Description of Capital Stock

Contract Categories: Business Finance - Stock Agreements
EX-4.2 3 exhibit-42.htm EX-4.2 Document
Exhibit 4.2
The following description of the capital stock of Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“us,” “our,” “we” or the “Company”) is intended as a summary only. This description is based upon, and is qualified by reference to, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, our amended and restated bylaws and applicable provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”). This summary is not complete. You should read our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, previously filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and incorporated by reference as Exhibit 3.1 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (this “Annual Report”) of which this Exhibit 4.2 is a part, and amended and restated bylaws, filed with the SEC as Exhibit 3.2 to this Annual Report. We encourage you to read our certificate of incorporation, bylaws and the applicable portions of the DGCL carefully.
Authorized Capital Stock
Our authorized capital stock consists of two hundred fifty million (250,000,000) shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, and five million (5,000,000) shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, all of which shares of preferred stock are undesignated.
Common Stock
Voting Rights. Each holder of the common stock is entitled to one vote for each share held on all matters to be voted upon by stockholders, except on any amendment to our certificate of incorporation that relates solely to the terms of one or more outstanding series of preferred stock if the holders of such affected series are entitled to vote thereon.
Dividends. The holders of the common stock, after any preferences of holders of any preferred stock, are entitled to receive dividends when, as and if declared by the board of directors out of legally available funds.
Liquidation and Dissolution. If we are liquidated or dissolved, the holders of the common stock will be entitled to share in our assets available for distribution to stockholders in proportion to the amount of common stock they own. The amount available for common stockholders is calculated after payment of liabilities. Holders of any preferred stock will receive a preferential share of our assets before the holders of the common stock receive any assets.
Other Rights. Holders of the common stock have no right to:
  convert the stock into any other security;
  have the stock redeemed; or
  purchase additional stock or to maintain their proportionate ownership interest.
The common stock does not have cumulative voting rights. Holders of shares of the common stock are not required to make additional capital contributions.
Our common stock is listed and traded on The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC under the symbol “ALNY.”
Transfer Agent and Registrar. Computershare Trust Company, N.A. is the transfer agent and registrar for the common stock.

Preferred Stock
We may issue shares of our preferred stock from time to time, in one or more series. Our board of directors will determine the rights, preferences and privileges of the shares of each wholly unissued series, and any qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereon, including dividend rights, conversion rights, preemptive rights, terms of redemption or repurchase, liquidation preferences, sinking fund terms and the number of shares constituting any series or the designation of any series. Convertible preferred stock will be convertible into our common stock or exchangeable for other securities. Conversion may be mandatory or at the holder’s option and would be at prescribed conversion rates.
If we sell any series of preferred stock, we will fix the rights, preferences and privileges of the preferred stock of such series, as well as any qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereon, in the certificate of designation relating to that series.
Effects of Authorized but Unissued Stock
We have shares of common stock and preferred stock available for future issuance without stockholder approval, subject to any limitations imposed by the listing standards of The Nasdaq Global Select Market. We may utilize these additional shares for a variety of corporate purposes, including for future public offerings to raise additional capital or facilitate corporate acquisitions or for payment as a dividend on our capital stock. The existence of unissued and unreserved common stock and preferred stock may enable our board of directors to issue shares to persons friendly to current management or to issue preferred stock with terms that could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire, or could discourage a third party from seeking to acquire, a controlling interest in our company by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest or otherwise. In addition, if we issue preferred stock, the issuance could adversely affect the voting power of holders of common stock and the likelihood that such holders will receive dividend payments and payments upon liquidation.
Registration Rights
In April 2019, we entered into an investor agreement with Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Regeneron”) in connection with our global, strategic collaboration. The investor agreement provides that, following the expiration of the lock-up period described in the investor agreement, Regeneron will have will have three demand rights to require the Company to conduct a registered underwritten public offering with respect to the 4,444,445 shares of our common stock purchased by Regeneron in May 2019. In addition, following the expiration of such lock-up period and until the tenth anniversary of such expiration or the date Regeneron no longer owns at least 5 percent of our common stock, Regeneron will be entitled to register such shares in our registered underwritten public offerings if other selling stockholders are included in the registration. These registration rights are subject to conditions and limitations, including the right, in certain circumstances, of the underwriters of an offering to limit the number of shares included in such registration, our right not to effect a demand registration more than once in any twelve-month period, and minimum thresholds for the number of shares that may comprise a demand registration.
Provisions of Our Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws and Delaware Law That May Have Anti-Takeover Effects
Board of Directors. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide for a board of directors divided as nearly equally as possible into three classes. Each class is elected to a term expiring at the annual meeting of stockholders held in the third year following the year of such election. The number of directors comprising our board of directors is fixed from time to time by the board of directors.
Removal of Directors by Stockholders. Under our bylaws, members of our board of directors may only be removed for cause by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 75 percent of the outstanding shares entitled to vote on the election of the directors.

Stockholder Nomination of Directors. Our bylaws provide that a stockholder must notify us in writing of any stockholder nomination of a director not earlier than the 120th day and not later the 90th day prior to the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting; provided, that if the date of the annual meeting is advanced by more than 20 days, or delayed by more than 60 days from the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting, notice must be received not earlier than the 120th day prior to such annual meeting and not later than the close of business on the later of (1) the 90th day prior to such annual meeting and (2) the 10th day following the date on which notice of the date of such annual meeting was mailed or public disclosure of the date of such annual meeting was made, whichever occurs first. Our bylaws also specify requirements relating to the content of the notice which stockholders must provide, including a stockholder nomination for election to our board of directors, to be properly presented at the annual meeting.
No Action By Written Consent. Our certificate of incorporation provides that our stockholders may not act by written consent and may only act at duly called meetings of stockholders.
Delaware Business Combination Statute. Section 203 of the DGCL is applicable to us. Section 203 of the DGCL restricts some types of transactions and business combinations between a corporation and a 15 percent stockholder. A 15 percent stockholder is generally considered by Section 203 to be a person owning 15 percent or more of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock. Section 203 refers to a 15 percent stockholder as an “interested stockholder.” Section 203 restricts these transactions for a period of three years from the date the stockholder acquires 15 percent or more of our outstanding voting stock. With some exceptions, unless the transaction is approved by the board of directors and the holders of at least two-thirds of our outstanding voting stock, Section 203 prohibits significant business transactions such as:
  a merger with, disposition of significant assets to or receipt of disproportionate financial benefits by the interested stockholder, and
  any other transaction that would increase the interested stockholder’s proportionate ownership of any class or series of our capital stock.
  The shares held by the interested stockholder are not counted as outstanding when calculating the two-thirds of the outstanding voting stock needed for approval.
  The prohibition against these transactions does not apply if:
  prior to the time that any stockholder became an interested stockholder, the board of directors approved either the business combination or the transaction in which such stockholder acquired 15 percent or more of our outstanding voting stock, or
  the interested stockholder owns at least 85 percent of our outstanding voting stock as a result of a transaction in which such stockholder acquired 15 percent or more of our outstanding voting stock. Shares held by persons who are both directors and officers or by some types of employee stock plans are not counted as outstanding when making this calculation.
Directors’ Liability
Our certificate of incorporation provides that a member of the board of directors will not be personally liable to us or our stockholders for monetary damages for breaches of their legal duties to us or our stockholders as a director, except for liability:
  for any breach of the director’s legal duty to act in the best interests of us and our stockholders;

  for acts or omissions by the director with dishonest intentions or which involve intentional misconduct or an intentional violation of the law;
  for declaring dividends or authorizing the purchase or redemption of shares in violation of Delaware law; or
  for transactions where the director derived an improper personal benefit.
A Delaware corporation may “opt out” of these provisions with an express provision in its original certificate of incorporation or an express provision in its certificate of incorporation or bylaws resulting from a stockholders’ amendment approved by at least a majority of the outstanding voting shares. We have not opted out of these provisions. As a result, mergers or other takeover or change in control attempts of us may be discouraged or prevented.
Our certificate of incorporation provides that we must indemnify our directors to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law, and we are required to advance expenses, as incurred, to our directors in connection with a legal proceeding to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law. We have also entered into indemnification agreements with our directors, in addition to the indemnification provided for in our certificate of incorporation, and intend to enter into indemnification agreements with any new directors in the future. We have purchased and intend to maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director against any loss arising from any claim asserted against him or her and incurred by him or her in any such capacity, subject to certain exclusions.