restricted period, the Company issues an earnings release or material news or a material event relating to the Company occurs; or (y) prior to the expiration of the one hundred eighty (180) day restricted period, the Company announces that it will release earnings results during the sixteen (16) day period beginning on the last day of the one hundred eighty (180) day period, the restrictions imposed by this Section 10(f)(i) shall continue to apply until the expiration of the eighteen (18) day period beginning on the issuance of the earnings release or the occurrence of the material news or material event.
In order to enforce the foregoing covenant, the Company may impose stop-transfer instructions with respect to the securities of the Warrantholder (and the shares or securities of every other person subject to the foregoing restriction) until the end of such period.
(ii) The Warrantholder agrees that a legend reading substantially as follows shall be placed on all certificates representing all securities of the Warrantholder (and the shares or securities of every other person subject to the restriction contained in this Section 10(f)):
THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE ARE SUBJECT TO A LOCK-UP PERIOD OF UP TO 180 DAYS AFTER THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THE ISSUERS REGISTRATION STATEMENT FILED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT, AS AMENDED, AS SET FORTH IN AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE COMPANY AND THE ORIGINAL HOLDER OF THESE SECURITIES, A COPY OF WHICH MAY BE OBTAINED AT THE ISSUERS PRINCIPAL OFFICE. SUCH LOCK-UP PERIOD IS BINDING ON TRANSFEREES OF THESE SHARES.
SECTION 11. TRANSFERS.
Subject to compliance with applicable federal and state securities laws, this Agreement and all rights hereunder are transferable, in whole or in part, without charge to the holder hereof (except for transfer taxes) upon surrender of this Agreement properly endorsed. Each taker and holder of this Agreement, by taking or holding the same, consents and agrees that this Agreement, when endorsed in blank, shall be deemed negotiable, and that the holder hereof, when this Agreement shall have been so endorsed and its transfer recorded on the Companys books, shall be treated by the Company and all other persons dealing with this Agreement as the absolute owner hereof for any purpose and as the person entitled to exercise the rights represented by this Agreement. The transfer of this Agreement shall be recorded on the books of the Company upon receipt by the Company of a notice of transfer in the form attached hereto as Exhibit III (the Transfer Notice), at its principal offices and the payment to the Company of all transfer taxes and other governmental charges imposed on such transfer. Until the Company receives such Transfer Notice, the Company may treat the registered owner hereof as the owner for all purposes.
SECTION 12. Cancellation of Prior Warrant Agreement
Effective as of the date hereof, the Company and the Warrantholder hereby acknowledge and agree that, the Original Warrant Agreement is, and any rights of or remedies available to the Warrantholder under the Original Warrant Agreement are, hereby terminated in all respects.
SECTION 13. MISCELLANEOUS.
(a) Effective Date. The provisions of this Agreement shall be construed and shall be given effect in all respects as if it had been executed and delivered by the Company on the date hereof. This Agreement shall be binding upon any successors or assigns of the Company.
(b) Remedies. In the event of any default hereunder, the non-defaulting party may proceed to protect and enforce its rights either by suit in equity and/or by action at law, including but not limited to an action for damages as a result of any such default, and/or an action for specific performance for any default where Warrantholder will not have an adequate remedy at law and where damages will not be readily ascertainable. The Company expressly agrees that it shall not oppose an application by the Warrantholder or any other person entitled to the benefit of this Agreement requiring specific performance of any or all provisions hereof or enjoining the Company from continuing to commit any such breach of this Agreement.
(c) No Impairment of Rights. The Company will not, by amendment of its Charter or through any other means, avoid or seek to avoid the observance or performance of any of the terms of this Agreement, but will at all times in good faith assist in the carrying out of all such terms and in the taking of all such actions as may be necessary or appropriate in order to protect the rights of the Warrantholder against impairment.
(d) Additional Documents. The Company, upon execution of this Agreement, shall provide the Warrantholder with certified resolutions with respect to the representations, warranties and covenants set forth in Sections 9(a) through 9(d), 9(f) and 9(g). Upon request, the Company shall also supply documentation reasonably necessary to evaluate whether to exercise (in cash or a net issuance basis) this Warrant, including without limitation, (i) any merger/purchase/asset sale agreement and related documents and estimated payout allocations to each of the respective shareholders, warrant and option holders in connection with a Merger Event, (ii) the most recent capitalization tables, 409A valuations (if any), and board determination of share value (including any waterfall or per share allocations provided to the share/unitholders), and (iii) most recent articles of incorporation or organization (as applicable).
(e) Attorneys Fees. In any litigation, arbitration or court proceeding between the Company and the Warrantholder relating hereto, the prevailing party shall be entitled to reasonable attorneys fees and expenses and all reasonable costs of proceedings incurred in enforcing this Agreement. For the purposes of this Section 13(e), attorneys fees shall include without limitation fees incurred in connection with the following: (i) contempt proceedings; (ii) discovery; (iii) any motion, proceeding or
other activity of any kind in connection with an insolvency proceeding; (iv) garnishment, levy, and debtor and third party examinations; and (v) post-judgment motions and proceedings of any kind, including without limitation any activity taken to collect or enforce any judgment.
(f) Severability. In the event any one or more of the provisions of this Agreement shall for any reason be held invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the remaining provisions of this Agreement shall be unimpaired, and the invalid, illegal or unenforceable provision shall be replaced by a mutually acceptable valid, legal and enforceable provision, which comes closest to the intention of the parties underlying the invalid, illegal or unenforceable provision.
(g) Notices. Except as otherwise provided herein, any notice, demand, request, consent, approval, declaration, service of process or other communication that is required, contemplated, or permitted under this Agreement or with respect to the subject matter hereof shall be in writing, and shall be deemed to have been validly served, given, delivered, and received upon the earlier of: (i) the day of transmission by facsimile or hand delivery if transmission or delivery occurs on a business day at or before 5:00 pm in the time zone of the recipient, or, if transmission or delivery occurs on a non-business day or after such time, the first business day thereafter, or the first business day after deposit with an overnight express service or overnight mail delivery service; or (ii) the third calendar day after deposit in the United States mails, with proper first class postage prepaid, and shall be addressed to the party to be notified as follows:
If to Warrantholder:
Hercules Technology III, L.P.
400 Hamilton Avenue, Suite 310
Palo Alto, California 94301
With a copy to:
RIEMER & BRAUNSTEIN LLP
Attention: Adam W. Jacobs, Esquire
Three Center Plaza
Boston, Massachusetts 02018
If to the Company:
Attention: Chief Legal Officer
230 Third Avenue
Waltham, Massachusetts 02451
or to such other address as each party may designate for itself by like notice.
(h) Entire Agreement; Amendments. This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement and understanding of the parties hereto in respect of the subject matter hereof, and supersedes and replaces in their entirety any prior proposals, term sheets, letters, negotiations or other documents or agreements, whether written or oral, with respect to the subject matter hereof (including Warrantholders proposal letter dated July 23, 2014). None of the terms of this Agreement may be amended except by an instrument executed by each of the parties hereto.
(i) Headings. The various headings in this Agreement are inserted for convenience only and shall not affect the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement or any provisions hereof.
(j) No Strict Construction. The parties hereto have participated jointly in the negotiation and drafting of this Agreement. In the event an ambiguity or question of intent or interpretation arises, this Agreement shall be construed as if drafted jointly by the parties hereto and no presumption or burden of proof shall arise favoring or disfavoring any party by virtue of the authorship of any provisions of this Agreement.
(k) No Waiver. No omission or delay by Warrantholder at any time to enforce any right or remedy reserved to it, or to require performance of any of the terms, covenants or provisions hereof by the Company at any time designated, shall be a waiver of any such right or remedy to which Warrantholder is entitled, nor shall it in any way affect the right of Warrantholder to enforce such provisions thereafter.
(l) Survival. All agreements, representations and warranties contained in this Agreement or in any document delivered pursuant hereto shall be for the benefit of Warrantholder and shall survive the execution and delivery of this Agreement and the expiration or other termination of this Agreement.
(m) Governing Law. This Agreement have been negotiated and delivered to Warrantholder in the State of California, and shall have been accepted by Warrantholder in the State of California. Delivery of Preferred Stock to Warrantholder by the Company under this Agreement is due in the State of California. This Agreement shall be governed by, and construed and enforced in accordance with, the laws of the State of California, excluding conflict of laws principles that would cause the application of laws of any other jurisdiction.
(n) Consent to Jurisdiction and Venue. All judicial proceedings arising in or under or related to this Agreement may be brought in any state or federal court of competent jurisdiction located in the State of California. By execution and delivery of this Agreement, each party hereto generally and unconditionally: (a) consents to personal jurisdiction in Santa Clara County, State of California; (b) waives any objection as to jurisdiction or venue in Santa Clara County, State of California; (c) agrees not to assert any defense based on lack of jurisdiction or venue in the aforesaid courts; and (d) irrevocably agrees to be bound by any judgment rendered thereby in connection with this Agreement. Service of process on any party hereto in any action arising out of or relating to this Agreement shall be effective if given in accordance with the requirements for notice set forth in Section 13(g), and shall be deemed effective and received as set forth in Section 13(g). Nothing herein shall affect the right to serve process in any other manner permitted by law or shall limit the right of either party to bring proceedings in the courts of any other jurisdiction.
(o) Mutual Waiver of Jury Trial. Because disputes arising in connection with complex financial transactions are most quickly and economically resolved by an experienced and expert person and the parties wish applicable state and federal laws to apply (rather than arbitration rules), the parties desire that their disputes be resolved by a judge applying such applicable laws. EACH OF THE COMPANY AND WARRANTHOLDER SPECIFICALLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO TRIAL BY JURY OF ANY CAUSE OF ACTION, CLAIM, CROSS-CLAIM, COUNTERCLAIM, THIRD PARTY CLAIM OR ANY OTHER CLAIM (COLLECTIVELY, CLAIMS) ASSERTED BY THE COMPANY AGAINST WARRANTHOLDER OR ITS ASSIGNEE OR BY WARRANTHOLDER OR ITS ASSIGNEE AGAINST THE COMPANY. This waiver extends to all such Claims, including Claims that involve Persons other than the Company and Warrantholder; Claims that arise out of or are in any way connected to the relationship between the Company and Warrantholder; and any Claims for damages, breach of contract, specific performance, or any equitable or legal relief of any kind, arising out of this Agreement.
(p) Judicial Reference. If the waiver of jury trial set forth above is ineffective or unenforceable, the parties agree that all Claims shall be resolved by reference to a private judge sitting
without a jury, pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure Section 638, before a mutually acceptable referee or, if the parties cannot agree, a referee selected by the Presiding Judge of Santa Clara County, California. Such proceeding shall be conducted in Santa Clara County, California, with California rules of evidence and discovery applicable to such proceeding.
(q) Prejudgment Relief. In the event Claims are to be resolved by arbitration, either party may seek from a court of competent jurisdiction identified in Section 13(n), any prejudgment order, writ or other relief and have such prejudgment order, writ or other relief enforced to the fullest extent permitted by law notwithstanding that all Claims are otherwise subject to resolution by judicial reference.
(r) Counterparts. This Agreement and any amendments, waivers, consents or supplements hereto may be executed in any number of counterparts, and by different parties hereto in separate counterparts, each of which when so delivered shall be deemed an original, but all of which counterparts shall constitute but one and the same instrument.
[Remainder of Page Intentionally Left Blank]
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to be executed by its officers thereunto duly authorized as of the Effective Date.
|By:||/s/ Brian K. Roberts|
|Name:||Brian K. Roberts|
HERCULES TECHNOLOGY III, L.P.,
a Delaware limited partnership
|By:||Hercules Technology SBIC Management, LLC, its General Partner|
Hercules Technology Growth Capital, Inc.,
|By:||/s/ Ben Bang|
NOTICE OF EXERCISE
To: AVEDRO, INC.
The undersigned Warrantholder hereby elects to purchase [ ] shares of the Series AA Preferred Stock of Avedro, Inc., pursuant to the terms of the Agreement dated the [ ] day of [ , ] (the Agreement) between Avedro, Inc. and the Warrantholder, and [CASH PAYMENT: tenders herewith payment of the Purchase Price in full, together with all applicable transfer taxes, if any.] [NET ISSUANCE: elects pursuant to Section 3(a) of the Agreement to effect a Net Issuance.]
Please issue a certificate or certificates representing said shares of Series AA Preferred Stock in the name of the undersigned or in such other name as is specified below.
HERCULES TECHNOLOGY III, L.P.,
a Delaware limited partnership
Hercules Technology SBIC Management, LLC,
its General Partner
Hercules Technology Growth Capital, Inc.,
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF EXERCISE
The undersigned [ ], hereby acknowledges receipt of the Notice of Exercise from Hercules Technology III, L.P., to purchase [ ] shares of the Series AA Preferred Stock of Avedro, Inc., pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, and further acknowledges that [ ] shares remain subject to purchase under the terms of the Agreement.
(To transfer or assign the foregoing Agreement execute this form and supply required information. Do not use this form to purchase shares.)
FOR VALUE RECEIVED, the foregoing Agreement and all rights evidenced thereby are hereby transferred and assigned to
|whose address is|
NOTE: The signature to this Transfer Notice must correspond with the name as it appears on the face of the Agreement, without alteration or enlargement or any change whatever. Officers of corporations and those acting in a fiduciary or other representative capacity should file proper evidence of authority to assign the foregoing Agreement.
Schedule 1- Capitalization Table